Gan Wang

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Chiu-lung, Kowloon City, Hong Kong

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Publications (9)57.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated the anisotropic magnetic responses of a 2D-superconducting Bi2Te3/FeTe heterostructure. Cross-sectional STEM imaging revealed that the excess Fe atoms in the FeTe layer occupy specific interstitial sites. They were found to show strong anisotropic magnetic responses under a magnetic field either perpendicular or parallel to the sample surface. Under perpendicular magnetic fields within 1000 Oe, conventional paramagnetic Meissner effect, superconducting diamagnetism, and anomalous enhancement of magnetization successively occur as the magnetic field increases. In contrast, under parallel magnetic fields, superconducting diamagnetism was not observed explicitly in the magnetization measurements and the anomalous enhancement of magnetization appears only for fields higher than 1000 Oe. The observed strong magnetic anisotropy provides further evidence that the induced superconductivity at the interface of the Bi2Te3/FeTe heterostucture has a 2D nature.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, a logarithmic decrease of conductivity has been observed in topological insulators at low temperatures, implying a tendency of localization of surface electrons. Here, we report quantum transport experiments on the topological insulator Bi2Te3 thin films with arrayed antidot nanostructures. With increasing density of the antidots, a systematic decrease is observed in the slope of the logarithmic temperature-dependent conductivity curves, indicating the electron-electron interaction can be tuned by the antidots. Meanwhile, the weak anti-localization effect revealed in magnetoconductivity exhibits an enhanced dominance of electron-electron interaction among decoherence mechanisms. The observation can be understood from an antidot-induced reduction of the effective dielectric constant, which controls the interactions between the surface electrons. Our results clarify the indispensable role of the electron-electron interaction in the localization of surface electrons and indicate the localization of surface electrons in an interacting topological insulator.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · ACS Nano
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    ABSTRACT: This work focuses on the formation mechanism of a superconducting Fe1+xTe/Bi2Te3 bilayer fabricated through chemical reactions between a Bi2Te3 flux and an annealed Fe layer grown on a ZnSe(111)B buffer via the molecular beam epitaxy technique. The studies using energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy performed on a number of samples fabricated with different desired schemes provide evidence that several interfacial chemical reactions taking place at the Fe/ZnSe interface through the edges of voids of the annealed Fe layer contributed to the formation of the superconducting bilayer. We have also revealed that the bonding strength of the involved Fe compounds at the bottom interface of the annealed Fe layer seems to play an essential role.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Crystal Growth & Design
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    ABSTRACT: An array of Nb strips was fabricated on a Bi2Te3 thin film. Transport measurements show that an upturn of the resistance occurs below the Nb superconducting transition temperature. Corresponding to this resistance upturn, a differential resistance peak around zero bias and a prominent negative magnetoresistance at low magnetic fields are observed. The resistance upturn, differential resistance peak, and negative magnetoresistance can be suppressed by increasing measurement current, temperature, and applied magnetic field. We explain these phenomena in terms of an energy barrier effect induced by the Nb superconducting gap and the suppression of Andreev reflection due to the low transparency at the Nb-Bi2Te3 interface.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Applied Physics Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Two-dimensional superconductivity at the interface between a topological insulator and a non-superconducting iron-chalcogenide compound is realized. Here, we report transport measurements on a Bi2Te3/FeTe heterostructure fabricated via van der Waals epitaxy, which demonstrate superconductivity at the interface induced by the Bi2Te3 epilayer with thickness even down to one quintuple layer. The two-dimensional nature of the observed superconductivity with the highest transition temperature around 12 K was verified by the existence of a Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and the diverging ratio of in-plane to out-plane upper critical field on approaching the superconducting transition temperature. The heterostructure studied in this work provides an ideal platform with unconventional superconductivity for hosting Majorana fermions and studying their exotic physics.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Nature Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Various microstructural and chemical analysis techniques were applied to study two types (type-A and B) of self-assembled laterally aligned Fe nanowires (NWs) fabricated by molecular beam epitaxy on a ZnS buffer layer. The formation of the three-dimensional shapes of these NWs was found to be driven by the principle of surface energy minimization. We have provided phenomenological models to address the factors affecting the observed topological shape of these NWs, including the role of the lattice relationship between the Fe NWs and the underlying buffer layer, growth temperature, Fe nominal coverage and substrate orientation. Magnetic hysteresis measurements were performed at different temperature, demonstrating the Fe NWs possess a coercivity about 30 times larger than that of a Fe thin film. The observed gradual magnetization reversal indicates the magnetization process is accomplished by the rotation of magnetic moments within a single domain.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Nanotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Ni 3Se 4/ZnSe heterostructured nanowires with a sharp interface are fabricated using nanocatalysts generated on an annealed Au/Ni/ZnSe trilayer. The top Ni 3Se 4 section acts as an efficient catalyst to assist ultrafast growth of the bottom ZnSe section. A greater understanding of how the effective area and size of the catalyst affect the growth rate and preferred axial orientation of ultrathin nanowires is obtained.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Small
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    ABSTRACT: We study the weak antilocalization (WAL) effect in topological insulator Bi(2)Te(3) thin films at low temperatures. The two-dimensional WAL effect associated with surface carriers is revealed in the tilted magnetic field dependence of magnetoconductance. Our data demonstrate that the observed WAL is robust against deposition of nonmagnetic Au impurities on the surface of the thin films, but it is quenched by the deposition of magnetic Fe impurities which destroy the π Berry phase of the topological surface states. The magnetoconductance data of a 5 nm Bi(2)Te(3) film suggests that a crossover from symplectic to unitary classes is observed with the deposition of Fe impurities.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Physical Review Letters
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    Gan Wang · Shu Kin Lok · Iam Keong Sou
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    ABSTRACT: High-resolution transmission electron microscopy was used to characterize the microstructures of ZnSe nanotrenches induced by mobile Au-alloy droplets. The contact side interfaces between the AuZnδ alloy droplets and the ZnSe as well as the four side walls of the resulting <011>-oriented nanotrenches were found all belong to the {111} plane family, with the front and back walls being the {111}A planes while the other two side walls being the {111}B planes. These findings offer a deeper understanding on the formation mechanism of the nanotrenches. Pure Au nanodashes were formed upon further deposition of Au on the nanotrenches. PACS: 61.46.Df, Structure of nanocrystals and nanoparticles. 81.16.Rf, Micro and nanoscale pattern formation. 68.37.Og, High resolution transmission electron microscopy.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Nanoscale Research Letters