Araceli Páez

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico City, Mexico

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Publications (31)70.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: There are some nail abnormalities described in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Objectives: The aim of this studywas to evaluate the association between nail dystrophy (ND) and disease activity, accrued organ damage, capillaroscopic abnormalities, autoantibodies, and some markers of endothelial cell activation in patients with SLE. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of SLE patients from a rheumatology clinic in a tertiary care hospital. Patientswere allocated in groups, according to the presence or absence of ND. Demographics, clinical data, disease activity, accrued damage, serology, nailfold capillaroscopy characteristics, serum levels of anti-endothelial cell antibodies and plasma levels of endothelin 1were compared between groups.Disease activitywas assessed by the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 index and accrued organ damage by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index. Results: Sixty-one patients were included; 50 patients (82%) were female. Thirty-two patients (52.5%) showed ND, and 29 did not. Besides a more frequent use of cyclophosphamide (46.9% vs 20.7%; P = 0.03) in the ND group clinical features were similar. A greater organ damage was found in patients with ND (median Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology index = 0.5, minimum = 0, maximum = 6) than in patients without ND (0, 0, 3, respectively; P = 0.04); specifically, only the skin domain was associated with ND (P = 0.04). Onycholysis (40.6%) and longitudinal ridging (25%) were the most frequent nail changes. Nailfold capillaroscopy changes were more frequent in ND patients (40.6%) than in control subjects (13.8%) (P = 0.02). Themost frequent nailfold capillaroscopy findings in the ND group were enlarged capillaries (40.6%) and microhemorrhages (12.5%). There was no association between ND and the autoantibody profile, plasma endothelin 1, or serum anti-endothelial cell antibodies. Conclusions: Nail dystrophy was associated with higher accrued organ damage and the presence of capillaroscopic abnormalities. This suggests that ND might be related to chronic microvascular damage.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · JCR Journal of Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: OParticulate matter air pollution has considerably increased during the last decades; vanadium is a transition element adhered to this particulate matter, and the combustion of fossil fuels is the main source in the atmosphere. It has been reported that air pollution and specifically vanadium exposure increases the probability of suffering arrhythmias; however the biological mechanism of such a relationship remains unknown. It has been established that a diminished presence of N-Cadherin alters the Connexin-43 arrangement, and the consequent altered presence of these proteins predisposes to ventricular heart rate problems. We analyzed myocardial histology and the expression of N-Cadherin and Connexin-43 by immunohistochemistry in mouse that inhaled vanadium. Our results showed a significant and progressive reduction in both N-Cadherin and Connexin-43, as well as the presence of meganucleus; myofibrils disruption, and clumping in the exposed groups were also observed. Our findings add more information about a possible explanation for the arrythmogenic effect observed in dwellers of cities with high particulate matter atmospheric pollution.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Histology and histopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection usually results in long-term viremia. Entry of HCV into the hepatocyte requires claudin-1, -6, -9 and occludin. The efficacy of Pegylated interferon-α (PEG-IFN) treatment against HCV infection increased when ribavirin (RBV) was added to the therapeutic scheme. Our aim was to investigate if PEG-IFN plus RBV regulate claudin expression. Material and methods: HepG2, Huh-7 and Huh-7.5 cells were treated with PEG-IFN-α2a or α2b and/or RBV at different times before obtaining the cytosolic, membrane and cytoskeletal fractions. Claudin-1, 3, 4, 6, and 9, E-cadherin and occludin expression was evaluated by Western blot analysis. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) was also determined. Results: Claudin-1, 3, 4, 6, E-cadherin and occludin are constitutively expressed mainly in HepG2 cell membrane. Claudin-1 and E-cadherin cell membrane expression diminished after exposure to PEGIFNα2b (50 ng) + RBV(50 μg); the maximal decrease was observed with 200 ng of PEG-IFNα2b + 200 μg of RBV. The effect was less intense with PEG-IFNα2a. The inhibition of claudin-1 and E-cadherin expression in Huh-7 and Huh-7.5 cells was only observed with 200 ng of PEG-IFNα2b + 200 μg of RBV. TER diminished marginally in the HCV containing hepatoma cells with 200 ng of PEG-IFNα2b + 200 μg of RBV. Claudin-1 mRNA expression level was not affected by the combined treatment. Conclusion: The increased therapeutic efficacy of the PEG-IFNα2b plus RBV treatment could be secondary to the inhibition of claudin-1 and E-cadherin cell membrane expression.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: A family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the probability to develop DM and endothelial dysfunction. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) isolated from healthy newborns with familiar background of diverse diseases show early alterations such as less resistance to shear stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the apoptosis by flow cytometry in HUVECs obtained from healthy newborns with (experimental) and without (control) a strong family history of DM, exposed to different glucose concentrations.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Clinical Research and Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Statins, competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, have anti-tumoral effects on multiple cancer types; however, little is known about their effect on cervical cancer. We evaluated the effect on proliferation, cell cycle, oxidative stress and cell death of three statins on CaSki, HeLa (HPV(+)) and ViBo (HPV(-)) cervical cancer cell lines. Cell proliferation was assayed by crystal violet staining, cell cycle by flow cytometry and cell death by annexin-V staining. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was evaluated by the oxidation of 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate and nitrite concentration (an indirect measure of nitric oxide (NO) production), by the Griess reaction. Inhibition of cell proliferation by atorvastatin, fluvastatin and simvastatin was dose-dependent. ViBo cells were the most responsive. Statins did not affect the cell cycle, instead they induced cell death. The antiproliferative effect in ViBo cells was completely inhibited with mevalonate, farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) treatments. In contrast, cell proliferation of CaSki and HeLa cells was partially (33%) rescued with these intermediates. The three statins increased ROS and nitrite production, mainly in the ViBo cell line. These results suggest that statins exert anti-tumoral effects on cervical cancer through inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of cell death and oxidative stress. Statins could be an aid in the treatment of cervical cancer, especially in HPV(-) tumors.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009
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    ABSTRACT: Statins have antiproliferative and anti-tumoral effects in MCF-7 cells. We determined the effect of statins upon MCF-7 cell cycle, toxicity, cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and mitochondrial membrane potential. Fluvastatin, simvastatin and atorvastatin inhibited cell proliferation. Antiproliferation was associated with a decrease in the DNA synthesis and a cell cycle arrest in the G1 and G2/M phases. A loss in the mitochondrial membrane potential was observed with fluvastatin. Statins induced increase in ROS production that was associated with cell death, which was abrogated by the antioxidant NAC. Our results suggest that the cytotoxic effect observed is mediated by an oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Cancer Investigation
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    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. As such, recruitment of immune cells is a significant event. Tightly controlled signaling molecules regulate leukocyte adhesion and migration to the tissues. The aim of this study was to determine if human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) derived from healthy newborns with a strong family history of myocardial infarction (FHMI) showed variations in the presence of molecules related with leukocyte traffic and migration, in comparison to control healthy newborns. For this purpose, we evaluated the labeling of sialic acid containing glycoproteins, tight junction claudins and the cytoskeleton, using lectin- and immunocytochemistry in HUVECs from individuals with and without a strong FHMI. Our results show important differences in the labeling of alpha-2,3 or alpha-2,6 sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates, a disarrangement of actin filaments secondary to the absence of cytoplasmic claudin-5 immunopositivity and an increase in the binding of FHMI HUVECs to CD3+ Jurkat cells. It is possible that these differences relate to a predisposition for early appearance of atherosclerotic lesions.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Acta Histochemica
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) predominantly affects women, especially those in reproductive age. Genetic contributions to disease susceptibility as well as immune dysregulation, particularly persistent inflammatory responses, are considered essential features. Our aim was to determine whether human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) isolated from healthy newborns to women with inactive SLE show inflammation-related abnormalities that might lead to an early development of SLE in the offsprings. HUVEC isolated from six women with inactive SLE were stimulated with 2.5 ng/mL of TNF-alpha and/or physiological and pharmacological doses of 17-I(2) estradiol (E2). Then the expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin, toll-like receptor-9 (TLR-9), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and HSP90 were measured. The concentrations of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were also determined in maternal serum and in TNF-alpha stimulated and non-stimulated HUVEC culture supernatant. HUVEC from children with no family history of autoimmune disease served as controls. Our results showed that in HUVEC from SLE+ mothers, a constitutively low expression of adhesion molecules was enhanced by TNF-alpha treatment. The E2 (1 ng/mL) increased the expression of adhesion molecules but had no effect upon TNF-alpha-treated cells. IL-6 was constitutively higher in SLE+ HUVEC, whereas IL-8 was lower; E2 treatment diminished the latter. The E2 had no effect upon IL-6 and IL-8 secretions in TNF-alpha-treated cells. SLE+ HUVEC showed a disordered cytoskeleton and overexpressed HSP70, HSP90, and TLR-9. Our results indicate that endothelial cells of newborns to SLE+ mothers are in a proinflammatory condition which can be upregulated by estrogens.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Lupus
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    ABSTRACT: Recent findings indicate that atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory process, might start during childhood. Nevertheless, the expression of inflammation-related molecules of endothelial cell isolated from healthy neonates with a strong family history of myocardial infarction (SFHMI) has been rarely analyzed. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) from children with SFHMI were assessed for the expression of CD40 and CD40L, in the presence of TNF-alpha and oxLDL. The intracellular content of CD80, CXCL8 and tissue factor by HUVECs stimulated with a CD40 agonist monoclonal antibody as well as monocytes/lymphocyte adhesion to TNF-alpha-stimulated HUVECs was also evaluated. The basal expression of CD40 and CD40L was higher in SFHMI-positive HUVECs in comparison to controls. TNF-alpha and oxLDL upregulated the expression of CD40 and CD40L in SFHMI versus control HUVECs (p<0.001). The intracellular expression of CXCL8, tissue factor and CD80 was also higher than in controls, and the adhesion of lymphocyte- and monocyte-like cells augmented upon TNF-alpha stimulation. It is possible that the modifications observed in the SFHMI-positive HUVECs, all of them relevant to the atherosclerosis process, may lead to early inflammatory reactions, thus contributing to the premature initiation of atherosclerotic lesions in these children.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2007 · Immunology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: A family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the probability to develop DM and endothelial dysfunction. The probable mechanism involves augmented reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the synthesis of ROS in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) obtained from healthy newborns with (experimental) and without (control) a strong family history of type 2 DM, exposed to different glucose concentrations. HUVECs were exposed to various glucose concentrations for 24 and 48 h periods, before cell proliferation, mitochondrial activity, and mitochondrial membrane potential were determined. Intracellular ROS synthesis in the presence or absence of the mitochondrial uncoupler CCCP, cytochalasin B, or diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) was also evaluated. As opposed to control HUVECs, we found that experimental HUVECs exposed to 30 mmol/L glucose showed a 50% decrease in cell proliferation, a 90% reduction in mitochondrial activity, and a statistically significant inhibition of ROS synthesis in the presence of CCCP or cytochalasin B; DPI had no effect. Our results suggest that mitochondria and NAD(P)H-oxidase from HUVECs obtained from healthy newborns with a family history of DM have an innate deficient response to high glucose concentrations.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Autologous transplant of bone marrow stem cells (BMSC), although extremely useful after acute myocardial events, has not been evaluated in patients with old (>one-year-old) myocardial infarction. Our aim was to determine if CD34(+)-enriched peripheral-blood cells, obtained by apheresis, injected directly into the severely damaged myocardium of five patients with old myocardial infarction could restore depressed myocardial function. We found that 28 weeks after revascularization and peri-infarction injection of the enriched CD34(+) peripheral mononuclear cells, ventricular hemodynamic parameters that included left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular diastolic volume, ventricular systolic volume and left ventricular diastolic diameter approximated normal values and there was no restenosis; two patients have been followed for >52 weeks and their parameters are within normal values. In conclusion, intramyocardial injection of easily obtained CD34(+) enriched peripheral blood cells represent an encouraging procedure for patients with severely scarred and dysfunctional myocardium.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2005 · Life Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is a complex disease involved in major fatal events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. It is the result of interactions between metabolic, dietetic and environmental risk factors acting on a genetic background that could result in endothelial susceptibility. Our aim was to determine the patterns of expression of adhesion molecules and whether phosphatidylserine is translocated to the cell surface of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) isolated from healthy newborns born to parents with a strong family history of myocardial infarction under TNF-alpha or oxLDL stimulated conditions. Compared to control HUVECs, experimental cords showed: (a) a four-fold increase in VCAM-1 expression under basal conditions, which showed no change after stimulation with the pro-atherogenic factors; (b) a two-fold increase in basal P-selectin expression that reached a 10-fold increase with any of the pro-atherogenic factors; (c) a basal ICAM-1 expression similar to P-selectin that was not modified by the pro-atherogenic molecules; (d) a similar PECAM-1 expression. Unexpectedly, phospathidylserine expression in experimental cord HUVECs was significantly increased (211 817 versus 3354 TFU) but was not associated to apoptotic death as the percentage of dead cells induced by TNF-alpha treatment was very low (0.55 versus 9.87% in control HUVECs). The latter result was corroborated by TUNEL staining. T cell adherence to HUVECs was highly up-regulated in the genetically predisposed samples. The analysis of nonpooled HUVECs, from newborns to family predisposed myocardial-infarction individuals, might represent a useful strategy to identify phenotypical and functional alterations, and hopefully, to take early preventive actions.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2005 · Clinical & Experimental Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of congestive heart failure and death in industrializated countries. The cellular cardiomyoplasty has emerged as an alternative treatment in the regeneration of infarted myocardial tissue. In animals' models, differents cellular lines such as cardiomyocites, sheletal myoblast, embryonic stem cells and adult mesenchymal stem cells has been used, resulting in an improvement in ventricular function and decrease in amount of infarted tissue. The first three cells line have disvantages as they are allogenics and are difficult to obtain. The adult mesenchymal stem cells are autologous and can be obtained throught the aspiration of bone marrow or from peripherical circulation, prior to stimulating with cytokines (G–CSF). The implantation in humans with recent and old myocardial infarction have shown improvements similar to those shown in animal models. These findings encourage the continued investigation in the mechanism of cellular differentiation and implantation metods in infarted myocardial tissue.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Revista de investigacion clinica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutricion
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of congestive heart failure and death in industrializated countries. The cellular cardiomyoplasty has emerged as an alternative treatment in the regeneration of infarted myocardial tissue. In animals' models, different cellular lines such as cardiomyocites, skeletal myoblasts, embryonic stem cells and adult mesenchymal stem cells have been used, resulting in an improvement in ventricular function and decrease in amount of infarcted tissue. The first three cells lines have disvantages as they are allogenics and are difficult to obtain. The adult mesenchymal stem cells are autologous and can be obtained throught the aspiration of bone marrow or from peripherical circulation, after stimulating with cytokines (G-CSF). The implantation in humans with recent and old myocardial infarction have shown improvements similar to those shown in animal models. These findings encourage the continued investigation in the mechanism of cellular differentiation and implantation methods in infarcted myocardial tissue.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Revista de investigacion clinica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutricion
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    ABSTRACT: Two antigens, 19-kDa each, were purified from Mycobacterium bovis culture filtrate protein extract by chromatofocusing. Antigen I had a 4.5 pI, and its amino terminal (DPVDAVINTTCNYGQVVAALNATDP) showed a 100% homology with the hypothetical protein Rv1174c. Antigen II had a pI of 6.0 pI and its amino terminal (GDLVGPGCAEYAAANPTGPASVQGM) showed a 100% homology with M. bovis MPB70/80. Antigen I is a hetero-dimer formed by a glycosylated, 10.5-kDa, monomer and a non-glycosylated 8-kDa monomer with identical amino terminal sequences. Both antigens were recognized by the sera of PPD+ animals, but antigen I did not crossreact with sera of human PPD+ individuals. Antigen I was a weak inducer of lymphocyte proliferation and IFN-gamma production. Our results show that M. bovis expresses a 19 kDa glycoprotein, homologue to the product of M. tuberculosis gen Rv1174c, which may prove useful for bovine TB diagnostic assays.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2002 · Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation, and especially mononuclear cell adhesion to endothelium, is an important physiopathological component of atherosclerosis. Since coronary heart disease in women of reproductive age and/or with estrogen replacement therapy is reduced, our aim was to determine if 17beta-estradiol had a regulatory effect on the adhesion of lymphocytes to the endothelium. We performed U-937 cells adhesion assays in TNF-alpha-stimulated HUVECs, and we also quantitated IL-8 and MCP-1 in culture supernatants, in the presence or not of 17beta-estradiol. The presence of alpha- and beta-estrogen receptors was determined by Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively, whereas the transcription of both chemokines was evaluated by RT-PCR. The results showed a 35% decrease in the adhesion of U-937 monocyte cells to TNF-alpha-stimulated HUVECs, and a 54% and 65% inhibition of TNF-alpha-induced IL-8 and MCP-1 secretion by physiological and physiologically high doses of 17beta-estradiol. The hormone did not affect the transcription of both chemokine genes. Tamoxifen reverted the inhibitory effect induced by 17beta-estradiol. In conclusion, 17beta-estradiol modifies the adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells by inhibiting the secretion, but not the gene transcription, of proinflammatory chemokines.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2002 · Life Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to determine whether there is a pre-established basal condition of the endothelial cells isolated from aortic abdominal aneurysm that might augment immune effector mechanisms and thus provide us an insight into the possible causes of aneurysm rupture. Endothelial cells isolated from saccular aortic aneurysm fragments were analyzed by cytofluorometry for the expression of different immune response-related molecules. Our results showed that there is a subpopulation of granule-rich, CD105 positive and von Willebrand antigen negative endothelial cells that have an enhanced basal expression of ICAM-1, and Fas antigen, but, interestingly, no apoptotic bodies were detected. Control endothelial cells derived from healthy areas of the same abdominal aortas did not show such enhanced expression. We conclude that in the endothelium that lines abdominal aorta aneurysms there is, at least, one endothelial cell subpopulation with an apparent inhibition of programmed cell death and in a proinflammatory activation status.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2002 · Archivos de cardiología de México
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    ABSTRACT: The need for increased antibody production by hybridomas has been approached by the addition to cell cultures of different growth factors; in vitro addition of estradiol-17beta (E2) to human blood lymphocytes increases the accumulation of plasma-blasts and Ig-secreting cells. Four different murine-murine hybridomas secreting different monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were treated with E2. Specific antibody concentration was measured by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA) in culture supernatants whereas expression of E2-receptor in the hybridoma cells was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). When E2 was added as a growth supplement to alpha-estrogen receptor positive murine-murine hybridomas it enhanced MAb secretion by as much as 255%, in a dose-dependant manner. This effect lasted for as long as the alpha-estrogen receptor was detected in the hybridoma cells, was inhibited by tamoxifen and was not observed in alpha-estrogen receptor negative hybridomas. The synthetic estrogen analogue diethylstilbestrol had no effect. Estradiol-17beta should be added to the list of hybridoma-inducing growth factors.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1999 · Hybridoma
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    ABSTRACT: The mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetration into tissues is poorly understood but it is reasonable to assume that there is a contribution from proteases capable of disrupting the extracellular matrix of the pulmonary epithelium and the blood vessels. A study was undertaken to identify and characterise collagen degrading activity of M tuberculosis. Culture filtrate protein extract (CFPE) was obtained from reference mycobacterial strains and mycobacteria isolated from patients with tuberculosis. The collagen degrading activity of CFPE was determined according to the method of Johnson-Wint using 3H-type I collagen. The enzyme was identified by the Birkedal-Hansen and Taylor method and its molecular mass determined by SDS-PAGE and Sephacryl S-300 gel filtration chromatography using an electroelution purified enzyme. CFPE from Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv showed collagenolytic activity that was four times higher than that of the avirulent strain H37Ra. The 75 kDa enzyme responsible was divalent cation dependent. Other mycobacterial species and those isolated from patients with tuberculosis also had collagen degrading activity. Mycobacterium species possess a metalloprotease with collagen degrading activity. The highest enzymatic activity was found in the virulent reference strain H37Rv.
    Preview · Article · Jun 1999 · Thorax

Publication Stats

240 Citations
70.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
      • Department of Biology of Cells and Tissues
      Ciudad de México, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1994-2010
    • Instituto Nacional de Cardiología
      • Department of Biochemistry
      Ciudad de México, The Federal District, Mexico
  • 2005
    • Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía
      • Clinical Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases
      Tlalpam, The Federal District, Mexico
  • 1995
    • Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias
      Ciudad de México, Mexico City, Mexico