Dana Bashari

Bar Ilan University, Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel

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Publications (5)21.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Expression of RAD51, a crucial player in homologous recombination (HR) and DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, is dysregulated in human tumors, and can contribute to genomic instability and tumor progression. To further understand RAD51 regulation we functionally characterized a long non-coding (lnc) RNA, dubbed TODRA (Transcribed in the Opposite Direction of RAD51), transcribed 69bp upstream to RAD51, in the opposite direction. We demonstrate that TODRA is an expressed transcript and that the RAD51 promoter region is bidirectional, supporting TODRA expression (7-fold higher than RAD51 in this assay, p = 0.003). TODRA overexpression in HeLa cells induced expression of TPIP, a member of the TPTE family which includes PTEN. Similar to PTEN, we found that TPIP co-activates E2F1 induction of RAD51. Analysis of E2F1's effect on the bidirectional promoter showed that E2F1 binding to the same site that promotes RAD51 expression, results in downregulation of TODRA. Moreover, TODRA overexpression induces HR in a RAD51-dependent DSB repair assay, and increases formation of DNA damage-induced RAD51-positive foci. Importantly, gene expression in breast tumors supports our finding that E2F1 oppositely regulates RAD51 and TODRA: increased RAD51 expression, which is associated with an aggressive tumor phenotype (e.g. negative correlation with positive ER (r = -0.22, p = 0.02) and positive PR status (r = -0.27, p<0.001); positive correlation with ki67 status (r = 0.36, p = 0.005) and HER2 amplification (r = 0.41, p = 0.001)), correlates as expected with lower TODRA and higher E2F1 expression. However, although E2F1 induction resulted in TPIP downregulation in cell lines, we find that TPIP expression in tumors is not reduced despite higher E2F1 expression, perhaps contributing to increased RAD51 expression. Our results identify TPIP as a novel E2F1 co-activator, suggest a similar role for other TPTEs, and indicate that the TODRA lncRNA affects RAD51 dysregulation and RAD51-dependent DSB repair in malignancy. Importantly, gene expression in breast tumors supports our finding that E2F1 oppositely regulates RAD51 and TODRA: increased RAD51 expression, which is associated with an aggressive tumor phenotype (e.g. negative correlation with positive ER (r = -0.22, p = 0.02) and positive PR status (r = -0.27, p<0.001); positive correlation with ki67 status (r = 0.36, p = 0.005) and HER2 amplification (r = 0.41, p = 0.001)), correlates as expected with lower TODRA and higher E2F1 expression. However, although E2F1 induction resulted in TPIP downregulation in cell lines, we find that TPIP expression in tumors is not reduced despite higher E2F1 expression, perhaps contributing to increased RAD51 expression. Our results identify TPIP as a novel E2F1 co-activator, suggest a similar role for other TPTEs, and indicate that the TODRA lncRNA affects RAD51 dysregulation and RAD51-dependent DSB repair in malignancy.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    Yulia Haim · Tanya Tarnovscki · Dana Bashari · Assaf Rudich
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) has become a central method when studying in-vivo protein-DNA interactions, with the major challenge being the hope to .capture "authentic" interactions. While ChIP protocols have been optimized for use with specific cell types and tissues, and adipose tissue-derived cells have been studied by ChIP, a working ChIP protocol addressing the challenges imposed by fresh whole human adipose tissue has not been described. Design: Utilizing human paired omental and subcutaneous adipose tissue, we have carefully identified and optimized individual steps in the ChIP protocol employed directly on fresh tissue fragments. Subjects: Were recruited prior to undergoing elective abdominal surgeries. Results: We describe a complete working protocol for using ChIP on whole adipose tissue fragments. We identified specific steps that required adaptation of the ChIP protocol to human whole adipose tissue. In particular, crosslinking step was performed directly on fresh small tissue fragments; Nuclei were isolated before releasing chromatin, allowing better management of fat content; Sonication protocol to obtain fragmented chromatin was optimized. We also demonstrate the high sensitivity of immunoprecipitated chromatin from adipose tissue to freezing. Conclusions: We describe the development of a ChIP protocol optimized for use in studying whole human adipose tissue, providing solutions for the unique challenges imposed by this tissue. Unraveling protein-DNA interaction in whole human adipose tissue will likely contribute to elucidating molecular pathways contributing to common human diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: The E2F family of transcription factors plays a pivotal role in the regulation of cell proliferation in higher eukaryotes and is a critical downstream target of the tumor suppressor pRB. The pRB/E2F pathway is defective in most human tumors, resulting in deregulated E2F activity that induces uncontrolled cell proliferation, a hallmark of tumor cells. The RNA-binding protein RBM38, also named RNPC1, induces cell-cycle arrest in G(1), at least in part, via binding to and stabilizing the mRNA of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21. RBM38 levels are altered in human cancer. Generally, RBM38 is overexpressed in various tumors; however, RBM38 mRNA levels are reduced in some breast tumors due to increased methylation of its promoter region. We show here that expression of RBM38 is regulated by E2F1. Specifically, RBM38 mRNA and protein levels are elevated upon activation of either exogenous E2F1 or endogenous E2Fs. Moreover, endogenous E2F1 binds the human RBM38 promoter and E2F1 knockdown reduces RBM38 levels. Our data raise the possibility that E2F1 together with E2F1-regulated RBM38 constitute a negative feedback loop that modulates E2F1 activity. In support of this, inhibition of RBM38 expression increases E2F1-mediated cell-cycle progression. Moreover, in human ovarian cancer, high correlation between expression of E2F1 and RBM38 is associated with increased survival. Overall, our data identify RBM38 as novel transcriptional target of E2F1 that restricts E2F1-induced proliferation. Furthermore, this negative feedback loop seems to restrict tumor aggressiveness, thereby promoting survival of patients with cancer. Mol Cancer Res; 10(9); 1169-77. ©2012 AACR.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Molecular Cancer Research
  • D. Bashari · A. Jerbi · O. Feldstein · D. Ginsberg

    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · European Journal of Cancer
  • Dana Bashari · Dalia Hacohen · Doron Ginsberg
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    ABSTRACT: Members of the E2F transcription factor family are critical downstream targets of the tumor suppressor RB and are often deregulated and hyperactive in human tumors. E2F regulates a diverse array of cellular functions including cell proliferation and apoptosis. Recent studies indicate that E2F also regulates expression of upstream components of pivotal signal transduction pathways, thereby modulating the activity of these pathways. We show here that E2F modulates the activity of the JNK pathway via E2F-induced upregulation of JNK phosphorylation. Accordingly, downregulating E2F1and E2F3 inhibits sustained UV-induced JNK phosphorylation and ectopic expression of E2F1 or E2F3 induces JNK phosphorylation and activation. The mechanism by which E2F modulates JNK phosphorylation involves transcriptional induction of the kinase GCK, a MAP4K that can activate JNK indirectly. Hence, inhibition of GCK expression impairs E2F1-induced JNK phosphorylation. The JNK pathway is an important mediator of stress-induced apoptosis and we show here that inhibition of JNK expression or activity significantly hinders E2F1-induced apoptosis. Overall, our data identify the kinase GCK as a novel E2F-regulated gene and reveal a functional link between a central signaling pathway, namely the JNK pathway, and the transcription factor E2F.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Cellular Signalling