[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the feasibility of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in very old patients.
The elderly are a growing population with a high prevalence of ischemic heart disease and then subsequent possibility to benefit from coronary interventions.
We have conducted a retrospective study using our PCI database since January 2000. Population characteristics, clinical presentation, type of lesions, technical procedure, immediate results and in hospital outcome are compare between patients older than 85 and the other.
Between January 2008 and March 2009, 3130 patients benefit from coronary angioplasty. Among them, 85 patients were older than 85. There were more female in this group (24.7 vs. 14.3%, P=0.007), but no difference in cardiovascular risk profile. The older was more symptomatic (acute coronary syndrome: 59.52 vs. 44%, P=0.004; silent ischemia: 3.6 vs. 25.7%, P=0.000003). The ejection fraction was worse (EF<55%: 29.4 vs. 14.5%, P=0.0001). The lesion was more complex (B2 and C: 67.2 vs. 57.1% P=0.027) and concern more often the left descending artery (85.9 vs. 57.1%, P=0.000001). The technical success was similar in the two groups (93.28 vs. 94.32%, P=0.34) with similar rate of per procedure complications (2.35 vs. 1.5%, P=0.37). Nevertheless, the in-hospital rate mortality was higher in the older patients (7 vs 1.38%, P=0.0014).
PCI is safe and safety in very old patients despite significant but acceptable increasing in-hospital mortality due to more severe disease and co morbidities. Further evaluations are necessary in order to edict specific recommendations.
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Annales de cardiologie et d'angeiologie