David A Rizzieri

Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States

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Publications (207)

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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background The binding of CXCR4 with its ligand (stromal-derived factor-1) maintains hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) in a quiescent state. We hypothesized that blocking CXCR4/SDF-1 interaction after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) promotes hematopoiesis by inducing HSC proliferation. Methods We conducted a phase I/II trial of plerixafor on hematopoietic cell recovery following myeloablative allogeneic HSCT. Patients with hematologic malignancies receiving myeloablative conditioning were enrolled. Plerixafor 240 μg/kg was administered subcutaneously every other day beginning day +2 until day +21 or until neutrophil recovery. The primary efficacy endpoints of the study were time to absolute neutrophil count >500/μl and platelet count >20,000/μl. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil and platelet engraftment of the study cohort was compared to that of a cohort of 95 allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant recipients treated during the same period of time and who received similar conditioning and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis. ResultsThirty patients received plerixafor following peripheral blood stem cell (n = 28) (PBSC) or bone marrow (n = 2) transplantation. Adverse events attributable to plerixafor were mild and indistinguishable from effects of conditioning. The kinetics of neutrophil and platelet engraftment, as demonstrated by cumulative incidence, from the 28 study subjects receiving PBSC showed faster neutrophil (p = 0.04) and platelet recovery >20 K (p = 0.04) compared to the controls. Conclusions Our study demonstrated that plerixafor can be given safely following myeloablative HSCT. It provides proof of principle that blocking CXCR4 after HSCT enhances hematopoietic recovery. Larger, confirmatory studies in other settings are warranted. Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT01280955
    Full-text Article · Dec 2016 · Journal of Hematology & Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Respiratory viral infections (RVIs) are frequent complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Surgical masks are a simple and inexpensive intervention that may reduce nosocomial spread. Methods In this prospective single-center study, we instituted a universal surgical mask policy requiring all individuals with direct contact with HSCT patients to wear a surgical mask, regardless of symptoms or season. The primary endpoint was the incidence of RVIs in the mask period (2010–2014) compared with the premask period (2003–2009). Results RVIs decreased from 10.3% (95/920 patients) in the premask period to 4.4% (40/911) in the mask period (P < .001). Significant decreases occurred after both allogeneic (64/378 [16.9%] to 24/289 [8.3%], P = .001) and autologous (31/542 [5.7%] to 16/622 [2.6%], P = .007) transplants. After adjusting for multiple covariates including season and year in a segmented longitudinal analysis, the decrease in RVIs remained significant, with risk of RVI of 0.4 in patients in the mask group compared with the premask group (0.19–0.85, P = .02). In contrast, no decrease was observed during this same period in an adjacent hematologic malignancy unit, which followed the same infection control practices except for the mask policy. The majority of this decrease was in parainfluenza virus 3 (PIV3) (8.3% to 2.2%, P < .001). Conclusions Requiring all individuals with direct patient contact to wear a surgical mask is associated with a reduction in RVIs, particularly PIV3, during the most vulnerable period following HSCT.
    Article · Aug 2016 · Clinical Infectious Diseases
  • Sarah J. Stephens · Samantha Thomas · David A. Rizzieri · [...] · Chris R. Kelsey
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare leukemia-free survival (LFS) and other clinical outcomes in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who underwent a myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT) with and without total body irradiation (TBI).
    Article · Jul 2016
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    Mohammad Faizan Zahid · Mrinal S. Patnaik · Naseema Gangat · [...] · David A. Rizzieri
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by abnormal cellular differentiation and maturation with variable progression to acute leukemia. Over the last decade, scientific discoveries have unraveled specific pathways involved in the complex pathophysiology of MDS. Prominent examples include aberrations in cytokines and their signaling pathways (such as tumor necrosis factor alpha, interferon gamma, SMAD proteins), mutations in genes encoding the RNA splicing machinery (SF3B1, SRSF2, ZRSR2, and U2AF1 genes), mutations in genes disrupting the epigenetic machinery (TET2, DNMT3A, DNMT3B, EZH2, ASXL1). In addition, abnormalities in regulatory T-cell dynamics and atypical interactions between the bone marrow microenvironment, stroma and progenitor cells and abnormal maintenance of telomeres are also notable contributors to the complex pathogenesis of MDS. These pathways represent potential targets for novel therapies. Specific therapies include drugs targeting aberrant DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling, modulating/activating the immune system to enhance tumor specific cellular immune responses and reduce anomalous cytokine signaling, and blocking abnormal interaction between hematopoietic progenitors and stromal cells.
    Full-text Article · May 2016 · European Journal Of Haematology
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To develop a system prognostic of outcome in those undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo HCT) for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Patients and methods: We examined 2,133 patients with MDS undergoing HLA-matched (n = 1,728) or -mismatched (n = 405) allo HCT from 2000 to 2012. We used a Cox multivariable model to identify factors prognostic of mortality in a training subset (n = 1,151) of the HLA-matched cohort. A weighted score using these factors was assigned to the remaining patients undergoing HLA-matched allo HCT (validation cohort; n = 577) as well as to patients undergoing HLA-mismatched allo HCT. Results: Blood blasts greater than 3% (hazard ratio [HR], 1.41; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.85), platelets 50 × 10(9)/L or less at transplantation (HR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.61), Karnofsky performance status less than 90% (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.28), comprehensive cytogenetic risk score of poor or very poor (HR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.80), and age 30 to 49 years (HR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.09 to 2.35) were associated with increased hazard of death and assigned 1 point in the scoring system. Monosomal karyotype (HR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.65 to 2.45) and age 50 years or older (HR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.36 to 2.83) were assigned 2 points. The 3-year overall survival after transplantation in patients with low (0 to 1 points), intermediate (2 to 3), high (4 to 5) and very high (≥ 6) scores was 71% (95% CI, 58% to 85%), 49% (95% CI, 42% to 56%), 41% (95% CI, 31% to 51%), and 25% (95% CI, 4% to 46%), respectively (P < .001). Increasing score was predictive of increased relapse (P < .001) and treatment-related mortality (P < .001) in the HLA-matched set and relapse (P < .001) in the HLA-mismatched cohort. Conclusion: The proposed system is prognostic of outcome in patients undergoing HLA-matched and -mismatched allo HCT for MDS.
    Full-text Article · Apr 2016 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • Article · Mar 2016
  • David A. Rizzieri · Arati V. Rao · Anne Beaven · [...] · Anthony D. Sung
    Article · Mar 2016
  • Article · Mar 2016
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    Mohammad Faizan Zahid · David Alan Rizzieri
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite the advent of targeted therapies and novel agents, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative modality in the management of hematologic disorders. The necessity to find an HLA-matched related donor is a major obstacle that compromises the widespread application and development of this field. Matched unrelated donors and umbilical cord blood have emerged as alternative sources of donor stem cells; however, the cost of maintaining donor registries and cord blood banks is very high and even impractical in developing countries. Almost every patient has an HLA haploidentical relative in the family, meaning that haploidentical donors are potential sources of stem cells, especially in situations where cord blood or matched unrelated donors are not easily available. Due to the high rates of graft failure and graft-versus-host disease, haploidentical transplant was not considered a feasible option up until the late 20th century, when strategies such as “megadose stem cell infusions” and posttransplantation immunosuppression with cyclophosphamide showed the ability to overcome the HLA disparity barrier and significantly improve the rates of engraftment and reduce the incidence and severity of graft-versus-host disease. Newer technologies of graft manipulation have also yielded the same effects in addition to preserving the antileukemic cells in the donor graft.
    Full-text Article · Feb 2016 · Advances in Hematology
  • David A Rizzieri · Sarah Cooley · Olatoyosi Odenike · [...] · Gautam Borthakur
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This open-label, Phase-2 study investigated the safety of LY2090314 (GSK-3 inhibitor) in AML patients. Twenty patients received 40-mg LY2090314 (50-mg ranitidine pretreatment) as follows: Cohort 1 - days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-d cycle (n = 7); Cohort 2 - days 1, 5, and 9 of a 21-d cycle (n = 6); Cohort 3 - days 1, 5, 9, and 12 of a 21-d cycle (n = 7). Decreased appetite (n = 7) and nausea (n = 4) were the most frequently reported possibly drug-related non-hematologic treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Hematologic TEAEs included febrile neutropenia (n = 2), thrombocytopenia (n = 1), and anemia (n = 1). Atrial flutter (n = 1), QT interval prolongation (n = 3), and visual disturbances (n = 2) were observed, but were not clinically significant (investigator assessed). Although β-catenin levels indicated an on-target effect, no complete or partial remissions were observed. Pharmacokinetics were consistent with a previous Phase 1 study. These data suggest that single-agent LY2090314 has acceptable safety but limited clinical benefit in AML patients at the dose/frequencies investigated.
    Article · Jan 2016 · Leukemia & lymphoma
  • Article · Sep 2015
  • Jean-Pierre J Issa · Gail Roboz · David Rizzieri · [...] · Hagop Kantarjian
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hypomethylating agents are used to treat cancers driven by aberrant DNA methylation, but their short half-life might limit their activity, particularly in patients with less proliferative diseases. Guadecitabine (SGI-110) is a novel hypomethylating dinucleotide of decitabine and deoxyguanosine resistant to degradation by cytidine deaminase. We aimed to assess the safety and clinical activity of subcutaneously given guadecitabine in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. In this multicentre, open-label, phase 1 study, patients from nine North American medical centres with myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukaemia that was refractory to or had relapsed after standard treatment were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive subcutaneous guadecitabine, either once-daily for 5 consecutive days (daily × 5), or once-weekly for 3 weeks, in a 28-day treatment cycle. Patients were stratified by disease. A 3 + 3 dose-escalation design was used in which we treated patients with guadecitabine doses of 3-125 mg/m(2) in separate dose-escalation cohorts. A twice-weekly treatment schedule was added to the study after a protocol amendment. The primary objective was to assess safety and tolerability of guadecitabine, determine the maximum tolerated and biologically effective dose, and identify the recommended phase 2 dose of guadecitabine. Safety analyses included all patients who received at least one dose of guadecitabine. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analyses to determine the biologically effective dose included all patients for whom samples were available. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01261312. Between Jan 4, 2011, and April 11, 2014, we enrolled and treated 93 patients: 35 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and nine patients with myelodysplastic syndrome in the daily × 5 dose-escalation cohorts, 28 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and six patients with myelodysplastic syndrome in the once-weekly dose-escalation cohorts, and 11 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and four patients with myelodysplastic syndrome in the twice-weekly dose-escalation cohorts. The most common grade 3 or higher adverse events were febrile neutropenia (38 [41%] of 93 patients), pneumonia (27 [29%] of 93 patients), thrombocytopenia (23 [25%] of 93 patients), anaemia (23 [25%] of 93 patients), and sepsis (16 [17%] of 93 patients). The most common serious adverse events were febrile neutropenia (29 [31%] of 93 patients), pneumonia (26 [28%] of 93 patients), and sepsis (16 [17%] of 93 patients). Six of the 74 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and six of the 19 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome had a clinical response to treatment. Two dose-limiting toxicities were noted in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome at 125 mg/m(2) daily × 5, thus the maximum tolerated dose in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome was 90 mg/m(2) daily × 5. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia. Potent dose-related DNA demethylation occurred on the daily × 5 regimen, reaching a plateau at 60 mg/m(2) (designated as the biologically effective dose). Guadecitabine given subcutaneously at 60 mg/m(2) daily × 5 is well tolerated and is clinically and biologically active in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia. Guadecitabine 60 mg/m(2) daily × 5 is the recommended phase 2 dose, and these findings warrant further phase 2 studies. Astex Pharmaceuticals, Stand Up To Cancer. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Article · Aug 2015 · The Lancet Oncology
  • Article · Aug 2015 · Cancer Research
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) is an aggressive cancer that strikes both adults and children and is frequently resistant to therapy. Thus, identifying signals needed for AML propagation is a critical step toward developing new approaches for treating this disease. Here, we show that Tetraspanin 3 is a target of the RNA binding protein Musashi 2, which plays a key role in AML. We generated Tspan3 knockout mice that were born without overt defects. However, Tspan3 deletion impaired leukemia stem cell self-renewal and disease propagation and markedly improved survival in mouse models of AML. Additionally, Tspan3 inhibition blocked growth of AML patient samples, suggesting that Tspan3 is also important in human disease. As part of the mechanism, we show that Tspan3 deficiency disabled responses to CXCL12/SDF-1 and led to defects in AML localization within the niche. These identify Tspan3 as an important regulator of aggressive leukemias and highlight a role for Tspan3 in oncogenesis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text Article · Jul 2015 · Cell stem cell
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have poor outcomes, with median durations of complete remission lasting less than 1 year. Increased toxicity in older patients limits the delivery of standard consolidation therapies, such as allogeneic stem cell transplant or high-dose cytarabine. Azacitidine, a nucleoside analogue/DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, has demonstrated significant activity and favorable tolerability in patients unable to tolerate intensive induction chemotherapy; however, the role of azacitidine in the maintenance setting has not been fully evaluated. We undertook a pilot study of low-dose subcutaneous azacitidine (50 mg/m(2) /day for 5 days every 4 weeks) in AML patients ≥60 years of age in first remission following standard induction therapy. The primary objective was to determine the 1-year disease-free survival (DFS); secondary objectives were to determine safety and tolerability. We enrolled 24 patients (median age 68, range 62-81 years), the majority of whom received anthracycline-cytarabine induction regimens. From the time of first complete remission, the estimated 1-year DFS was 50% and the median overall survival was 20.4 months. Thrombocytopenia and neutropenia were the most common grade 3/4 toxicities (50% and 58%, respectively). In our study population, maintenance therapy with subcutaneous azacitidine was safe and well tolerated. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Article · Jun 2015 · American Journal of Hematology
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    Carter T Davis · David Rizzieri
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Natural Killer (NK) cells are lymphoid cells that exhibit an innate response against virus-infected cells. These cells are also capable of mounting an immune response against tumor cells after education through major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. NK cell regulation is mediated through IFN-gamma and IL-15, important cytokines which can drive NK cell expansion in vivo. Previous studies have shown effective infusion of allogeneic NK cells after lymphodepleting regimens with induction of remission of poor prognosis acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Challenges remain in the expansion of these NK cells once infused and in their education to recognize tumor targets. A principal mechanism of tumor recognition is through KIR mismatch in cells lacking self MHC I molecules. Activating KIRs exist, though their ligands are unknown at this time. Impacting NK cell expansion and education in vivo has been challenging, and thus far clinical applications of NK cells have shown promise in helping to maintain remission in humans, though this remission has not been maintained. Future efforts to utilize NK cells clinically are focusing on developing more consistency in successful expansion of NK cell and educating them to recognize their tumor targets. Additional efforts to utilize novel antibody-based therapy to engage NK cells to their tumor targets are also in development.
    Full-text Article · Jun 2015 · Pharmaceuticals
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the impact of graft versus host disease (GVHD) on the relapse rate of different lymphoma subtypes after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Adult patients with a diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), follicular lymphoma (FL), peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL), or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) undergoing HLA-identical sibling or unrelated donor HCT between 1997 and 2009 were included. Two thousand six hundred and eleven cases were included. Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen was used in 62.8% of the transplants. In a multivariate analysis of myeloablative cases (n=970), neither acute (aGVHD) nor chronic GVHD (cGVHD) were significantly associated with a lower incidence of relapse/progression in any lymphoma subtype. In contrast, the analysis of RIC cases (n=1641) showed that cGVHD was associated with a lower incidence of relapse/progression in FL (RR 0.51, p=0.049) and in MCL (RR 0.41, p=0.019). Patients with FL or MCL developing both aGVHD and cGVHD had the lowest risk of relapse (RR 0.14, p=0.007; and RR 0.15, p=0.0019, respectively). Of interest, the effect of GVHD on decreasing relapse was similar in patients with sensitive disease and chemoresistant disease. Unfortunately, both aGVHD and cGVHD had a deleterious effect on treatment related mortality (TRM) and overall survival (OS) in FL cases, and did not impact TRM, OS or PFS in MCL. This study reinforces the use of RIC allo-HCT as a platform for immunotherapy in follicular and mantle cell lymphoma patients. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Article · May 2015 · Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML), defined as AML arising after a prior myelodysplastic syndrome or after antineoplastic therapy, responds poorly to current therapies. It is often associated with adverse karyotypic abnormalities and overexpression of proteins that mediate drug resistance. We performed a phase III trial to determine whether induction therapy with cytarabine and amonafide L-malate, a DNA intercalator and non-ATP-dependent topoisomerase II inhibitor that evades drug resistance mechanisms, yielded a superior complete remission rate than standard therapy with cytarabine and daunorubicin in sAML. Patients with previously untreated sAML were randomly assigned at a one-to-one ratio to cytarabine 200 mg/m(2) continuous intravenous (IV) infusion once per day on days 1 to 7 plus either amonafide 600 mg/m(2) IV over 4 hours on days 1 to 5 (A + C arm) or daunorubicin 45 mg/m(2) IV over 30 minutes once per day on days 1 to 3 (D + C arm). The complete remission (CR) rate was 46% (99 of 216 patients) in A + C arm and 45% (97 of 217 patients) in D + C arm (P = .81). The 30- and 60-day mortality rates were 19% and 28% in A + C arm and 13% and 21% in D + C arm, respectively. Induction treatment with A + C did not improve the CR rate compared with D + C in patients with sAML. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    Full-text Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • Article · Feb 2015 · Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • Weihong Chen · David Rizzieri · Susan Drago
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Peripheral blood stem cell mobilization using growth factors is a common method of stem cell collection for transplantation, however, little is reported concerning safety of continued growth factor delivery in exceptional responders with very high white blood cell (WBC) counts in preparation for pheresis. We performed a retrospective study of the safety of growth factor delivery for leukapheresis in those with WBC counts greater than 60,000/µl. Methods: Allogeneic donors received 5 days of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) at a daily dose of 10 or 16 µg/kg. Autologous donors received G-CSF 10 µg/kg/day +/- chemotherapy until peripheral blood CD34(+) count reached 10/µl. Granulocyte donors received 300 µg dose of G-CSF the day prior to donation. Results: Out of 3,037 leukapheresis collections from 1998 to 2005, we identified 303 collections from 204 donors or patients who had a WBC > 60,000/µl. WBC counts were ≥100,000/µl in seven of these subjects. If inadequate stem cell dose was obtained with pheresis with WBC counts this high, patients had growth factor dosing decreased 50% but still received a dose till stem cell collection was completed. Of the 204 subjects, 122 were patients and 82 were donors. These 204 donors/patients had no serious adverse events reported other than the common reports of myalgia, bone pain, and headache associated with administration of growth factors. Pain levels ranged from mild to severe and usually were managed by over the counter analgesics. Conclusions: Continuing ½ the dose of neupogen to complete the pheresis process appears safe in subjects with very high white blood counts.
    Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Clinical Apheresis

Publication Stats

7k Citations


  • 2002-2015
    • Duke University
      Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • 2007
    • Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
      Seattle, Washington, United States
  • 2000-2001
    • Duke University Medical Center
      Durham, North Carolina, United States