[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Serotonin antagonist reuptake inhibitor (SARI) drugs that block both 5-HT(2) receptors and the serotonin transporters have been developed. The human 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor has been implicated in several neurological conditions, and potent selective 5-HT(2A/2C) ligands may have therapeutic potential for treatment of CNS diseases such as depression. An imidazole moiety usually provides good pharmacokinetic properties as a drug substance, and thus considerable efforts have been devoted to develop imidazole derivatives into drug candidates. The imidazole series of compounds was evaluated against 5-HT(2A/2C) and serotonin reuptake inhibition. A few of the compounds in the series showed promising IC(50) values and antidepressant-like effect in in vivo forced swimming test (FST). On the basis of these results, further lead optimization studies resulted in identifying promising compounds potentially for therapeutic use.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to investigate SAR regarding glucose moiety in novel C-aryl glucoside SGLT2 inhibitors containing a thiazole motif, a series of chemical modifications on glucose was conducted to explore potential utility as a suitable replacement of glucose per se. Among the compounds prepared, deshydroxy 29 (IC(50)=7.01nM) demonstrated the best in vitro inhibitory activity against SGLT2 in this series to date. But, none of the compounds were better than the parent molecule 5 (IC(50)=1.75nM).
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the continuing search for novel compounds targeting serotonin 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C), and serotonin transporter, new arylpiperazine-containing pyrrole 3-carboxamide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated. Based on the lead reported previously, structural modifications regarding N-(3-(4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl)propyl)-1,2-dimethyl-5-phenyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide 5, were accomplished for improvements in not only binding affinity against serotonin receptors and transporter, but also in hERG channel inhibition. Along the line, both the forced swimming tests and spontaneous locomotor activity tests were performed to distinguish between antidepressant activity and false positive results. As potential antidepressant agents, both 2,4-dimethyl-5-phenyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide and 5-tert-butyl-2-methyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide derivatives exhibited favorable in vitro and in vivo activities, warranting further investigation around these scaffolds.
No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arylpiperzine-containing pyrrole 3-carboxamide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as novel antidepressant compounds. The various analogues were efficiently prepared and bio-assayed for binding to 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C) receptor, and 5-HT transporter. Based on their in vitro and in vivo activities as well as selectivity over other neurotransmitter receptors and PK profiles, 33 and 34 were identified as lead compounds. Consequently, this pyrrole series of compounds appears to be promising enough to warrant further investigation.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters