[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
Objectives of this dose-finding study were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of the first-in-class anti-activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK-1) monoclonal antibody PF-03446962, and assess safety and antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors.
This open-label, multicenter study was based on a 3+3 design. PF-03446962 was administered biweekly by intravenous infusion, at doses ranging 0.5 to 15 mg/kg.
Forty-four patients received treatment with PF-03446962. Dose-limiting toxicities observed during dose escalation included grade 3 increased amylase, grade-3/4 increased lipase, and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia. The MTD was determined to be 10 mg/kg. The RP2D was set at 7 mg/kg for patients with advanced solid tumors, based on the observed safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity. The most-frequent treatment-related, all-grade adverse events included thrombocytopenia (20.5%), fatigue (15.9%), and nausea, increased amylase, and increased lipase (each 11.4%). Treatment-related telangiectasia was noted in 7% of patients, suggesting in vivo inhibition of the ALK-1 pathway. None of the deaths was deemed to be treatment-related. Three (6.8%) patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, or non-small-cell lung cancer achieved a partial response and 12 (27.3%) patients had stable disease, across dose levels. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound analysis of tumor vascularity showed reduction in tumor perfusion in 2 patients with stable disease following treatment with PF-03446962.
The clinical activity demonstrated in this study points to PF-03446962 as a novel approach to antiangiogenic therapy, with manageable safety profile and single-agent, antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Cancer Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
Risk of nodal involvement in patients with sinonasal small cell and sinonasal undifferentiated carcinomas has not been well defined due their rarity. We describe a population-based assessment of specific nodal level involvement in this group of rare neuroectodermal tumors.
The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database from 2004-2011 identified patients with sinonasal undifferentiated (SNUC) and small cell carcinomas. Overall neck involvement and individual nodal level involvement at presentation were assessed, and comparison made with a contemporaneous cohort of patients with a borderline clinically significant risk of nodal involvement and recurrence.
Of 141 patients, 31 (22%) had gross nodal involvement at presentation (range 14-33% by site and histology). Non-nasal, non-ethmoid site with SNUC histology has the highest rates of initial nodal involvement, whereas higher stage and size do not predict for higher nodal involvement rates. Bilateral levels 2-3 for all sinonasal small cell, levels 2-3 for nasal or ethmoid SNUC, and bilateral levels 1-3 in non-nasal/non-ethmoid SNUC have the highest rates of involvement compared to a clinical reference standard.
We find high rates of initial nodal involvement in all SNUC and sinonasal small cell carcinoma. We find higher initial involvement of levels 2 and 3 and in certain cases to the level 1 nodal levels, hypothesizing benefit for elective treatment to those levels. Advances in Knowledge: With small single-institution series reporting conflicting nodal involvement rates, our data supports high rates of nodal presentation at diagnosis, hypothesizing benefit for elective nodal treatment in this cohort.
No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The British journal of radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the investigational NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor pevonedistat (TAK-924/MLN4924), and to investigate pevonedistat pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in patients with advanced non-hematological malignancies Experimental Design: Pevonedistat was administered via 60-minute intravenous infusion on Days 1-5 (schedule A, n=12), or Days 1, 3, and 5 (schedules B, n=17, and C, n=19) of 21-day cycles. Schedule B included oral dexamethasone 8 mg prior to each pevonedistat dose. Dose escalation proceeded using a Bayesian continual reassessment method. Tumor response was assessed by RECIST 1.0 Results: Schedule A MTD was 50 mg/m2; based on the severity of observed hepatotoxicity, this schedule was discontinued. Schedules B and C MTDs were 50 and 67 mg/m2, respectively. DLTs on both these schedules included hyperbilirubinemia and elevated aspartate aminotransferase. There were no grade ≥3 treatment-related serious adverse events reported on schedules B or C. Twenty-three (74%) evaluable patients on schedules B and C had stable disease. Intermittent dexamethasone use did not significantly influence pevonedistat pharmacokinetics. NAE inhibition by pevonedistat was demonstrated in multiple tumor types via immunohistochemical detection of pevonedistat-NEDD8 adduct and accumulation of Cullin-RING ligase substrates CDT1 and NRF2 in tumor biopsies.
Pevonedistat was generally well tolerated on a Day 1, 3, 5 schedule every 3 weeks with an MTD between 50 and 67 mg/m2. DLTs were predominantly hepatic enzyme elevations. Pharmacodynamic studies demonstrated pevonedistat tumor NAE inhibition. Clinical trials are ongoing.
No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Clinical Cancer Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background This Phase-I-study aimed to determine the recommended Phase-II-dosing-schedule of LY2334737, an oral gemcitabine prodrug, in patients with advanced/metastatic solid tumors. Pharmacokinetics, cytokeratin-18 (CK18) levels, genetic polymorphisms, and antitumor activity were additionally evaluated. Methods Patients received escalating doses of LY2334737 either every other day for 21 days (d) followed by 7 days-drug-free period (QoD-arm) or once daily for 7 days every other week (QD-arm). The 28 days-cycles were repeated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Standard 3 + 3 dose-escalation was succeeded by a dose-confirmation phase (12 additional patients to be enrolled on the maximum tolerated dose [MTD]). Results Forty-one patients received QoD- (40-100 mg) and 32 QD-dosing (40-90 mg). On QoD, 3/9 patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) on the 100 mg dose (2 × G3 diarrhea, 1 × G3 transaminase increase); 1 additional DLT (G3 diarrhea) occurred during dose confirmation at 90 mg (12 patients). On QD, 1 patient each experienced DLTs on 60 mg (G3 transaminase increase) and 80 mg (G3 prolonged QTcF-interval); 2/7 patients had 3 DLTs on the 90 mg dose (diarrhea, edema, liver-failure; all G3). The MTD was established at 90 mg for the QoD-arm. Seven patients on QoD and 4 on QD achieved SD (no CR + PR). Pharmacokinetics showed a dose-proportional increase in exposure of LY2334737 and dFdC without accumulation after repeated dosing. Significant increases in CK18 levels were observed. Genetic polymorphism of the cytidine deaminase gene (rs818202) could be associated with ≥ G3 hepatotoxicity. Conclusions Both schedules displayed linear pharmacokinetics and acceptable safety profiles. The recommended dose and schedule of LY2334737 for subsequent Phase-II-studies is 90 mg given QoD for 21 day.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The classical model for identification and clinical development of anticancer agents was based on small molecules, which were often quite toxic. Early studies in small groups of patients would seek to identify a maximum tolerated dose and major dose-limiting toxicities. Tumor response (shrinkage) would be assessed after a minimum number of doses in phase II testing. The decision to take the drug into the randomized phase III clinical setting was usually based on the proportion and duration of objective tumor responses, along with overall survival compared with historical controls. Immune-oncologics that are designed to fight cancer by direct CD8 T-cell priming and activation or by blocking a negative regulatory molecule have a number of sharp distinctions from cytotoxic drugs. These include cytoreductive effects that may be very different in timing of onset from traditional chemotherapy and the potential for inducing long-term durable remissions even in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic disease. In this paper we review the different classes of immune-oncologic drugs in clinical development with particular attention to the biostatistical challenges associated with evaluating efficacy in clinical trials. Confronting these issues upfront is particularly important given the rapidly expanding number of clinical trials with both monotherapy and combination trials in immunooncology.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md.: 1997)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Mutations (MT) of the KRAS gene are the most common mutation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), seen in about 20-25% of all adenocarcinomas. Effect of KRAS MT on response to cytotoxic chemotherapy is unclear. Methods: We undertook a single-institution retrospective analysis of 93 consecutive patients with stage IV NSCLC adenocarcinoma with known KRAS and EGFR MT status to determine the association of KRAS MT with survival. All patients were treated between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011 with standard platinum based chemotherapy at the University of Pennsylvania. Overall and progression free survival were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard methods. Results: All patients in this series received platinum doublet chemotherapy, and 42 (45%) received bevacizumab. Overall survival and progression free survival for patients with KRAS MT was no worse than for patients with wild type KRAS. Median overall survival for patients with KRAS MT was 19 months (mo) vs. 15.6 mo for KRAS WT, p = 0.34, and progression-free survival was 6.2 mo in patients with KRAS MT vs. 7mo in patients with KRAS WT, p = 0.51. In multivariable analysis including age, race, gender, and ECOG PS, KRAS MT was not associated with overall survival (HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.58-2.16, p = 0.74) or progression free survival (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.48-1.34, p = 41). Of note, receipt of bevacizumab was associated with improved overall survival only in KRAS WT patients (HR 0.34, p = 0.01). Conclusions: KRAS MT are not associated with inferior progression-free and overall survival in advanced NSCLC patients treated with standard first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Taxane–gemcitabine combinations have demonstrated antitumor activity. This phase I study (NCT01001221) aimed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of cabazitaxel plus gemcitabine and to assess the preliminary efficacy of this combination. The patients included had metastatic or unresectable solid tumors and had exhausted standard treatment. Cohorts of three to six patients received cabazitaxel (15–20 mg/m2) before (part 1a) or after (part 1b) gemcitabine (700–1000 mg/m2) on Day 1 and gemcitabine alone on Day 8. Prophylactic growth factors were not allowed in cycle 1. In part 1a (n=12), five patients received 20 mg/m2 cabazitaxel plus 1000 mg/m2 gemcitabine (20/1000), five received 15/900, two received 15/700. In part 1b, all six patients received the lowest dose (700/15). At all doses, two or more patients experienced a DLT, regardless of administration sequence, including febrile neutropenia (n=4), grade 4 neutropenia (n=2), grade 4 thrombocytopenia (n=2), and grade 3 aspartate transaminase increase (n=1). The MTD was not established as all cohorts exceeded the MTD by definition. All patients experienced an adverse event; the most frequent all-grade nonhematologic events were fatigue (66.7%), decreased appetite (50.0%), and diarrhea (44.4%). The most frequent grade 3–4 hematologic abnormalities were neutropenia (83.3%), leukopenia (77.8%), and lymphopenia (72.2%). Toxicity was sequence-independent but appeared worse with gemcitabine followed by cabazitaxel. Durable partial responses were observed in three patients (prostate cancer, appendiceal cancer, and melanoma). The unacceptable DLTs with cabazitaxel plus gemcitabine, at doses reduced more than 25% from single-agent doses, preclude further investigation.
Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Anti-cancer drugs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Combination therapy with trabectedin and docetaxel was evaluated in patients with advanced malignancies.
In this open-label phase 1 study, docetaxel (60 or 75 mg/m(2); 1-h intravenous infusion) was given on day 1 of a 21-day cycle in combination with escalating doses of trabectedin (0.4-1.3 mg/m(2) by 3-h intravenous infusion, 1 h after docetaxel) and prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) as primary objective and safety, plasma pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity as secondary objectives were assessed.
Patients (N = 49) received a median of four cycles of treatment. MTD was 1.3 mg/m(2) trabectedin and 60 mg/m(2) docetaxel for patients with limited and 1.1 mg/m(2) trabectedin and 60 mg/m(2) docetaxel for patients with unlimited prior chemotherapy. Dose-limiting toxicities (during cycle 1) included elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and fatigue in patients with limited prior chemotherapy and elevated ALT and febrile neutropenia in those with unlimited prior chemotherapy. The most common drug-related adverse events were nausea (65 %), fatigue (63 %), and neutropenia (53 %). One patient achieved a complete response. Thirty patients had stable disease, and 11 had stable disease for ≥6 months. Pharmacokinetic results for trabectedin plus docetaxel were similar to those previously reported for the single agents.
In patients with previously treated, advanced malignancies, the combination of therapeutic doses of trabectedin and docetaxel showed clinical activity and was tolerable with prophylactic G-CSF, with no evidence of clinically important drug interactions.
Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Axitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α, and c-kit. Phase I studies demonstrated 5 mg twice daily as the recommended starting dose with notable effects seen in renal cell carcinoma, an observation confirmed in Phase II trials. The trial of comparative effectivess of axitinib versus sorafenib in advanced renal cell carcinoma (AXIS) was an international randomized Phase III study designed for registration purposes, compared axitinib to sunitinib. This trial randomized 723 patients with metastatic kidney cancer to axitinib or sunitinib in the second-line setting and demonstrated a median progression-free survival of 6.7 months for axitinib versus 4.7 months for sorafenib (P<0.0001). Clinical benefit was detected regardless of prior therapy, but no overall survival benefit has been observed. Axitinib is well tolerated without a significant effect on quality of life. The most common grade 3 toxicities are hypertension (16%), diarrhea (11%), and fatigue (11%), with other notable side effects being anorexia, nausea, hand-foot syndrome, and rash. Patients who developed diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg were noted to have significantly longer median overall survival and overall response rates when compared to normotensive patients. Therefore, the manufacturer recommends escalating the twice-daily dose to 7 mg and 10 mg, as tolerated, if there is no significant increase in blood pressure on treatment. Currently, axitinib is approved for use in the second-line setting for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Research is ongoing in other disease settings.
Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Cancer Management and Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
LCL161 antagonizes the function of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs), thereby promoting cancer cell death. This first-in-human dose-escalation study assessed the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of LCL161 in patients with advanced solid tumors. A second part of the study assessed the relative bioavailability of a tablet versus solution formulation.
Patients and methods:
LCL161 was administered orally, once weekly, on a 21-day cycle to adult patients with advanced solid tumors by using an adaptive Bayesian logistic regression model with overdose control-guided dose escalation.
Fifty-three patients received at least one dose of LCL161 (dose range, 10 to 3,000 mg). LCL161 was well tolerated at doses up to 1,800 mg. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was the only dose-limiting toxicity (in three [6%] of 53 patients) and was the most common grades 3 to 4 event (in five [9%] of 53 patients). Vomiting, nausea, asthenia/fatigue, and anorexia were common but not severe. Although the MTD was not formally determined, an 1,800-mg dose was selected in compliance with the protocol for additional study, given the dose-limiting CRS at higher doses and pharmacodynamic activity at lower doses. LCL161 was rapidly absorbed, and exposure was generally increased with dose. The tablet formulation of LCL161 was better tolerated than the solution; tablet and solution formulations had similar exposures, and the solution was discontinued. No patient had an objective response. LCL161 induced degradation of cellular IAP1 protein in the blood, skin, and tumor and increased circulating cytokine levels.
The 1,800-mg dose of LCL161, administered as a single agent once weekly, in tablet formulation is the recommended dose for additional study. This combined dose and formulation was well tolerated and had significant pharmacodynamic activity, which warrants additional investigation.
Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
A subset of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OP-SCC) managed with transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) developed soft tissue necrosis (STN) in the surgical bed months after completion of PORT. We investigated the frequency and risk factors.
Materials and Methods
This retrospective analysis included 170 consecutive OP-SCC patients treated with TORS and PORT between 2006 and 2012, with >6 months' of follow-up. STN was defined as ulceration of the surgical bed >6 weeks after completion of PORT, requiring opioids, biopsy, or hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
A total of 47 of 170 patients (28%) had a diagnosis of STN. Tonsillar patients were more susceptible than base-of-tongue (BOT) patients, 39% (41 of 104) versus 9% (6 of 66), respectively. For patients with STN, median tumor size was 3.0 cm (range 1.0-5.6 cm), and depth of resection was 2.2 cm (range 1.0-5.1 cm). Median radiation dose and dose of fraction to the surgical bed were 6600 cGy and 220 cGy, respectively. Thirty-one patients (66%) received concurrent chemotherapy. Median time to STN was 2.5 months after PORT. All patients had resolution of STN after a median of 3.7 months. Multivariate analysis identified tonsillar primary (odds ratio [OR] 4.73, P=.01), depth of resection (OR 3.12, P=.001), total radiation dose to the resection bed (OR 1.51 per Gy, P<.01), and grade 3 acute mucositis (OR 3.47, P=.02) as risk factors for STN. Beginning May 2011, after implementing aggressive avoidance of delivering >2 Gy/day to the resection bed mucosa, only 8% (2 of 26 patients) experienced STN (all grade 2).
A subset of OP-SCC patients treated with TORS and PORT are at risk for developing late consequential surgical bed STN. Risk factors include tonsillar location, depth of resection, radiation dose to the surgical bed, and severe mucositis. STN risk is significantly decreased with carefully avoiding a radiation dosage of >2 Gy/day to the surgical bed.
No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
This phase I, dose-finding study determined the safety, maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and antitumor activity of PX-866, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, combined with cetuximab in patients with incurable colorectal cancer or squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
PX-866 was administered at escalating doses (6-8 mg daily) combined with cetuximab given at a 400 mg/m(2) loading dose followed by 250 mg/m(2) weekly. A "3 + 3" study design was used. Prior therapy with anti-EGFR therapies, including cetuximab, was allowed.
Eleven patients were enrolled. The most frequent treatment-emergent adverse event was diarrhea (90.1%), followed by hypomagnesemia (72.2%), vomiting (72.2%), fatigue (54.5%), nausea (54.5%), rash (45.5%) and peripheral edema (40%). No dose limiting toxicities were observed. The RP2D was 8 mg, the same as the single-agent PX-866 MTD. Best responses in 9 evaluable patients were: 4 partial responses (44.4%), 4 stable disease (44.4%), and 1 disease progression (11.1%). The median progression free survival was 106 days (range: 1-271).
Treatment with PX-866 and cetuximab was tolerated with signs of anti-tumor activity. Further development of this combination is warranted.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Investigational New Drugs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: Comparisons of induction chemotherapy (IC) against upfront chemoradiation (CRT) for locally advanced head and neck cancer (LA-HNSCC) have demonstrated no differences except greater toxicity with IC. Effective induction regimens that are less toxic are therefore warranted. To inform future efforts with IC, we present our institutional experience comparing a less toxic IC regimen to CRT. Methods: We included patients with LA-HNSCC treated with organ-preservation CRT (+/-induction) between 2008 and 2011. Patients were of age above 18 years, ECOG performance status 0-1, and had minimum 6 months follow-up. IC consisted of 8 weekly cycles of cetuximab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel followed by CRT. The CRT regimen was platinum based, with cetuximab reserved for patients contraindicated to receive platinum. Results: Of 118 patients, 24 (20%) received IC and 94 (80%) received CRT. Median follow-up was 17 (IC) and 19 (CRT) months (P=0.05). There were no differences in toxicity between the groups. IC patients were more likely male, with more advanced tumor and nodal stage. Even when controlling for these factors, IC was still associated with worse locoregional control (HR=3.6, P=0.02), distant metastasis-free survival (HR=5.3, P=0.02), and overall survival (HR=5.1, P<0.01). Conclusions: IC patients had greater disease burden than those receiving CRT. IC was well tolerated, but with significant rates of locoregional and systemic failures. Given the retrospective nature of the study, our findings are not meant to be definitive or conclusive, but rather suggestive in directing future efforts with IC. For now, we favor CRT as the standard option for treatment of inoperable LA-HNSCC.
No preview · Article · May 2014 · American Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The primary objectives of this phase I study were to evaluate the safety and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of SAR245409, a pan-class I phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, combined with erlotinib in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Forty-six patients with advanced solid tumors were enrolled. Patients with lung cancer (n = 37) had received an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor before study entry. SAR245409 30, 50, 70, or 90 mg once daily (QD) or 20 or 30 mg twice daily (BID) was administered, in combination with erlotinib 100 mg QD, in 28-day cycles. Dose escalation of SAR245409 followed a standard 3 + 3 design. Patients were evaluated for adverse events (AEs). Additional evaluations included pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamic effects on PI3K and EGFR/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in tumor and skin samples, and tumor response.
The MTDs of SAR245409, in combination with erlotinib 100 mg QD, were 70 mg QD and 20 mg BID. The most frequently reported treatment-related AEs (any grade) were diarrhea (35%), rash (35%), and nausea (28%). No treatment-related AE occurred at grade 3/4 in more than one patient (2.2%). No major pharmacokinetic interaction between SAR245409 and erlotinib was noted. Suppression of PI3K and EGFR/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway biomarkers was observed in skin and tumor samples. Stable disease was the best overall response reported, occurring in 12 of 32 (37.5%) evaluable patients.
MTDs of SAR245409 and erlotinib were below the single-agent doses of either agent, despite the lack of major pharmacokinetic interaction.
No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
The IGF-1R signaling pathway has been implicated in multiple cancers as important for cell survival, proliferation, invasion and metastasis. BIIB022 is a non-glycosylated human IgG4 monoclonal antibody (mAb) with specificity for IGF-1R. Unlike other anti-IGF1R antibodies, BIIB022 has no effector functions. Additionally, inhibition is via an allosteric rather than competitive mechanism, which further differentiates this antibody from others. We sought to determine the safety and tolerability of BIIB022 and determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profile of this antibody.
A multi-institutional phase I study evaluated the safety of escalating doses of BIIB022 given IV q3wk until progression or unacceptable toxicity in patients with advanced solid tumors. Five sequential BIIB022 dose cohorts were evaluated using a standard 3 + 3 dose-escalation design (1.5, 5. 10, 20, 30 mg/kg); 10 additional patients were treated at the recommended phase 2 dose.
34 patients were treated. Toxicities were manageable and mostly low grade; grade 3-4 hyperglycemia was not observed. No RECIST responses were observed, although three patients had metabolic responses associated with prolonged stable disease. The PK of BIIB022 was nearly linear in the dose range from 10 to 30 mg/kg, with some nonlinearity at lower doses (1.5-5.0 mg/kg), likely due to target-mediated drug disposition of BIIB022 at low serum concentrations. PD analyses showed decrease in IGF-1R levels on leucocytes, with stable serum values of IGF-1 and IGF-2.
BIIB022 can be safely given at 30 mg/kg IV every 3 weeks with preliminary evidence of biological activity in selected patients.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Investigational New Drugs