[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gout is a common arthritic disease resulting from elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level. A large meta-analysis including 28,141 individuals identified nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with altered SUA level in a Caucasian population. However, raised SUA level alone is not sufficient for the development of gout arthritis and most of these SNPs have not been studied in a Han Chinese population. Here, we performed a case-control association analysis to investigate the relationship between these SUA correlated SNPs and gout arthritis in Han Chinese.
A total of 622 ascertained gout p9atients and 917 healthy controls were genotyped. Genome-wide significant SNPs, rs12129861, rs780094, rs734553, rs742132, rs1183201, rs12356193, rs17300741 and rs505802 in the previous SUA study, were selected for our analysis.
No deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed either in the case or control cohorts (corrected p > 0.05). Three SNPs, rs780094 (located in GCKR, corrected p = 1.78E(-4), OR = 0.723), rs1183201 (located in SLC17A1, corrected p = 1.39E(-7), OR = 0.572) and rs505802 (located in SLC22A12, corrected p = 0.007, OR = 0.747), were significantly associated with gout on allelic level independent of potential cofounding traits. While the remaining SNPs were not replicated. We also found significant associations of uric acid concentrations with these three SNPs (rs780094 in GCKR, corrected p = 3.94E(-5); rs1183201 in SLC17A1, corrected p = 0.005; rs505802 in SLC22A12, corrected p = 0.003) and of triglycerides with rs780094 (located in GCKR, corrected p = 2.96E(-4)). Unfortunately, SNP-SNP interactions for these three significant SNPs were not detected (rs780094 vs rs1183201, p = 0.402; rs780094 vs rs505802, p = 0.434; rs1183201 vs rs505802, p = 0.143).
Three SUA correlated SNPs in Caucasian population, rs780094 in GCKR, rs1183201 in SLC17A1 and rs505802 in SLC22A12 were confirmed to be associated with gout arthritis and uric acid concentrations in Han Chinese males. Considering genetic differences among populations and complicated pathogenesis of gout arthritis, more validating tests in independent populations and relevant functional experiments are suggested in future.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · BMC Medical Genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies have showed that patients with gout showed lower serum 25(OH)D levels. As the specific receptor of vitamin D, VDR plays an important role in regulating immune system by combining with vitamin D. In this study, we investigated whether the functional VDR polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to gout in Chinese Han male population. A total of 504 patients with gout and 523 gout-free controls were recruited from the Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College, Qingdao University. Genotyping of VDR rs11568820, rs2228570 and rs1544410 was performed by TaqMan allele discrimination assays. An association analysis was carried out using the χ
2 test. A genotype–phenotype analysis was also conducted. Our results showed that polymorphisms of rs11568820 and rs1544410 in VDR were associated with gout in Chinese Han male population. The A allele of both rs11568820 and rs1544410 was associated with the risk of gout [P = 0.012 OR 1.251, 95 % CI (1.051–1.490); P = 0.006, OR 1.574, 95 % CI (1.139–2.175)]. However, there was no statistic significance between rs2228570 and gout (P = 0.186). Our study suggested that the polymorphisms of VDR may be relevant host susceptibility factors for the development of gout in Chinese Han male population. However, further study should be done in a larger size sample and other ethic to test and verify our result.
No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Rheumatology International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the diversity of both Bacteroides and Clostridium in patients with primary gout and the difference from that of normal individuals. And to investigate the relationship between the primary gout and the intestinal flora. Fecal samples of 90 cases with the primary gout and 94 cases normal comparison group were selected, together with the cases that match the filter criteria. The DNA is extracted from the feces. 16S rRNA specific primers of both Bacteroides and Clostridium were adopted for the PCR amplification. The molecular fingerprints of Bacteroides and Clostridium in both the primary gout group and the normal control group were obtained through DGGE and subjected for further analysis on both the diversity and the similarity. Compared with normal individuals, the number of bands and Shannon-Weaver (H') of Bacteroides in patients with primary gout was not reduced, but significantly decreased in Clostridium. Furthermore, the intra-group and inter-group similarity of both Bacteroides and Clostridium were lower. The primary gout has caused the structural change of both Bacteroides and Clostridium, inducing the low similarity, especially for Clostridium. It has statistic significance. The gut predominant flora may play an important role in the development of primary gout.
No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The BACH2 gene regulates B cell differentiation and function and has been reported to be a shared susceptibility gene for several autoimmune diseases. Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) indicated that several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the BACH2 gene are associated with Graves' disease (GD) in the Chinese Han population; however, the association did not achieve genome-wide significance levels. Recently, this association of BACH2 with GD was confirmed in Caucasians in the UK population, but fine mapping in this region has not yet been reported. Here, we provide a refined analysis of a 331-kb region in the BACH2 gene, which harbors 359 SNPs, using GWAS data from 1,442 GD patients and 1,468 controls. The SNPs rs2474619 and rs9344996 were implied as the independent variants associated with GD by forward and two-locus logistic regression analysis. We genotyped eight out of 10 tagSNPs with P < 1 × 10(-3) in 3,508 GD patients and 3,209 controls, the results also showed that rs2474619 was independently associated with GD in the combined population from GWAS and the second stage (P = 1.81 × 10(-5)). The rs2474619 and rs9344996 were further genotyped in the third stage cohorts, and rs2474619 showed evidence of association with GD at genome-wide significance levels in the combined population (P = 3.28 × 10(-8), odds ratio = 1.13). The association of rs9344996 with GD can be explained by its linkage to rs2474619 in the combined population. Our study clearly demonstrated that BACH2 is a susceptibility gene for GD in the Chinese Han population and further supported rs2474619, in intron 2 of BACH2, is the best association signal with GD. However, the mechanism by which BACH2 confers increased risk of GD requires further study.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: After the publication of the article, the authors noted that they had made some errors regarding certain data in their manuscript. Page 1761: 'The genetic frequency of rs7512998 was significantly different between the gout and control patients (P<0.05), whereas no significant differences were identified for the remaining SNPs.' was replaced with 'No significant differences were identified for the 17 SNPs.' Page 1762: '>420 mmol/l' and '>350 mmol/l' was replaced with '>420 µmol/l' and '>350 µmol/l'. 'r2, ≥0.08' was replaced with 'r2, ≥0.8'. Table II: The P-value of SNP rs7512998 was changed from '<0.05' to '0.43', and the P‑value for the HWE in controls for SNP rs3806268 was changed from '0.96' to '0.76'. Page 1764-1765: 'The genetic frequency of rs7512998 was significantly different between the gout and control patients (P<0.05; Table II), whereas no significant differences were observed for the remaining SNPs.' was replaced with 'No significant difference was found for 17 SNPs.' Page 1765: The following sentence was completely removed: 'To investigate the haplotype association among the 17 SNPs of the NLRP3 gene, the r2 measure of LD was estimated and demonstrated that only one polymorphism, rs7525979, had a high LD (r2>0.9; Figs. 1 and 2).' Page 1765: '(Table III)' was replaced with '(Table III, Figs. 1 and 2)'. [the original article was published in the Molecular Medicine Reports 7: 1761-1766, 2013 DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2013.1429].
Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Molecular Medicine Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between genetic variants in 17 tagSNPs of the NLRP3 gene and the susceptibility to primary gouty arthritis. A genotype-phenotype analysis of 480 primary gout and 480 control patients was performed. Samples from all the patients were collected from The Affiliated Hospital of Medical College (Qingdao, China). Seventeen tagSNPs of the NLRP3 gene were amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and MassARRAY technology was used for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping. The genetic frequency of rs7512998 was significantly different between the gout and control patients (P<0.05), whereas no significant differences were identified for the remaining SNPs. The 17 SNPs conformed to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) in the control group (P>0.05). The haplotype association among the 17 SNPs of the NLRP3 gene indicated that no individual SNP was significantly associated with primary gouty arthritis. CTATCAGCGCCCAGTGC was the most common haplotype in the case and control groups, with a frequency of 0.224 and 0.243, respectively. However, the odds ratios (ORs) of the 8 haplotypes were not identified to be significantly associated with gouty arthritis (P>0.05 for all the 8 haplotypes). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the association between SNPs of the NLRP3 gene and the risk of primary gouty arthritis, although no significant association was identified. Further clinical studies and functional analysis are required to explore the potential associations between NLRP3 gene polymorphisms and the risk of primary gouty arthritis.
Preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Molecular Medicine Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To pinpoint the exact location of the etiological variant/s present at 1q21.1 harboring FCRL1-5 and CD5L genes, we carried out a refined association study in the entire FCRL region in 1,536 patients with Graves' disease (GD) and 1,516 sex-matched controls by imputation analysis, logistic regression, and cis-eQTL analysis. Among 516 SNPs with P<0.05 in the initial GWAS scan, the strongest signals associated with GD and correlated to FCRL3 expression were located at a cluster of SNPs including rs7528684 and rs3761959. And the allele-specific effects for rs3761959 and rs7528684 on FCRL3 expression level revealed that the risk alleles A of rs3761959 and C of rs7528684 were correlated with the elevated expression level of FCRL3 whether in PBMCs or its subsets, especially in CD19(+) B cells and CD8(+) T subsets. Next, the combined analysis with 5,300 GD cases and 4,916 control individuals confirmed FCRL3 was a susceptibility gene of GD in Chinese Han populations, and rs3761959 and rs7528684 met the genome-wide association significance level (Pcombined = 2.27×10(-12) and 7.11×10(-13), respectively). Moreover, the haplotypes with the risk allele A of rs3761959 and risk allele C of rs7528684 were associated with GD risk. Finally, our epigenetic analysis suggested the disease-associated C allele of rs7528684 increased affinity for NF-KB transcription factor. Above data indicated that FCRL3 gene and its proxy SNP rs7528684 may be involved in the pathogenesis of GD by excessive inhibiting B cell receptor signaling and the impairment of suppressing function of Tregs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Please cite this paper as: Li et al. (2012) Immunogenicity and safety of a 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) monovalent vaccine in Chinese infants aged 6-35 months: a randomized, double-blind, controlled phase I clinical trial. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/irv.12028. Objectives The goal of this double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial was to assess the safety and immunogenicity of two different doses of a monovalent split-virion 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1 vaccine without adjuvant in Chinese infants aged 6-35 months. Design and setting Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either a 2009 pandemic (H1N1) vaccine containing 7.5 or 15 μg haemagglutinin (HA) or a seasonal influenza vaccine. 2 doses of the H1N1 vaccines or the seasonal influenza vaccine were given 21 days apart in younger infants aged 6-23 months or older infants aged 24-35 months. Sample Serum samples were collected immediately before the first injection and before and 21 days after the second injection. Main outcome measures Primary outcomes were haemagglutinin inhibition (HI) antibody responses 21 days following each vaccination. Safety was monitoring throughout the study. Results The first vaccination of 7.5 μg and 15 μg H1N1 vaccine induced seroprotective antibody titers (HI titers ≥ 1: 40) in 42.9-57.4% of younger infants and 49.1-61.0% older infants. Immune responses after completion of the two dose schedule were comparable in both age groups with seroprotective rates of 91-98% in each vaccine and age group and GMTs of 173-263. The H1N1 vaccine elicited similar rates of local and systemic adverse reactions as the seasonal influenza vaccine. Conclusions The 2009 pandemic influenza A /H1N1 vaccine were highly immunogenic in infants aged 6-35 months, and displayed a safety and reactogenicity profile similar to the seasonal influenza vaccine. Trial registration ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01047202.
Preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Graves' disease is a common autoimmune disorder characterized by thyroid stimulating hormone receptor autoantibodies (TRAb) and hyperthyroidism. To investigate the genetic architecture of Graves' disease, we conducted a genome-wide association study in 1,536 individuals with Graves' disease (cases) and 1,516 controls. We further evaluated a group of associated SNPs in a second set of 3,994 cases and 3,510 controls. We confirmed four previously reported loci (in the major histocompatibility complex, TSHR, CTLA4 and FCRL3) and identified two new susceptibility loci (the RNASET2-FGFR1OP-CCR6 region at 6q27 (P(combined) = 6.85 × 10(-10) for rs9355610) and an intergenic region at 4p14 (P(combined) = 1.08 × 10(-13) for rs6832151)). These newly associated SNPs were correlated with the expression levels of RNASET2 at 6q27, of CHRNA9 and of a previously uncharacterized gene at 4p14, respectively. Moreover, we identified strong associations of TSHR and major histocompatibility complex class II variants with persistently TRAb-positive Graves' disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Globally, about 70% of cervical cancers are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 or HPV-18 infection. A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies in China showed that HPV was present in 98% of cervical cancer samples. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix has shown a high level of protection against HPV-16/18 infections and associated cervical lesions. This phase I trial (NCT00549900) assessed the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of the vaccine in Chinese. Thirty healthy Chinese females, aged 15 to 45 years with a median age of 29.5 years, received three doses of Cervarix in Months 0, 1, and 6. Safety was assessed via recording solicited local and systemic symptoms within 7 days and unsolicited symptoms within 30 days after each vaccination. Serious adverse events, new onset of chronic diseases, and other medically significant conditions were recorded throughout this trial. As an exploratory objective, HPV-16/18 antibody titers were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum samples collected in Months 0 and 7. Pain at the injection site was the most frequently reported local symptom. Two subjects reported medically significant adverse events. Both cases were assessed as unrelated to vaccination by the investigator. In Month 7, 100% seroconversion was observed for both anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 with high geometric mean antibody titers. HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine, evaluated for the first time in Chinese females, was generally well tolerated and immunogenic, as previously shown in global studies.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the immunogenicity and safety of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (acellular, component), poliomyelitis (inactivated) vaccine (adsorbed) and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (DTaP-IPV//PRP-T) combined vaccine compared with commercially available DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis), Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), tetanus conjugate and IPV monovalent vaccine.
Subjects were randomly divided into three groups, Group A and Group B were DTaP-IPV//PRP-T combined vaccine (PENTAXIM(TM)) vaccinated at 2, 3, 4 months of age or 3, 4, 5 months of age respectively; Group C was commercially available DTaP. Hib tetanus conjugate (Act-HIB(TM)) and IPV (IMOVAX PolioTM(TM)) vaccines vaccinated at 3, 4, 5 months of age. All groups received booster dose at 18 to 20 months of age, with antibody titers tested. Non-inferiority analysis was demonstrated in terms of seroprotection/seroconversion rates between Group A, Group B respectively and Group C. Safety information was collected after each vaccination to assess the safety of investigational vaccines.
The non-inferiority of DTaP-IPV//PRP-T combined vaccine vaccinated at 2, 3, 4 or 3, 4, 5 months of age versus DTaP, Hib tetanus conjugate and IPV vaccine was demonstrated for all vaccine antigens in both primary and booster phases in terms of seroprotection/seroconversion rates. DTaP-IPV//PRP-T combined vaccine was well tolerated. The rate of solicited/unsoliciated severe adverse reactions was very low and similar to the control vaccines.
DTaP-IPV//PRP-T combined vaccine was highly immunogenic with good safety profile in Chinese infants, which was comparable to the commercially available control vaccines.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia (PHP Ia) is defined as a series of disorders characterized by multihormone resistance in end-organs and Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) phenotype. PHP Ia is caused by heterozygous inactivating mutations in GNAS, which encodes the stimulatory G-protein alpha subunit (Gsa). A patient with typical clinical manifestations of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) (round face, short stature, centripetal obesity, brachydactyly, and multi-hormone resistance: parathyroid hormone (PTH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and gonadotropins) presented at our center. The sequence of the GNAS gene from the patient and her families revealed a novel missense mutation (Y318H) in the proband and her mother. An in vitro Gsa functional study showed that Gsa function was significantly impaired. These results stress the importance of GNAS gene investigation.
Preview · Article · Jul 2011 · International Journal of Endocrinology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of the exon 8 and intron 8 polymorphisms of the human urate transporter 1 gene SLC22A12 with primary hyperuricemia (HUA) in Chinese Han population.
Genomic DNA from 215 individuals with HUA and 323 controls was extracted. The exon 8 and intron 8 of the SLC22A12 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR product was sequenced directly. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected and the association of the SNPs with primary HUA was assessed.
(1) Two SNPs were identified, they were T1309C located in exon 8 (rs7932775) and -103A to G located in intron 8. Pairwise linkage disequilibrium analysis displayed an absolute linkage disequilibrium between the two SNPs (D'= 1). (2) The minor allele frequencies for both SNPs were 51.9% in HUA patients, which were significantly different from that of controls (42.4%)(P< 0.01). (3) The genotype frequencies of GG+ GA and CC+ CT in HUA patients were significantly higher than that in controls (80.0% vs. 69.0%, P< 0.01). (4) Individuals of both GG+ GA and CC+ CT genotypes had 1.79 fold increase of HUA risk (OR= 1.794, 95%CI: 1.19-2.70).
These findings indicated that T1309C and -103A to G polymorphisms of the SLC22A12 gene were associated with primary HUA in Chinese Han population.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving 706 adults was conducted to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety
of different dosages of whole-virion or split-virion H1N1 influenza vaccines with or without aluminum adjuvant. A rapid and
strong immune response was induced at day 14 after the first injection. The seroprotection rates ranged from 72.7% (95% confidence
interval [CI], 62.7%–81.1%) for 5-µg wholevirion aluminum formulation to 97.0% (95% CI, 90.9%–99.7%) for 30-µg split-virion
nonaluminum formulation. All formulations were well tolerated. The incidences of mild, moderate, and severe reactions were
71 (10.1%), 15 (2.1%), and 1 (0.1%) of 706 reactions, respectively. The 15-µg split-virion formulation had the best immunogenicity
Trial Registration. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00956111.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · The Journal of Infectious Diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus H5N1 has the potential to cause a pandemic. Many prototype pandemic influenza A (H5N1) vaccines had been developed and well evaluated in adults in recent years. However, data in children are limited. Herein we evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of adjuvanted split-virion and whole-virion H5N1 vaccines in children.
An open-labelled phase I trial was conducted in children aged 3-11 years to receive aluminum-adjuvated, split-virion H5N1 vaccine (5-30 microg) and in children aged 12-17 years to receive aluminum-adjuvated, whole-virion H5N1 vaccine (5-15 microg). Safety of the two formulations was assessed. Then a randomized phase II trial was conducted, in which 141 children aged 3-11 years received the split-virion vaccine (10 or 15 microg) and 280 children aged 12-17 years received the split-virion vaccine (10-30 microg) or the whole-virion vaccine (5 microg). Serum samples were collected for hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) assays.
5-15 microg adjuvated split-virion vaccines were well tolerated in children aged 3-11 years and 5-30 microg adjuvated split-virion vaccines and 5 microg adjuvated whole-virion vaccine were well tolerated in children aged 12-17 years. Most local and systemic reactions were mild or moderate. Before vaccination, all participants were immunologically naïve to H5N1 virus. Immune responses were induced after the first dose and significantly boosted after the second dose. In 3-11 years children, the 10 and 15 microg split-virion vaccine induced similar responses with 55% seroconversion and seroprotection (HI titer >or=1:40) rates. In 12-17 years children, the 30 microg split-virion vaccine induced the highest immune response with 71% seroconversion and seroprotection rates. The 5 microg whole-virion vaccine induced higher response than the 10 microg split-virion vaccine did.
The aluminum-adjuvanted, split-virion prototype pandemic influenza A (H5N1) vaccine showed good safety and immunogenicity in children and 30 microg dose induced immune response complying with European Union licensure criteria.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the anti-inflammatory functions of different cysteine mutants of apolipoprotein A-I recombinant HDLs.
The recombinant HDLs (named rHDL52, rHDL107, rHDL173, rHDLwt) were reconstituted by mixing wild types or their mutants with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine. And the in vivo effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxemia were examined in mice. The plasma levels of plasma tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 in by ELISA were tested. And we also set up two control groups: LPS and saline.
The rHDL52 mice had a significant decrease of plasma TNF-alpha and IL-1beta and the protection of lung against acute injury. 24 h post-injection as compared with rHDLwt group [TNF-alpha: (135.28 +/- 12.84) pg/ml, IL-1beta: (82.00 +/- 8.19) pg/ml], the rHDL52 mice exhibited a higher capability of lowering the plasma levels of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta [(39.66 +/- 2.44) pg/ml, (66.83 +/- 6.24) pg/ml, both P < 0.05]. And, as indicated by histological sections of lung tissue, the rHDL52 mice could also lower the infiltration of inflammatory cells in lung.
rHDL52 has a higher anti-inflammation capability than wild type rHDLwt.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the anti-inflammatory functions of different cysteine mutants of apolipoprotein A-I recombinant HDLs.
The authors reconstituted recombinant HDLs (namely rHDL74, rHDL129, rHDL195 and rHDL228) by mixing wild type or those mutants with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and examined their in vivo effects upon LPS-induced endotoxemia in mice.
At 24 h post-injection, mice receiving rHDL74 [TNF-alpha: (24 +/- 3) pg/ml; IL-1beta: (45 +/- 5) pg/ml] had a significant decrease of plasma tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) as compared with control mice receiving either saline or rHDLwt [TNF-alpha: (135 +/- 12) pg/ml; IL-1beta: (82 +/- 8) pg/ml, P < 0.05]. Administration of rHDL74 to mice injected with LPS also led to a protection of lung against acute injury and attenuation of endotoxin-induced clinical symptoms in mice as compared with controls injected with LPS only.
Compared with rHDLwt, rHDL74 exhibits higher anti-inflammation capabilities. And it may be a potential clinical candidate for therapy for endotoxin-induced septic shock.
Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is an urgent need for a vaccine that is effective against the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus.
A split-virus, inactivated candidate vaccine against the 2009 H1N1 virus was manufactured, and we evaluated its safety and immunogenicity in a randomized clinical trial. Subjects were between 3 and 77 years of age, stratified into four age groups. The immunization schedule consisted of two vaccinations, 21 days apart. Subjects were injected with placebo or with vaccine, with or without alum adjuvant, at doses of 7.5 microg, 15 microg, or 30 microg. Serologic analysis was performed at baseline and on days 21 and 35.
A total of 2200 subjects received one dose, and 2103 (95.6%) received the second dose, of vaccine or placebo. No severe adverse side effects associated with the vaccine were noted. In the nonadjuvanted-vaccine groups, injection-site or systemic reactions, most mild in nature, were noted in 5.5 to 15.9% of subjects. Among the subjects receiving 15 microg of nonadjuvanted vaccine, a hemagglutination-inhibition titer of 1:40 or more was achieved by day 21 in 74.5% of subjects between 3 and 11 years of age, 97.1% of subjects between 12 and 17 years, 97.1% of subjects between 18 and 60 years, and 79.1% of subjects 61 years of age or older; by day 35, the titer had been achieved in 98.1%, 100%, 97.1%, and 93.3% of subjects, respectively. The proportion with a titer of 1:40 or more was generally highest among the subjects receiving 30 microg of vaccine, with or without adjuvant. Vaccine without adjuvant was associated with fewer local reactions and greater immune responses than was vaccine with adjuvant.
These data suggest that a single dose of 15 microg of hemagglutinin antigen without alum adjuvant induces a typically protective immune response in the majority of subjects between 12 and 60 years of age. Lesser immune responses were seen after a single dose of vaccine in younger and older subjects. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00975572).
Preview · Article · Oct 2009 · New England Journal of Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of evolutionarily conserved small noncoding RNAs that are increasingly being recognized as important regulators of gene expression. The ribonuclease III enzyme Dicer is essential for the processing of miRNAs. CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are potent regulators of diverse immune responses. The role of Dicer-generated miRNAs in the development and function of immune regulatory iNKT cells is unknown. Here, we generated a mouse strain with a tissue-specific disruption of Dicer, and showed that lack of miRNAs after the deletion of Dicer by Tie2-Cre (expressed in hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells) interrupted the development and maturation of iNKT cells in the thymus and significantly decreased the number of iNKT cells in different immune organs. Thymic and peripheral iNKT cell compartments were changed in miRNA-deficient mice, with a significantly increased frequency of CD4(+)CD8(+) iNKT cells in the thymus and a significantly decreased frequency of CD4(+) iNKT cells in the spleen. MiRNA-deficient iNKT cells display profound defects in alpha-GalCer-induced activation and cytokine production. Bone marrow (BM) from miRNA-deficient mice poorly reconstituted iNKT cells compared to BM from WT mice. Also, using a thymic iNKT cell transfer model, we found that iNKT cell homeostasis was impaired in miRNA-deficient recipient mice. Our data indicate that miRNAs expressed in hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells are potent regulators of iNKT cell development, function, and homeostasis.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences