Bart J M van Vlijmen

Leiden University, Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (83)457.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to clarify the roles of the multidrug-detoxifying proteins ABCB1, ABCG2, ABCC2, and CYP3A in oral availability and brain accumulation of cabazitaxel, a taxane developed for improved therapy of docetaxel-resistant prostate cancer. Cabazitaxel pharmacokinetics were studied in Abcb1a/1b, Abcg2, Abcc2, Cyp3a, and combination knockout mice. We found that human ABCB1, but not ABCG2, transported cabazitaxel in vitro. Upon oral cabazitaxel administration, total plasma levels were greatly increased due to binding to plasma carboxylesterase Ces1c, which is highly upregulated in several knockout strains. Ces1c inhibition and in vivo hepatic Ces1c knockdown reversed these effects. Correcting for Ces1c effects, Abcb1a/1b, Abcg2, and Abcc2 did not restrict cabazitaxel oral availability, whereas Abcb1a/1b, but not Abcg2, dramatically reduced cabazitaxel brain accumulation (>10-fold). Coadministration of the ABCB1 inhibitor elacridar completely reversed this brain accumulation effect. After correction for Ces1c effects, Cyp3a knockout mice demonstrated a strong (6-fold) increase in cabazitaxel oral availability, which was completely reversed by transgenic human CYP3A4 in intestine and liver. Cabazitaxel markedly inhibited mouse Ces1c, but human CES1 and CES2 only weakly. Ces1c upregulation can thus complicate preclinical cabazitaxel studies. In summary, ABCB1 limits cabazitaxel brain accumulation and therefore potentially therapeutic efficacy against (micro)metastases or primary tumors positioned wholly or partly behind a functional blood-brain barrier. This can be reversed with elacridar coadministration, and similar effects may apply to ABCB1-expressing tumors. CYP3A4 profoundly reduces the oral availability of cabazitaxel. This may potentially be greatly improved by coadministering ritonavir or other CYP3A inhibitors, suggesting the option of patient-friendly oral cabazitaxel therapy.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Molecular Pharmaceutics
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Obesity is associated with a hypercoagulable state and increased risk for thrombotic cardiovascular events. Objective: Establish the onset and reversibility of the hypercoagulable state during the development and regression of nutritionally-induced obesity in mice, and its relation to transcriptional changes and clearance rates of coagulation factors as well as its relation to changes in metabolic and inflammatory parameters. Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a low fat (10% kcal as fat; LFD) or high fat diet (45% kcal as fat; HFD) for 2, 4, 8 or 16 weeks. To study the effects of weight loss, mice were fed the HFD for 16 weeks and switched to the LFD for 1, 2 or 4 weeks. For each time point analyses of plasma and hepatic mRNA levels of coagulation factors were performed after overnight fasting, as well as measurements of circulating metabolic and inflammatory parameters. Furthermore, in vivo clearance rates of human factor (F) VII, FVIII and FIX proteins were determined after 2 weeks of HFD-feeding. Results: HFD feeding gradually increased the body and liver weight, which was accompanied by a significant increase in plasma glucose levels from 8 weeks onwards, while insulin levels were affected after 16 weeks. Besides a transient rise in cytokine levels at 2 weeks after starting the HFD, no significant effect on inflammation markers was present. Increased plasma levels of fibrinogen, FII, FVII, FVIII, FIX, FXI and FXII were observed in mice on a HFD for 2 weeks, which in general persisted throughout the 16 weeks of HFD-feeding. Interestingly, with the exception of FXI the effects on plasma coagulation levels were not paralleled by changes in relative transcript levels in the liver, nor by decreased clearance rates. Switching from HFD to LFD reversed the HFD-induced procoagulant shift in plasma, again not coinciding with transcriptional modulation. Conclusions: Changes in dietary fat content rapidly alter the mouse plasma coagulation profile, thereby preceding plasma metabolic changes, which cannot be explained by changes in relative expression of coagulation factors or decreased clearance rates.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    Salam Salloum-Asfar · Anita Boelen · Pieter H. Reitsma · Bart J. M. van Vlijmen
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    ABSTRACT: Thyroid dysfunction is associated with changes in coagulation. The aim of our study was to gain more insight into the role of thyroid hormone in coagulation control. C57Black/6J mice received a low-iodine diet and drinking water supplemented with perchlorate to suppress endogenous triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) production. Under these conditions, the impact of exogenous T3 on plasma coagulation, and hepatic and vessel-wall-associated coagulation gene transcription was studied in a short- (4 hours) and long-term (14 days) setting. Comparing euthyroid conditions (normal mice), with hypothyroidism (conditions of a shortage of thyroid hormone) and those with replacement by incremental doses of T3, dosages of 0 and 0.5 μg T3/mouse/day were selected to study the impact of T3 on coagulation gene transcription. Under these conditions, a single injection of T3 injection increased strongly hepatic transcript levels of the well-characterized T3-responsive genes deiodinase type 1 (Dio1) and Spot14 within 4 hours. This coincided with significantly reduced mRNA levels of Fgg, Serpinc1, Proc, Proz, and Serpin10, and the reduction of the latter three persisted upon daily treatment with T3 for 14 days. Prolonged T3 treatment induced a significant down-regulation in factor (F) 2, F9 and F10 transcript levels, while F11 and F12 levels increased. Activity levels in plasma largely paralleled these mRNA changes. Thbd transcript levels in the lung (vessel-wall-associated coagulation) were significantly up-regulated after a single T3 injection, and persisted upon prolonged T3 exposure. Two-week T3 administration also resulted in increased Vwf and Tfpi mRNA levels, whereas Tf levels decreased. These data showed that T3 has specific effects on coagulation, with Fgg, Serpinc1, Proc, Proz, Serpin10 and Thbd responding rapidly, making these likely direct thyroid hormone receptor targets. F2, F9, F10, F11, F12, Vwf, Tf and Tfpi are late responding genes and probably indirectly modulated by T3.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background One of the major determinants of von Willebrand factor (VWF) plasma levels are the ABO blood groups, and individuals with blood group O have approximately 25% lower plasma levels. The exact mechanism behind this relationship remains unknown, although effects on clearance have been postulated.Objectives Whether clearance of VWF is directly dependent on the presence of ABH antigens on VWF.Methods Three type 3 von Willebrand disease (VWD) patients were infused with Haemate-P® and the relative loading of VWF with ABH antigens at different time points was measured. VWF-deficient mice were injected with purified plasma-derived human VWF obtained from donors with either blood group A, B or O.ResultsIn mice we found no difference in clearance rate between plasma derived A-, B- or O-VWF. Faster clearance of the blood group O VWF present in Haemate-P® infused in type 3 VWD patients would have resulted in a relative increase in the loading of VWF with A and B antigens over time. However, we observed a 2-fold decrease of A and B antigens in 2 out of 3 patients and stable loading in the third patient.Conclusion There is no direct effect of ABH antigens on VWF in VWF clearance. We demonstrate that in a direct comparison within one individual O-VWF is not cleared faster compared to A- or B-VWF. Clearance differences in blood group O versus non-O individuals may therefore be related to the blood group status of the individual rather than the ABH antigen loading on VWF itself.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the role of ABCB1, ABCG2, and CYP3A in blood and brain exposure of everolimus using knockout mouse models. We used wild-type, Abcb1a/1b(-/-), Abcg2(-/-), Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2(-/-) and Cyp3a(-/-) mice to study everolimus oral bioavailability and brain accumulation. Following everolimus administration, brain concentrations and brain-to-liver ratios were substantially increased in Abcb1a/1b(-/-) and Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2(-/-), but not Abcg2(-/-) mice. The fraction of everolimus located in the plasma compartment was highly increased in all knockout strains. In vitro, everolimus was rapidly degraded in wild-type but not knockout plasma. Carboxylesterase 1c (Ces1c), a plasma carboxylesterase gene, was highly upregulated (~80-fold) in the liver of knockout mice relative to wild-type mice, and plasma Ces1c likely protected everolimus from degradation by binding and stabilizing it. This binding was prevented by preincubation with the carboxylesterase inhibitor BNPP. In vivo knockdown experiments confirmed the involvement of Ces1c in everolimus stabilization. Everolimus also markedly inhibited the hydrolysis of irinotecan and p-nitrophenyl acetate by mouse plasma carboxylesterase and recombinant human CES2, respectively. After correcting for carboxylesterase binding, Cyp3a(-/-), but not Abcb1a/1b(-/-), Abcg2(-/-), or Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2(-/-) mice, displayed highly (>5-fold) increased oral availability of everolimus. Brain accumulation of everolimus was restricted by Abcb1, but not Abcg2, suggesting the use of coadministered ABCB1 inhibitors to improve brain tumor treatment. Cyp3a, but not Abcb1a/1b, restricted everolimus oral availability, underscoring drug-drug interaction risks via CYP3A. Upregulated Ces1c likely mediated the tight binding and stabilization of everolimus, causing higher plasma retention in knockout strains. This Ces upregulation might confound other pharmacological studies.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a 4q35.2 locus that harbors the coagulation factor XI (F11), prekallikrein (KLKB1), and a cytochrome P450 family member (CYP4V2) genes are associated with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). These SNPs exert their effect on DVT by modifying the circulating levels of FXI. However, SNPs associated with DVT were not necessarily all in F11, but also in KLKB1 and CYP4V2. Here, we searched for evidence for common regulatory elements within the 4q35.2 locus, outside the F11 gene, that might control FXI plasma levels and/or DVT risk. To this end, we investigated the regulation of the orthologous mouse gene cluster under several metabolic conditions that impact mouse hepatic F11 transcription. In livers of mice in which HNF4α, a key transcription factor controlling F11, was ablated, or reduced by siRNA, a strong decrease in hepatic F11 transcript levels was observed that correlated with Cyp4v3 (mouse orthologue of CYP4V2), but not by Klkb1 levels. Estrogens induced hepatic F11 and Cyp4v3, but not Klkb1 transcript levels, whereas thyroid hormone strongly induced hepatic F11 transcript levels, and reduced Cyp4v3, leaving Klkb1 levels unaffected. Mice fed a high-fat diet also had elevated F11 transcription, markedly paralleled by an induction of Klkb1 and Cyp4v3 expression. We conclude that within the mouse F11, Klkb1, Cyp4v3 gene cluster, F11 and Cyp4v3 frequently display striking parallel transcriptional responses suggesting the presence of shared regulatory elements.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Mice deficient in the anticoagulants antithrombin (Serpinc1) or protein C (Proc) display premature death due to thrombosis-related coagulopathy, thereby precluding their use in gene function studies and thrombosis models. We used RNA interference to silence Serpinc1 and/or Proc in normal adult mice. The severe coagulopathy that followed combined "knockdown" of these genes is reported. Two days after siRNA injection, thrombi (occlusive) were observed in vessels (large and medium-sized) in multiple tissues, and hemorrhages were prominent in the ocular, mandibular, and maxillary areas. Tissue fibrin deposition and reduction of plasma fibrinogen accompanied this phenotype. The coagulopathy was prevented by dabigatran etexilate treatment. Silencing of Serpinc1 alone yielded a comparable but milder phenotype with later onset. The phenotype was absent when Proc was targeted alone. We conclude that RNA interference of Serpinc1 and/or Proc allows for evaluation of the function of these genes in vivo and provides a novel, controlled mouse model for spontaneous venous thrombosis.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Blood
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    ABSTRACT: Venous thrombosis represents a serious complication of oral contraceptive use and hormone replacement therapy. The estrogen component, often 17α-ethinylestradiol, is considered to be the predominant thrombotic constituent and we have previously shown that oral ethinylestradiol (EE) in mice also has profound effects on the plasma coagulation profile, at least at the level of individual pro- and anticoagulant factors.(1) The overall effect of alterations in the hemostatic balance can be determined by assessing thrombin generation and subsequent calculation of the endogenous thrombin potential (ETP). © 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα) are important for the transcriptional control of coagulation factors. To determine in vivo the direct role of HNF4α and C/EBPα in control of genes encoding coagulation factors, a synthetic small interfering (si)RNA approach was used that enabled strong reduction of mouse hepatic HNF4α and C/EBPα under conditions that minimized target-related secondary effects. For both HNF4α and C/EBPα, intravenous injection of specific synthetic siRNAs (siHNF4α and siC/EBPα) resulted in more than 75% reduction in their liver transcript and protein levels 2 days post-injection. For siHNF4α, this coincided with marked and significantly reduced transcript levels of the coagulation genes Hrg, Proz, Serpina5, F11, F12, F13b, Serpinf2, F5, and F9 (in order of magnitude of effect) as compared to levels in control siRNA injected animals. Significant decreases in HNF4α target gene mRNA levels were also observed at 5 days post-siRNA injection, despite a limited level of HNF4α knockdown at this time point. Compared to HNF4α, C/EBPα knockdown had a modest impact on genes encoding coagulation factors. A strong reduction in C/EBPα transcript and protein levels resulted in significantly affected transcript levels of the control genes Pck1 and Fasn and a modest downregulation for coagulation genes Fba, Fbg and F5. F5 and F11 were the sole coagulation genes that were significantly affected upon prolonged (5 day) C/EBPα knockdown. We conclude that in the mouse, HNF4α has a direct and essential regulatory role for multiple hepatic coagulation genes, while a role for C/EBPα is more restricted. In addition, this study demonstrates that synthetic siRNA provides a simple and fast means for determining liver transcription factor involvement in vivo.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) and von Willebrand factor (VWF) has remained elusive for years. Indeed, despite a reported absence of interaction between both proteins, liver-specific deletion of LRP1 results in increased VWF levels. To investigate this discrepancy, we used mice with a macrophage-specific deficiency of LRP1 (macLRP1(-)) because we previously found that macrophages dominate VWF clearance. Basal VWF levels were increased in macLRP1(-) mice compared with control mice (1.6 ± 0.4 vs 1.0 ± 0.4 U/mL). Clearance experiments revealed that half-life of human VWF was significantly increased in macLRP1(-) mice. Ubiquitous blocking of LRP1 or additional lipoprotein receptors by overexpressing receptor-associated protein in macLRP1(-) mice did not result in further rise of VWF levels (0.1 ± 0.2 U/mL), in contrast to macLRP1(+) mice (rise in VWF, 0.8 ± 0.4 U/mL). This points to macLRP1 being the only lipoprotein receptor regulating VWF levels. When testing the mechanism(s) involved, we observed that VWF-coated beads adhered efficiently to LRP1 but only when exposed to shear forces exceeding 2.5 dyne/cm(2), implying the existence of shear stress-dependent interactions. Furthermore, a mechanism involving β2-integrins that binds both VWF and LRP1 also is implicated because inhibition of β2-integrins led to increased VWF levels in control (rise, 0.19 ± 0.16 U/mL) but not in macLRP1(-) mice (0.08 ± 0.15 U/mL).
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Blood
  • Audrey C.A. Cleuren · Iris Postmus · Hans L Vos · Pieter H Reitsma · Bart J.M. van Vlijmen

    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Thrombosis Research
  • H Safdar · Y Inoue · G H van Puijvelde · P H Reitsma · B J M van Vlijmen

    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: Oral estrogen use is associated with changes in plasma levels of many coagulation proteins. To gain more insight into the underlying mechanism of estrogen-induced changes in coagulation. Ovariectomized female mice were used to study the impact of oral 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE) on plasma coagulation, hepatic coagulation gene transcript levels, and dependence on estrogen receptor (ER) α and ERβ. Ten days of oral EE treatment resulted in significantly reduced plasma activity levels of factor (F)VIII, FXII, combined FII/FVII/FX and antithrombin, whereas FIX activity significantly increased. Regarding hepatic transcript levels, oral EE caused significant decreases in fibrinogen-γ, FII, FV, FVII, FX, FXII, antithrombin, protein C, protein Z, protein Z inhibitor and heparin cofactor II mRNA levels, whereas FXI levels significantly increased and transcript levels of FVIII, FIX, protein S and α(2) -antiplasmin remained unaffected. All EE-induced coagulation-related changes were neutralized by coadministration of the non-specific ER antagonist ICI182780. In addition, ERα-deficient mice lacked the EE-induced changes in plasma coagulation and hepatic transcript profile, whereas ERβ-deficient mice responded similarly to non-deficient littermate controls. A crucial role for the ER was further demonstrated by its rapid effects on transcription, within 2.5-5 h after EE administration, suggesting a short chain of events leading to its final effects. Oral EE administration has a broad impact on the mouse coagulation profile at the level of both plasma and hepatic mRNA levels. The effects on transcription are rapidly induced, mostly downregulatory, and principally mediated by ERα.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity and oral estrogens are independent risk factors for venous thrombosis, and their combined effect is stronger than the sum of the isolated factors. It was the objective of this study to investigate the interaction between obesity and estrogens at the level of venous thrombotic tendency, coagulation and inflammation in a mouse model. Female C57Bl/6J mice were fed a standard fat diet (SFD) or a high fat diet (HFD) to induce nutritional obesity. After 14 weeks, while maintaining their diet, mice were orally treated eight days with 1 microg ethinylestradiol or vehicle (n=25 per group), and subsequently subjected to an inferior caval vein (ICV) thrombosis model. The ICV thrombosis model resulted in an increased thrombus weight in vehicle-treated HFD mice (3.0 +/- 0.7 mg) compared to vehicle-treated SFD mice (1.4 +/- 0.4 mg; p=0.064). Surprisingly, estrogens reduced thrombus weight, which was significant for the HFD group (0.8 +/- 0.5 mg; p=0.013). As compared to SFD feeding, HFD feeding significantly increased plasma levels of coagulation factor VIII, combined factor II/VII/X (p < 0.001), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (p=0.009), causing a prothrombotic shift of the coagulation profile. Estrogens had no significant effects on this profile with either diet, whereas serum amyloid A and hepatic inflammatory cytokines were minimally affected. The synergistic effect of obesity and estrogens on the venous thrombotic risk in women could not be translated into the mouse context. Short-term ethinylestradiol administration in a mouse ICV thrombosis model counteracts the prothrombotic phenotype associated with nutritionally induced obesity, despite a comparable activated plasma coagulation profile in estrogen-treated and untreated obese mice.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: The cellular composition of atherosclerotic lesions is determined by many factors including cell infiltration, proliferation and cell death. Tumor suppressor gene p53 has been shown to regulate both cell proliferation and cell death in many cell types. In the present study, we investigated the role of macrophage p53 in the pathogenesis of early and advanced atherosclerosis. Using the Cre-loxP system we found that absence of macrophage p53 (p53(del)) strongly reduces apoptosis of macrophages both in early and advanced atherosclerotic lesions (-59% and -37%, respectively). Consequently, in advanced atherosclerosis, reduced apoptosis upon absence of macrophage p53, coincided with increased acellular necrotic core formation (+96%), increased macrophage content (+24%), and reduced cholesterol cleft accumulation (-41%). Proliferation was not affected by the absence of macrophage p53 in both early and advanced atherosclerosis. However, these significant changes in lesional cell death did not affect total lesion area in both early and advanced atherosclerosis, neither in the aortic root nor in the aortic arch and thoracic aorta in ApoE-deficient mice. Our data demonstrate that macrophage p53 is an important regulator of macrophage apoptosis, thereby preventing necrotic death of lesional macrophages. The regulation of this cell death balance directly affects lesion composition.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Atherosclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: Pregnancy, oral contraceptive (OC)use and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) are established risk factors for venous thrombosis. Acquired resistance to activated protein C (APC) has been proposed to contribute to the increased thrombosis risk. Mouse models are often used for preclinical testing of newly developed hormone preparations. However, it is not known whether hormone-induced APC resistance is also observed in laboratory animals. To investigate whether hormonal changes modulate APC resistance in mice, we used pregnant mice as a model of hormone-induced APC resistance. The effect of pregnancy on APC resistance was studied in wild-type and factor (F)V Leiden mice. APC resistance was determined in mouse plasma using a thrombin generation-based APC resistance test. APC resistance determinants,i.e. prothrombin, FV, FX, antithrombin and protein S levels,and of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) activity were evaluated in plasma from non-pregnant and pregnant mice. In contrast to humans, pregnancy induced a decrease in APC resistance in wild-type and in FV Leiden mice.Pregnant mice had higher levels of prothrombin, FV, FX,protein S and TFPI activity as compared with non-pregnant mice. Pregnancy causes a decrease in APC resistance in mice, which can be explained by the elevation of protein S levels and increased TFPI activity in plasma. Our findings show species specificity in the effects of pregnancy on the major determinants of the protein C system and suggest that protein S and TFPI play an important role in the development of pregnancy-induced APC resistance in humans.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2008 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: LPL activity plays an important role in preceding the VLDL remnant clearance via the three major apolipoprotein E (apoE)-recognizing receptors: the LDL receptor (LDLr), LDL receptor-related protein (LRP), and VLDL receptor (VLDLr). The aim of this study was to determine whether LPL activity is also important for VLDL remnant clearance irrespective of these receptors and to determine the mechanisms involved in the hepatic remnant uptake. Administration of an adenovirus expressing LPL (AdLPL) into lrp(-)ldlr(-/-)vldlr(-/-) mice reduced both VLDL-triglyceride (TG) and VLDL-total cholesterol (TC) levels. Conversely, inhibition of LPL by AdAPOC1 increased plasma VLDL-TG and VLDL-TC levels. Metabolic studies with radiolabeled VLDL-like emulsion particles showed that the clearance and hepatic association of their remnants positively correlated with LPL activity. This hepatic association was independent of the bridging function of LPL and HL, since heparin did not reduce the liver association. In vitro studies demonstrated that VLDL-like emulsion particles avidly bound to the cell surface of primary hepatocytes from lrp(-)ldlr(-/-)vldlr(-/-) mice, followed by slow internalization, and involved heparin-releaseable cell surface proteins as well as scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI). Collectively, we conclude that hepatic VLDL remnant uptake in the absence of the three classical apoE-recognizing receptors is regulated by LPL activity and involves heparan sulfate proteoglycans and SR-BI.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · The Journal of Lipid Research
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    ABSTRACT: Blood coagulation and platelet activation are mutually dependent processes, but contribute differently to venous and arterial thrombosis. We investigated the interplay of these processes in vivo in a mouse model of arteriolar and venular thrombus formation. Thrombus formation was studied by intravital (fluorescence) microscopy after topical application of FeCl3 on mouse mesenteric microvessels. Both in arterioles and venules, the thrombus-forming process relied on tissue factor-factor VII(a) interaction, collagen exposure, and glycoprotein VI-mediated platelet activation. Arterial thrombus formation was impaired by mild thrombin inhibition or platelet inhibition, while venous thrombosis was only suppressed by strong thrombin inhibition or by mild thrombin inhibition together with platelet inhibition. Phosphatidylserine-exposing platelets were present in thrombi of both vessel types, as detected with fluorescently labeled annexin A5. Injection of annexin A5 to shield exposed phosphatidylserine abolished thrombus formation in arterioles and venules, while mutant M1234-annexin A5 was ineffective. Arterial and venous thrombus formations were only slightly affected in mice carrying the factor V Leiden mutation, suggesting insensitivity to factor Va inactivation. In this microvascular model, the formation of both arterial and venous thrombi relies on collagen-induced platelet activation and tissue factor-induced thrombin generation. Activated, phosphatidylserine-exposing platelets play a key role in thrombus growth in arterioles and venules.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Microcirculation
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    ABSTRACT: An FeCl(3) induced femoral arterial thrombosis model was applied to lean (47+/-1.4 g) and obese (64+/-1.7 g) mice (Swiss genetic background) in order to study the relation between obesity and thrombotic risk. As compared to lean mice, obese mice showed a significantly shorter occlusion time (9.9+/-1.0 min versus 13+/-0.5 min; p=0.04) and lower total blood flow (37+/-7.3% versus 69+/-6.7%; p=0.008). A significant negative correlation was observed between body weight and both occlusion time (r=-0.57; p=0.014) and blood flow (r=-0.57; p=0.028). Analysis of the coagulation profile revealed significantly higher levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), thrombin-antithrombin complex, Factor V activity and combined Factors II/VII/X activity, and moderately elevated Factor VIII activity in obese mice. The degree of arterial damage and the thrombus extension were, however, not significantly different. A significant positive correlation was observed between body weight and either PAI-1 (r=0.63; p=0.003), Factors II/VII/X levels (r=0.80; p<0.0001) or Factor V levels (r=0.65; p=0.003). Thus, this injury induced femoral artery thrombosis model in mice establishes experimentally a correlation between obesity and prothrombotic tendency.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Thrombosis Research
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    ABSTRACT: Since activation of the haemostatic system is an important feature of the wound healing response triggered by arterial injury, variations in genes involved in thrombus formation may play a role in restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Therefore, our aim was to examine the relationship between polymorphisms that are known to play a role in the haemostatic system and the risk of clinical restenosis in the GENetic DEterminants of Restenosis (GENDER) study, a multicenter prospective study design that enrolled 3,104 consecutive patients after successful PCI. Target vessel revascularization (TVR) was the primary endpoint. All patients were genotyped for six polymorphisms in the Factor II, Factor V, Factor VII and PAI-1 genes. The PAI-1 4G variant was associated with an increased risk of TVR. When compared to 5G/5G homozygotes, heterozygous patients were at higher risk for TVR (HR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.05-2.03), whereas patients with the 4G/4G genotype had an even further increased risk (HR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.19-2.41). In contrast, the factor V 506Gln (factor V Leiden) amino acid substitution was associated with a decreased risk of TVR (HR: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.19-0.86). Our findings indicate that polymorphisms in the factorV and PAI-1 genes may play a role in the process of restenosis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Thrombosis and Haemostasis

Publication Stats

2k Citations
457.46 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997-2015
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2000-2013
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • • Department of Thrombosis and Hemostasis
      • • Department of Cardiology
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2007
    • Curium-LUMC
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2006
    • University of Freiburg
      Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2005
    • University of Groningen
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 2004
    • University of Tours
      • UMR CNRS 7261 Research Institute of Insect Biology (IRBI)
      Tours, Centre, France