Fabio Pomerri

University Radiology, Bedminster Township, New Jersey, United States

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Publications (93)164.69 Total impact

  • Franca Bilora · Angelo Adamo · Fabio Pomerri · Paolo Prandoni
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    ABSTRACT: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. We report for the first time, the case of a patient who developed massive pulmonary embolism after a long period of treatment with high doses of ibuprofen. A 65-year-old woman was admitted with severe dyspnea while on treatment with high doses of ibuprofen for diffuse spine pain due to arthrosis. A spiral computed tomography showed a massive pulmonary embolism. No other explanation for the thromboembolic disorder was found. She was successfully treated with therapeutic doses of low-molecular-weight heparin followed by rivaroxaban. Ibuprofen was discontinued and replaced by tramadol. High-dose ibuprofen is likely to have accounted for the life-threatening thromboembolic disorder.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Aging - Clinical and Experimental Research
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is considered safe and effective even as conversion procedure after primary bariatric operations. The correlation between gastric pouch volumes and patients weight loss remains unclear. To assess a correlation between the gastric remnant size and the weight loss, we reviewed 49 consecutive barium swallow UGS performed at our institute from August 2012 through May 2014 in LSG patients with symptoms and/or unsatisfactory weight loss. The anteroposterior (AP), laterolateral (LL) and vertical (CC) diameters of the gastric pouch were measured to calculate the volume by the formula of the ellipsoid (AP × LL × CC × 0.5). Patients were divided in two groups: group 1 without gastric pouch (n = 36) and group 2 with gastric pouch (n = 13). Correlation between pouch volume and weight loss data was calculated with t Student's and Fisher tests to compare the percent excess body mass index (BMI) and percent excess body mass loss (EBL) between two groups, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The mean percent EBL was 26.54 ± 11.02 and 27.12 ± 12.35 kg/m(2) in groups with and without pouch, respectively. The mean volume of the pouch after LSG was 17.13 ± 21.56 mm(3). Pouch volume, when present, was not significantly correlated to weight loss (P = 0.88 95 % CI, CL 19.88-33.20 group 2; CL 22.94-31.30 group 1). No statistical correlation was found between the volume of the gastric pouch and weight loss (percent EBL) after LSG in symptomatic or with unsatisfactory weight loss patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Surgical Endoscopy
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate an optimal follow-up (FU) interval for von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) patients with renal masses (RMs) by determining tumour growth rates from growth curves. Thirty lesions (47.6 %) were classified as solid tumours (STs) and 33 (52.4 %) as complex cysts (CCs). Variations in lesion volume over time were analyzed. For 53 lesions, we calculated the growth rate during the period when the volume of the lesion changed most rapidly, and called this the fast growth rate (FGR). The STs initially grew fast, followed by a period of slower growth. The CCs varied in volume over time, associated with variable amounts of their fluid component. The FGR correlated better with the latest volume for STs (r = 0.905) than for CCs (r = 0.780). An optimal FU interval between 3 and 12 months was derived by combining the FGR calculated from the curve with the latest volume measured. Analyzing growth curves and related kinetic parameters for RMs in VHL patients could be useful with a view to optimizing the subsequent FU interval and improving the active surveillance program. • Measuring volume changes over time enables tumour growth curves to be charted. • Renal solid tumours increase in volume with a typical sigmoidal curve. • Complex cysts may increase and decrease in volume spontaneously over time. • The fast growth rate of solid tumours correlates with their latest volume. • The fast growth rate can orient the scheduling of subsequent follow-ups.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · European Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Recurrent type I endometrial cancer (EC) has poor prognosis and demands novel therapeutic approaches. Bevacizumab, a VEGF-A neutralizing monoclonal antibody, has shown clinical activity in this setting. To our knowledge, however, although some diabetic cancer patients treated with bevacizumab may also take metformin, whether metformin modulates response to anti-VEGF therapy has not yet been investigated. Here, we report the case of a patient with advanced EC treated, among other drugs, with bevacizumab in combination with metformin. The patient affected by relapsed EC G3 type 1, presented in march 2010 with liver, lungs and mediastinic metastases. After six cycles of paclitaxel and cisplatin she underwent partial response. Later on, she had disease progression notwithstanding administration of multiple lines of chemotherapy. In march 2013, due to brain metastases with coma, she began steroid therapy with development of secondary diabetes. At this time, administration of Bevacizumab plus Metformin improved her performance status. CT scans performed in this time window showed reduced radiologic density of the lung and mediastinic lesions and of liver disease, suggestive of increased tumor necrosis. Strong (18)F-FDG uptake by PET imaging along with high levels of monocarboxylate transporter 4 and lack of liver kinase B1 expression in liver metastasis, highlighted metabolic features previously associated with response to anti-VEGF therapy and phenformin in preclinical models. However, clinical benefit was transitory and was followed by rapid and fatal disease progression. These findings--albeit limited to a single case--suggest that tumors lacking LKB1 expression and/or endowed with an highly glycolytic phenotype might develop large necrotic areas following combined treatment with metformin plus bevacizumab. As metformin is widely used among diabetes patients as well as in ongoing clinical trials in cancer patients, these results deserve further clinical investigation.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Cancer biology & therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Unlabelled: von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) is a rare hereditary condition caused by germline alteration of VHL gene predisposing to renal carcinoma and multiple other tumors. Since acquired dysregulation of VHL-dependent pathways is often present in patients with sporadic RCC treated with the anti-angiogenic drug sunitinib, there is a strong rationale to use the same drug in VHL patients with progressive disease in the kidneys or other sites. Our primary objective was to evaluate the activity of sunitinib in terms of progression-free survival. Secondary objectives: rate of radiological response, patterns of responses in different organs, treatment-related toxicities. We performed a retrospective analysis of sunitinib therapy in genetically-confirmed VHL patients treated at our Institution for multifocal or advanced RCC. From February 2007 to July 2012, 14 VHL patients started first-line sunitinib for recurrent or progressing RCC, mean age 48 years (27-71). Nine patients achieved a partial RECIST response (64.3%); responses were noted not only in renal and hepatic lesions but also in pancreatic nodules. Most lesions showed density reduction, while all CNS haemangioblastoma lesions remained stable. At a median follow-up of 37 months, six patients have progressed and three patients died, with a progression-free rate at 2 years of 71.4%. Sunitinib may therefore achieve a fairly good disease control in VHL patients. Radiological responses may be obtained not only in renal tumors but also in synchronous VHL-related lesions, especially pancreatic solid nodules whose exact nature (metastatic RCC or neuroendocrine tumor) cannot be ruled out without invasive biopsy.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Familial Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate the role of CT and PET/CT in patients with thymic cancer and thymoma at initial staging.Methods We retrospectively reviewed CT and PET/CT scans of 26 patients with a thymic cancer (n=9) or thymoma (n=17). Chest CT findings documented were qualitative and quantitative. Both qualitative and semiquantitative data were recovered by PET/CT. The outcome of all patients was retrieved by clinical chart or follow-up. The comparisons among histological entities, outcome and qualitative data from CT and PET/CT were made by a non-parametric analysis.ResultsPET/CT resulted positive in 15/17 patients with thymoma. CT was available in 5/9 (56%) patients with thymic cancer and in 3/17 with thymoma. All quantitative CT parameters were significantly higher in patients with thymic cancer than thymoma (maximum axial diameter: 45vs.20mm, maximum longitudinal diameter: 69vs.21mm and volume: 77.91vs.4.52ml; all p<0.05). Conversely, only metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis were significantly different in patients with thymic cancer than the counterpart (126.53vs.6.03cm3 and 246.05vs.20.32, respectively; both p<0.05). After a median follow-up time of 17.45 months, four recurrences of disease occurred: three in patients with thymic cancer and one with a type B2 thymoma. Follow-up data were lost in three subjects. CT volume in patients with recurrent disease was 102.19ml vs. a median value of 62.5ml in six disease-free patients. MTV was higher in recurrent than disease-free patient subset (143.3vs.81.13cm3), although not statistically significant (p=0.075).Conclusion From these preliminary results emerged that both morphological and metabolic volume can be useful from a diagnostic and prognostic point of view in thymic cancer and thymoma patients. A large multi-center clinical trial experience for confirming the findings of this study seems mandatory.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Thoracic Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the main imaging characteristics of pancreatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with particular attention to CT features, underlining possible criteria for a differential diagnosis. 15 patients have been included in this study. 14 patients underwent multislice CT with triphasic acquisition (unenhanced, pancreatic parenchymal and portal venous phases). In 9 cases a delayed phase (120 sec) was also acquired. 5 patients underwent MRI, before and after administration of gadolinium. The mean time interval between nephrectomy and recurrence was 7.5 years (range 1-17 years). On CT metastases avidly enhanced in the parenchymal phase and then demonstrated a significant wash-out, approaching isodensity to the normal pancreatic parenchyma in the portal phase. In the portal phase 20 of the 25 lesions found in the arterial phase were recognizable. On non-enhanced scans, only 13 of the 25 lesions were detected. Renal Cell Carcinomas require a prolonged CT or MRI follow-up.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Cancer imaging : the official publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine likelihood of malignancy for indeterminate lung nodules identified on CT comparing two standardized models with (18)F-FDG PET/CT. Materials and methods: Fifty-nine cancer patients with indeterminate lung nodules (solid tumors; diameter, ≥5 mm) on CT had FDG PET/CT for lesion characterization. Mayo Clinic and Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study models of likelihood of malignancy were applied to solitary pulmonary nodules. High probability of malignancy was assigned a priori for multiple nodules. Low (<5%), intermediate (5-60%), and high (>60%) pretest malignancy probabilities were analyzed separately. Patients were reclassified with PET/CT. Histopathology or 2-year imaging follow-up established diagnosis. Outcome-based reclassification differences were defined as net reclassification improvement. A null hypothesis of asymptotic test was applied. Results: Thirty-one patients had histology-proven malignancy. PET/CT was true-positive in 24 and true-negative in 25 cases. Negative predictive value was 78% and positive predictive value was 89%. On the basis of the Mayo Clinic model (n=31), 18 patients had low, 12 had intermediate, and one had high pretest likelihood; on the basis of the Veterans Affairs model (n=26), 5 patients had low, 20 had intermediate, and one had high pretest likelihood. Because of multiple lung nodules, 28 patients were classified as having high malignancy risk. PET/CT showed 32 negative and 27 positive scans. Net reclassification improvements respectively were 0.95 and 1.6 for Mayo Clinic and Veterans Affairs models (both p<0.0001). Fourteen of 31 (45.2%) and 12 of 26 (46.2%) patients with low and intermediate pretest likelihood, respectively, had positive findings on PET/CT for the Mayo Clinic and Veterans Affairs models, respectively. Of 15 patients with high pretest likelihood and negative findings on PET/CT, 13 (86.7%) did not have lung malignancy. Conclusion: PET/CT improves stratification of cancer patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules. A substantial number of patients considered at low and intermediate pretest likelihood of malignancy with histology-proven lung malignancy showed abnormal PET/CT findings.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · American Journal of Roentgenology
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    ABSTRACT: This study was done to evaluate the importance of high-resolution CT (HRCT) in defining pattern and extent of disease and establishing the clinical and therapeutic pathway in sarcoidosis. A retrospective analysis of 56 patients with pulmonary involvement of sarcoidosis was performed. Two groups were identified: 39 patients exhibiting a typical HRCT pattern and 17 patients with an atypical pattern. Inclusion criteria were the presence of radiological documentation (HRCT) of disease, clinical and radiological follow-up of 1 year and the beginning of any therapy within 1 month from the diagnosis. Among subjects not receiving therapy, the comparison between the two groups showed that the radiological findings remained stable in subjects with a typical pattern, while they worsened in more than 70 % of cases with atypical appearance. Therapy was more effective in patients with a typical pattern. Recurrences occurred in both groups, but more often in patients with a typical pattern. One patient not receiving treatment experienced clinical worsening. Re-evaluation of HRCT within 1 year revealed no correlation between clinical deterioration and radiological changes. The findings of this study suggest that persistence of the inflammatory process rather than the radiological pattern at onset is a prognostic factor for recurrence.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · La radiologia medica
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    ABSTRACT: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has proved effective in detecting recurrent or metastatic differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in the follow-up of operated DTC patients with high thyroglobulin (Tg) levels and negative findings on radioiodine whole-body scan. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the impact of PET/CT on the planning of appropriate treatment for known recurrent disease in operated DTC patients. The study concerned 44 consecutive DTC patients (36 papillary, 8 follicular), who underwent total thyroidectomy and thyroid remnant ablation with (131)I and PET/CT. All patients had proven or strongly suspected recurrent disease judging from neck ultrasound (US) and fine-needle aspiration cytology, and detectable basal Tg levels. PET/CT findings were positive in 25/44 patients (56.81 %) and negative in 19. A positive PET/CT result predicted resectable tumour recurrences in 19/25 patients, but also detected additional tumour sites that prompted changes to the treatment plan in 6/25 patients (24 %). A negative PET/CT result led to clinical monitoring for 11/19 patients (57.89 %). PET/CT can help select patients, who might benefit from a tailored therapy by improving the detection of local recurrences not apparent on neck US or metastases.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · La radiologia medica
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography (CT) after neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) in locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC) patients. We recruited 79 EC patients from a sample of 210 who underwent F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT after NAT and who did not have evidence or suspicion of distant metastases. All patients were followed up for a median period of 18 months (range: 2-53 months) from nuclear imaging. PET/CT findings were correlated with surgical management and long-term prognosis. The χ-test was used for categorical variables and the Student t-test for continuous data. Survival curves were computed using the Kaplan-Meier method. A P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Twenty patients (25.3%) had negative PET/CT and 59 (74.7%) had positive PET/CT results after NAT. Of the 20 patients with negative PET/CT results, eight underwent radical-intent surgery and 12 did not, whereas of the 59 patients with positive PET/CT 44 were scheduled for surgery and 15 were not (P<0.05). On follow-up, 38 patients were seen to be disease free, whereas 23 had relapsed and 15 had died. The overall survival was different between patients with negative PET/CT and those with positive PET/CT scans (98 vs. 40%; P=0.019). Event-free survival was higher in patients with negative PET/CT than in those with positive PET/CT after NAT (78 vs. 0%; P=0.003). Considering patients with positive PET/CT, in the nonsurgical group only three patients were alive without evidence of disease, whereas in the surgical group 19 patients were disease free (20 vs. 46%; P<0.001). PET/CT is able to stratify the recurrence risk of EC patients. After a median follow-up period of 18 months, 91% of patients with negative PET/CT scans who did not undergo surgery were seen to be disease free. A positive PET/CT after NAT should be followed by surgery for improving event-free survival.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Nuclear Medicine Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Anaplastic ependymomas are rare tumors in adult patients. Maximal safe resection and use of radiation therapy are standard treatment approaches in patients with anaplastic ependymoma. Recurrent anaplastic ependymomas are treated by reoperation when the tumors are surgically accessible, by radiotherapy if not previously administered and by salvage chemotherapy. However, the role of chemotherapy is still unclear. A few retrospective studies showed interesting results with platinum-based regimens, while the administration of temozolomide alone demonstrated conflicting results. We present, for the first time, the case of a patient with anaplastic ependymoma refractory to platinum-based chemotherapy and temozolomide only, but showing a prolonged reduction of the lesion after receiving combination chemotherapy with cisplatin and temozolomide. A brief review of the literature on the treatment of anaplastic ependymoma follows. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Chemotherapy

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Oct 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the performance of combined single-view mediolateral oblique (MLO) digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) plus single-view cranio-caudal (CC) mammography (MX) compared with that of standard two-view digital mammography. Methods: A multi-reader multi-case (MRMC) receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) study was conducted, involving six breast radiologists. Two hundred fifty patients underwent bilateral MX and DBT imaging. MX and DBT images with the adjunct of the CC-MX view from 469 breasts were evaluated and rated independently by six readers. Differences in mean areas under the ROC curves (AUCs), mean sensitivity and mean specificity were analysed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) to assess clinical performance. Results: The combined technique was found to be non-inferior to standard two-view mammography (MX((CC+MLO))) in mean AUC (difference: +0.021;95 % LCL = -0.011), but was not statistically significant for superiority (P = 0.197). The combined technique had equivalent sensitivity to standard mammography (76.2 % vs. 72.8 %, P = 0.269) and equivalent specificity (84.9 % vs. 83.0 %, P = 0.130). Specificity for benign lesions was significantly higher with the combination of techniques versus mammography (45.6 % vs. 36.8 %, P = 0.002). Conclusion: In this enriched study population, the combination of single-view MLO tomosynthesis plus single-view CC mammography was non-inferior to that of standard two-view digital mammography in terms of ROC curve area, sensitivity and specificity.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · European Radiology

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2013
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of combining one-view mammography (cranio-caudal, CC) with the complementary view tomosynthesis (mediolateral-oblique, MLO) in comparison to standard two-view mammography (MX) in terms of both lesion detection and characterization. METHODS: A free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) experiment was conducted independently by six breast radiologists, obtaining data from 463 breasts of 250 patients. Differences in mean lesion detection fraction (LDF) and mean lesion characterization fraction (LCF) were analysed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) to compare clinical performance of the combination of techniques to standard two-view digital mammography. RESULTS: The 463 cases (breasts) reviewed included 258 with one to three lesions each, and 205 with no lesions. The 258 cases with lesions included 77 cancers in 68 breasts and 271 benign lesions to give a total of 348 proven lesions. The combination, DBT(MLO)+MX(CC), was superior to MX (CC+MLO) in both lesion detection (LDF) and lesion characterization (LCF) overall and for benign lesions. DBT(MLO)+MX(CC) was non-inferior to two-view MX for malignant lesions. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that readers' capabilities in detecting and characterizing breast lesions are improved by combining single-view digital breast tomosynthesis and single-view mammography compared to two-view digital mammography. KEY POINTS: • Digital breast tomosynthesis is becoming adopted as an adjunct to mammography (MX) • DBT (MLO) +MX (CC) is superior to MX (CC+MLO) in lesion detection (overall and benign lesions) • DBT (MLO) +MX (CC) is non-inferior to MX (CC+MLO) in cancer detection • DBT (MLO) +MX (CC) is superior to MX (CC+MLO) in lesion characterization (overall and benign lesions) • DBT (MLO) +MX (CC) is non-inferior to MX (CC+MLO) in characterization of malignant lesions.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · European Radiology
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Oct 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in staging of esophageal cancer and to evaluate the prognostic role of metabolic parameters before and after neo-adjuvant treatment. Settings and Design: Mono-institutional retrospective study. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 29 patients who underwent PET/CT at initial staging and after neo-adjuvant therapy. Metabolic parameters were calculated: mean, average, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Diagnostic advantages of PET/CT over conventional imaging (CI) were determined. The relationships between baseline and after-therapy SUVmax and TLG, change in SUV and TLG (reported as ∆) for the primary tumor and prognosis were assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Non-parametric statistic (e.g. Wilcoxon test and chi-square test). Results: Twenty-nine patients were eligible for the initial staging. Thirteen patients were incorrectly staged based on CI; PET/CT was able to identify distant lymph nodes in seven patients (59%) and distant metastases in four (31%). The median SUVmax before and after neoadjuvant therapy was 10.38 and 3.53 (P = 0.0005), respectively. Only few semi-quantitative parameters obtained by PET/CT after neoadjuvant therapy seemed to have a prognostic value. TLG and ∆TLG were significantly different between disease-free and died patients (0.49 versus 15.51 and 100% versus 94%, respectively; all P = <0.05). Conclusions: PET/CT is confirmed as being able to detect distant metastases and to avoid unnecessary surgery. Although not routinely reported, post-neoadjuvant TLG and ∆TLG might be considered as useful prognostic parameters and should be further evaluated prospectively.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of cancer research and therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare volume measurements on computed tomography (CT) images with histopathological assessments of chemoradiotherapy (CRT)-induced tumor regression in locally advanced rectal cancer (RC). Methods: In 25 patients (13 males, 12 females; median age, 63 years; age range, 44-79 years) with locally advanced RC treated with preoperative CRT and surgery, two radiologists measured tumor volume on CT images before and after CRT. CT-based tumor volumetry and the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECISTs) were compared with T and N downstaging after CRT, and with the tumor regression grade (TRG). Results: Tumor volumes were significantly smaller on CT images after CRT. The tumors regressed in 52% (13/25), 36% (9/25) and 40% (10/25) of patients, based on T downstaging, TRG and mRECIST findings, respectively. In terms of T downstaging, the pre- and post-CRT tumor volumes of responders and non-responders to the treatment differed statistically, while their tumor volume reduction rates and volume reductions according to the 65% mRECIST threshold did not. In terms of N downstaging and TRG, the differences between the responders' and the non-responders' pre- and post-CRT tumor volumes, tumor volume reduction rates, and mRECIST thresholds were never statistically significant. Conclusion: Measuring tumor size on CT images is of limited value in predicting the histopathological response to preoperative CRT in RC patients, so it may be unwise to select surgical treatment strategies based on CT volumetry.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · European journal of radiology

Publication Stats

702 Citations
164.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • University Radiology
      Bedminster Township, New Jersey, United States
  • 2009-2015
    • Istituto Oncologico Veneto
      • Clinical Trials and Biostatistics Unit
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 1990-2013
    • University of Padova
      • • Department of Medicine DIMED
      • • Dipartimento di Scienze Medico Diagnostiche e Terapie Speciali
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 1988-2005
    • It-Robotics
      Vicenza, Veneto, Italy
  • 1995
    • University of Naples Federico II
      Napoli, Campania, Italy