Gábor Jancsó

University of Pécs, Fuenfkirchen, Baranya, Hungary

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Publications (51)92.54 Total impact

  • E Laszlo · A Varga · K Kovacs · G Jancso · P Kiss · A Tamas · P Szakaly · B Fulop · D Reglodi
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    ABSTRACT: Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with very diverse distribution and functions. Among others, PACAP is a potent cytoprotective peptide due to its antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant actions. This also has been shown in different kidney pathologies, including ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney injury. Similar protective effects of the endogenous PACAP are confirmed by the increased vulnerability of PACAP-deficient mice to different harmful stimuli. Kidneys of homozygous PACAP-deficient mice have more severe damages in renal ischemia/reperfusion and kidney cell cultures isolated from these mice show increased sensitivity to renal oxidative stress. In our present study we raised the question of whether the partial lack of the PACAP gene is also deleterious, i.e. whether heterozygous PACAP-deficient mice also display more severe damage after renal ischemia/reperfusion. Mice underwent 45 or 60 minutes of ischemia followed by 2 weeks reperfusion. Histological evaluation of the kidneys was performed and individual histopathological parameters were graded. Furthermore, we investigated apoptotic markers, cytokine expression, and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme 24 hours after 60 minutes of renal ischemia/reperfusion. We found no difference between the intact kidneys of wild-type and heterozygous mice, but marked differences could be observed following ischemia/reperfusion. Heterozygous PACAP-deficient mice had more severe histological alterations, with significantly higher histopathological scores for most of the tested parameters. Higher level of the proapoptotic pp38 MAPK and of some proinflammatory cytokines, as well as lower activity of the antioxidant SOD could be found in these mice. In conclusion, the partial lack of the PACAP gene results in worse outcomes in cases of renal ischemia/reperfusion, confirming that PACAP functions as an endogenous protective factor in the kidney.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Transplantation Proceedings

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Orvosi Hetilap
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the effects of the inhibition of the endogene antioxidant glutathione-S-transferase (GST) by ethacrynic acid (EA) on ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and postconditioning (PC) in the lower extremities. We aimed to examine the oxidative stress parameters (OSP), inflammatory response and activation of proapoptotic signaling proteins (PSP) after revascularization surgery. Sixty Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups: control, IR, PC, EA-control, IR and administration of EA (IR/EA) and PC and administration of EA (PC/EA). The IR, PC, IR/EA and PC/EA groups underwent 60 min of infrarenal aortic cross-clamping. After that, PC was performed in the PC and PC/EA groups. In 3 of the groups, the animals were treated with EA (EA-control, IR/EA and PC/EA groups) as well. The ischemia was followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Blood samples and biopsy specimens were collected from the quadriceps muscle. Plasma malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, thiol/sulfhydryl group levels, TNF-α and IL-6 concentrations and superoxide-dismutase enzyme activity were measured. The levels of the OSP and the inflammatory proteins were higher in the EA-administered groups. The ratio of phosphorylated PSP was higher in the EA-administered groups and the protective effect of PC did not develop. Inhibition of GST by EA augmented the IR damage. GST inhibition was associated with a different activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases and the PSP, regulating these pathways in the process of apoptosis and PC. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Vascular Research
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    ABSTRACT: In the pelvic region thrombendarterectomy and bypass procedures are the most commonly performed procedures to treat peripheral artery occlusive diseases with chronic, severe circulation failure caused by atherosclerosis. Biologic and synthetic grafts can also be used in bypass surgeries. Application of synthetic grafts can acutely increase the development of the infectious graft complication and its mortality is still between 70 and 75% in pelvic processes. We describe the difficulties and dilemmas of an infectious aortobifemoral graft. 58-year-old female patient with right lower limb trophic ulcer underwent a DSA examination showing a bilateral iliac occlusion and aortobifemoral bypass surgery with Dacron graft implantation was performed. Re-occlusion and infection of the graft led to an in situ silver Dacron graft replacement. Due to the one-sided re-occlusion, a femoro-femoral crossover bypass surgery applying silver graft was performed. Despite the previously described procedures the infectious process got worse and autologous deep vein reconstruction was required beside the removal of the infectious synthetic grafts at the same time. There are local and extraanatomical solutions to reduce infectious graft complication. In pelvic infections bypass surgeries using autologous deep vein can show the best results. This procedure is the trustworthiest but also the most straining technique due to the extension of surgical time and increased blood loss. The proper surgical strategy should be selected on individual bases including cardiopulmonary load ability, patient age and technical/infrastructural possibilities.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure and accounts for 30-40 % of patients entering renal transplant programmes. The nephroprotective effects of the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP38) against diabetes have been shown previously, but the molecular mechanisms responsible for these effects remain unknown. In the present study, we showed that PACAP treatment counteracted the diabetes-induced increase in the level of the proapoptotic pp38MAPK and cleaved caspase-3 and also decreased the p60 subunit of NFκB. The examined antiapoptotic factors, including pAkt and pERK1/2, showed a slight increase in the diabetic kidneys, while PACAP treatment resulted in a notable elevation of these proteins. PCR and Western blot revealed the downregulation of fibrotic markers, like collagen IV and TGF-β1 in the kidney. PACAP treatment resulted in increased expression of the antioxidant glutathione. We conclude that the nephroprotective effect of PACAP in diabetes is, at least partly, due to its antiapoptotic, antifibrotic and antioxidative effect in addition to the previously described antiinflammatory effect.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study we explored glutathione S-transferase (GST) polymorphisms in selected patients who experienced accelerated myocardial injury following open heart surgery and compared these to a control group of patients without postoperative complications. 758 Patients were enrolled from which 132 patients were selected to genotype analysis according to exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into the following groups: Group I: control patients (n = 78) without and Group II.: study patients (n = 54) with evidence of perioperative myocardial infarction. Genotyping for GSTP1 A (Ile105Ile/Ala113Ala), B (Ile105Val/Ala113Ala) and C (Ile105Val/Ala113Val) alleles was performed by using real-time-PCR. The heterozygous AC allele was nearly three times elevated (18.5 vs. 7.7 %) in the patients who suffered postoperative myocardial infarction compared to controls. Contrary, we found allele frequency of 14.1 % for homozygous BB allele in the control group whereas no such allele combination was present in the study group. These preliminary results may suggest the protective role for the B and C alleles during myocardial oxidative stress whereas the A allele may represent predisposing risk for cellular injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of peripheral artery aneurysms in the upper extremities is much less than in the lower extremities. Diagnosis and surgical treatment are important, because upper extremity aneurysms can cause severe decreases in function and lead to the loss of an arm or of fingers. We performed aneurysmal resection together with saphenous vein graft inter- positioning in a patient with a post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the ulnar artery following a stab wound to the forearm. The patient underwent color-flow arterial Doppler ultrasonography and upper extremity CT angiography. The case was held worthy of publication because of its rarity.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The antioxidant glutathione-S-transferase (GST) is a crucial determinant of the development of ischaemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and plays a pivotal role in the regulation of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways involved in stress response and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether inhibition of GST can abolish the benefit of ischaemic postconditioning (IPoC). A neonatal rat cardiomyocyte cell culture was prepared and divided into 6 groups: (I) control group without treatment; (II) cells exposed to simulated I/R; (III) simulated I/R (sI/R) with IPoC; (IV) ethacrynic acid (EA) alone; (V) sI/R with EA; and (VI) sI/R and IPoC together with EA. Viability of the cells was measured by MTT assay, the quantity of apoptotic cells was assessed by flow cytometry following annexin V-FITC - propidium-iodide double staining. The activation of JNK, p38, ERK/p42-p44 MAPKs, and GSK-3β protein kinase was determined by flow-cytometric assay. GST inhibition markedly increased the apoptosis and decreased the cell viability despite IPoC. The protective effect of IPoC was lost in GST-inhibited groups for all MAPKs and GSK-3β. GST activity is required for the survival of cultured cardiomyocytes under stress conditions. GST inhibition was associated with differential activation of MAP and the protein kinases regulating these pathways in the process of ischaemic postconditioning.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Case report: In this article we present a relatively rare vascular surgical complication and an uncommon treatment of it. In this case we used an aorto-bifemoral bypass on a patient with Leriche syndrome. The implanted Y-graft got infected and we were forced to remove it. Having inserted the abdominal aortic graft, an axillobifemoral bypass was also applied to secure the circulation of the lower limbs. However, the graft occluded later on, and 37 months after the inital surgery a rather large pseudoaneurysm developed at the origin of the graft in the right subclavian artery. Another surgical intervention was indicated to prevent embolisation, rupture and compression. Instead of the conventional surgical method (resection, interposition) we did an endovascular procedure. We removed the false aneurysm by inserting a covered stent, using catheter technique, into the right brachial artery and therefore prevented the previously mentioned complications. Discussion: This minimal invasive method is very useful for high risk patients to prevent the injury of neighbouring anatomical structures in the region as well as minimize blood loss and potential complications of long term anaesthesia when open surgery is done.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
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    Full-text · Chapter · Mar 2012
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the protective effects of postconditioning (PS) in healthy and hypercholesterolemic rats after renal ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We aimed to examine cytokine expression and apoptosis in tissue damage after revascularisation (TNF-α levels in serum and tissue). Male Wistar rats (n = 32) were divided into four groups. The animals of normal feed groups (NF) were fed with normal rat chow and the cholesterol feed groups (CF) were fed with 1.5% cholesterol containing diet for 8 weeks. Anaesthetized rats underwent a 45-min cross-clamping in both kidney pedicles. Ischaemia was followed by 120-min reperfusion with or without PS protocol (group PS vs. IR). Postconditioning was induced by four intermittent periods of ischaemia-reperfusion of 15-s duration each. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride, urea and creatinine levels were determined. Proinflammation was characterized by the measurement of serum TNF-α. Tissue injury in kidney was determined by formaline-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Tissue TNF-α levels were determined by immunohistochemistry. Significant elevation was observed in serum TNF-α level after IR injury in normal feed groups, which was reduced by PS. In CF group neither the elevation nor the postconditioning induced reduction were as significant as in the NF groups. In normal feed group PS caused a significant reduction in tissue TNF-α level which was significantly higher in CF. Ischaemic postconditioning proved to be an effective defense against IR in NF groups, but it was ineffective in CF groups in kidney tissue.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation
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    Gabor Jancso · Endre Arat� · L�szlo Sinay

    Preview · Chapter · Nov 2011
  • L. Kollár · G. Kasza · G. Menyhei · G. Jancsó · L. Pótó
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Both conservative and surgical therapies have their well-defined place in the treatment of patients suffering from peripheral arterial disease. In our most recent study we examined the effects of the Nashwan-ParasoundPLUS device, developed according to the patent of Dr. Khaled Nashwan, on patients suffering from Fontaine stage-II infrainguinal arterial vasoconstriction. 18 Patients were monitored before and after a standard walking distance over a 30 month period. Method: The so-called parasound waves (1 Hz-100 kHz) generated by the Nashwan-ParasoundPLUS include both sub audible and audible waves and ultrasounds <100 kHz. The waves enter the body by means of some attachment medium (e.g. ultrasound jelly). In our present study, we wanted to examine whether results achieved after one year were retained, and if a repeated treatment following this lead to further improvement. Another consideration was to analyse when repeated treatment is recommended. Results: In case of repeated treatment significant changes were detected with regard to the length of walking distance managed, the time it took to complete this distance, and the time elapsed before the patient began to experience pain. Significant improvements were discovered with regard to the sense of numbness, pain and cold patients felt. Changes in recovery time were significant both after the first treatment and the subsequent 6-month follow-up control examination. The tendency of improvement in the Doppler-index data corresponded to the improvement of walking distance; however, the significance value has not been reached. In relation to AP, ATP and ADP, significant changes were found. After the first treatment and repeated treatment over a 30-month period, no undesirable effects or relapses were detected in any of the patients. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the effectiveness of repeated treatment with regard to the improvement in the length of walking distance a patient completed, recovery time, and other subjective symptoms proved to be significant. One year after the repeated treatment the improved state was retained, proving the treatment with the Nashwan-Parasound PLUS device is safe. Its long-lasting effectiveness compared to other known conservative methods has been scientifically certified. According to the 30-month follow-up, in order to retain the improved state and to allow for further improvement, a repeated treatment course is recommended 6-12 months after the first treatment.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Perfusion
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    ABSTRACT: The challenge against reperfusion injury and tissue oxidative stress, especially in vascular surgical interventions has an essential importance to reach the optimal clinical result. Numerous experimental attempts have proved the positive antioxidant effect of vitamin E in both chronic and acute phase models. In our study we monitored the effect of continuous preoperative treatment with vitamin E, on oxidative stress and tissue inflammation reactions developed after reconstructive operations. 32 patients have been involved in a randomized, prospective study, all suffering from AFS occlusion proved by angiography, and all undergone supragenual reconstruction. Duration of ischemia and amount of tissues under vascular clamping were almost the same in all patients. In the group treated with E-vitamin, we administered 1 x 200 mg of vitamin E p/o from the preoperative day till the 7th post operative day. Patients of the second group did not receive vitamin E. Peripheral blood samples were collected immediately before operation and at the end of the second reperfusion hour (early reperfusion period). Late reperfusion period has been monitored by analyzing blood samples taken at 24th hour and 7th day next to the operative ischemia. Among oxidative stress parameters, direct measurement of reactive oxygen intermediator (ROI) and determination of antioxidant state (GSH, Total-SH group, SOD) have been performed. Malondialdehyde was chosen as marker for lipidperoxidation. Inflammation reactions were monitored up on expression of adhesion molecules (CD11a and CD18). We also controlled the oscillation of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Our study has proved that preoperative (from the preoperative day till the 7th post operative day) administration of 200 mg vitamin E could reduce the level of oxidative stress developed after ischemic-reperfusion insult (lipidproxidation, antioxidant enzymes). According to our results, the prooxidant-antioxidant imbalance also diminished in the group with E-vitamin treatment. We proved that elective administration of vitamin E could decrease the WBC activity (MPO activity, free radicals production, expression of adhesion molecules) and its consequential local inflammation process, during early reperfusion.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation
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    ABSTRACT: The indication of surgical treatment in lower limb compartment syndrome mostly depends on the clinical signs which can be often uncertain, resulting in delayed insufficient intervention. The aim of the study was to evaluate the progression of compartment syndrome by measuring of intracompartmental pressure and monitoring of decreased tissular oxygenation, indicating an insufficient secondary microcirculation. 16 patients were examined in our study (12 males, 4 females, mean age: 62.7+/-9.5 years), who underwent acute lower limb revascularization surgery for a critical (lasting more than 4 hours) limb ischemia. The indications were: 5 iliac artery embolizations and 11 femoral artery occlusions. After revascularization, on the second postoperative day, we detected significant lower limb edema and swelling of several grade. To monitor the elevated intracompartmental pressure (ICP) and to evaluate the extremital circulation, we used KODIAG pressure meter and the tissular oxygen saturation (StO2) was measured by near-infrared-spectroscopy. In 12 cases the ICP exceeded the critical 40 mmHg. In these patients the average StO2 was 50-53%, in spite of complete recanalization. In these cases we made urgent, semi-open fasciotomy. In 4 cases, where the clinical aspect showed compartment syndrome, the measured parameters did not indicate a surgical intervention (ICP: 25-35 mmHg, StO2: around normal). A novel approach in our examination is that, besides empirical therapeutic guidelines generally applied in clinical practice, we established an objective, parameter-based ("evidence based medicine") surgical indication strategy for the lower limb compartment syndrome. Our parameter results produced by the above pressure and saturation measurements help the clinicians to decide between conservative and operative treatment of the disease.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the possibility that repeated ischemic preconditioning or N-acetylcysteine (NAC) could prevent ischemia-reperfusion injury as determined by indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) or has favorable hemodynamic effects during reperfusion in an in vivo canine liver model. Under general anesthesia, 3 groups of mongrel dogs (n = 5 per group) were subjected to (1) 60-min hepatic ischemia, (2) same ischemia preceded by intravenous administration of 150 mg kg(-1) NAC, and (3) three episodes of IPC (10-min ischemia followed by 10-min reperfusion) prior to same ischemia. Hepatic reperfusion was maintained for a further 180 min, with hemodynamic and hepatic function parameters monitored throughout. Plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green and serum levels of aspartate transferase and alanine transferase showed no significant differences between groups. Although liver injury was obvious, reflected by hemodynamic, blood gas, and liver function tests, NAC and IPC failed to prevent decay in hepatic function in this canine model. The results do not support the hypothesis that short-term use of NAC and IPC is beneficial in hepatic surgery.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · European Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the protective effects of ischaemic postconditioning (PS) on ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lower extremities in a rat model of abdominal aortic intervention. We aimed to examine the evoked oxidative stress, cytokine expression and leukocyte activation after revascularisation surgery. Anesthetized animals (48 Whistar rats) underwent a 60 min infrarenal aorta cross-clamping. After the ischaemic period, an intermittent 4 times 15 s reperfusion--15 seconds ischaemic episodes--were applied (ischaemic postconditioning: group PS). Then we started a 120 min reperfusion in the aorta. In untreated group animals underwent a long ischaemia (60 min) and the following reperfusion (group IR). Peripherial blood samples were collected before operation, and in early (5, 10, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min) reperfusion periods. Serum peroxide level, TNF-alpha concentration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and PMA-induced leukocyte ROS production were measured. In PS group, plasma peroxide level elevation was significantly lower in very early reperfusion (5-30 min) comparing to non-conditioned IR group (10.04+/-1.9 microM/l vs. 16.91+/-3.67 microM/l, p<0.05). PS also reduced serum TNF-alpha concentration (167.41+/-31.26 microg/ml vs. 116.55+/-12.04 microg/ml, p<0.05), MPO activity (1.759+/-0.239 microM/ml vs. 1.22+/-0.126 microM/ml, p<0.05) and leukocyte activation detected by PMA-induced leukocyte ROS production (5.7+/-0.96 AU/10(3) cells vs. 4.63+/-0.69 AU/10(3) cells). Ischaemic postconditioning could reduce ROI production after IR in early reperfusion period, thus limiting ROI mediated tissue lesion, cytokine-leukocyte activation and inflammatory responses. PS seems to be an effective tool in vascular surgery to reduce reperfusion injuries after revascularization interventions.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation
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    ABSTRACT: The indication for the surgical treatment of lower limb compartment syndrome mostly depends on the clinical signs, which can be uncertain and often delayed, resulting in a late and insufficient intervention. In this study, the progression of compartment syndrome was monitored with the measurement of intracompartmental pressure and tissue oxygen saturation. 16 patients (12 male and 4 female; mean age: 62,7 years) underwent acute lower limb revascularization surgery due to critical (more than 4 hour) limb ischaemia. The indications were the following: 5 iliac artery embolisms and 11 femoral artery occlusions. After revascularization, significant lower limb oedema and swelling were detected. To monitor the elevated intracompartmental pressure (ICP), KODIAG pressure meter was used. Tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) was measured with near-infrared-spectroscopy. In 12 cases the IPC exceeded the critical 40 mmHg. In these patients, StO2 was 50-53%, in spite of the successful re-canalisation. An urgent, semi-open fasciotomy was performed in these cases. In four patients, the clinical picture suggested compartment syndrome. However, the measured parameters did not indicate surgical intervention (ICP: 25-35 mmHg, StO2: normal). In addition to the empirical guidelines, we describe an evidence based surgical intervention strategy for lower limb compartment syndrome. Our results and advised parameter intervals help the clinicians to decide between conservative and operative treatment of the disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery)
  • J Gal · B Riedel · M D Kertai · G Jancso · G Acsady · D Royston · E Roth
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    ABSTRACT: During ischemia, the glycolytic pathway is up-regulated to anaerobically produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP). However, this is short-lived, due to negative feedback on phosphofructokinase from accumulating lactate. Since fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) enters glycolysis distal to this inhibitory site, exogenously administered FDP may yield ATP-independent lactate accumulation and thus ameliorate ischemic injury. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate whether the improved myocardial preservation by FDP could be attributed to improved intermediary metabolism in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Thirty-eight patients scheduled for elective CABG were studied. During operation, aortic and coronary sinus blood were collected at different timepoints and analysed by chromatography. Ten patients received 250 mg/kg FDP and 10 received 5% dextrose (control) as intravenous pretreatment prior to cardiopulmonary bypass. In the second stage, 9 patients received 2.5 mM (1.4 g/L) FDP and 9 patients 5% dextrose with the cardioplegic solution. Myocardial metabolism was quantified by measuring nucleotide catabolites including inosine and hypoxanthine. The release of inosine-hypoxantine was increased in both the FDP and the control groups; however, compared to baseline, inosine-hypoxantine levels were significantly elevated at 0, 1, 5 and 10 minutes following reperfusion in the control group. This was in contrast to the earlier recovery to baseline levels (after 5 minutes following reperfusion) in the FDP group. These data suggest that FDP may contribute to myocardial cytoprotection during cardiopulmonary bypass. Moreover, myocardial nucleotide metabolite levels showed no evidence for a protective effect of FDP on nucleotide degradation between the treated and the control groups.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · The Journal of cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: After revascularization of an acute arterial occlusion the development of a serious ischaemic-reperfusion injury is a menacing challenge and a hard task in peripheral vascular surgery. A whale of evidences point to oxidative stress, as an important trigger, in the complex chain of events leading to reperfusion injury. In the present study authors aimed to examine oxidative stress parameters, antioxidant-prooxidant state and leukocyte adhesion molecules (CD11a and CD18) expression following acute revascularization surgery of lower limb.10 patients were examined in the prospective randomized study. Peripheral blood sample was collected in ischaemic period, and after reperfusion in the 2nd and 24th hours, and on 7th day. Superoxide-dismutase activity, reduced glutathion concentration and leukocytes free radical production were measured. The degree of lipidperoxidation was marked with the quantity of malondialdehyde. The expressions of adhesion molecules were measured with flowcytometry.The speed and rate of free radical production significantly increased in the early reperfusion (p<0.05). The level of antioxidant enzymes decreased after revascularization. The CD11a and CD18 expression of the granulocytes significantly (p<0.05) decreased right after the revascularization, but with a gradual elevation until the 7th day they exceed the ischaemic value. Our results showed a time specific turnover of the sensitive antioxidant-prooxidant balance after revascularization operation.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008 · Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation