Claudio Roberto Cernea

University of São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (111)171.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: The parotid tissue can give rise to a large variety of benign and malignant neoplasms. The objective of this study was to describe the management and outcome of parotid gland tumours over a 15-year period. Method: The records of consecutive patients treated by parotid gland excision from January 1995 to December 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Data recorded were age, gender, history, physical findings, surgical procedure, fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), final pathological diagnosis and complications. Results: The vast majority of patients (306) had benign neoplasms, and 14 patients had malignant neoplasms. Overall pleomorphic adenoma contributed to 76% of the lesions, and Warthin's tumour to 17%. The sensitivity and specificity of FNAB was 79% and 100%, respectively. There were 15 cases of marginal mandibular transitory paresis and 12 cases of seroma. Marginal mandibular definitive paralysis was observed in three cases with malignant tumour. Conclusion: Standardised parotidectomy is a safe operation, with a low complication rate.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The role of pectoralis major muscle flap (PMMF) in reducing the rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula after salvage total laryngectomy has not been clearly established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of PMMF in reducing pharyngocutaneous fistula rates after total laryngectomy. Methods: The analyzed intervention was the use of a PMMF after total laryngectomy. Results: Pharyngocutaneous fistula occurred in 230 cases (global incidence, 30.9%). In the group of patients who underwent PMMFs, there were 49 cases of pharyngocutaneous fistula, compared with 181 cases in the control group. There was a 22% decreased risk of pharyngocutaneous fistula incidence in the PMMF group (p < .001). Patients who underwent a PMMF had lower risk of pharyngocutaneous fistula compared with the control group (p = .008). There were no changes when only patients who underwent total laryngectomy (p < .001) and those who underwent total pharyngolaryngectomy (p = .007) were separately assessed. Conclusion: Prophylactic use of PMMF decreases the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula after salvage total laryngectomy. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2015.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Head & Neck
  • Marcin Barczyński · Gregory W Randolph · Claudio Cernea
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives/HypothesisSurgical management of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) during thyroidectomy is complex. We hypothesized that there exist variations in surgical behaviors patterns in the management of the EBSLN during thyroidectomy .Study DesignA prospective Web-based anonymous survey (www.surveymonkey.com).Methods The survey, consisting of 22 questions including surgeon demographics, laryngeal examination before and after surgery, and utilization of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) for the management of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and the EBSLN, was sent to 673 surgeons worldwide with known interest in thyroid surgery.ResultsA total of 170/673 (25.3%) surgeons from five continents with low-volume (11.2%), moderate-volume (27.2%), and high-volume practices (61.5%) completed the survey. Laryngeal preoperative examination was performed by 94% of respondents. IONM was utilized in the RLN management by 95% of respondents. IONM was used for identification of the EBSLN by 26.3% of low-volume versus 68.4% of high-volume surgeons (P = .004), and 93% of respondents felt EBSLN identification with IONM as necessary in voice professionals. Staged thyroidectomy was performed for benign disease by 89.5% of low-volume versus 63.2% of high-volume surgeons (P = .031). Post–thyroid surgery laryngeal examination was performed by 36.8% of low-volume versus 64.9% of high-volume surgeons (P = .032).Conclusions Laryngeal examination and IONM is used frequently. However, the exact pattern of utilization varies notably with demographic information. Generally, high-volume surgeons, those with otolaryngology background, and younger surgeons more commonly utilize IONM according to existing international neural monitoring study group guidelines. Prospective multicenter studies are needed to guide an evidence-based management of the EBSLN during thyroidectomy.Level of EvidenceNA Laryngoscope, 2015
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Laryngoscope
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    ABSTRACT: The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage III classification of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) represents a heterogeneous group of patients with early local disease with regional metastases (T1N1 and T2N1) and advanced local disease with or without regional metastasis (T3N0 and T3N1). The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic heterogeneity in the stage III category. An international retrospective multicenter study of 1815 patients who were treated for OCSCC from 2003 to 2011. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and multivariate models of stage III patients revealed better overall survival (OS; HR 2.12, 95 % CI 1.03-4.15; p = 0.01) and disease-specific survival (DSS; HR 1.7, 95 % CI 1.16-4.12; p = 0.04) rates for patients with T1-2N1/T3N0 disease than for patients with T3N1 disease. The outcomes of patients with T3N1 and stage IVa disease were similar (p = 0.89 and p = 0.78 for OS and DSS, respectively). Modifying stage classification by transferring the T3N1 category to the stage VIa group resulted in a better prognostic performance [Harrell's concordance index, C index 0.76; Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) 4131.6] compared with the AJCC 7th edition staging system (C index 0.65; AIC 4144.9) for OS. When DSS was assessed, the suggested staging system remained the best performing model (C index 0.71; AIC 1061.3) compared with the current AJCC 7th edition staging (C index 0.64; AIC 1066.2). The prognosis of T3N1 and stage IVa disease are similar in OCSCC, suggesting that these categories could be combined in future revisions of the nodal staging system to enhance prognostic accuracy.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the point of entrance of the thoracic duct in the venous system, as well as to evaluate some biometric measurements concerning its terminal portion, we conducted an anatomic study on 25 non-preserved cadavers. The termination of the thoracic duct occurred on the confluence between the left internal jugular vein and the left subclavian vein in 60 % of the individuals. The average results for the biometric measurements were: distance between the end of left internal jugular vein and omohyoid muscle 31.2 ± 2.7 mm; distance between the end of thoracic duct and the left internal jugular vein 0.0 ± 0.0 mm; distance between the end of thoracic duct and the left subclavian vein 3.6 ± 1.0 mm; distance between the end of thoracic duct and the left brachiocephalic vein 10.7 ± 3.1 mm. Moreover, it was identified that the left internal jugular vein length in level IV, measured between its entrance in the left subclavian vein and the omohyoid muscle, was able to predict the termination of the thoracic duct on the junction between the left internal jugular vein and the left subclavian vein (OR = 2.99) with high accuracy (79.3 %). In addition, the left internal jugular vein length at level IV was able to predict the localization of thoracic duct termination. Thus, this finding has practical value in minimizing the risk for a potential chyle leak during or after a left-sided neck dissection.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of the present study was to identify a fast, efficient and low-cost method to diagnose hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. Materials and methods One hundred and forty medical records, which contained patients' clinical and laboratory data, were retrospectively analyzed. Patient parathyroid hormone values, which were obtained immediately following operation, were compared with their ionized calcium levels the morning after surgery. This comparison was used to examine the correlation between the two variables in predicting hypoparathyroidism because measuring calcium levels is low-cost and more available in the hospitals compared to measuring parathormone (PTH) levels. Results There was a positive and statistically significant correlation between PTH and ionized calcium values (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = 0.456; p < 0.0001). The values of first postoperative day ionized calcium levels (stratified by the 1.10 mmol/l cut-off value) were tested as a diagnostic measure for hypoparathyroidism, and a PTH < 15 pg/mL obtained immediately following operation served as a reference. This analysis showed that ionized calcium levels measured on the first postoperative day had a sensitivity of 45.6% (95% CI 30.9-61.0%), a specificity of 88.9% (95% CI 80.5-94.5%) and an accuracy of 76.7% (95% CI 68.7-83.5%) as a diagnostic measure for hypoparathyroidism. Conclusion In conclusion, we demonstrated that patients who had high ionized calcium levels on the first postoperative day also had high PTH levels immediately following operation and, therefore, they had lower rates of hypoparathyroidism.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus has been associated with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, there is no conclusive evidence on the prevalence of oral or pharyngeal infection by human papillomavirus in the Brazilian population. To determine the rate of human papillomavirus infection in the Brazilian population. Systematic review of published articles. Medline, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Lilacs (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences) and Scielo electronic databases were searched. The search included published articles up to December 2014 in Portuguese, Spanish and English. A wide search strategy was employed in order to avoid publication biases and to assess studies dealing only with oral and/or oropharyngeal human papillomavirus infections in the Brazilian population. A total of 42 articles included 4066 enrolled patients. It was observed that oral or oropharyngeal human papillomavirus infections were identified in 738 patients (18.2%; IC 95 17.6-18.8), varying between 0.0% and 91.9%. The prevalences of oral or oropharyngeal human papillomavirus infections were respectively 6.2%, 44.6%, 44.4%, 27.4%, 38.5% and 11.9% for healthy people, those with benign oral lesions, pre-malignant lesions, oral or oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, risk groups (patients with genital human papillomavirus lesions or infected partners) and immunocompromised patients. The risk of human papillomavirus infection was estimated for each subgroup and it was evident that, when compared to the healthy population, the risk of human papillomavirus infection was approximately 1.5-9.0 times higher, especially in patients with an immunodeficiency, oral lesions and squamous cell carcinoma. The rates of the most well-known oncogenic types (human papillomavirus 16 and/or 18) also show this increased risk. Globally, the Brazilian healthy population has a very low oral human papillomavirus infection rate. Other groups, such as at-risk patients or their partners, immunocompromised patients, people with oral lesions and patients with oral cavity or oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have a high risk of human papillomavirus infection. Copyright © 2015 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
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    ABSTRACT: Deglutition complaints are frequent after thyroidectomy. The purpose of this study was to follow-up on patients with thyroidectomy indication to compare the videoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing on the seventh day (early postoperative, EPO) and on the 60th day after thyroidectomy, (late postoperative, LPO) and to compare patients that evolved with normal laryngeal mobility (NLM) and abnormal laryngeal mobility (ALM). Nasofibroscopic evaluation was performed preoperatively (PRE), on the EPO and LPO. Two groups were compared: ALM and NLM. The majority of people were women, age bracket 46–65, who underwent total thyroidectomy and with high frequency of carcinoma. 30 out of the 54 patients in the study had change in swallowing (55 %). Dysphagia occurred in 87 % (13/15) of patients with ALM in the EPO and remained in 67 % of them in the LPO. In the NLM group, dysphagia occurred in 44 % (17/39) in EPO and 25 % in LPO. There was a statistical difference between PRE and EPO, and PRE and LPO (P < 0,001). In the ALM group, liquid penetration and aspiration were identified in 33 % of the cases during EPO (P = 0,014); retention of food occurred in 87 % in EPO and in 60 % in LPO (P < 0,001). Dysphagia occurs in patients after thyroid surgery (regardless of larynx mobility alteration) and characterized by stasis of food in the oro and hypopharynx, which is also noticed in LPO, though more frequently in EPO.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Dysphagia
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    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology
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    ABSTRACT: Elective neck dissection is recommended in cases of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma without lymph node metastasis because of the risk of occult metastasis. The present study aimed to evaluate predictive factors for occult lymph node metastasis in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma treated with elective neck dissection and their impact on overall and disease-free survival. Forty surgically treated patients were retrospectively included. Ten cases (25%) had lymphatic metastasis. Of the studied variables, perineural and angiolymphatic invasion in addition to tumor thickness were statistically associated with lymph node metastasis. Only angiolymphatic invasion was identified as an independent risk factor for occult metastasis in the logistic regression (OR=39.3; p=0.002). There was no association between overall and disease-free survival with the presence of occult lymph node metastasis. Metastatic disease rate was similar to that found in the literature. Perineural and angiolymphatic invasion and tumor thickness were associated with occult metastasis, but only angiolymphatic invasion showed to be an independent risk factor. Copyright © 2015 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the effect of time between surgery and postoperative radiation therapy on local recurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and floor of the mouth. Methods: A total of 154 patients treated between 1996 and 2007 were selected considering local recurrence rate and time of the adjuvant radiotherapy. Results: Local recurrence was diagnosed in 54 (35%) patients. Radiation therapy reduced the rate of local recurrences, although with no statistical significance. The time between surgery and initiation of postoperative radiotherapy did not significantly influence the risk of local recurrence in patients referred to adjuvant treatment (p=0.49). Conclusion: In the presence of risk factors for local recurrence, a short delay in starting the adjuvant radiation therapy does not contraindicate its performance.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Einstein (São Paulo
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    ABSTRACT: The pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) is a safe and versatile flap used widely for head and neck cancer reconstructions, but one of the major and most feared complications is oro- or pharyngocutaneous fistula. Herein, we attempt to establish risk factors for fistula formation in reconstructions of mucosal defects in the head and neck using PMMF through retrospective analysis of PMMF performed during 3 years at a single institution, with a total of 84 procedures. There were 69 men and 15 women, with a mean age of 59.5 years. There were 15 cases of partial flap loss, two total flap losses and 31 fistulas. The independent risk factors for fistula formation were preoperative serum hemoglobin < 13 g/dl, preoperative serum albumin < 3.4 g/dl and hypopharynx reconstruction. The PMMF is still a very useful flap and this is the first multivariate analysis analysing risk factors for fistula formation. These findings are helpful in selecting patients with elevated risk of fistula formation, and therefore preventive measures can be undertaken to avoid potentially serious complications.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica: organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We hypothesized that pathological N1 (pN1) and N2a (pN2a) nodal disease portend a similar prognosis in patients with oral cancer. Methods: An international multicenter study of 739 oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients with pN1 or pN2a stage disease was conducted. Multivariable analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazard models to compare locoregional failure, disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS). Institutional heterogeneity was assessed using 2-stage random effects meta-analysis techniques. Results: Univariate analysis revealed no difference in locoregional failure (p = .184), DSS (p = .761), or OS (p = .475). Similar results were obtained in adjusted multivariable models and no evidence of institutional heterogeneity was demonstrated. Conclusion: The prognosis of pN2a and pN1 disease is similar in oral SCC suggesting these categories could be combined in future revisions of the nodal staging system to enhance prognostic accuracy. However, these results may reflect more aggressive treatment of N2a disease; hence, we caution against using these data to deintensify treatment. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2015.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Head & Neck
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    ABSTRACT: Importance The current American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for oral cancer demonstrates wide prognostic variability within each primary tumor stage and provides suboptimal staging and prognostic information for some patients.Objective To determine if a modified staging system for oral cancer that integrates depth of invasion (DOI) into the T categories improves prognostic performance compared with the current AJCC T staging.Design, Setting, and Participants Retrospective analysis of 3149 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma treated with curative intent at 11 comprehensive cancer centers worldwide between 1990 and 2011 with surgery ± adjuvant therapy, with a median follow-up of 40 months.Main Outcomes and Measures We assessed the impact of DOI on disease-specific and overall survival in multivariable Cox proportional hazard models and investigated for institutional heterogeneity using 2-stage random effects meta-analyses. Candidate staging systems were developed after identification of optimal DOI cutpoints within each AJCC T category using the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and likelihood ratio tests. Staging systems were evaluated using the Harrel concordance index (C-index), AIC, and visual inspection for stratification into distinct prognostic categories, with internal validation using bootstrapping techniques.Results The mean and median DOI were 12.9 mm and 10.0 mm, respectively. On multivariable analysis, DOI was a significantly associated with disease-specific survival (P < .001), demonstrated no institutional prognostic heterogeneity (I2 = 6.3%; P = .38), and resulted in improved model fit compared with T category alone (lower AIC, P < .001). Optimal cutpoints of 5 mm in T1 and 10 mm in T2-4 category disease were used to develop a modified T staging system that was preferred to the AJCC system on the basis of lower AIC, visual inspection of Kaplan-Meier curves, and significant improvement in bootstrapped C-index.Conclusions and Relevance We propose an improved oral cancer T staging system based on incorporation of DOI that should be considered in future versions of the AJCC staging system after external validation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Importance Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor worldwide.Objective To determine if regional failure in patients with OSCC and pathologically negative neck nodes (pN–) is due to an incomplete sampling procedure during surgery.Design, Setting, and Participants We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 2258 patients from 11 cancer centers worldwide who underwent neck dissection for OSCC (1990-2011) and who were pN−. Of those, 345 had clinical evidence of nodal metastases (cN+) on radiologic workup. The neck specimens were available for reanalysis in 193 patients. Survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier graphs and analyzed by multivariable analysis.Main Outcomes and Measures Five-year overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and disease-free survival (DFS).Results Resectioning and analysis of the neck dissection specimens in the cN+/pN− subgroup revealed false-negative results in 29 (15%) of 193 patients. The negative predictive value of the initial pathologic examination was 85%. The 5-year OS and DSS in the cN−/pN− group were 77.6% and 87.2%, respectively. The 5-year OS and DSS of the cN+/pN− group were 62.6% and 78.5%, respectively (P < .001). In multivariable analysis, cN+ classification was significantly associated with poor OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1-3.8; P = .03) and poor DSS (HR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.1-4.1; P = .04). A cN+ classification was associated with lower DFS (66.3% vs 76.2%; P = .05) and lower regional recurrence–free survival (68.6% vs 78.8%; P = .02) but not with local (P = .20) or distant recurrence (P = .80).Conclusions and Relevance Pathologic staging underestimates the incidence of nodal metastases in cN+ disease. After correction for pathologically missed nodal metastases, radiologic evidence of neck nodes is an independent predictor of outcome, suggesting that traditional sampling during surgery might miss metastases, and this fact might explain the origin of treatment failure in these patients.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives/HypothesisThe recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) intraoperative monitoring (IONM) provides a new functional dynamic that adds to visual identification of the RLN to optimize its intraoperative management. Intraoperative monitoring has been applied to the initial identification of the RLN. We now apply IONM to the identification of the nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve (NRLN) and provide electrophysiologic and anatomic parameters to facilitate this technique of neural identification for the NRLN, which is at increased risk of injury during thyroid surgery.Study DesignRetrospective.MethodsA study of cases of the NRLN from consecutive thyroid surgeries with IONM was conducted. Preoperative and postoperative laryngoscopy was documented in all cases.ResultsTen right-sided nerves (0.6%) were identified as NRLN. One hundred percent of NRLNs had documented normal preoperative and postoperative laryngeal function. Distal and proximal vagal nerve stimulation points that allowed for the electrophysiologic prediction of a nonrecurrence in all patients were identified. Electrophysiological normative parameters of NRLN were compared to those of the normal right RLN and right vagus nerves.Conclusion Nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve is present in 0.6% of patients undergoing thyroid surgery. Intraoperative monitoring involving vagal stimulation at the defined distal and proximal points provides reliable electrophysiologic intraoperative verification of the presence of the NRLN. Three anatomical subtypes of right NRLN are noted that enable early identification of the NRLN. In conjunction with detailed knowledge of the NRLN anatomic pathways, they also may be helpful in preventing injury to the NRLN, which has been shown to be at higher risk during thyroid surgery. We provide an anatomic and electrophysiologic algorithm for reliable identification of the NRLN.Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2014
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · The Laryngoscope
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    ABSTRACT: A study was conducted to assess for prognostic heterogeneity within the N2b and N2c classifications for oral cancer based on the number of metastatic lymph nodes and to determine whether laterality of neck disease provides additional prognostic information. An international multicenter study of 3704 patients with oral cancer undergoing surgery with curative intent was performed. The endpoints of interest were disease-specific survival and overall survival. Model fit was assessed by the Akaike Information Criterion and comparison of models with and without the covariate of interest using a likelihood ratio test. The median number of metastatic lymph nodes was significantly higher in patients with N2c disease compared to those with N2b disease (P < .001). In multivariable analyses stratified by study center, the addition of the number of metastatic lymph nodes improved model fit beyond existing N classification. Next, the authors confirmed significant heterogeneity in prognosis based on the number of metastatic lymph nodes (≤ 2, 3-4, and ≥ 5) in patients with both N2b and N2c disease (P < .001). A proposed reclassification combining N2b and N2c disease based on the number of metastatic lymph nodes demonstrated significant improvement in prognostic accuracy compared with the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system, and no improvement was noted with the addition of a covariate for contralateral or bilateral neck disease (P = .472). The prognosis of patients with oral cancer with N2b and N2c disease appears to be similar after adequate adjustment for the burden of lymph node metastases, irrespective of laterality. Based on this finding, the authors propose a modified lymph node staging system that requires external validation before implementation in clinical practice. Cancer 2014. © 2014 American Cancer Society.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) is the most common surgical complication after total laryngectomy. Controversy still remains regarding the multiple risk factors implicated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential risk factors for PCF. Methods: The strategy for our literature survey included research in MEDLINE up to December 2013. The risk factors analyzed were age, sex, smoking habit, alcohol use, comorbidity, preoperative hemoglobin level, blood transfusion, preoperative tracheotomy, previous radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy, primary tumor site, T classification, cartilage invasion, tumor grade, surgical margins, suture material, second layer of suture, reconstruction, tracheoesophageal prosthesis, and neck dissection. Results: The electronic search resulted in 311 studies from which 63 met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), previous hemoglobin <12.5g/dL, blood transfusion, previous radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, advanced primary tumors, supraglottic subsite, hypopharyngeal tumor site, positive surgical margins, and the performance of neck dissection were risk factors for PCF. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2014.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Head & Neck
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    ABSTRACT: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle-cell neoplasm that most often involves the pleura, rarely occurring in extra-thoracic locations. Twenty-six cases of SFT arising in the thyroid gland have been described. We report a case of a 60-year-old woman presenting an 8-month history of enlargement of the neck associated with dysphagia. The patient underwent a right hemithyroidectomy and SFT of the thyroid was diagnosed. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for CD34 marker, and the high number of mitoses and the presence of cellular atypia suggested that the tumor was malignant. To our knowledge, this is the second case of malignant SFT of the thyroid gland ever reported. Due to the rarity of these tumors, the indication of adjuvant therapy and prognosis are uncertain. Long-term follow-up after surgical resection seems to be advisable.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Early oral feeding for patients who underwent total laryngectomy is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of initiating early oral feeding after total laryngectomy regarding pharyngocutaneous fistula. The survey included research in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS. Methods: The intervention analyzed was early oral feeding (<5 days), whereas the control group received late oral feeding (>7 days) after total laryngectomy. Results: From 304 studies, 4 randomized clinical trials with 180 patients were selected. In the early oral feeding group, the incidence was 6.7%, whereas in the late oral feeding group it was 10%, with no statistically significant difference (IC95% -0.11 to 0.05; p = .42; I(2) = 0%). Four cohort studies with 490 patients were also selected. In the early oral feeding group, the incidence was 12.2%, whereas in the other group, it was 10.1%, with no statistically significant difference (IC95% -0.05 to 0.08; p = .67; I(2) = 0%). Conclusion: There is no increase in pharyngocutaneous fistula rates in patients who receive early oral feeding after total laryngectomy. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 37: 1532-1535, 2015.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Head & Neck

Publication Stats

863 Citations
171.43 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996-2015
    • University of São Paulo
      • Faculty of Medicine (FM)
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1992-2015
    • Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
      • Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2013
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2011-2012
    • Universidade Federal de São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2006-2009
    • Brazilian National Cancer Institute
      Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1993
    • Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Brazil
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil