Ho Sup Lee

Kosin University, Busan, Busan, South Korea

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Publications (33)60.86 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Limited data are available on the clinical features and the outcomes of elderly patients with peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCLs). We identified PTCL patients of age 60 years or older from the records of the Hematology Association of South East Korea between 2001 and 2014. The median age of the patients (70.4 % male) was 71 years (range 60–88 years). The majority (80.2 %) had stage III/IV disease, and 61.7 % of patients had Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score 0. Out of 74 patients treated with chemotherapy, 62 were administered anthracycline-based combination chemotherapy (CHOP: 47 patients, CHOEP: 15 patients), and 12 received non-anthracycline-based combination chemotherapy (IMEP: 8 patients, and CVP: 4 patients). The overall response rate for the 74 patients treated with chemotherapy was 70.2 % (CR 37.8 % and PR 32.4 %). With a median follow-up of 23.8 (range 0.5–156) months, the estimated 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 16.6 and 45.9 %, respectively. There were no significant differences in PFS and OS between patients treated with anthracycline-based and non-anthracycline-based combination chemotherapy. In the univariate analysis, increased age, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status >1, higher CCI, high or high-intermediate IPI, and PIT groups 3–4 were associated with shorter OS. Our findings may provide valuable information on the management and outcomes of elderly patients with PTCL in clinical practice.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The incidence of follicular lymphoma (FL) varies according to geographic location. It is the second most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Western countries but has a very low incidence in Asia. Thus, no representative data are available for FL. Therefore, we gathered our own data to build a foundation for FL research. Patients and methods: We collected a total of 343 patient records. The median age was 53 years, and the ratio of male to female patients was 1.4:1. Most patients received chemotherapy with or without rituximab. Results: The incidence of grade 1 and 2 FL was 64.9% (n = 205) and of stage III and IV was 51.2% (n = 171). The grade tended to be higher and the stage to be lower compared with Western data. In the chemotherapy group, the complete response rate was 76.0%, and the partial response rate was 17.1%. The median follow-up duration was 38.1 months. The estimated 5- and 10-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 68.3% and 84.9% and 63.0% and 71.3%, respectively. Conclusion: We could not find definitive differences between our Korean data and the Western data, although we found some trends in the baseline characteristics. Therefore, we hope to develop an understanding of FL and perform more qualitative studies in the future.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Among the currently available prognostic models for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we investigated to determine which is most adoptable for DLBCL patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). Methods: We retrospectively evaluated survival differences among risk groups based on the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the age-adjusted IPI (aaIPI), the revised IPI (R-IPI), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI) at diagnosis in 63 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT. Results: At the time of auto-SCT, 74.6% and 25.4% of patients had achieved complete remission and partial remission after R-CHOP, respectively. As a whole, the 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 78.8% and 74.2%, respectively. The 5-year OS and PFS rates according to the IPI, aaIPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI did not significantly differ among the risk groups for each prognostic model (P-values for OS: 0.255, 0.337, 0.881, and 0.803, respectively; P-values for PFS: 0.177, 0.904, 0.295, and 0.609, respectively). Conclusion: There was no ideal prognostic model among those currently available for CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Blood Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlations between inflammatory factors-including absolute lymphocyte count, lactate dehydrogenase, β2-microglobulin, albumin, C-reactive protein, and ferritin-and the prognosis for survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated with induction chemotherapy containing thalidomide and who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Methods: Data from patients at 13 university hospitals in South Korea were collected retrospectively between December 2005 and May 2013. Results: The median age of the 232 patients was 57 years (range, 33 to 77) and the male to female ratio was 1.09:1. In the multivariate analysis, fewer than two combined abnormal inflammatory factors was the only independent prognostic factor for superior progression-free survival (relative risk [RR], 0.618; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.409 to 0.933; p = 0.022), and platelet count > 100 × 10(9)/L and fewer than two combined abnormal inflammatory factors were independent prognostic factors for superior overall survival (RR, 4.739; 95% CI, 1.897 to 11.839; p = 0.001 and RR, 0.263; 95% CI, 0.113 to 0.612; p = 0.002, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with two or more than two combined inflammatory factors who were treated with thalidomide induction chemotherapy and who underwent ASCT showed significantly shorter survival compared to those with fewer than two combined inflammatory factors. These results could be helpful for predicting prognosis in patients with MM.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: We compared the outcomes of higher-risk diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients who were treated with either up-front autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) or with salvage chemotherapy followed by delayed ASCT after relapse. Data from 122 DLBCL patients who underwent ASCT as up-front or salvage treatment were analyzed. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates in DLBCL patients who underwent up-front ASCT or delayed ASCT were 76.6% and 60.9%, respectively (P = 0.017). In a subgroup analysis of patients with a high-intermediate/high-risk age-adjusted International Prognostic Index, achievement of complete remission (CR) translated into an improved OS in the up-front ASCT group, while patients who achieved partial remission (PR) showed a similar OS in both groups. The up-front ASCT group had improved OS in patients aged <50 years or with a good performance status, while the OS of both groups was similar in patients aged ≥60 years or with a poor performance status. When the OS outcome is analyzed by the number of factors (no CR during R-CHOP induction chemotherapy, age ≥ 50 years, and performance status ≥ 2), the 3-year OS rates of patients with zero or one, two, and three clinical factors were 80.2%, 51.6%, and 0%, respectively (P < 0.001). In conclusion, in higher-risk DLBCL patients, induction chemotherapy followed by up-front ASCT may have a survival benefit compared with induction chemotherapy alone in highly selected patients who have achieved a CR, who are aged <50 years, and who have a good performance status at diagnosis. Copyright © 2015 ISEH - International Society for Experimental Hematology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Experimental hematology
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jul 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (hyper-CVAD) regimen has been widely used for lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) as a primary treatment. However, there is few data about its treatment outcome in Asian patients. Thus, we conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of hyper-CVAD induction and stem cell transplantation (SCT) consolidation in LBL patients. The treatment responses of 49 patients treated with the hyper-CVAD regimen were retrospectively analyzed in 13 institutions. Given 24 patients who responded to hyper-CVAD underwent consolidation treatment with SCT, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients who received SCT were compared with patients who did not. The overall response rate was 79 %: 73 % (36/49) complete responses, 6 % (3/49) partial responses, and 4 % (2/49) induction deaths. The major limitation for the delivery of the planned hyper-CVAD cycles was hematological toxicity. Among 39 responders, 24 patients underwent autologous (n = 16) and allogeneic SCT (n = 8) consolidation. Their 3-year OS and PFS rates were 76 and 78 %, respectively, and there was no difference in survival outcomes between autologous and allogeneic SCT. However, 15 patients without SCT consolidation showed poorer PFS even though they all achieved complete response. Thus, only seven patients maintained their response at the time of analysis. In conclusion, the hyper-CVAD regimen is effective for remission induction in LBL, and SCT consolidation after hyper-CVAD induction produced better clinical outcomes than did continuation of hyper-CVAD.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Annals of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate outcomes in adult patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) or Burkitt-like lymphoma treated with an rituximab plus hyper-CVAD (R-hyper-CVAD) regimen by focusing on tolerability and actual delivered relative dose intensity (RDI). Patients ≥ 20 years of age and pathologically diagnosed with BL or Burkitt-like lymphoma were treated with at least one cycle of R-hyper-CVAD as the first-line treatment in this study. Eligible patients' case report forms were requested from their physicians to obtain clinical and laboratory data for this retrospective study. Forty-three patients (median age, 51 years) from 14 medical centers in Korea were analyzed, none of which were infected with human immunodeficiency virus. The majority of patients had advanced diseases, and 24 patients achieved a complete response (75.0%). After a median follow-up period of 20.0 months, 2-year event-free and overall survival rates were 70.9% and 81.4%, respectively. Eleven patients (25.6%) were unable to complete the R-hyper-CVAD regimen, including six patients due to early death. The RDIs of adriamycin, vincristine, methotrexate, and cytarabine were between 60% and 65%, which means less than 25% of patients received greater than 80% of the planned dose of each drug. Poor performance status was related to the lower RDIs of doxorubicin and methotrexate. R-hyper-CVAD showed excellent treatment outcomes in patients who were suitable for dose-intense chemotherapy. However, management of patients who are intolerant to a dose-intense regimen remains problematic due to the frequent occurrence of treatmentrelated complications.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate the efficacy of hydromorphone-OROS (HM-OROS) in reducing sleep disturbance and relieving cancer pain. Materials and Methods One hundred twenty cancer patients with pain (numeric rating scale [NRS] ≥ 4) and sleep disturbance (NRS ≥ 4) were evaluated. The initial HM-OROS dosing was based on previous opioid dose (HM-OROS:oral morphine=1:5). Dose adjustment of the study drug was permitted at the investigator’s discretion. Pain intensity, number of breakthrough pain episodes, and quality of sleep were evaluated. Results A total of 120 patients received at least one dose of HM-OROS; 74 of them completed the final assessment. Compared to the previous opioids, HM-OROS reduced the average pain NRS from 5.3 to 4.1 (p < 0.01), worst pain NRS from 6.7 to 5.4 (p < 0.01), sleep disturbance NRS from 5.9 to 4.1 (p < 0.01), incidence of breakthrough pain at night from 2.63 to 1.53 times (p < 0.001), and immediate-release opioids use for the management of breakthrough pain from 0.83 to 0.39 times per night (p = 0.001). Of the 74 patients who completed the treatment, 83.7% indicated that they preferred HM-OROS to the previous medication. The adverse events (AEs) were somnolence, asthenia, constipation, dizziness, and nausea. Conclusion HM-OROS was efficacious in reducing cancer pain and associated sleep disturbances. The AEs were manageable.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM) is a B-cell proliferative malignancy characterized by immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy and bone marrow infiltration by lymphoplasmacytic cells. Clinical features and cytogenetics of WM in Asia including Republic of Korea remain unclear. Moreover, no study has reported treatment outcomes in patients with WM treated with novel agent combined with conventional chemotherapy. This study investigated clinical features and assessed treatment outcomes with novel agent and conventional chemotherapy in Republic of Korea. Data from all ( n = 71 ) patients with newly diagnosed WM at 17 hospitals who received chemotherapy between January 2005 and December 2012 were collected retrospectively. The median age of patients was 66 years (range: 37–92 years) and male to female ratio was 5 : 1. Patients treated with novel agent combined chemotherapy displayed higher overall response rate (ORR) compared to conventional chemotherapy alone (92.9% versus 52.6%, P = 0.006 ). The 5-year overall survival rate was 62.6% (95% confidence interval: 34.73–111.07). Use of novel agents produced higher ORR but survival benefit was not apparent due to the small number of patients and short follow-up duration. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of novel agents in patients with WM.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · BioMed Research International
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    ABSTRACT: Background We investigated factors that influence outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab combined with the CHOP regimen (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (Auto-SCT). Methods We retrospectively evaluated survival differences between subgroups based on the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aaIPI) and revised-IPI (R-IPI) at diagnosis, disease status, and positron emission tomographic/computerized tomographic (PET/CT) status at transplantation in 51 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront Auto-SCT. Results Patients had either stage I/II bulky disease (5.9%) or stage III/IV disease (94.1%). The median patient age at diagnosis was 47 years (range, 22-66 years); 53.3% and 26.7% had high-intermediate and high risks according to aaIPI, respectively. At the time of Auto-SCT, 72.5% and 27.5% experienced complete (CR) and partial remission (PR) after R-CHOP, respectively. The median time from diagnosis to Auto-SCT was 7.27 months (range, 3.4-13.4 months). The 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 77.3% and 72.4%, respectively. The 5-year OS and PFS rates according to aaIPI, R-IPI, and PET/CT status did not differ between the subgroups. More importantly, the 5-year OS and PFS rates of the patients who achieved PR at the time of Auto-SCT were not inferior to those of the patients who achieved CR (P=0.223 and 0.292, respectively). Conclusion Survival was not influenced by the aaIPI and R-IPI at diagnosis, disease status, or PET/CT status at transplantation, suggesting that upfront Auto-SCT might overcome unfavorable outcomes attributed to PR after induction chemoimmunotherapy.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Blood Research
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the characteristics of skeletal and soft tissue plasmacytomas, and to analyze clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients with plasmacytoma. We retrospectively reviewed data from 93 myeloma patients with detectable extramedullary (EM) plasmacytoma at diagnosis or during the course of the disease, who underwent ASCT. Soft tissue plasmacytoma occurred more frequently in male patients and had higher levels of serum β2-microglobulin and lactate dehydrogenase, and high frequency of advanced disease according to International Staging System compared to the skeletal plasmacytoma group. Both soft tissue and skeletal plasmacytoma groups showed similar plasmacytoma relapse patterns after ASCT and relapsed with EM plasmacytoma slightly more frequently in the bone compared to soft tissue sites. Compared to patients with skeletal plasmacytoma, patients with soft tissue plasmacytoma had worse median progression-free survival (PFS) (12 months vs. 28 months) (P = 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (37 months vs. 67 months) (P = 0.037) after ASCT. In a multivariate analysis, soft tissue plasmacytoma was an only independent poor prognostic factor for both PFS (HR, 2.398; 95% CI, 1.304–4.410) and OS (HR, 2.811; 95% CI, 1.107–7.135) after ASCT. These results demonstrate that, even though ASCT achieved a strong response in myeloma patients with soft tissue plasmacytoma, the presence of EM disease still contributed to a poor prognosis after ASCT compared to skeletal plasmacytoma, and these poor outcomes were not overcome by ASCT.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · European Journal Of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in Korea. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 131 patients diagnosed with MCL between January 2004 and December 2009 at 15 medical centers in Korea; all patients received at least 1 chemotherapeutic regimen for MCL. The median age for the patients was 63 years (range, 26-78 years), and 77.9% were men. A total of 105 patients (80.1%) had stage III or IV MCL at diagnosis. Fifty-two patients (39.7%) were categorized with high- or high-intermediate risk MCL according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Eighteen patients (13.7%) were in the high-risk group according to the simplified MCL-IPI (MIPI). The overall incidence of extranodal involvement was 69.5%. The overall incidence of bone marrow and gastrointestinal involvements at diagnosis was 41.2% and 35.1%, respectively. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone, and rituximab were used frequently as the first-line treatment (41.2%). With a median follow-up duration of 20.0 months (range, 0.2-77.0 months), the overall survival (OS) at 2 years was 64.7%, while the event-free survival (EFS) was 39.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that the simplified MIPI was significantly associated with OS. However, the use of a rituximab-containing regimen was not associated with OS and EFS. Similar to results from Western countries, the current study found that simplified MIPI was an important prognostic factor in Korean patients with MCL.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Blood Research
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study to compare the efficacy and toxicity of various chemomobilization regimens: high-dose (HD) cyclophosphamide, HD etoposide (VP-16), and platinum-based chemotherapies. We reviewed the experiences of 10 institutions with 103 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients who had previously only been treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP)-based chemotherapy. The mobilization yields for each regimen were analyzed. HD VP-16 mobilized a significantly higher median number of CD34+ cells (16.22 × 106 cells/kg) than HD cyclophosphamide (4.44 × 106 cells/kg) or platinum-based chemotherapies (6.08 × 106 cells/kg, P <.001). The rate of successful mobilization (CD34+ cell count ≥5.0 × 106 cells/kg) was also significantly higher for HD VP-16 (86%) than for HD cyclophosphamide (45%) or platinum-based chemotherapies (61%, P = .004). The successful mobilization rate on day 1 of 72% for HD VP-16 was significantly higher than the rates for HD cyclophosphamide (13%) and platinum-based chemotherapies (26%, P <.001). In multivariate analysis, HD VP-16 was a significant predictor of successful mobilization (P = .014, odds ratio = 5.25, 95% confidence interval 1.40-19.63). Neutropenic fever occurred in 67% of patients treated with HD VP-16. The incidence was similar for HD cyclophosphamide (58%, P = .454), but was significantly lower for platinum-based chemotherapies (12%, P <.001). However, fatal (grade ≥4) infection and treatment-related mortality were not observed in this study. In conclusion, the mobilization yield was significantly influenced by the chemomobilization regimen and HD VP-16 was a highly effective mobilization regimen in patients with NHL.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of serum ferritin have been documented to be an adverse prognostic factor in patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The purpose of this study was to estimate the correlation between elevated levels of serum ferritin and survival outcomes in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A total of 267 patients who were newly diagnosed with NHL and who received chemotherapy between September 1999 and April 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. In multivariate analysis, other chemotherapy regimens excluding CHOP-like chemotherapy regimens (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisolone) and RCHOP (rituximab plus CHOP), a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high risk according to the international prognostic index (IPI), and elevated levels of serum ferritin were all significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year progression-free survival rates. RCHOP and other chemotherapy regimens, a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high IPI risk, and high levels of serum ferritin were significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year overall survival rates. Elevated levels of serum ferritin of 500 ng/mL or more as well as the use of chemotherapy regimens besides CHOP-like or RCHOP, a high-intermediate/high risk IPI, and a high level of beta2-microglobulin in NHL may be an important marker for predicting poor survival outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate predictive factors for rapid engraftment after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPBSCT) in patients with acute leukemia. Two hundred sixty-two patients receiving alloPBSCT were analyzed. Subset analyses of donor stem cells were conducted using a flow cytometric method. The correlation between rapid engraftment of neutrophils, platelets, and donor stem cells doses, as well as other recipient and donor clinical factors, was analyzed. In univariate analysis, factors correlated with neutrophil engraftment (≥0.5 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy (CR1) before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and high numbers of CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, and CD3+/CD4+ T cells. Factors correlated with platelet engraftment (≥20 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of CR1 before HCT, donor and recipient sex mismatch, and high numbers of mononuclear cells, CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, CD3+/CD4+ T cells, CD3+/CD8+ T cells, and CD56+ NK cells. In multivariate analysis, independent predictive factors for rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment were CR1 before HCT (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively), high number of donor CD34+ cells (p = 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively), and high number of CD3+ T cells (p = 0.005 and p = 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, achieving CR1 before HCT, as well as larger quantities of donor CD34+ and CD3+ T cells, may predict rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment after PBSCT.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Annals of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) can be life threatening, necessitating emergency therapy with prompt diagnosis by morphologic findings, immunophenotyping, cytogenetic analysis, or molecular studies. This study aimed to assess the current routine practices in APL and the clinico-pathologic features of APL. We reviewed the medical records of 48 Korean patients (25 men, 23 women; median age, 51 (20-80) years) diagnosed with APL in 5 university hospitals between March 2007 and February 2012. The WBC count at diagnosis and platelet count varied from 0.4 to 81.0 (median 2.0)×10(9)/L and 2.7 to 124.0 (median 54.5)×10(9)/L, respectively. The median values for prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were 14.7 (11.3-44.1) s and 29 (24-62) s, respectively. All but 2 patients (96%) showed a fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product value of >20 µg/mL. The D-dimer median value was 5,000 (686-55,630) ng/mL. The t(15;17)(q22;q12 and PML-RARA fusion was found in all patients by chromosome analysis and/or multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), with turnaround times of 8 (2-19) d and 7 (2-13) d, respectively. All patients received induction chemotherapy: all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) alone (N=11, 26%), ATRA+idarubicin (N=25, 58%), ATRA+cytarabine (N=3, 7%), ATRA+idarubicin+cytarabine (N=4, 9%). Since APL is a medical emergency and an accurate diagnosis is a prerequisite for prompt treatment, laboratory support to implement faster diagnostic tools to confirm the presence of PML-RARA is required.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Blood Research
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    ABSTRACT: Novel agents to treat multiple myeloma (MM) have increased complete respone (CR) rates compared with conventional chemotherapy, and the quality of the response to treatment has been correlated with survival. The purpose of our study was to show how of early response to bortezomib combined chemotherapy influences survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM who are ineligible for stem cell transplantation. We assessed patient responses to at least four cycles of bortezomib using the International Myeloma Working Group response criteria. The endpoints were comparisons of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between early good response group (A group) and poor response group (B group). We retrospectively analyzed data from 129 patients registered by the Korean Multiple Myeloma Working Party, a nationwide registration of MM patients. The 3 yr PFS for the A and B groups was 55.6% and 18.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). The 3 yr OS for the A and B groups was 65.3% and 52.9%, respectively (P = 0.078). The early response to at least four cycle of bortezomib before next chemotherapy may help predict PFS in patients with MM who are ineligible stem cell transplantation.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Journal of Korean medical science
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: There is no confirmed treatment strategy for primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). In this retrospective study, the purpose is to find an appropriate treatment strategy in patients with primary intestinal DLBL undergoing surgery followed by chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. Methods: Seventy-six patients were newly diagnosed with DLBL and received treatment between March 2004 and June 2011. Forty-seven patients were treated with surgical resection followed by rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP), and 29 patients were treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy alone. Results: The characteristics of the patients were as follows: the median age was 56.5 years (range, 15 to 85 y) with a female to male ratio of 1.00:1.45. There was no significant difference in patient characteristics between the 2 groups. The estimated 3-year progression-free survival rates (PFS) and overall survival rates (OS) of surgery followed by R-CHOP (surgery/R-CHOP) and R-CHOP alone (R-CHOP) groups were 92.2% and 74.8% (P=0.009) and 94.2% and 80.7% (P=0.049), respectively. In univariate analysis, significant differences were seen in estimated PFS and OS rates when comparing Lugano stages I and II1 with II2 and IIE (P=0.006 and 0.036), low and low-intermediate risk with high-intermediate risk (P=0.004 and 0.000), and surgery/R-CHOP group with R-CHOP group (P=0.009 and 0.049), respectively. In multivariate analysis, there were no independent predictive factors for survival. Conclusions: Patients treated with surgery followed by R-CHOP seemed to have a higher survival rate than those treated with R-CHOP alone. There were no significant prognostic factors for survival, but there were possible prognostic factors such as Lugano stage, International Prognostic Index risk, and treatment modality for PFS and OS.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · American journal of clinical oncology
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    ABSTRACT: There has been controversy surrounding Waldeyer's ring (WR), especially focused on the question of whether it should be regarded as a nodal or an extranodal site. We conducted retrospective analyses of marginal zone B cell lymphomas involving WR (WR-MZLs) to observe their clinical features and prognosis, with specific regard to the nodal-or-extranodal question. A total of 52 patients with histological diagnosis of WR-MZL were retrospectively analyzed. The most common involvement site was the tonsil (40.4 %). Ann Arbor stage III/VI disease was present in 48.1 % (25 of 52). The response rate of the 27 stage I/II patients was 88.9 %, with 21 complete remissions and three partial remissions. The median time to progression (TTP) was 3.7 years (95 % CI 2.5-4.9 years). The estimated 5-year TTP and overall survival rates were 39.4 and 90.5 %, respectively. In a comparison with the historical data regarding extra-WR MALT lymphoma and nodal MZL (N-MZL), MALT lymphoma showed better TTP results than did WR-MZL and N-MZL (P < 0.001).
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · International journal of hematology