Publications (3)6.8 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Members of the claudin family of tight junction proteins are critical for establishing epithelial barriers and for the regulation of paracellular transport. To understand their roles during kidney development, we first performed RT-PCR analyses and determined that 23 claudin family members were expressed in embryonic day (E) 13.5 mouse kidneys. Based on their developmental expression and phenotypes in mouse models, we hypothesized that 3 claudin members could affect nephron formation during kidney development. Using whole mount in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, we demonstrated that Claudin-7 (Cldn7) was expressed in the nephric duct, the emerging ureteric bud, and in tubules derived from ureteric bud branching morphogenesis. In contrast, Claudin-16 (Cldn16) and Claudin-19 (Cldn19) were expressed at later stages of kidney development in immature renal tubules that become the Loop of Henle. To determine if a loss of these claudins would perturb kidney development, we examined newborn kidneys from mutant mouse models lacking Cldn7 or Cldn16. In both models, we noted no evidence for any congenital renal malformation and quantification of nephron number did not reveal a decrease in nephron number when compared to wildtype littermates. In summary, Cldn7, Cldn16, and Cldn19 are expressed in different epithelial lineages during kidney development. Mice lacking Cldn7 or Cldn16 do not have defects in de novo nephron formation, and this suggests that these claudins primarily function to regulate paracellular transport in the mature nephron.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The claudin family of proteins is required for the formation of tight junctions that are contact points between epithelial cells. Although little is known of the cellular events by which epithelial cells of the ureteric bud form tubules and branch, tubule formation is critical for kidney development. We hypothesize that if claudin-3 (Cldn3) is expressed within tight junctions of the ureteric bud, this will affect ureteric bud cell shape and tubule formation. Using transmission electron microscopy, we identified tight junctions within epithelial cells of the ureteric bud. Whole mount in situ hybridization and immunoassays were performed in the mouse and chick and demonstrated that Cldn3 transcript and protein were expressed in the nephric duct, the ureteric bud, and its derivatives at critical time points during tubule formation and branching. Mouse inner medullary collecting duct cells (mIMCD-3) form tubules when seeded in a type I collagen matrix and were found to coexpress CLDN3 and the tight junction marker zonula occludens-1 in the cell membrane. When these cells were stably transfected with Cldn3 fused to the enhanced green fluorescent protein reporter, multiple clones showed a significant increase in tubule formation compared with controls (P < 0.05) due in part to an increase in cell proliferation (P < 0.01). Cldn3 may therefore promote tubule formation and expansion of the ureteric bud epithelium.