[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The expression of two membrane antigens identified by the monoclonal antibodies (McAb) My9 and 3C5 has been investigated in cells from 80 acute leukemias. My9 was positive in the blasts of 33 out of the 38 (87 per cent) cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) tested, regardless of FAB subtype, and in 13 of 18 (72 per cent) cases of chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL) in myeloid blast crisis. The reactivity of 3C5 was confined to myeloblastic (M1) AML, 85 per cent of cases, and to lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of B-lineage, 70 per cent of cases, including CGL in lymphoid transformation. My9 was negative in ALL except for an unusual case. The phenotype My9+, 3C5+ was seen exclusively in M1 (69 per cent) and M2 (14 per cent) AML. Ultrastructural analysis with the immunogold method in combination with the myeloperoxidase (MPO) reaction showed that expression of My9 increased in parallel with MPO activity whereas 3C5 was expressed mainly in myeloblasts with little MPO content. We conclude that the use of these two McAb will contribute to the diagnosis and classification of AML and may throw some light to the pathogenesis of biphenotypic acute leukemias, including TdT + AML.
No preview · Article · Jul 1985 · Hematological Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A panel of 19 monoclonal antibodies (McAb) and the enzyme terminal transferase (TdT) have been applied to the characterization of poorly differentiated blasts from 50 patients with chronic granulocytic leukaemia (CGL) and myelofibrosis in blast crisis (BC), acute myelofibrosis and undifferentiated leukaemia. These cells were also extensively studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) (see Polli et al, 1985a). McAb against platelet glycoproteins (GP) showed a high specificity for megakaryoblasts, in particular those reactive with the GPIIb/IIIa complex (J15) and GPIIIa (C15 and C17), which were positive in a higher proportion of blasts than the McAb to GPIb (AN51 and FMC25). Findings with these anti-platelet McAb paralleled those of the platelet-peroxidase (PPO) reaction in 76% of cases studied simultaneously. The PPO reaction was always positive in cases in which two or more of the McAb were reactive with the blast cells. The differences observed suggest, nevertheless, that PPO is more sensitive for megakaryoblasts than the McAb and that this TEM technique should be reserved for cases which are negative with the platelet specific McAb. Of the McAb against myeloid antigens used in this series OKM1 was positive in 50% of cases but the others failed to demonstrate early features of differentiation in myeloblasts and monoblasts. In only three cases were erythroid precursors demonstrated by TEM and these were the only ones reactive with a McAb to glycophorin-A (LICR LON/R10). TdT and the McAb J5 helped in the identification of lymphoblasts which were seen as a 'pure' proliferation in 23% of CGL-BC and as part of blast cell mixtures in another 17% of cases. The McAb reactive to haemopoietic precursor cells (RFB1, FMC8 and OKIa), on the other hand, were of no practical value for the classification of blast cell types. The lineage specificity of several of the McAb used in this study, confirmed by TEM, suggest that these reagents are valuable tools for the characterization of immature blast cells.
No preview · Article · Mar 1985 · British Journal of Haematology