Anca C Ansink

Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands

Are you Anca C Ansink?

Claim your profile

Publications (72)289.53 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively investigate the outcome and toxicity of concurrent chemo-radiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced vulvar cancer (LAVC). Between 1996 and 2007, 28 consecutive patients with LAVC were treated with chemoradiation (20 primary tumors and 8 loco-regional recurrences). Treatment consists of 2 separate courses of external-beam radiotherapy (40 Gy-2 weeks split-20 Gy). During each course of radiotherapy, 5-fluorouracil (1000 mg/m/d), was given as a continuous intravenous infusion over the first 4 days, and mitomycin-C (10 mg/m on day 1), as a bolus intravenous injection. Outcome measures were rates of complete and partial response, loco-regional control, progression-free survival, overall survival, and toxicity. The median follow-up was 42 months and the median age of patients was 68 years. Twenty patients (72%) achieved complete remission, 4 patients (14%) partial remission, for an overall response rate of 86%. Four patients (14%) had progressive disease directly after chemo-radiotherapy. The actuarial rates of loco-regional control, progression-free survival and overall survival at 4 years were 75%, 71%, and 65%, respectively. There was no treatment break for acute toxicity. Vulvar desquamation was the main acute treatment-related side effect (93%). Three patients developed transient grade 2 neutropenia or thrombocytopenia. Mild skin fibrosis and atrophy (n = 6, 21%), radiation ulcer (n = 4, 14%, in one patient treatment was needed), telangectasia (n = 3, 11%), and lymphoedema (n = 2, 7%) were the most common late toxicity of chemoradiation. These data support the use of concurrent chemoradiotherapy as an effective alternative to primary ultra-radical surgery to treat LAVC with an acceptable toxicity profile.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · American journal of clinical oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the psychological consequences of hCG measurements during follow-up in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic disease. The length of follow-up of patients with molar pregnancy and spontaneous normalization of the hCG level is currently discussed, in consideration of the low incidence of recurrent disease. Patients registered in the Dutch Central Registry of Hydatidiform Mole between January 2006 and December 2007 were eligible for this study. Patients received a questionnaire containing questions about follow-up and anxiety and stress during this period. Seventy-six patients were eligible for the study. An inverted correlation (r = -0.35, p = 0.003) was found between the age of patients and the level of anxiety. Anxious patients scored higher for fear of recurrence (r = 0.49, p < 0.0001), of infertility (r = 0.40, p = 0.001) and of conceiving again (r = 0.30, p = 0.01). They experienced the measurements as a burden (r = 0.35, p = 0.003). Fewer patients (24%) were insecure before the monthly hCG measurement, compared to 51% during weekly measurements. The majority of women (80%) completed the follow-up and confirmed that they would come for weekly and monthly hCG measurements if it were optional. Follow-up after low-risk GTD has psychologic consequences but provides reassurance as well. Therefore, women tend to accept the offered surveillance and refrain from pregnancy. Women with GTD should be counseled about the minor risk of recurrence and the consequences of follow-up.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Currently, all patients with vulvar cancer with a positive sentinel node undergo inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy, irrespective of the size of sentinel-node metastases. Our study aimed to assess the association between size of sentinel-node metastasis and risk of metastases in non-sentinel nodes, and risk of disease-specific survival in early stage vulvar cancer. In the GROningen INternational Study on Sentinel nodes in Vulvar cancer (GROINSS-V), sentinel-node detection was done in patients with T1-T2 (<4 cm) squamous-cell vulvar cancer, followed by inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy if metastatic disease was identified in the sentinel node, either by routine examination or pathological ultrastaging. For the present study, sentinel nodes were independently reviewed by two pathologists. Metastatic disease was identified in one or more sentinel nodes in 135 (33%) of 403 patients, and 115 (85%) of these patients had inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. The risk of non-sentinel-node metastases was higher when the sentinel node was found to be positive with routine pathology than with ultrastaging (23 of 85 groins vs three of 56 groins, p=0.001). For this study, 723 sentinel nodes in 260 patients (2.8 sentinel nodes per patient) were reviewed. The proportion of patients with non-sentinel-node metastases increased with size of sentinel-node metastasis: one of 24 patients with individual tumour cells had a non-sentinel-node metastasis; two of 19 with metastases 2 mm or smaller; two of 15 with metastases larger than 2 mm to 5 mm; and ten of 21 with metastases larger than 5 mm. Disease-specific survival for patients with sentinel-node metastases larger than 2 mm was lower than for those with sentinel-node metastases 2 mm or smaller (69.5%vs 94.4%, p=0.001). Our data show that the risk of non-sentinel-node metastases increases with size of sentinel-node metastasis. No size cutoff seems to exist below which chances of non-sentinel-node metastases are close to zero. Therefore, all patients with sentinel-node metastases should have additional groin treatment. The prognosis for patients with sentinel-node metastasis larger than 2 mm is poor, and novel treatment regimens should be explored for these patients.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · The Lancet Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: After surgery for intermediate-risk endometrial carcinoma, the vagina is the most frequent site of recurrence. This study established whether vaginal brachytherapy (VBT) is as effective as pelvic external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in prevention of vaginal recurrence, with fewer adverse effects and improved quality of life. In this open-label, non-inferiority, randomised trial undertaken in 19 Dutch radiation oncology centres, 427 patients with stage I or IIA endometrial carcinoma with features of high-intermediate risk were randomly assigned by a computer-generated, biased coin minimisation procedure to pelvic EBRT (46 Gy in 23 fractions; n=214) or VBT (21 Gy high-dose rate in three fractions, or 30 Gy low-dose rate; n=213). All investigators were masked to the assignment of treatment group. The primary endpoint was vaginal recurrence. The predefined non-inferiority margin was an absolute difference of 6% in vaginal recurrence. Analysis was by intention to treat, with competing risk methods. The study is registered, number ISRCTN16228756. At median follow-up of 45 months (range 18-78), three vaginal recurrences had been diagnosed after VBT and four after EBRT. Estimated 5-year rates of vaginal recurrence were 1.8% (95% CI 0.6-5.9) for VBT and 1.6% (0.5-4.9) for EBRT (hazard ratio [HR] 0.78, 95% CI 0.17-3.49; p=0.74). 5-year rates of locoregional relapse (vaginal or pelvic recurrence, or both) were 5.1% (2.8-9.6) for VBT and 2.1% (0.8-5.8) for EBRT (HR 2.08, 0.71-6.09; p=0.17). 1.5% (0.5-4.5) versus 0.5% (0.1-3.4) of patients presented with isolated pelvic recurrence (HR 3.10, 0.32-29.9; p=0.30), and rates of distant metastases were similar (8.3% [5.1-13.4] vs 5.7% [3.3-9.9]; HR 1.32, 0.63-2.74; p=0.46). We recorded no differences in overall (84.8% [95% CI 79.3-90.3] vs 79.6% [71.2-88.0]; HR 1.17, 0.69-1.98; p=0.57) or disease-free survival (82.7% [76.9-88.6] vs 78.1% [69.7-86.5]; HR 1.09, 0.66-1.78; p=0.74). Rates of acute grade 1-2 gastrointestinal toxicity were significantly lower in the VBT group than in the EBRT group at completion of radiotherapy (12.6% [27/215] vs 53.8% [112/208]). VBT is effective in ensuring vaginal control, with fewer gastrointestinal toxic effects than with EBRT. VBT should be the adjuvant treatment of choice for patients with endometrial carcinoma of high-intermediate risk. Dutch Cancer Society.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · The Lancet
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For early squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, the outcome is similar after either primary surgery or primary radiotherapy. There are reports that this is not the case for early adenocarcinoma (AC) of the uterine cervix: some studies have reported that the outcome is better after primary surgery. There are no systematic reviews about surgery versus chemoradiation in the treatment of cervical cancer. The objectives of this review were to compare the effectiveness and safety of primary surgery for early stage AC of the uterine cervix with primary radiotherapy or chemoradiation. We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) Issue 3, 2009, MEDLINE (1950 to July week 5, 2009), EMBASE (1980 to week 32, 2009) and we also searched the related articles feature of PubMed and the Web of Science. We also checked the reference lists of articles. Studies of treatment of patients with early AC of the uterine cervix were included. Treatment included surgery, surgery followed by radiotherapy, radiotherapy and chemoradiation. Forty-three studies were selected by the search strategy and thirty studies were excluded. Twelve studies were considered for inclusion. Except for one randomised controlled trial (RCT), all other studies were retrospective cohort studies with variable methodological quality and had limitations of a retrospective study. Comparing the results from these retrospective studies was not possible due to diverging treatment strategies. Analysis of a subgroup of one RCT showed that surgery for early cervical AC was better than RT. However, the majority of operated patients required adjuvant radiotherapy, which is associated with greater morbidity. Furthermore, the radiotherapy in this study was not optimal, and surgery was not compared to chemoradiation, which is currently recommended in most centres. Finally, modern imaging techniques, i.e. MR-imaging and PET-CT-scanning, allow better selection of patients and node negative patients can now be more easily identified for surgery, there by reducing the risk of 'double trouble' caused by surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy. We recommend surgery for early stage AC of the uterine cervix in carefully staged patients. Primary chemoradiation remains a second best alternative for patients unfit for surgery; chemoradiation is probably first choice in patients with (MRI or PET-CT-suspected) positive lymph nodes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to analyze the benefit from adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with vulvar cancer and a single positive node without extra capsular spread. The study population comprised data of 75 patients with vulvar cancer and one lymph node metastasis. The patients were treated in three different university centers in Amsterdam, Groningen and Rotterdam between 1984 and 2005. Out of 75 patients, 31 (41%) were treated with adjuvant radiotherapy. Both disease-free survival (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were comparable between the groups who did and who did not receive adjuvant radiotherapy (HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.45-2.14, p=0.97 and HR=1.02, 95% CI 0.42-2.47, p=0.96). We could not demonstrate any beneficial effect of adjuvant radiotherapy in the group of patients with one intra capsular metastasis.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Complete resection is the most important prognostic factor in surgery for pelvic tumors. In locally advanced and recurrent pelvic malignancies, radical margins are sometimes difficult to obtain because of close relation to or growth in adjacent organs/structures. Total pelvic exenteration (TPE) is an exenterative operation for these advanced tumors and involves en bloc resection of the rectum, bladder, and internal genital organs (prostate/seminal vesicles or uterus, ovaries and/or vagina). Between 1994 and 2008, a TPE was performed in 69 patients with pelvic cancer; 48 with rectal cancer (32 primary and 16 recurrent), 14 with cervical cancer (1 primary and 13 recurrent), 5 with sarcoma (3 primary and 2 recurrent), 1 with primary vaginal, and 1 with recurrent endometrial carcinoma. Ten patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 66 patients with preoperative radiotherapy to induce down-staging. Eighteen patients received IORT because of an incomplete or marginal complete resection. The median follow-up was 43 (range, 1-196) months. Median duration of surgery was 448 (range, 300-670) minutes, median blood loss was 6,300 (range, 750-21,000) ml, and hospitalization was 17 (range, 4-65) days. Overall major and minor complication rates were 34% and 57%, respectively. The in-hospital mortality rate was 1%. A complete resection was possible in 75% of all patients, a microscopically incomplete resection (R1) in 16%, and a macroscopically incomplete resection (R2) in 9%. Five-year local control for primary locally advanced rectal cancer, recurrent rectal cancer, and cervical cancer was 89%, 38%, and 64%, respectively. Overall survival after 5 years for primary locally advanced rectal cancer, recurrent rectal cancer, and cervical cancer was 66%, 8%, and 45%. Total pelvic exenteration is accompanied with considerable morbidity, but good local control and acceptable overall survival justifies the use of this extensive surgical technique in most patients, especially patients with primary locally advanced rectal cancer and recurrent cervical cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · World Journal of Surgery
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The SLN-procedure has been introduced in vulvar cancer treatment to reduce morbidity and thereby improve quality of life. Aim of this study was to compare quality of life in vulvar cancer patients who were treated with a SLN-procedure only to those who underwent inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. Moreover, it was evaluated what patients would advise relatives on the application of the SLN-procedure in light of possible false negative results. Patients who participated in the GROningen INternational Study on Sentinel nodes in Vulvar cancer (GROINSS-V) were invited to fill out three questionnaires: the EORTC QLQ-C30, a vulvar specific questionnaire and a questionnaire about the opinion of patients on new treatment options. Patients who only underwent SLN-procedure were compared to those who subsequently underwent inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy because of a positive SLN. With a response rate of 85%, 35 patients after the SLN-procedure and 27 patients after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy filled out the questionnaires. No difference in overall quality of life was observed between the two groups. The major difference was the increase in complaints of lymphedema of the legs after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. The majority of patients would advise the SLN-procedure to relatives. Patients after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy were more reserved concerning the acceptable false negative rate of a new diagnostic procedure. Patients who underwent the SLN-procedure report less treatment related morbidity compared to those who underwent inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. However, this did not influence overall quality of life. Furthermore, patients who underwent inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy are more reserved in advising the SLN-procedure to relatives.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2009 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prognosis in women with ovarian cancer mainly depends on International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and the ability to perform optimal cytoreductive surgery. Since ovarian cancer has a heterogeneous presentation and clinical course, predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in the individual patient is difficult. The objective of this study was to determine predictors of PFS and OS in women with advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) after primary cytoreductive surgery and first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Retrospective observational study. Two teaching hospitals and one university hospital in the south-western part of the Netherlands. Women with advanced stage EOC. All women who underwent primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced stage EOC followed by first-line platinum-based chemotherapy between January 1998 and October 2004 were identified. To investigate independent predictors of PFS and OS, a Cox' proportional hazard model was used. Nomograms were generated with the identified predictive parameters. The primary outcome measure was OS and the secondary outcome measures were response and PFS. A total of 118 women entered the study protocol. Median PFS and OS were 15 and 44 months, respectively. Preoperative platelet count (P = 0.007), and residual disease <1 cm (P = 0.004) predicted PFS with a optimism corrected c-statistic of 0.63. Predictive parameters for OS were preoperative haemoglobin serum concentration (P = 0.012), preoperative platelet counts (P = 0.031) and residual disease <1 cm (P = 0.028) with a optimism corrected c-statistic of 0.67. PFS could be predicted by postoperative residual disease and preoperative platelet counts, whereas residual disease, preoperative platelet counts and preoperative haemoglobin serum concentration were predictive for OS. The proposed nomograms need to be externally validated.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Anca C Ansink

    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • A C Ansink
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: When the mother of the authoress started her medical education in 1949, 15% ofthe students were female. When the authoress followed in her footsteps 27 years later, about 30% of the students were female. In 2008, marking the 75th anniversary of the Dutch Association of Medical Women, the figure has risen to 66%. When the authoress began studying medicine, her mother, then 45, decided to specialise in microbiology. Her father, a teaching neurologist, increased his contribution to housekeeping so that his wife could realise her career move. It is sad that nowadays examples like this are still needed. Even when women outnumber men in medicine, the sexes are not represented equally in higher positions. The life of young female physicians is complicated as they combine work and home and struggle to divide time and attention among both areas. There is no easy solution, but historic examples of female physicians are a source of inspiration.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedure is used in our institute in the setting of an observational multicenter study investigating the reliability of the sentinel node procedure in vulvar carcinoma (GROINSS-V: The Groningen International Study on Sentinel Nodes in Vulvar Cancer). One of our patients had a groin recurrence where the SLN had been reported as negative. After reviewing this SLN, it contained several anucleate, keratin-positive structures on immunohistochemistry, and in the same area on hematoxylin and eosin coloring, one single cell with a nucleus interpreted as a tumor cell. Our objective was to assess how frequently these anucleate structures occur and whether such nodes should be regarded as positive. The sentinel nodes from 32 patients with early-stage vulvar squamous cell carcinoma were reviewed. Seventy-seven SLN's were identified. In ten patients, the SLN was positive and a bilateral inguinofemoral lymph node dissection was subsequently performed. In two of these ten patients, both with a macrometastasis on SLN, further metastatic disease was present in the dissection specimen. Anucleate keratin-positive structures were seen on immunohistochemistry in 14 SLN's (18%), usually along with metastasis or single tumor cells, but in five nodes this was the only abnormality (mean follow-up period of 26.28 months). Anucleate keratin-positive structures are a common finding in immunohistochemical examination of SLN's. Our findings suggest that they are of no clinical significance and the SLN should be regarded as negative. When an atypical cell with a nucleus is present, the SLN should be classified as positive and further management should be accordingly.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
  • Source
    A.C. Ansink · R Tolhurst · R Haque · S Saha · S Datta · N.R. van den Broek
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the awareness of, and the attitude towards screening for, cervical cancer in Bangladesh. We performed a qualitative study using focus group discussions (FGD). The framework approach to qualitative analysis was used. The study was performed in the catchment areas of Addin Hospital, Jessore, Southern Bangladesh (peri-urban) and LAMB hospital, Parbatipur, North West Bangladesh (rural). A total of 220 men, women and adolescents participated in 28 FGDs. Awareness of cervical cancer was widespread. Knowledge about causes was often inadequate. The perceived consequences of cervical cancer were numerous and awareness of the need for cervical cancer treatment was present. Barriers to accessing care include: low priority for seeking help for symptoms, limited availability of health services and cost. Most women were unaware of the possibility of screening via speculum examination, which was considered acceptable to women (and men), as long as the examination was done by a female healthcare provider in an environment with sufficient privacy. In conclusion, adequate gynaecological services are not available or accessible for most women in rural and peri-urban Bangladesh. However, awareness of cervical cancer is widespread. Screening for cervical cancer in these communities is acceptable if done by a female healthcare provider under conditions with sufficient privacy.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The extent to which self-assessed work ability collected during treatment can predict return-to-work in cancer patients is unknown. In this prospective study, we consecutively included employed cancer patients who underwent treatment with curative intent at 6 months following the first day of sick leave. Work ability data (scores 0–10), clinical and sociodemographic data were collected at 6 months, while return-to-work was measured at 6, 12 and 18 months. Most of the 195 patients had been diagnosed with breast cancer (26%), cancer of the female genitals (22%) or genitourological cancer (22%). Mean current work ability scores improved significantly over time from 4.6 at 6 months to 6.3 and 6.7 at 12 and 18 months, respectively. Patients with haematological cancers and those who received chemotherapy showed the lowest work ability scores, while patients with cancer of urogenital tract or with gastrointestinal cancer had the highest scores. Work ability at 6 months strongly predicted return-to-work at 18 months, after correction for the influence of age and treatment (hazard ratio=1.37, CI 1.27–1.48). We conclude that self-assessed work ability is an important factor in the return-to-work process of cancer patients independent of age and clinical factors.Keywords: employment, work ability, return-to-work, longitudinal studies, prospective studies
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · British Journal of Cancer

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Radiotherapy and Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the safety and clinical utility of the sentinel node procedure in early-stage vulvar cancer patients. A multicenter observational study on sentinel node detection using radioactive tracer and blue dye was performed in patients with T1/2 (< 4 cm) squamous cell cancer of the vulva. When the sentinel node was found to be negative at pathologic ultrastaging, inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy was omitted, and the patient was observed with follow-up for 2 years at intervals of every 2 months. Stopping rules were defined for the occurrence of groin recurrences. From March 2000 until June 2006, a sentinel node procedure was performed in 623 groins of 403 assessable patients. In 259 patients with unifocal vulvar disease and a negative sentinel node (median follow-up time, 35 months), six groin recurrences were diagnosed (2.3%; 95% CI, 0.6% to 5%), and 3-year survival rate was 97% (95% CI, 91% to 99%). Short-term morbidity was decreased in patients after sentinel node dissection only when compared with patients with a positive sentinel node who underwent inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy (wound breakdown in groin: 11.7% v 34.0%, respectively; P < .0001; and cellulitis: 4.5% v 21.3%, respectively; P < .0001). Long-term morbidity also was less frequently observed after removal of only the sentinel node compared with sentinel node removal and inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy (recurrent erysipelas: 0.4% v 16.2%, respectively; P < .0001; and lymphedema of the legs: 1.9% v 25.2%, respectively; P < .0001). In early-stage vulvar cancer patients with a negative sentinel node, the groin recurrence rate is low, survival is excellent, and treatment-related morbidity is minimal. We suggest that sentinel node dissection, performed by a quality-controlled multidisciplinary team, should be part of the standard treatment in selected patients with early-stage vulvar cancer.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to determine the interobserver variability of breast density assessment according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) and to examine potential associations between breast density and risk factors for breast cancer. Four experienced breast radiologists received instructions regarding the use of BI-RADS and they assessed 57 mammograms into BI-RADS density categories of 1-4. The weighted kappa values for breast density between pairs of observers were 0.84 (A, B) (almost perfect agreement); 0.75 (A, C), 0.74 (A, D), 0.71 (B, C), 0.77 (B, D), 0.65 (C, D) (substantial agreement). The weighted overall kappa, measured by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), was 0.77 (95% CI: 0.69-0.85). Body mass index was inversely associated with high breast density. In conclusion, overall interobserver agreement in mammographic interpretation of breast density is substantial and therefore, the BI-RADS classification for breast density is useful for standardization in a multicentre study.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008 · The Breast
  • Source
    Anca C Ansink · Curt W Burger

    Preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Analyse the outcome of pelvic exenteration for gynaecological malignancies in a tertiary referral center. Post-operative in-hospital morbidity, long-term morbidity, disease free and overall survival rates were studied. Between 1991 and 2004, 42 patients underwent an anterior, total or posterior exenteration for gynaecological malignancies. Follow-up was obtained from patient files; disease free and overall survival were calculated and prognostic factors were studied. A pelvic exenteration was performed in 14 patients for primary and 28 patients for recurrent gynaecological cancers. In-hospital complications occurred in 19 patients (45%) of whom seven patients needed a reoperation (17%). Late complications occurred in 31 patients (75%); 21 reinterventions were performed (50%). Five-year disease free and overall survival was, respectively, 48 and 52%. Age, type of surgery, histology, localisation of the tumour, lateral wall involvement, completeness of resection and primary versus recurrent cancer were not identified as prognostic factors for recurrence or survival. Long-term survival is possible in about 50% of patients after pelvic exenteration for gynaecological cancers, but is associated with significant post-operative morbidity.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Source

    Full-text · Chapter · Oct 2007

Publication Stats

2k Citations
289.53 Total Impact Points


  • 2002-2011
    • Erasmus MC
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      • • Department of Gynaecologic Oncology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Academic Medical Center (AMC)
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1999-2011
    • Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
      • • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
      • • Academic Medical Center
      Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2001-2010
    • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2009
    • University of Groningen
      Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 2007
    • Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
      Sahr-e Kord, Chahār Maḩāll va Bakhtīārī, Iran
    • University of Nottingham
      • Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology
      Nottigham, England, United Kingdom
  • 1996-1997
    • The Queen Elizabeth Hospital
      • Department of Surgery
      Tarndarnya, South Australia, Australia
  • 1994-1995
    • Netherlands Cancer Institute
      • Department of Gynecology
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1991-1993
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands