E. A. Pleteneva

Mechnikov Research Institute of Vaccines and Sera, Moskva, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (30)27.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A complete nucleotide sequence of the new Pseudomonas aeruginosa Luz24likevirus phiCHU was obtained. This virus was shown to have a unique host range whereby it grew poorly on the standard laboratory strain PAO1, but infected 26 of 46 clinical isolates screened, and strains harboring IncP2 plasmid pMG53. It was demonstrated that phiCHU has single strand interruptions in its genome. Analysis of the phiCHU genome also suggested that recombination event(s) participated in the evolution of the leftmost portion of the genome, presumably encoding early genes. © FEMS 2015. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · FEMS Microbiology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens forced us to consider the phage therapy as one of the possible alternative approaches to treatment. The purpose of this paper is to consider the conditions for the safe, long-term use of phage therapy against various infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We describe the selection of the most suitable phages, their most effective combinations and some approaches for the rapid recognition of phages unsuitable for use in therapy. The benefits and disadvantages of the various different approaches to the preparation of phage mixtures are considered, together with the specific conditions that are required for the safe application of phage therapy in general hospitals and the possibilities for the development of personalized phage therapy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Virologica Sinica

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Advances in Microbiology
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    Victor Krylov · Olga Shaburova · Sergey Krylov · Elena Pleteneva
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a frequent participant in wound infections. Emergence of multiple antibiotic resistant strains has created significant problems in the treatment of infected wounds. Phage therapy (PT) has been proposed as a possible alternative approach. Infected wounds are the perfect place for PT applications, since the basic condition for PT is ensured; namely, the direct contact of bacteria and their viruses. Plenty of virulent ("lytic") and temperate ("lysogenic") bacteriophages are known in P. aeruginosa. However, the number of virulent phage species acceptable for PT and their mutability are limited. Besides, there are different deviations in the behavior of virulent (and temperate) phages from their expected canonical models of development. We consider some examples of non-canonical phage-bacterium interactions and the possibility of their use in PT. In addition, some optimal approaches to the development of phage therapy will be discussed from the point of view of a biologist, considering the danger of phage-assisted horizontal gene transfer (HGT), and from the point of view of a surgeon who has accepted the Hippocrates Oath to cure patients by all possible means. It is also time now to discuss the possible approaches in international cooperation for the development of PT. We think it would be advantageous to make phage therapy a kind of personalized medicine.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Viruses
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    ABSTRACT: Results of studying the novel virulent phage phiPMG1 active on Pseudomonas aeruginosa are pre�sented. It is shown that phiPMG1 exhibits significant homology and the similarity in the overall structure with the genome of a temperate phage converts D3. Phage phiPMG1 differs from D3 in that it fails to stably lysogenize bacteria and can grow on strains carrying plasmids that cause growth inhibition of phage D3 and some other phages. This significantly diminishes the probability of horizontal gene transfer with phage phiPMG1 and suggests the possible employment of this phage inphage therapy. A comparison of phages phiPMG1 and D3 structures of genomes in demonstrated not only high homology of 65 genes, but also the presence of 16 genes in the phiPMG1 genome that were not included in the in NCBI database. Apparently, the evolution of genomes in phages of this species is mostly associated with migrations into other species of bacteria, and recombinations with phages of other species (for example, F116). A detailed analysis of structure of one region genomes, which significant nonhomology for the three D3�like phages (D3, phiPMG1 and PAJU2), revealed that the phiPMG1 genome possible closest to a hypothetical genome of ancestral phage of this spe�cies.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: The properties of the isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage phiPMG1 include the lytic infection cycle, and the formation of a broad halo (semi-transparent zone) around the plaques. We consider phiPMG1 as a potential member of therapeutic cocktails of live phages, and as a source of peptidoglycan and lipopolysaccharide degrading enzymes. Partial sequencing of phiPMG1 genome has revealed high similarity with known temperate P. aeruginosa phage D3. An open reading frame encoding lytic transglycosilase was identified in the genome. This enzyme PMG MUR was obtained in recombinant form, and its activity and substrate specificity has been studied.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Bioorganicheskaia khimiia
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    ABSTRACT: The ϕPMG1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage was isolated. It is characterized by certain peculiarities of the lytic infection cycle and forms a halo (clear zone) around negative colonies. The phage was studied with regard to its potential use in therapeutic phage preparations and as a source of peptidoglycan- and lipopolysacchraide-degrading enzymes. Partial sequencing of the ϕPMG1 genome revealed a high degree of homology with the D3 moderate bacteriophage. An open reading frame coding for a lytic transglycosylase has been identified in ϕPMG1 genome. The enzyme has been obtained in a recombinant form, and its activity and substrate specificity have been characterized.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The article continues a study of pseudolysogeny in Pseudominas aeruginosa infected with phiKZ-like phages of the EL species. Analysis was performed for several newly isolated vir mutants of EL phages (EL and RU) that were virulent (capable of causing lysis of bacteria infected with the wild-type phage) and a lower extent of opalescence of negative colonies (NCs). Wile-type recombinants were detected in crosses of virulent mutants of phages EL and RU to confirm the polygenic control of virulence. Since a deletion mutation was found in one of the virulent EL mutants and high genetic instability was characteristic of another mutant, a mobile genetic element was assumed to play a role in mutagenesis. Pseudolysogeny of bacteria provides for horizontal gene transfer between different bacterial strains. Hence, sequencing of the phage genome and demonstration of the lack of toxic gene products are insufficient for the phage to be included into a therapeutic mixture. To use live phages, it is essential to study in detail the possible consequences of their interaction with host bacteria.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: The properties of new virulent bacteriophage TL of Pseudomonas aeruginosa belonging to the family Podoviridae (genome size of 46 kb) were investigated. This bacteriophage is capable of lysogenizing the bacterial lawn in halo zones around negative colonies (NC) of other bacteriophages. TL forms large NC, that are hardly distinguishable on the lawn of P. aeruginisa PAO1. At the same time, on the lawns of some phage-resistant PAO1 mutants, as well as on those produced by a number of clinical isolates, TL forms more transparent NC. It is suggested that more effective growth of the bacteriophage TL NC is associated with the differences in outer lipopolysaccharide (LPS) layer of the cell walls of different bacterial strains, as well as of the bacteria inside and outside of the halos. This TL property was used to optimize selection of bacteriophages producing halos around NC on the lawn of P. aeruginosa PAO1. As a result, a group of bacteriophages differing in the patterns of interaction between their halos and TL bacteriophage, as well as in some characters was identified. Taking into consideration the importance of cell-surfaced structures of P. aeruginosa in manifestation of virulence and pathogenicity, possible utilization of specific phage enzymes, polysacchadide depolymerases, for more effective treatment of P. aeruginosa infections is discussed.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Genetika
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    ABSTRACT: We report the selection and amplification of the broad-host-range Salmonella phage phi PVP-SE1 in an alternative nonpathogenic host. The lytic spectrum and the phage DNA restriction profile were not modified upon replication in Escherichia coli Bl21, suggesting the possibility of producing this phage in a nonpathogenic host, contributing to the safety and easier approval of a product based on this Salmonella biocontrol agent.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2010 · Applied and Environmental Microbiology
  • E. A. Pleteneva · O. V. Shaburova · J. Azeredo · V. N. Krylov
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of infection of natural isolates of Salmonella enterica with lytic (nonlysogenic) phages on the expression of resident cryptic or defective prophages in host bacteria was studied. The induction of defective/cryptic phages after infection with nonlysogenic phages and packaging of bacterial chromosomal fragments in capsids of defective phages is demonstrated. This may lead to migration and wide distribution of both the genomes of defective phages per se and various fragments of the bacterial chromosome (including pathogenic islands) in new bacterial strains with concomitant change of their properties, the acquired new features of pathogenicity among them.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Some properties of bacteriophages with large (200 kb and more) sequenced genomes have been compared. In contrast to other large bacteriophages from different families, bacteriophages active on pseudomonads of various species (phiKZ-like bacterio phages) have some common features, which suggests their phylogenetic relationship and independence of their evolution as a result of migration among bacteria of this family. Among such common features are the absence in the genomes of these phages of sites sensitive to endonuclease PstI, the absence of genes encoding DNA polymerases that are similar to the known enzymes of this type, possible dependence of replication of the phage genome on bacterial DNA polymerase, and a considerably larger average gene size as compared to that for other phages. Criteria are suggested for searching for novel phiKZ-like bacteriophages: the size of a phag e particle, production by bacteria infected with such phages of a large amount of highly viscous mucus. Taking into account the use of these bacteriophages in therapeutic preparations (due to a broad spectrum of lytic activity) and a poor knowledge of a majority of their gene products, it seems necessary to perform a more comprehensive genetic analysis of phages of this genus or their mutants for selecting those adequate for phage therapy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a final piece of evidence proving that bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa are capable of transition to the pseudolysogenic state after infection with φKZ-like phages has been produced. It was shown that the decisive factor in this process is multiple infection of bacteria with bacteriophages belonging to this genus. In the course of this work, stable clinical isolates of bacteria liberating novel bacteriophages of this genus (Che2/2 and Che21/5) were detected and attributed to species φKZ and EL, respectively, according to their phenotypic characters and the results of DNA analysis. For three bacteriophages belonging to species EL (EL, RU, and Che21/5), mutants with disorders in the capability for pseudolysogenization were isolated. One of the mutants of phage EL possesses properties of virulent mutants of typical temperate phages (vir mutant). This mutant fails to form pseudolysogens and, moreover, provides the effect of dominance upon coinfection of bacteria with the wild-type phage EL, but however is unable to exhibit this effect upon joint infection of bacteria with wild-type phages of species φKZ and Lin68. It is assumed that the effect of pseudolysogeny may be connected with functioning of φKZ and EL genes that control the products similar to repressors of other phages. Because earlier wild-type φKZ-like phages were shown to be present in commercial phage-therapeutic preparations (which represents certain problems), it is expedient to use virulent mutants of phages belonging to this genus rather than phages of the wild type.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Salmonella is a worldwide foodborne pathogen causing acute enteric infections in humans. In the recent years, the use of bacteriophages has been suggested as a possible tool to combat this zoonotic pathogen in poultry farms. This work aims to isolate and perform comparative studies of a group of phages active against a collection of specific Salmonella Enteritidis strains from Portugal and England. Also, suitable phage candidates for therapy of poultry will be selected. The Salm. Enteritidis strains studied were shown to have a significantly high occurrence of defective (cryptic) prophages; however, no live phages were found in the strains. Bacteriophages isolated from different environments lysed all except one of the tested Salm. Enteritidis strains. The bacteriophages studied were divided into different groups according to their genetic homology, RFLP profiles and phenotypic features, and most of them showed no DNA homology with the bacterial hosts. The bacteriophage lytic efficacy proved to be highly dependent on the propagation host strain. Despite the evidences shown in this work that the Salm. Enteritidis strains used did not produce viable phages, we have confirmed that some phages, when grown on particular hosts, behaved as complexes of phages. This is most likely because of the presence of inactive phage-related genomes (or their parts) in the bacterial strains which are capable of being reactivated or which can recombine with lytic phages. Furthermore, changes of the bacterial hosts used for maintenance of phages must be avoided as these can drastically modify the parameters of the phage preparations, including host range and lytic activity. This work shows that the optimal host and growth conditions must be carefully studied and selected for the production of each bacteriophage candidate for animal therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · Journal of Applied Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Comparison of Pseudomonas putida group of phages attributed to five species (af, ϕ15, ϕ27, ϕ2F, and pf16) with their common property of halo-formation (formation of lightening zones) around phage plaques was conducted. The halo around phage plaques appears as a result of reduction or disappearance of bacterial polysaccharide capsules. The concentration of viable bacteria remains unchanged within the halo. A comparison of specificities of halo-formation products from various phages was conducted by a simple method. These products were shown to be highly specific and inactive on other species of pseudomonads. Phage-resistant P. putida mutants scored with respect to various phages, which lost phage adsorption ability, were tolerant to the effect of halo-formation products in most cases. Apparently, the capsular polysaccharides, which serve as a substrate for depolymerases and are the primary phage receptors, may be often lost. Results of partial sequencing of the af phage genome revealed an open reading frame that encodes the enzyme transglycosylase similar rather to transglycosylases of oligotrophic bacteria belonging to different species than to lysozymes of other phages. Possibly, it is a polyfunctional enzyme combining functions of lysozyme and an enzyme that executes the penetration of phage particle across extracellular slime and capsule.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Russian Journal of Genetics
  • E. A. Pleteneva · O. V. Shaburova · V. N. Krylov
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, a revival of interest to study of bacteriophages has been observed. Bacteriophages and phage-coded products can be used instead of antibiotics in the treatment of some human and animal infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Bacteriophages may serve as an excellent method for monitoring anthropogenic changes in bacterial communities, which are connected with the contamination by industrial sewages or infection of water reservoirs with pathogenic bacteria. Technical applicability of bacteriophages may be successful for combating bacterial biofilms, for example, in pipelines. And finally, comparative basic and systemic genomic studies of bacteriophages belonging to various bacterial species are conclusive in understanding and assessing their role in the joint evolution (coevolution) with host bacteria; particularly, this research is important for elucidating mechanisms of phage participation in the horizontal exchange of genetic modules. Possibly, these studies may be useful for the prediction of not only the direction of coevolution of certain bacterial species and their phages but also the time of new pathogenic bacteria origination.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Russian Journal of Genetics
  • O. V. Shaburova · E. A. Pleteneva · K. Hertveldt · V. N. Krylov
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    ABSTRACT: Genome sizes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa phages ϕKZ and EL earlier determined by sequence analysis were shown to correspond to sizes of their DNAs assessed by pulse-electrophoresis (PFGE). Putative “redundant” genes in ϕKZ phage genome are supposed to control functions promoting vigorous growth of the phage belonging to this species, compared to phages of EL species.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: A group of 12 Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulent bacteriophages of different origin scored with regard to the plaque phenotype are assigned to PB1-like species based on the similarity in respect to morphology of particles and high DNA homology. Phages differ in restriction profile and the set of capsid major proteins. For the purpose of studying adsorption properties of these phages, 20 random spontaneous mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 with the disturbed adsorption placed in two groups were isolated. Mutants of the first group completely lost the ability to adsorb all phages of this species. It is assumed that their adsorption receptors are functionally inactive or lost at all, because the attempt to isolate phage mutants or detect natural phages of PB1 species capable of overcoming resistance of these bacteria failed. The second group includes five bacterial mutants resistant to the majority of phages belonging to species PB1. These mutants maintain the vigorous growth of phage SN and poor growth of phage 9/3, which forms turbid plaques with low efficiency of plating. In the background of weak growth, phage 9/3 yields plaques that grew well. The examination of the progeny of phage 9/3, which can grow on these bacteria, showed that its DNA differed from DNA of the original phage 9/3 by restriction profile and is identical to DNA of phage PB1 with regard to this trait. Data supported a suggestion that this phage variant resulted from recombination of phage 9/3 DNA with the locus of P. aeruginosa PAO1 genome encoding the bacteriocinogenic factor R. However, this variant of phage 9/3 did not manifest the ability to grow on phage-resistant mutants of the first group. Possible reasons for the difference between phages 9/3 or SN and the remaining phages of PB1 species are discussed. A preliminary formal scheme of the modular structure for adsorption receptors on the surface of P. aeruginosa PAO1 bacteria was constructed based on the analysis of growth of some other phage species on adsorption mutants of the first type.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Russian Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Study of two recently isolated giant bacteriophages Lu11 and OBP that are active on Pseudomonas putida var. Manila and Pseudomonas fluorescens, respectively, demonstrated their similarity in morphology, genome size, and size of phage particles, with giant bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa assigned to the supergroup of phiKZ-like phages of the family Myoviridae designated in this manner according to the best studied phage phiKZ that belongs to the species of this group widely distributed in nature. Comparison of major polypeptide sizes of mature particles suggests the similarity of certain proteins in the phages examined. In OBP particles visualized with an electron microscope, an "inner body" was detected, which points to the specific DNA package intrinsic to phages of phiKZ group. In the meantime, phages Lul11 and OBP do not exhibit resemblance among themselves or with any of earlier described phiKZ-like phages in respect to other traits; particularly, they have no detectable DNA homology. Note that phage Lu11 of P. putida var. Manila exhibits very slight homology with phage Lin68 of the family of P. aeruginosa phiKZ-like phages detected only in blot hybridization. This suggests the possible involvement of these phages in interspecies recombination ("gene shuffling") between phages of various bacterial species. Results of partial sequencing of phage genomes confirmed the phylogenetic relatedness of phage OBP to phages of the phiKZ-supergroup, whereas phage Lu11 most probably belongs to a novel species that is not a member of supergroup phiKZ composition. The results of the study are discussed in terms of the evolution of these phages.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · Genetika
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    ABSTRACT: Study of two recently isolated giant bacteriophages Lu11 and OBP that are active on Pseudomonas putida var. Manila and Pseudomonas fluorescens, respectively, demonstrated their similarity in morphotype, genome size, and size of phage particles, with giant bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa assigned to the supergroup of ϕKZ-like phages of the family Myoviridae. This supergroup was designated in this manner according to the best studied phage ϕKZ that belongs to the species of this group widely distributed in nature. Comparison of major polypeptide sizes of mature particles suggests similarity of certain proteins in the phages examined. In OBP particles visualized with an electron microscope, an “inner body” was detected, which points to specific DNA package intrinsic to phages of ϕKZ group. In the meantime, phages Lu11 and OBP do not exhibit resemblance among themselves or with any of earlier described ϕKZ-like phages in respect to detectable DNA homology. Note that phage Lu11 of P. putida var. Manila exhibits very slight homology with phage Lin68 of the family of P. aeruginosa ϕKZ-like phages detected only in blot hybridization. This suggests the possible involvement of these phages in interspecies recombination (“gene shuffling”) between phages of various bacterial species. Results of partial sequencing of phage genomes confirmed the phylogenetic relatedness of phage OBP to phages of the ϕKZ supergroup, whereas phage Lu11 most probably belongs to a novel species that is not a member of supergroup ϕKZ composition. The results of the study are discussed in terms of the evolution of these phages.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Russian Journal of Genetics

Publication Stats

290 Citations
27.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012-2015
    • Mechnikov Research Institute of Vaccines and Sera
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
  • 2002-2011
    • State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia