Annaclaudia Esposito

Second University of Naples, Caserta, Campania, Italy

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Publications (3)11.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In the last decade, cellulose-based hydrogels have been receiving increasing attention for a number of applications because of their smart swelling behavior, biodegradability, and biocompatibility. Given the dramatic spreading of obesity and overweight in the industrialized countries and the lack of scientific consensus over currently available dietary supplements, it was recently proposed that such hydrogels might be used as orally administered bulking agents in hypocaloric diets, because the hydrogel swelling in the stomach may greatly reduce the space available for food intake, thus giving a sense of fullness. This study is focused on the synthesis of cellulose-based hydrogels, starting from pharmaceutical and food grade cellulose derivatives, and shows that such hydrogels possess good swelling properties in water solutions mimicking the environmental conditions of the stomach and the intestine, as well as a good biocompatibility. The crosslinking agent used was a “zero-length” crosslinker, that is, a water soluble carbodiimide, which is washed out from the gel after the synthesis and does not affect the gel compatibility, as shown by preliminary biocompatibility assays. The experimental results confirmed that cellulose-based hydrogels might be a scientifically valid dietary adjuvant in the treatment of obesity and overweight, and provide further scientific evidence for future experiments on humans. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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    ABSTRACT: John Allen, a British physician of the eighteenth century, deserves being remembered for a series of inventions, but most importantly -- from a 'medical' point of view -- for his highly praised manuscript, the 'Universae Medicinae Practicae,sive Doctissimorum Virorum de Morbis Eorumque Causis ac Remediis Judicia', which long served as a text-book for medical students of the time, and also as a reference book for practitioners throughout European countries, for several decades after its original first publication. It contains the opinions ('Sententiae') of the most celebrated authors of all ages, from Hippocrates, Galen and Avicenna up to Allen's contemporaries, concerning a wide number of diseases, their causes, signs, symptoms, and therapeutical remedies where available. The present paper deals mostly with parts of the Synopsis concerning renal diseases and related clinical signs.
    No preview · Article · May 2006 · Journal of nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: The elimination of water from the body represents a fundamental therapeutic goal in those diseases in which oedemas occur. Aim of this work is the design of a material able to absorb large amount of water to be used, by oral administration, in those cases in which resistance to diuretics appears. Sorption and mechanical properties of the cellulose based superabsorbent hydrogel acting as a water elimination system have been modulated through the insertion of molecular spacers between the crosslinks. Starting polymers are the sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose (CMCNa), a polyelectrolyte cellulose derivative, and the hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC), a non-polyelectrolyte derivative. Polyethyleneglycol (PEG) with various molecular weights, has been linked by its free ends at two divinylsulfone (DVS) crosslinker molecules, in order to increase the average distance between two crosslinking sites and thus acting as spacer. Both the effect of concentration and molecular weight of the spacer resulted to significantly affect the hydrogel final sorption properties and thus the efficiency of the body water elimination system. Biocompatibility studies have been performed to test the hydrogel compatibility with respect to intestinal and macrophages cell lines. To investigate the effects of intestinal cells conditioned media after the contact with the gel on macrophages nitric oxide release tests have been carried out.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Biomaterials