[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to investigate how Mg2+ enters mammalian cardiac cells. During this work, we found evidence for a previously undescribed route for Mg2+ entry, and now provide a preliminary account of its properties. Changes in Mg2+ influx into rat ventricular myocytes were deduced from changes in intracellular ionized Mg2+ concentration ([fMg2+]i) measured from the fluorescence of mag-fura-2 loaded into isolated cells. Superfusion of myocytes at 37 degrees C with Ca2+-free solutions with both reduced [Na+] and raised [Mg2+] caused myocytes to load with Mg2+. Uptake was seen with solutions containing 5 mm Mg2+ and 95 mm Na+, and increased linearly with increasing extracellular [Mg2+] or decreasing extracellular [Na+]. It was very sensitive to temperature (Q(10) > 9, 25--37 degrees C), was observed even in myocytes with very low Na+ contents, and stopped abruptly when external [Na+] was returned to normal. Uptake was greatly reduced by imipramine or KB-R7943 if these were added when [fMg2+]i was close to the physiological level, but was unaffected if they were applied when [fMg2+]i was above 2 mm. Uptake was also reduced by depolarizing the membrane potential by increasing extracellular [K+] or voltage clamp to 0 mV. We suggest that initial Mg2+ uptake may involve several transporters, including reversed Na+-Mg2+ antiport and, depending on the exact conditions, reversed Na+-Ca2+ antiport. The ensuing rise of [fMg2+]i, in conjunction with reduced [Na+], may then activate a new Mg2+ transporter that is highly sensitive to temperature, is insensitive to imipramine or KB-R7943, but is inactivated by depolarization.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · The Journal of Physiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to investigate regulation of intracellular ionised Mg2+ concentration ([fMg2+]i) in cardiac muscle and cardiac Na+/Mg2+ antiport stoichiometry. [fMg2+]i was measured at 37°C in isolated rat ventricular myocytes with mag-fura-2. Superfusion of myocytes with Na+ and Ca2+ free solutions containing 30 mM Mg2+ for 15 min more than doubled [fMg2+]i from its basal level (0.75 mM). Re-addition of Na+ caused [fMg2+]i to fall exponentially with time to basal level, the rate increasing linearly with [Na+]. Log(recovery rate) increased linearly with log([Na+]), the slope of 1.06 (95% confidence limits, 0.94–1.17) suggesting one Na+ ion is exchanged for each Mg2+. [fMg2+]i recovery was complete even if the membrane potential was depolarised to 0 mV or if superfusate [Mg2+] was increased to 3 mM. Recovery was rapid in normal Tyrode (0.3 min−1) with a Q
10 of 2.2. It was completely inhibited by 200 μM imipramine but was unaffected by 20 μM KB-R7943 or 1 μM SEA0400, suggesting the Na+ /Ca2+ antiporter is not involved. Membrane depolarisation by increasing superfusate [K+] to 70 mM, or voltage clamp to 0 mV, increased recovery rate in Na+ containing solutions more than threefold. We conclude [fMg2+]i recovery is by Mg2+ efflux on a 1 Na+:1 Mg2+ antiport.
No preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology