[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging biomarkers for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, a comprehensive characterization of the serum miRNA profile in patients with T2DM-associated microvascular disease (T2DMC) has rarely been reported. In this study, we obtained serum samples from 184 T2DM patients (92 with microvascular complications and 92 free of complications) and 92 age/gender-matched controls. The levels of 754 miRNAs were initially analyzed using a TaqMan Low Density Array (TLDA) in three pooled samples from 24 T2DM patients, 24 T2DMC patients and 24 controls. Markedly upregulated miRNAs in the patients’ groups were subsequently validated individually by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) in the same samples used for TLDA and further confirmed in another larger cohort consisting of 68 patients with T2DM, 68 patients with T2DMC and 68 controls. Five miRNAs were significantly upregulated in T2DM patients (p < 0.05) including miR-661, miR-571, miR-770-5p, miR-892b and miR-1303. Moreover, the levels of the five miRNAs were higher in patients with complications than in those without complications. Regression analyses revealed the five miRNAs were significantly correlated with microvascular complications (p < 0.05). The five serum miRNAs identified in our study hold potential as auxiliary biomarkers and novel risk factors for T2DM-associated microvascular complications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The involvement of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in cancer and their potential as biomarkers of diagnosis and prognosis are becoming increasingly appreciated; however, little is known about circulating miRNA profiles in astrocytomas. In our study, we performed genome-wide serum miRNA analysis by the Solexa sequencing followed by validation conducted in the training and verification sets with a stem-loop quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) assay from serum samples of 122 untreated astrocytomas patients (WHO grades III-IV) and 123 normal controls. Identified miRNAs were subsequently examined in 55 grade II, 15 grade I astrocytomas, 11 astrogliosis, 42 other primary brain tumors and 8 tumor tissues from grades II-IV astrocytomas. In addition, paired serum samples before and after operation were collected from 14 malignant astrocytomas to determine the effect of surgery on the miRNAs' levels. A marked difference in serum miRNA profile was observed between high-grade astrocytomas and normal controls. Seven miRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR assay to be significantly decreased in grades II-IV patients (p < 0.001), including miR-15b(*) , miR-23a, miR-133a, miR-150(*) , miR-197, miR-497 and miR-548b-5p, and the seven-miRNA panel demonstrated a high sensitivity (88.00%) and specificity (97.87%) for malignant astrocytomas prediction. These identified miRNAs also exhibited a global decrease in tumor tissues relative to normal tissues. Furthermore, these miRNAs in serum were markedly elevated after operation (p < 0.001). In addition, some of these serum miRNAs were significantly different between malignant and benign cases, astrogliosis and other primary brain tumors. The seven serum miRNAs identified in our study hold potential as noninvasive biomarker for malignant astrocytomas.
Preview · Article · Jan 2013 · International Journal of Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although microRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in spermatogenesis, little is known about seminal plasma miRNAs in infertile men. We investigated the profile of seminal plasma miRNAs in infertile men to identify miRNAs that are altered in infertility; we then evaluated their diagnostic value.
Seminal plasma samples were obtained from 289 infertile men and 168 age-matched fertile control individuals. The stability of the miRNAs was first assessed by time-course and freeze-thaw cycle analyses. The Solexa sequencing technology was used for an initial screen of the miRNAs in samples pooled from 45 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia, 58 patients with asthenozoospermia, and 100 fertile controls. A stem-loop quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) assay was conducted in the training and verification sets to confirm the concentrations of the altered miRNAs in 73 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia, 79 patients with asthenozoospermia, 34 patients with oligospermia, and 68 fertile controls.
The miRNAs in seminal plasma were stable. The Solexa sequencing analysis demonstrated 19 markedly altered miRNAs in the patient groups, compared with the control group. RT-qPCR analysis identified 7 miRNAs (miR-34c-5p, miR-122, miR-146b-5p, miR-181a, miR-374b, miR-509-5p, and miR-513a-5p) as markedly decreased in azoospermia but increased in asthenozoospermia. The area under the ROC curve for these miRNAs ranged from 0.733 to 0.921, markedly higher than for routine biochemical parameters (0.510-0.622). Moreover, the concentrations of some selected miRNAs were also increased in the semen sperm of the asthenozoospermia patients.
The measurement of miRNAs in seminal plasma provides a novel, noninvasive approach for diagnosing male infertility.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prognosis of patients with gastric cancer (GC) is generally poor due to the lack of non-invasive tools for GC detection. The purpose of present study was to identify a serum microRNA (miRNA) expression profile that can serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker for GC detection and to assess its clinical applications in monitoring disease progression.
Serum samples were taken from 164 GC patients and 127 age- and gender-matched tumour-free controls. An initial screening of miRNA expression by Solexa sequencing was performed using serum samples pooled from 20 patients and 20 controls, respectively. Differential expression was validated using hydrolysis probe-based stem-loop quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in individuals samples, the samples were arranged in two phases.
The Solexa sequencing results demonstrated that 19 serum miRNAs were markedly upregulated in the GC patients compared to the controls. The qRT-PCR analysis further identified a profile of five serum miRNAs (miR-1, miR-20a, miR-27a, miR-34 and miR-423-5p) as a biomarker for GC detection. The analysis results showed that the expression level of five serum miRNAs was correlated to tumour stage. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of this five-serum miRNA signature were 0.879 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.822-0.936) and 0.831 (95% CI 0.767-0.898) for the two sets of serum samples, respectively, markedly higher than those of the biomarkers carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (0.503) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) (0.600).
We identified five-miRNA signature for GC diagnosis by genome-wide serum miRNA expression profiling. Expression levels of this serum miRNA-based biomarker also indicate tumour progression stages.
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sensitive and specific biomarkers for the early detection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are urgently needed to reduce the high morbidity and mortality of the disease. The discovery of serum microRNAs (miRNAs) and their unique concentration profiles in patients with various diseases makes them attractive, novel noninvasive biomarkers for tumor diagnosis. In this study, we investigated the serum miRNA profile in ESCC patients to develop a novel diagnostic ESCC biomarker.
Serum samples were taken from 290 ESCC patients and 140 age- and sex-matched controls. Solexa sequencing technology was used for an initial screen of miRNAs in serum samples from 141 patients and 40 controls. A hydrolysis probe-based stem-loop quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) assay was conducted in the training and verification phases to confirm the concentrations of selected miRNAs in serum samples from 149 patients and 100 controls.
The Solexa sequencing results demonstrated marked upregulation of 25 serum miRNAs in ESCC patients compared with controls. RT-qPCR analysis identified a profile of 7 serum miRNAs (miR-10a, miR-22, miR-100, miR-148b, miR-223, miR-133a, and miR-127-3p) as ESCC biomarkers. The area under the ROC curve for the selected miRNAs ranged from 0.817 to 0.949, significantly higher than for carcinoembryonic antigen (0.549; P < 0.0005). More importantly, this panel of 7 miRNAs clearly distinguished stage I/II ESCC patients from controls.
This panel of 7 serum miRNAs holds promise as a novel blood-based biomarker for the diagnosis of ESCC.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Clinical Chemistry