Bhardwaj DN

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Dilli, NCT, India

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Publications (48)8.61 Total impact

  • S.C. Sarkar · R.K. Sharma · D.N. Bhardwaj · T.D. Dogra
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    ABSTRACT: Sexual offences are the most heinous crimes against women. It is the most barbarous and humiliating and the women and children remain the most vulnerable group of this crime. Find out and preserving the evidences of sexual offences are the importance task for doctors and poor medical evidences are often responsible for low conviction rate of criminals. Careful analysis of preserved biological spacemen are yielding the vital evidences in criminal investigations. Victims 11- 20 years and accused 21- 25 years of age groups are most vulnerable and dangerous for sexual assault.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
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    Shymal Sarkar · Om P Murty · DN Bhardwaj · RK Sharma · TD Dogra

    Full-text · Article · Sep 2008
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    Lalwani S · Misra MC · Bhardwaj DN · Rajeshwari S · Rautji R · Dogra TD
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    ABSTRACT: We present a case report of common bile duct injury which occurred in a patient who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. The patient died within 96 hours of the surgery. The case was investigated by the police as the relations of the victim alleged death due negligence on the part of treating doctors. The clinical details, autopsy findings, report of histopathological examination and medicolegal aspects are discussed along with relevant literature.
    Full-text · Article · May 2008 · World Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Death in custody causes one of the most embarrassing situation for the law enforcement agencies and medicolegal experts. The doctors has to follow the guidelines given by National Human Rights Commission while conducting postmortem examination in such cases and many a times doctors have been blamed for giving a biased opinion under influence to protect the interests of police and jail officials. This paper discusses postmortem examination in cases of custodial deaths and incidence of custodial death in India as well as other parts of the world. The cases of custodial deaths for which autopsy was conducted at AIIMS has also been discussed.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of the Indian Medical Association
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    T. Millo · R.K. Sharma · O.P. Murty · D.N. Bhardwaj · L.R. Murmu · P. Aggarwal
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    ABSTRACT: Various studies have shown that the incidence of vehicular accidents is more among the drunken drivers. This study was done to study the incidence of alcohol use in RTA in South Delhi in fatal cases. Totally 500 cases were studied whose blood samples were screened for alcohol by cavett test and then quantified by Gas liquid chromatography. Totally 170 cases (34%) were positive for alcohol and the mean BAC was 196.9 mg%. The maximum cases i.e. 38.2% (65) belonged to the age group of 20-30 years. The highest number of victims were pedestrians i.e. 39% (66) and only 2.9% (5 cases) belonged to female.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008 · Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
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    Shymal Sarkar · OP Murty · DN Bhardwaj · RK Sharma · TD Dogra
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective study was conducted at South Delhi, India over period of about two years at casualty of a tertiary hospital. A total number of 207 cases were examined during this period, 90 (43.47%) were victims of sexual assault and 117 (56.53%) were accused (offenders). Both were brought to the Casualty for medical examination. South Delhi is thickly populated with people ranging from lower socio-economic group to high income group of varied occupation. It also has thick population of migrant workers from rural India and neighboring countries. This study was planned to make medical examination more objective and meaningful in view of increasing crime rate. This study revealed that maximum number of victims (25.55%) were brought for medical examination 5-7 days after the incident. Maximum number of assailants (47%) brought for medical examination 5- 14 days after the incidence. Majority i.e. 62(68.88%) of alleged rape victims were in the age group between 11 to 20 year. In a total 90 alleged sexual offence victims, 80 (88.88%) were female victims and 10 (11.11%) were male victims. Victim and accused were brought together for medical examination in 41(19.80%) cases. Maximum numbers (64.10%) of assailants were of the age group of 16 to 25 year. In maximum number incidence of sexual offences occurred in victims’ houses (41.11%) followed by in assailant’s house (28.88%). From education point of view 28.88% of victims were illiterate, 33.33% of victims were literate up to class V (primary) standard. 92.22% of victims and 88.88% of assailants were from low socio-economic group. In term of relations of assailants with their victims, 44.44% were having acquaintance and 18.80% were complete strangers. 25.55% victims were involved in forcible rape, 43.33% were involved in consensual rape. Only 11.11% were involved in unnatural sexual offences and most of the victims were all male in sodomy cases. Only 25.55% victims of alleged rape cases had some physical injuries which varied from simple to grievous injuries. In 85.55% of rape victims rupture of hymen was seen at multiple sites, but all were old ruptures. One (1.11%) victim of alleged rape case became pregnant following rape and delivered a Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 11029, India Abstract Mal J For Path Sci (June 2008); Vol.3 No.2 8 full term male baby in the casualty. Forensic materials were collected from victims in 81.11% cases. The results were positive in 5.55% of cases. Forensic materials were collected from assailant in 21.36% cases. The results were positive in 0.85% of cases. The single, separated, divorced, or widowed female i.e. without a mate, is five times more prone to sexual assault than the married, and those having the mate with her. Area populated by factory and industrial labour , and slum clusters had highest number of cases.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008
  • D N Bhardwaj · T Millo · S Lalwani
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    ABSTRACT: Knowledge of human anatomy is essential for all those practising medicine. The human skeleton is invariably used to study the anatomy of body structures. For this, many human skeletons are obtained from the market by students and teachers and are kept at home or in hostel rooms. However, after use the skeleton has to be disposed off properly. In the present case, a human skeleton used for study purposes was thrown away in garbage and someone informed the police about presence of skeletal remains in the garbage. The case was registered by the police and the skeletal remains were brought for medico-legal autopsy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Medicine, science, and the law
  • R Rautji · D N Bhardwaj · T D Dogra
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    ABSTRACT: Anatomic trauma scoring systems are fundamental to trauma research. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and its derivative, the Injury Severity Score (ISS), are the most frequently used scales. In a prospective study, 400 autopsies of road traffic accident victims performed between January 2002 and December 2003 were coded according to the AIS and ISS methods. All the cases were classified into different injury groups according to the Injury Severity Scale. Fifty-eight cases (14.5%) were assigned an ISS value of <25; 244 (61%) cases were valued between 25-49; 38 cases (9.5%) were valued between 50-74 and 60 (15%) cases had a value of 75. On analysis of medical care, in cases with ISS<50, about 96% of the victims did not receive optimal care quickly enough with a lack of pre-hospital resuscitation measures and lengthy transportation time to hospital being of major importance.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2006 · Medicine, science, and the law
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure to arsenic has been associated with several health hazards. Worldwide the main reason for chronic human intoxication with arsenic is intake of contaminated drinking water. Air acetylene type of atomic absorption spectrophotometer in combination with hydride generator accessory was used to analyze arsenic level in 25 water samples collected from 25 booster pumping stations and 313 water samples collected from tap water supply of 62 areas of Delhi. Results were analyzed using SPSS and Barlett’s Chi Square Test. Mean arsenic level detected in water samples collected from booster pumping stations was 0.00976 ppm (Range 0.000–0.017 ppm, Standard Deviation 0.006 and Standard error of Mean 0.00118). Maximum arsenic level (0.017 ppm) was found in water samples of booster pumping stations of Mehrauli, Punjabi Bagh and Ramjas Road. Mean arsenic level detected in samples collected from tap water supply was 0.013 ppm (Range 0–0.0430 ppm, Standard Deviation 0.00911 and Standard error of Mean 0.000515). In water samples of 42 areas arsenic level detected was exceeding WHO/EPA permissible limit of 0.01 ppm (10 ppb). The mean arsenic level detected in water samples of booster pumping station was within WHO/EPA permissible limit while mean arsenic level detected in tap water samples was marginally higher. Mixing of ground water and contamination through broken or leaking channel could be the possible reason of higher arsenic level in tap water. Continuous monitoring of quality of drinking water is required particularly in view of water contamination caused by industrial waste and uncontrolled ground water extraction.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2006 · Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
  • D N Bhardwaj · S K Sharma · S Gupta
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    ABSTRACT: Any change produced, or feature introduced, in a body after death which is accidentally or physiologically unrelated to the natural state of the body is termed as an artefact. Since artefacts may lead to misinterpretation of post-mortem findings, it is important to rule them out. Artefacts may be produced for a variety of reasons. We present a case report where a young male in his late twenties committed suicide by hanging. He was suffering from haemorrhoids. Because of his posture, there was post-mortem bleeding, which was interpreted by the police as bleeding due to the self-cutting of his veins. Hence, we felt the need to report this case.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Medicine, science, and the law
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    S Lalwani · TD Dogra · DN Bhardwaj · RK Sharma · OP Murtye

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2005
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    S C SARKAR · R RAUTJI · S LALWANI · D N BHARDWAJ · T D DOGRA
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION Of all the crimes, sex related crimes arethe most barbarous and humiliating.Women and children remain the mostvulnerable group to this crime. Thealarming rise in the rate of sexual assaultworldwide represents a major public healthproblem.1In USA an estimate of one in every fourwomen and children,2 and in Nigeria fourout of every ten women are victims ofsexual assault.3 Incidence of rape in SouthAfrica is approximately 300 per 100,000women.4 In India over the last five years,rape cases have shown alternate increasingand decreasing trends with increase of 6.6per cent in year 2000 over 1999 and adecline of 2.5 per cent in year 2001. In year2001, a total of 16,075 (1.6 per 100,000population) cases of rape against womenand 2,113 (0.2 per 100,000 population) casesof child rape were reported all over India.This represents 11.2 per cent and 19.5 percent of total crime against women and
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2005
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    ABSTRACT: Surveillance of drinking water is essentially a health measure intended to protect the public from water borne diseases. Hydride generator accessory coupled with atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to analyze arsenic level in 49 ground water samples collected from different areas of Delhi. Arsenic level in ground water samples was in the range of 0.0170 to 0.100 ppm (Mean-0.0431, Standard Deviation-0.0136, Std. error of Mean-0.00194) with minimum concentration at Raney Well No. 7 (0.0170 ppm) and maximum at Kotla Mubarak Pur (0.100 ppm). Arsenic containing sediments and percolation of chemicals into soil as the result of dumping of garbage rich in chemicals into open landfills could be the possible source of arsenic in ground water of Delhi. Extensive survey and continuous monitoring is required to be made to assess the magnitude of problem and earlier intervention.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2004 · Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: A 29-year-old male was found dead lying in a pool of blood inside a community toilet locked from inside. The individual is alleged to have committed suicide by cutting his throat with a safety razor blade, which was found at the scene by the investigating police authority. The deceased, as per his relatives, was suffering from depression for the last few days.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2004 · Forensic Science International
  • D N Bhardwaj · R Rautji · R K Sharma · T D Dogra
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    ABSTRACT: Autoerotic asphyxial activity may at times result in unexpected death. Although the majority of deaths that occur during autoerotic asphyxial episodes are accidental, the possibility of suicide must always be entertained. In the case presented here, a 22-year-old married male was found hanging by his neck in his bedroom, which was locked from the inside. He was suspended by a 'lungi' (male wrap-around cloth) from the ceiling fan hook in his room, with his feet touching the ground. He was dressed in a brassiere, panties, and silver anklets. There was no evidence of previous perverse behaviour, and investigation disclosed no evidence of previous autoerotic sexual activity, homosexual behaviour, drug abuse or suicidal ideation.
    No preview · Article · May 2004 · Medicine, science, and the law
  • D N BHARDWAJ · R RAUTJI · R K SHARMA · T D DOGRA
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    ABSTRACT: Autoerotic asphyxial activity may at times result in unexpected death. Although the majority of deaths that occur during autoerotic asphyxial episodes are accidental, the possibility of suicide must always be entertained. In the case presented here, a 22-year-old married male was found hanging by his neck in his bedroom, which was locked from the inside. He was suspended by a ‘lungi’ (male wrap-around cloth) from the ceiling fan hook in his room, with his feet touching the ground. He was dressed in a brassière, panties, and silver anklets. There was no evidence of previous perverse behaviour, and investigation disclosed no evidence of previous autoerotic sexual activity, homosexual behaviour, drug abuse or suicidal ideation.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2004 · Medicine, science, and the law
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    ABSTRACT: In cases of sudden death, in the presence of preexisting disease, determination of the actual cause of death has profound Medico-legal significance. In order to arrive at an accurate conclusion, a complete workup of the case is required to be carried out. The present case report illustrates how a suicide using multiple means was detected through a thorough examination in a case that was reported to be that of sudden natural deulh in the Police inquest report.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004
  • S. Lalwani · G.A. Sunil Kumar · D.N. Bhardwaj · T.D. Dogra
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective study was conducted on 1210 cases of deaths of females, the post-mortem examination of which were conducted in Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, AU India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, during the period of January 1995 to December 1999. The aim of study was to know the incidence and changing patterns of unnatural deaths of females. The study assumes further significance in light of gender bias in India resulting in female foeticide. The particular of cases were analysed according to nature of death, age groups, cause and manner of death. Total 6288 autopsies were conducted at AIIMS in the span of 5 year, out of which female deaths comprised 1210 (19.24%) cases. The study revealed that out of these 1079 (89.2%) cases were of unnatural deaths amounting to 17.16% of total female deaths during this period. The commonest age group involved was of 21-30 years (34.24%). The traffic accidents (32.62%) were the commonest cause of fatalities among females followed by hanging (17.31%), poisoning (12.60%) and burns (10.20%). The results are discussed in comparison with the study of other authors. Most of the unnatural deaths of females are preventable. Awareness about traffic rules, safe domestic practices and measures to increase socioeconomic status of females could be helpful in decreasing the incidences of unnatural deaths of females in India.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Medico-Legal Update

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2004
  • Ravi Rautji · A Rudra · V Dixit · D N Bhardwaj · T D Dogra
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    ABSTRACT: A 20-year-old girl along with four of her friends, all in their early 20s, met with a fatal accident in the early hours of the day. Their car was hit by a speeding truck at a crossing. All the occupants of the car sustained multiple injuries and died on the spot. The girl was decapitated in the accident. Her head was recovered outside the mangled remains of the vehicle and the rest of the body was extracted from the co-driver's seat of the damaged vehicle. (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2003 · Forensic Science International

Publication Stats

80 Citations
8.61 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 1992-2008
    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
      • Department of Forensic Medicine
      New Dilli, NCT, India