H Dally

Universität Bremen, Bremen, Bremen, Germany

Are you H Dally?

Claim your profile

Publications (7)16.45 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The challenge assay is a cytogenetic approach to measure the repair competence of cells. For in vitro studies, human lymphocytes are exposed to different substances and are irradiated simultaneously. To investigate subjects exposed occupationally or environmentally, untreated blood samples are directly irradiated without any further treatment. Certain substances like heavy metals reveal carcinogenic potential without well defined mechanism of action. While they are not mutagenic they may have an effect on DNA repair capacity. The challenge assay was successfully applied in vitro experiments with cadmium to detect an interaction of this heavy metal with the repair of X-ray-induced chromosome breaks. CdCl(2) alone had no effect on the formation of chromosome aberrations (CA), not even in the cytotoxic concentration (50 microM). However, cadmium showed an effect on the number of chromosomal rearrangements (CR) after X-ray challenge. For 0.5 microM CdCl(2), CA frequencies were significantly elevated compared to the rates for X-rays alone. For the two higher concentrations the rates showed a slight additional increase. Hence, the challenge assay appears suitable to test for chromosomal sensitivity induced by toxicants. Subsequently, a study of styrene exposed workers was initiated to address the question whether styrene exposure has an influence on the DNA repair. In addition, we investigated whether a polymorphism of genes coding for phase II detoxifying enzymes glutathione-S-transferases GSTM1 and GSTT1 had an influence on chromosomal sensitivity. First and preliminary data are presented. While there is a correlation of the rate of CR with cumulative lifetime exposure of styrene, the most recent styrene exposure had no effect. 'At risk' genotypes with higher incidence of CA could not be identified at this stage of the ongoing study. Conclusion: the challenge assay is able to detect enhanced susceptibility for CR caused by genetic predisposition for DNA repair deficiency. Our data indicate that environmental or occupational exposure to certain substances can interfere with DNA repair processes. As the process of induction of CR is associated with carcinogenesis, the challenge assay may provide a valuable biomarker for cancer epidemiology studies.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1999 · Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
  • Hartwig A · Asmusz M · Dally H · Hartmann M

    No preview · Article · Jun 1998 · Toxicology Letters
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Based on pronounced enhancing effects in combination with other DNA-damaging agents the potentials of Ni(II), Cd(II) and As(III) to interfere with DNA repair processes in HeLa cells was investigated. With respect to oxidative DNA damage, Ni(II) and Cd(II) induced DNA strand breaks starting at concentrations of 250 μM and 5 μM, respectively. The induction of oxidative DNA base modifications like 8-hydroxyguanine was restricted to the cytotoxic concentration of 750 μM Ni(II) and not observed after treatment with Cd(II). In contrast, the removal of oxidative DNA base modifications was inhibited at concentrations as low as 50 μM Ni(II) and 0.5 μM Cd(II). Regarding nucleotide excision repair, Ni(II) and Cd(II) disturbed the DNA-protein interactions involved in the damage recognition step when applying HeLa nuclear protein extracts and a UV-damaged oligonucleotide, while As(III) inhibited the actual incision event. In the case of Ni(II) and Cd(II), this effect was reversible by the addition of Mg(II) and Zn(II), respectively. Furthermore, Cd(II) inactivated the isolated bacterial Fpg protein, most likely by the displacement of Zn(II) from its zinc finger structure. Since DNA is continuously damaged by exogenous and endogenous sources, an impaired repair capacity might well account for the carcinogenic action of the metal compounds.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1998 · Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry
  • Source
    H Dally · A Hartwig
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Compounds of nickel(II) and cadmium(II) are carcinogenic to humans and to experimental animals. One frequently discussed mechanism involved in tumor formation is an increase in reactive oxygen species by both metals with the subsequent generation of oxidative DNA damage. In the present study we used human HeLa cells to investigate the potential of nickel(II) and cadmium(II) to induce DNA lesions typical for oxygen free radicals in intact cells and the effect on their repair. As indicators of oxidative DNA damage, we determined the frequencies of DNA strand breaks and of lesions recognized by the bacterial formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase (Fpg protein), including 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-hydroxyguanine), a pre-mutagenic DNA base modification. Nickel(II) caused a slight increase in DNA strand breaks at 250 microM and higher, while the frequency of Fpg-sensitive sites was enhanced only at the cytotoxic concentration of 750 microM. The repair of oxidative DNA lesions induced by visible light was reduced at 50 microM and at 100 microM nickel(II) for Fpg-sensitive sites and DNA strand breaks, respectively; the removal of both types of lesions was blocked nearly completely at 250 microM nickel(II). In the case of cadmium(II), DNA strand breaks occurred at 10 microM and no Fpg-sensitive sites were detected. However, the repair of Fpg-sensitive DNA lesions induced by visible light was reduced at 0.5 microM cadmium(II) and higher, while the closure of DNA strand breaks was not affected. Since oxidative DNA damage is continuously induced during aerobic metabolism, an impaired repair of these lesions might well explain the carcinogenic action of nickel(II) and cadmium(II).
    Full-text · Article · Jun 1997 · Carcinogenesis
  • A Hartwig · H Dally · R Schlepegrell
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The measurement of oxidative DNA base modifications by different methods has received special attention in recent years. Here we describe a procedure to quantify DNA lesions recognized by the bacterial formamido-pyrimidine-DNA glycosylases (Fpg protein). These include 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-hydroxyguanine) as well as some other forms of imidazole ring-opened purines, which are converted into abasic sites and subsequently into DNA single-strand breaks by the associated endonuclease activity. The frequency of DNA strand breaks is determined by the alkaline unwinding technique. The procedure provides a fast and sensitive tool to assess the extent of spontaneous as well as induced oxidative DNA damage in mammalian cells.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1996 · Toxicology Letters
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The potentials of nickel(II) and cadmium(II) to interfere with the repair of different types of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) lesions was investigated. Concerning the nucleotide excision repair pathway, nickel(II) has been shown to reduce the incision and the ligation frequency after ultraviolet (UV)-irradiation. When applying a gel mobility shift assay and HeLa nuclear cell free extracts, nickel(II) diminishes the specific binding of a protein to UV-damaged DNA, suggesting that nickel(II) interferes with the DNA-protein interactions involved in the damage recognition after UV-irradiation. Similarly, the incision frequency is reduced in the presence of low concentrations of cadmium(II). Concerning the repair of oxidative DNA damage induced by visible light, non-cytotoxic concentrations of nickel(II) caused a complete repair inhibition of DNA base modifications like 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-hydroxyguanine) and of DNA strand breaks. Since the repair of DNA damage is essential for the prevention of cancer, its inhibition may account for the carcinogenic action of the respective metal compounds.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · Annals of clinical and laboratory science

  • No preview · Article ·