[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our objective was to describe efficacy and safety of enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) in de novo and maintenance recipients of kidney-pancreas transplant in the clinical practice.
Observational, multicentre, prospective, 12-month study.
We included 24 de novo and 24 maintenance patients. EC-MPS mean (± SD) doses at initiation in de novo patients were 1440 ± 0 vs. 1268 ± 263 mg/d at month 12 (M12). Patient and renal graft survival at one yr were 100%, and pancreatic graft survival was 83.3% (two losses owing to technical failure and two owing to rejection). In the maintenance cohort, EC-MPS was introduced at a median (P25-P75) of 30 (6-71) months after transplant. Baseline doses were 585 ± 310 vs. 704 ± 243 mg/d at M12. In this group, a significant increase in creatinine clearance was observed (65 ± 22 at baseline vs. 74 ± 20 mL/min at M12, p = 0.011). Patient, renal, and pancreatic graft survival were 100%, 95.8%, and 100%, respectively (one kidney graft loss owing to rejection). During follow-up, one patient from each group discontinued EC-MPS.
The efficacy of EC-MPS in the clinical practice of kidney-pancreas transplantation is good, with high patient and grafts survival at 12 months, and good safety profile. The maintenance group displayed an improvement in renal function.
No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Clinical Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Some aspects of kidney transplant outcome in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are still controversial. Besides, published experience is scarce in Europe.
A multicentre case-control study was designed to analyse the outcome of renal transplant in HIV + patients in Spain. Twenty HIV + patients were compared with a matched cohort of 40 HIV - recipients.
Post-transplant follow-up period was 39.98 ± 36.51 months. Pre-transplant dialysis duration and the incidence of pre-transplant opportunistic infections were significantly higher for HIV + patients. Following transplantation, HIV + recipients presented lower incidence of immediate renal function and more acute rejection. Graft survival was lower although the difference was not significant (1 year: 85 vs 97.5%; 5 years: 74.4 vs 91%; log-rank P = 0.058). There was no difference in patient survival rates. Eight patients in each group presented hepatitis C (HCV) infection. Coinfected patients were compared with HIV +/HCV - and HIV -/HCV + recipients. Coinfected patients presented more time on dialysis, greater duration of delayed graft function and lower graft survival (HIV +/HCV + vs HIV +/HCV -: log-rank P = 0.009; HIV +/HCV + vs HIV -/HCV +: log-rank P = 0.02). Conversely, when excluding HCV + patients in both groups, graft survival in HIV + and HIV - patients was similar.
The outcome was good, particularly in non-coinfected patients. Coinfected patients constitute an especially high-risk group for kidney transplantation.