D N Srivastava

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Dilli, NCT, India

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Publications (62)68.53 Total impact

  • T V Prasad · K S Madhusudhan · Deep N Srivastava · Nihar R Dash · Arun K Gupta
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    ABSTRACT: Solid pseudo-papillary epithelial neoplasm (SPEN) is a rare epithelial tumor of pancreas with a low malignant potential occurs most commonly in young females. We report a case of 40 years old woman presented with extensive liver metastasis from SPEN of pancreatic body for which she was operated four years ago. Due to the extensive nature of metastatic disease she was offered Transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) using gemcitabine as chemotherapeutic agent. Short term follow up after a month of TACE with multiphase computed tomography showed > 90% resolution in the viable tumor with significant clinical improvement. TACE ensures targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs in higher doses with least systemic toxicity and is more effective and safe than systemic chemotherapy. TACE with gemcitabine was found to be very effective in our patient with numerous liver metastasis.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Alveolar echinococcosis is a parasitic disease primarily invading the liver. Owing to its aggressive nature, it invades the adjacent structures and can even metastasize to distant organs. The appearance of hepatic involvement on computed tomographic scan is characteristic, but not specific, with areas of calcification seen within a hypoenhancing mass. Although magnetic resonance imaging may better define the extent of the disease, it often misleads the radiologist, especially if the lesion is devoid of cystic component(s) and if it occurs in nonendemic areas. Knowledge of the imaging appearance may prompt serological evaluation and aid in making an early diagnosis and planning appropriate treatment of this uncommon fatal disease, especially in nonendemic areas. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Pancreatic necrosis is an important determinant of patient outcome in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This prospective study was conducted to evaluate if perfusion CT (PCT) can predict the development of necrosis at an early stage in SAP. Methods: PCT was performed within 72 h of abdominal pain in 57 consecutive admitted patients of acute pancreatitis, out of which four patients were excluded. Thirty-two patients were classified as SAP and 21 as mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) on the basis of APACHE II or SIRS criteria or presence of organ failure. All patients underwent a follow-up CECT at 3 weeks to look for pancreatic necrosis. Results: Out of 32 patients of SAP, 14 patients showed perfusion defects. The mean blood flow (BF) in these areas was 11.47 ± 5.56 mL/100 mL/min and median blood volume (BV) was 3.92 mL/100 mL (0.5-8.49 mL/100 mL). All these patients developed necrosis on follow-up scan. Two patients who did not show perfusion defects also developed necrosis. Remaining 37 patients (16 SAP and 21 MAP) did not show perfusion defect and did not develop necrosis on follow-up. All regions showing BF less than ≤23.45 mL/100 mL/min and BV ≤8.49 mL/100 mL developed pancreatic necrosis. The values of perfusion parameters may vary with the scanner, mathematical model and protocol used. The sensitivity and specificity of PCT for predicting pancreatic necrosis were 87.5% and 100%, respectively. The cut off values of BF and BV for predicting the development of pancreatic necrosis were 27.29 mL/100 mL/min and 8.96 mL/100 mL, respectively, based on ROC curve. PCT is a reliable tool for early prediction of pancreatic necrosis, which may open new avenues to prevent this ominous complication.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Abdominal Imaging
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To compare conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and direct magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography in the evaluation of triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) and intrinsic wrist ligament tears. Materials and Methods: T1-weighted, fat suppressed (FS) proton density plus T2-weighted (FS PD/T2), 3D multiple-echo data image combination (MEDIC) sequences and direct MR arthrography were performed in 53 patients with wrist pain. Images were evaluated for the presence and location of TFCC, scapholunate ligament (SLL) and lunatotriquetral ligament (LTL) tears, and imaging findings were compared with operative findings in 16 patients who underwent arthroscopy or open surgery (gold standard). Results: Sixteen patients underwent arthroscopy/open surgery: 12 TFCC tears were detected arthroscopically out of which 9 were detected on FS PD/T2 sequence, 10 on MEDIC sequence, and all 12 were detected on MR arthrography. The sensitivities of FS PD/T2, MEDIC sequences, and MR arthrography in the detection of TFCC tears were 75%, 83.3%, and 100%, respectively. Out of the eight arthroscopically confirmed SLL tears, three tears were detected on FS PD/T2 sequence, five on MEDIC sequence, and all eight were visualized on MR arthrography. The sensitivities of FS PD/T2, MEDIC sequences, and MR arthrography in detecting SLL tears were 37.5%, 62.5%, and 100%, respectively. One arthroscopically confirmed LTL tear was diagnosed on FS PD/T2 sequence, three on MEDIC sequence, and all five arthroscopically confirmed LTL tears were detected with MR arthrography. The sensitivities of PD, MEDIC sequences, and MR arthrography in detecting LTL tears were 20%, 40%, and 100%, respectively. Conclusions: MR arthrography is the most sensitive and specific imaging modality for the evaluation of wrist ligament tears.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging
  • Arundeep Arora · Deep Srivastava · Himanshu Gupta · Vijay Kumar · P P Kotwal
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    ABSTRACT: Intraosseous epidermoid cyst is an uncommon subungual mass. We report the sonographic findings in a case of intraosseous epidermoid cyst, which showed the characteristic whorled pattern of layers, previously described in other locations and unequivocally clinched the diagnosis in favor of this benign etiology and guided the management to phalangeal-sparing surgery. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2013.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Journal of Clinical Ultrasound
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    ABSTRACT: Posttraumatic cortical defect of bone is a rare entity which occurs in a maturing skeleton following green stick or torus fracture. Most of the cases are asymptomatic and they are detected incidentally on radiograph. These lesions usually require no treatment. However, the appearance of these lesions can mimic various pathological conditions affecting bone. Knowledge about this entity is important as it avoids unnecessary investigations. We present this case as the occurrence of this entity in femur is very rare and the child was symptomatic.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2013
  • Ks Madhusudhan · Nikhil Agrawal · Deep N Srivastava · Sujoy Pal · Arun K Gupta
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    ABSTRACT: Extrahepatic portal vein stenosis is caused by a variety of benign and malignant diseases and results in development of symptoms due to portal hypertension. Benign post-surgical adhesions causing portal vein stenosis in non-transplant population is an uncommon etiology of portal hypertension. Endovascular treatment of such patients with angioplasty and stenting is uncommonly reported in literature. We report a case of portal hypertension caused by benign postoperative portal vein fibrosis, successfully treated by self-expandable metallic stent.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging
  • D.N. Srivastava · M. Jana · A. Bhalla · S. Thulkar · S. Sharma
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    ABSTRACT: Massive Haemoptysis is an acute emergency in patients and required urgent management. Though surgery definitely is a method of choice for treatment in certain selected conditions like Aspergilloma, Hydatid Cyst, Thoracic Vascular injuries but Endovascular management of haemoptysis has great potential and shown promising results. The Bronchial Artery Embolization in a case of Massive Haemoptysis not only saves lives in emergency conditions but also bridges the time period before definitely elective surgical management can be undertaken. The detail vascular Anatomy, procedure and its possible complications are being highlighted in the present Article.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Journal International Medical Sciences Academy
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    Arundeep Arora · Ranjan Kumar Sahoo · Deep Srivastava

    Preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: Chondroblastoma is a rare benign cartilaginous neoplasm of bone. The recurrence rate is high and complications are frequent following open curettage with bone grafting which is the standard treatment forchondroblastomas. We performed radiofrequency ablation in three cases of tibialchondroblastoma using the bipolar system. One patient experienced residual pain for which repeat ablation was performed. No other complications were observed during follow-up. Radiofrequency ablation may offer an effective alternative for the treatment of selected cases of chondroblastoma. The lesion characteristics which are likely to influence treatment outcome and the advantages offered by the bipolar system are discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012
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    ABSTRACT: To compare T2W-MRCP and T1W contrast-enhanced MRC (CE-MRC) using Gd-BOPTA for evaluation of biliary-enteric anastomotic (BEA) stricture. Twenty-one patients who were suspected to have BEA stricture underwent T2W-MRCP and CE-MRC on a 1.5T scanner. Images were evaluated for evidence of anastomotic stricture. Composite gold standard was used including the findings on percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram or percutaneous transhepatic biliary dilatation, surgery, alkaline phosphatase level and clinical follow-up. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of T2W-MRCP for the diagnosis of anastomotic stricture were 94.4%, 80%, 94.4% and 80% respectively. On CE-MRC, biliary excretion was seen in only 60.87% anastomoses and only these were taken for analysis. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of CE-MRC for the diagnosis of anastomotic stricture were 40%, 75%, 80% and 33.3%. The combined evaluation of T2W-MRCP and CE-MRC showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of 83.3%, 80%, 93.8% and 57.1%. At present, T2W-MRCP is still the diagnostic modality of choice in the evaluation of patients with BEA stricture and the usage of Gd-BOPTA enhanced MRC is inappropriate in this setting.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
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    ABSTRACT: In the management of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), the identification of peritoneal deposits is the most important prognostic factor. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the role of multidetector CT (MDCT) in identifying peritoneal deposits pre-operatively. 38 previously untreated patients (median age 50 years; range 26-70 years) were evaluated with contrast-enhanced MDCT of the abdomen and pelvis. All CT scans were performed on a four-slice MDCT scanner with thin-slice image acquisition. Multiplanar coronal, sagittal or oblique images were constructed and all images were reviewed by at least two radiologists. The extent of disease was determined and mapped for all areas of the abdomen and pelvis. CT scans were reviewed and compared with surgical findings. Peritoneal deposits and thickening were separately noted for each of the nine segments of the abdomen and pelvis (i.e. bilateral hypochondria, bilateral lumbar, bilateral iliac fossa, epigastrium, umbilical region and hypogastrium) and were mainly used to determine the accuracy of MDCT in the depiction of peritoneal carcinomatosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and accuracy of CT in the detection of peritoneal deposits were similar to those reported in the literature. The most common anatomical sites to have peritoneal deposits were the pouch of Douglas (18 cases) and the right subdiaphragmatic region (18 cases). Despite the improved scanning technology, image reconstruction and viewing ability of MDCT, its overall accuracy for the detection of peritoneal deposits is not significantly improved when compared with conventional CT; however, MDCT is useful in the assessment of disease at specific locations in the abdomen and pelvis.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · The British journal of radiology

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Tropical gastroenterology: official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
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    K S Madhusudhan · D N Srivastava · S Gamanagatti
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    ABSTRACT: We present a case of multifocal epithelioid hemangioendothelioma occurring in an adolescent boy who presented with massive hemoptysis and showed a pulmonary perihilar mass with multiple lesions in the liver and two lytic lesions in the ribs on imaging. The diagnosis was confirmed by lung and liver biopsy. He was treated with oral steroids.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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    ABSTRACT: Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of liver and is often asymptomatic. Spontaneous rupture is rare but has a catastrophic outcome if not promptly managed. Emergent hepatic resection has been the treatment of choice but has high operative mortality. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) can significantly improve outcome in such patients. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of giant hepatic hemangioma that presented with abdominal pain and shock due to hemoperitoneum. Patient was successfully managed by TAE, followed by tumor resection. TAE is an effective procedure in symptomatic hemangiomas, and should be considered in such high risk patients prior to surgery.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
  • Sanjay Sharma · Amar Mukund · Sandeep Agarwal · Deep N Srivastava
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    ABSTRACT: The inferior vena cava (IVC) filter insertion is a well established procedure to prevent significant pulmonary embolism in selected situations. It is generally considered straight forward without significant complications. We report an interesting case of a young postpartum woman in whom an IVC filter was misplaced in the right gonadal vein. This complication is only rarely reported. Presence of prominent right gonadal vein must always be kept in mind during trans-jugular placement of infra renal filter in the IVC in post partum women.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
  • K S Madhusudhan · D N Srivastava · N R Dash · C Gupta · S D Gupta
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    ABSTRACT: Schwannoma of the biliary tree is extremely uncommon, with only a few cases having been reported so far. They commonly present with obstructive jaundice. Although involvement of the extrahepatic duct is common, occurrence in the intrahepatic ducts has not been reported. We report a case of combined intrahepatic and extrahepatic schwannoma in a 46-year-old man presenting with obstructive jaundice.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · The British journal of radiology
  • K S Madhusudhan · D N Srivastava · S Gamanagatti

    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
  • D. Srivastava · S. Gamanagatti · R. Sharma

    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · European journal of pain (London, England)
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    K S Madhusudhan · S Sharma · D N Srivastava · S Thulkar · S N Mehta · G Prasad · V Seenu · S Agarwal
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively compare the feasibility, safety and diagnostic role of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) digital subtraction angiography (DSA) using a 'home made' delivery system with iodinated contrast medium (ICM) DSA in the evaluation of peripheral arterial occlusive diseases (PAOD) of lower limbs. Twenty-one patients (27 limbs; all men; mean age, 47.6 years) who presented with PAOD of lower limbs underwent DSA using both intra-arterial CO(2) and ICM. Conventional ICM DSA was performed first and used as gold standard. Carbon dioxide was then injected by hand using a locally improvised home made plastic bag delivery system. Patient tolerance was assessed subjectively. Arteries from aortic bifurcation to the ankle were independently evaluated by two radiologists and graded for stenosis using a five-point scale. For each patient, the quality of CO(2) DSA images were compared with the corresponding images of ICM DSA and an overall grade of 'good', 'acceptable' or 'poor' was assigned. Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to determine inter-observer agreement. Carbon dioxide opacified 86.2% (188/195) of major arteries and depicted stenosis adequately in 84.5% (191/226) of arterial segments. A good or acceptable image quality of CO(2) DSA was obtained in over 95% of patients. Infrapopliteal arteries were inadequately visualized. Mild pain was seen in six (28.6%) patients with both contrast agents; one patient developed severe pain during CO(2) DSA. Inter-observer agreement was good (k > 0.75) at 70% of the segments. Administration of CO(2) into lower limb arteries is well tolerated. Carbon dioxide DSA using the locally improvised home made delivery system is a feasible and safe alternative to ICM DSA in the evaluation of PAOD. It provides adequate imaging of arteries of lower extremities except infrapopliteal segments.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology