Nicolas Leveziel

Université de Poitiers, Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France

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Publications (75)155.17 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme
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    ABSTRACT: Refractive error (RE), particularly myopia, is the first cause of visual impairment throughout the world. This study aimed to depict the prevalence of myopia in a multicentric series of French individuals. This cross-sectional analysis was carried out between January 2012 and November 2013 in eye clinics dedicated to REs. Data collection included age, gender, best-corrected visual acuity, RE, and any relevant medical history involving laser refractive surgery and cataract surgery. Exclusion criteria consisted of monophthalm patients or those with incomplete demographic data. Prevalences in the overall population, by gender and by age groups were reported for mild myopia (−0.50 to −2.75 diopter [D]), moderate myopia (−3 to −5.75 D), high myopia (less than −6 D), and very high myopia (less than −10 D). The analysis included 100,429 individuals, mean age 38.5 years (± 16.9). Overall prevalence of myopia was 39.1% (95% CI 38.8-39.4). Prevalences of mild, moderate, high and very high myopia were respectively 25.1% (95% CI 25.4-24.9), 10.6% (95% CI 10.4-10.8), 3.4% (95% CI 3.3-3.5) and 0.5% (95% CI 0.48-0.57). Even if possible bias occurred in recruitment, our results are similar to RE data collected in nationally representative samples of Caucasians in other studies. This is to our knowledge, one of the largest European series of individuals dedicated to myopia prevalences in different age groups. These results confirm the importance of myopia as a major health issue in Western countries.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: La myopie forte (MF), qui affecte de 0,9 à 3,1 % de la population, est une cause importante de perte de la vision. L’objectif de cette enquête était d’étudier et d’évaluer l’impact de leur forte myopie sur la vie quotidienne des patients et de mieux cerner leurs attentes en vue de mieux répondre à leurs besoins.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal francais d'ophtalmologie
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the main cause of visual loss in the elderly population. With the use of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, the visual outcomes of exudative AMD patients have been improved. This study was aimed at assessing the quality of life (QoL) of exudative AMD patients treated with ranibizumab and at determining its drivers in a real-life setting. We performed a national, cross-sectional, observational survey based on questionnaires sent to members of French associations relative to AMD between December 2012 and March 2013. Patients suffering from exudative AMD with at least one intravitreal injection of ranibizumab within the last 6 months were included. Demographics, AMD characteristics, visual acuity (VA) and past and ongoing treatments were collected. The 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) was self-administered. A multivariate model was used to identify QoL drivers. 416 questionnaires fulfilled the complete criteria for both QoL and cost analyses. The mean age of exudative AMD patients was 78.0 years and bilateral involvement was reported in 60.4%. The overall mean QoL score was 53.4. Mental health, driving and role difficulties were the most widely affected domains. After bivariate analyses, long-term illness status, worse VA and higher number of unpaid aids were associated with worse QoL, with odds ratios of 2.4, 5.2 and 11.6, respectively. The mean cost per year and per patient was 1,741 EUR. The main components of costs were aids and services and the purchase of visual equipment. The main predictors of QoL in exudative AMD patients treated with ranibizumab are VA outcomes, home healthcare and social services provided to the patients. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Ophthalmologica
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the main cause of visual loss associated with diabetes but any association between DME and cardiovascular events is unclear. This study aims to describe the possible association between DME and cardiovascular events in a multicenter cross-sectional study of patients with type 2 diabetes. Two thousand eight hundred seven patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited from diabetes and nephrology clinical institutional centers participating in the DIAB 2 NEPHROGENE study focusing on diabetic complications. DME (presence/absence) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) classification were based on ophthalmological report and/or on 30° color retinal photographs. DR was defined as absent, nonproliferative (background, moderate, or severe) or proliferative. Cardiovascular events were stroke, myocardial infarction, and lower limb amputation. Details regarding associations between DME and cardiovascular events were evaluated. The study included 2807 patients with type 2 diabetes, of whom 355 (12.6%) had DME. DME was significantly and independently associated with patient age, known duration of diabetes, HbA1c, systolic blood pressure, and DR stage. Only the prior history of lower limb amputation was strongly associated with DME in univariate and multivariate analyses, whereas no association was found with regard to myocardial infarction or stroke. Moreover, both major (n = 32) and minor lower limb (n = 96) amputations were similarly associated with DME, with respective odds ratio of 3.7 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.77–7.74; P = 0.0012) and of 4.29 (95% CI, 2.79–6.61; P < 0.001). DME is strongly and independently associated with lower limb amputation in type 2 diabetic patients.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the anatomical and functional outcomes in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) undergoing ranibizumab therapy in real-life practice. This is a retrospective analysis of patients with exudative AMD treated with ranibizumab. Visual acuity (VA) and optic coherence tomography characteristics at baseline and at the end of the follow-up, clinical forms of the disease, delay between diagnosis and treatment as well as the number of follow-up visits and of intravitreal injections were collected. One hundred and seventy-nine patients (220 eyes) were followed up during a mean of 24 months. The mean delay between diagnosis and treatment was 20.3 days (SD ±16.8). VA stabilization was observed in 46.4% of eyes, 21.7% of eyes gained ≥15 ETDRS (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study) letters and 31.9% lost ≥15 ETDRS letters. The mean central retinal thickness decreased from 380.6 μm at baseline to 295.6 µm at the final examination. A lower baseline VA score was associated with a greater gain of letters (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.06; p < 0.001). Shortening the delays in diagnosis appears to be a key point in real-life situations. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Ophthalmologica
  • Olivier Lichtwitz · Nicolas Leveziel

    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Jama Ophthalmology
  • Nicolas Leveziel · Marc Ohresser · Gilles Paintaud
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    ABSTRACT: Recent applications of Anti-VEGFs intravitreal injections have demonstrated a good efficacy in terms of functional and anatomical results for retinal disorders as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, macular edema related to retinal vascular occlusion and myopic choroidal neovascularization. In this chapter we present pharmacodynamic data of different anti-VEGFs, mainly Ranibizumab but also on Bevacizumab and Aflibercept. We also present clinical data and the main results of clinical trials conducted in these retinal disorders with anti-VEGFs.
    No preview · Chapter · Aug 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) is a common vision-threatening complication of myopia and pathological myopia. Despite significant advances in understanding the epidemiology, pathogenesis and natural history of myopic CNV, there is no standard definition of myopic CNV and its relationship to axial length and other myopic degenerative changes. Several treatments are available to ophthalmologists, but with the advent of new therapies there is a need for further consensus and clinical management recommendations. Verteporfin photodynamic therapy has been an established treatment for subfoveal myopic CNV for many years, but this treatment does not restore visual acuity and is associated with long-term chorioretinal atrophy. More recently, clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents in patients with myopic CNV have demonstrated substantial visual acuity gains and quality of life increases compared with photodynamic therapy. These enhanced outcomes provide updated evidence-based clinical management guidelines of myopic CNV, and increase the need for a generally accepted definition for myopic CNV. This review critically summarises the latest myopic CNV literature in the context of clinical experience and recommends a myopic CNV treatment algorithm.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · British Journal of Ophthalmology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to detect immune responses induced by intravitreal injection (IVT) of ranibizumab in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in real life conditions. Methods: An ELISA protocol from blood samples, following 2 different steps, was used to detect antibodies directed against the variable regions of ranibizumab. Results: Among 91 patients included, 46 received more than 10 IVTs, 36 had received 10 IVTs or fewer, and 9 were treatment naïve. Specific antiranibizumab immunoglobulins G were detected in 14/82 treated patients (17.1%). No immunization was detected among naïve patients. For patients with 10 or fewer previous IVTs, immunization against ranibizumab was detected in 4/36 patients (11.1%) whereas immunization was observed in 10/46 patients (21.7%) with more IVTs (p = 0.20). Conclusions: Immunization against ranibizumab can be detected in 17% of treated patients. Further clinical studies are needed to investigate the relationship between specific immunization to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibodies and response or resistance to ranibizumab treatments. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Ophthalmologica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe focal scleral ectasia in areas of macular/perimacular patchy chorioretinal atrophy secondary to pathologic myopia. Methods: Thirty-nine consecutive patients with pathologic myopia and chorioretinal atrophy in at least one eye, with and without focal scleral ectasia, were analyzed by infrared reflectance (IR) and/or multicolor imaging, enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) (39 patients, 78 eyes), and swept source (SS)-OCT (13 out of 39 patients, 26 eyes) cross-sectional scan. Results: Focal scleral ectasia was found in 12 out of 68 eyes (11 out of 39 consecutive patients, 27 females/12 males; mean age 65.7 ± 11.9 years) with macular/perimacular patchy chorioretinal atrophy, and was always observed inferior or temporal to the macula (mean 1.25 ± 0.38/eye). Focal scleral ectasia, appearing on fundus examination as a deep dark round/oval lesion with well-defined borders, was characterized on EDI-OCT and SS-OCT by an abrupt posterior bow of the sclera with different degrees of scleral schisis on its borders. The retinal pigment epithelium and the choroid were absent in all lesions. IR reflectance and multicolor imaging showed large vessels that seem to emerge from the focal scleral ectasia, and crossing the area of patchy atrophy. EDI-OCT and SS-OCT revealed retrobulbar vessels perforating the sclera at the borders/bottom of the abrupt posterior bow of the sclera (i.e., focal scleral ectasia) and running through the superficial scleral thickness for the whole extension of the atrophic area. Conclusions: We showed that perforating vessels are localized at the border/bottom of focal scleral ectasia in pathologic myopia.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
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    N. Leveziel · M. Joubert · M. Hermans · E. Moser · S. Le Picard · F. Maurel

    Preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Value in Health
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease involving genetic and environmental factors. Most of the genetic factors identified so far involve the nuclear genome. Recently, two studies in North America and Australia reported an association between advanced AMD and the mitochondrial T2 haplogroup. Our purpose was to assess this association in a large French population. This case control study included 1,224 patients with neovascular AMD and 559 controls with normal fundus. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms at and around nucleotides 4917, 11,812, and 14,233 were determined using PCR amplification and direct sequencing of mitochondrial DNA. No association was found between the mitochondrial T2 haplogroup and neovascular AMD in the French population: 94/1,152 patients with neovascular AMD had the T2 haplogroup (8.2%) versus 34/482 controls (7.1%; odds ratio=0.9 [0.5-1.5], p=0.66). An association between AMD and the T2 haplogroup, previously described in North American and Australian populations, was not confirmed in a large French population.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Molecular vision
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To analyze the genetic and environmental factors associated with reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: In a large population, AMD patients (n = 519) with and without RPD were assessed with a standardized examination including infrared images and spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans. Three groups were defined: Group 1: AMD patients with RPD (n = 105); Group 2: AMD patients without RPD (n = 414); and Group 3: controls with no AMD and no RPD (n = 430). Four genes associated with AMD (CFH, ARMS2/HTRA1, C3, apolipoprotein E) and environmental factors were assessed between the 3 groups. Results: None of the environmental factors studied were more significantly associated to either Group 1 or Group 2. The odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for individuals homozygous for the CFH risk allele were 4.0 (2.1-7.7) ([95% confidence interval: 2.1-7.7]; P < 0.0004) in Group 1 and 4.3 ([2.6-7.1]; P < 0.0004) in Group 2, compared with Group 3. The odds ratios for individuals homozygous for the ARMS2 risk allele for Groups 1 and 2 compared with Group 3 were 16.3 ([7.6-35.4]; P < 0.0004) and 11.9 ([6.3-22.3]; P < 0.0004), respectively. None of the genotypes studied were more significantly associated to Group 1 than Group 2. Conclusion: Genotypes known to be associated with AMD were similarly observed in patients with and without RPD.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
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    ABSTRACT: : To compare the ability of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), blue light fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence (NIR-FAF) to evaluate foveal involvement in geographic atrophy as a result of age-related macular degeneration. : All consecutive patients with geographic atrophy underwent FAF (excitation λ = 488 nm; emission λ > 500 nm), NIR-FAF (excitation λ = 787 nm; emission λ > 800 nm), and simultaneous SD-OCT scanning (Spectralis HRA + OCT; Heidelberg Engineering). Two readers independently graded foveal involvement on FAF, NIR-FAF, and SD-OCT and measured the width of foveal sparing. In eyes with an intergrader agreement of foveal sparing by at least one among FAF, NIR-FAF, and SD-OCT, microperimetry (Spectral OCT/SLO; OPKO-OTI) was analyzed. : A total of 158 eyes (83 patients; 53 women, 30 men, mean age 69.2 ± 4.8 years) with geographic atrophy were included. Spectral domain OCT showed the highest intergrader agreement of foveal involvement (k = k' = 0.8, P = 0.001 vs. k = k' = 0.7, P = 0.01 for NIR-FAF and k = k' = 0.5, P = 0.01 for FAF). In 74 eyes (46.8%) foveal sparing was present according to interobserver agreement. Width of the foveal sparing was larger on SD-OCT than on NIR-FAF and FAF (1,334 ± 943 μm vs. 1,228 ± 912 μm, P < 0.001 and 1,201 ± 922 μm, P < 0.001, respectively). Retinal fixation was predominantly central and stable in 97.3% of eyes with foveal sparing. : Spectral domain OCT is an appropriate imaging modality for evaluating the presence and extent of foveal sparing, followed by NIR-FAF and FAF.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Large colloid drusen (LCD) are a subgroup of early onset drusen recently reported. The aim of this study was to describe morphologic features in patients affected with LCD using high-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: A complete ophthalmologic examination including SD-OCT was performed in 22 eyes of 11 consecutive patients. Results: Mean age was 35 years old at diagnosis, and mean visual acuity was 20/25. In all eyes, SD-OCT showed multiple dome-shaped retinal pigment epithelium detachments corresponding to the drusen. Mean height of drusen was 199 μm (range, 108-316 μm) and mean width was 419 μm (range, 190-681 μm). Indocyanine green angiography hypofluorescent LCD were larger and more reflective on SD-OCT than indocyanine green angiography hyperfluorescent LCD. All drusen appeared convex with medium and homogeneous internal reflectivity. Retina overlying LCD appeared wavy and overall thinned. Prominent diffuse hyperreflective haze in the Henle fiber layer over drusen was noted in 73% of the eyes. No geographic atrophy or choroidal neovascularization was observed. Conclusion: The peculiar SD-OCT features reported in the current series give insight on the ultrastructure of LCD. Further studies with follow-up evaluation and possibly histologic evaluation are needed to clarify the clinical significance of LCD.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To analyze the contribution of fluorescein angiography (FA) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) to the diagnosis of recent choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with high myopia. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: Ninety eyes of 73 highly myopic patients (refractive error ≥-6 diopters) with CNV in 1 or both eyes were included. Epidemiologic features, refractive error, fundus examination, fluorescein angiography, and SD OCT findings at onset of CNV were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean age at onset of CNV was 54.4 ± 14 years. CNV was bilateral in 17 of 73 cases. Mean refractive error was -13.9 ± 5.2 diopters. Myopic CNV was associated more frequently with patchy or geographic atrophy (P = .019). CNV was associated with exudative features on fluorescein angiography in 82% of cases (64/78), and on SD OCT in 48.6% of cases (36/74). There was no agreement about signs of active CNV between these 2 imaging methods (κ = 25.7 ± 10%; P = .0044). CNV area was significantly smaller in younger patients (<55 years) than in older patients (0.57 mm(2) vs 1.21 mm(2), respectively; P = .023). CONCLUSIONS: Exudative features of myopic CNV are more obvious on FA than on SD OCT, suggesting that fluorescein angiography should be performed when new-onset myopic CNV is suspected. Myopic CNV occurring in older patients (≥55 years) is larger than those seen in younger patients and resembles CNV associated with age-related macular degeneration. This suggests an overlap between myopic CNV in older patients and age-related macular degeneration.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · American Journal of Ophthalmology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To evaluate the anatomical and functional outcomes of intravitreal dexamethasone implant in patients with macular edema (ME) secondary to retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods: Three patients (four eyes), aged 24 to 46 years, presented with refractory ME secondary to RP. Intravitreal dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) was administered to treat ME. The anatomical (central macular thickness [CMT]) and functional (best-corrected visual acuity [BCVA]) outcomes as well as adverse events were recorded. Results: All patients completed 6 months follow-up. After intravitreal Ozurdex all patients showed regression of ME. At baseline, mean CMT was 443 ± 185 μm (range 213-619 μm); ME improved to 234 ± 68 μm (range 142-307 μm) at 1 month, to 332 ± 177 μm (range 139-513 μm) at 3 months, and to 305 ± 124 μm (range 144-447 μm) at 6 months. Recurrent ME was recorded in 2 patients (both patients at 3 months from intravitreal dexamethasone implant). Retreatment with intravitreal Ozurdex was performed in two patients. Mean BCVA improved form 20/160 (range 20/50-20/200) (baseline) to 20/100 (range 20/40-20/125) at 1 month, to ∼20/125 (range 20/100-20/200) at 3 months, and to ∼ 20/125 (range 20/100-20/160) at 6 months. No serious ocular and systemic adverse events were observed during the study period. Conclusions: Intravitreal dexamethasone implant provides anatomic and functional improvements and may represent a valuable treatment option for patients with ME secondary to RP.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie
  • G Querques · L Querques · N Leveziel · F Bandello · E.H. Souied
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the results obtained with intravitreal ranibizumab injections in a patient with adult onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy (AOFVD) complicated by Type 3 choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Methods: A 78-year old man diagnosed with AOFVD presented at our department for decreased vision in his left eye (LE) (20/80). Upon a complete ophthalmologic examination, including fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, the patient was diagnosed with Type 3 CNV. Three monthly injections of ranibizumab 0.05 ml/0.5mg were administered intravitreally without complications. Results: After the first injection, visual acuity of the LE improved (20/64) and regression of the Type 3 CNV was observed by fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography and OCT. Six months after the final ranibizumab injection, a more-or-less complete resolution of the exudative retinal changes was observed. Conclusions: Type 3 CNV may be associated with AOFVD. Intravitreal ranibizumab may represent a possible therapeutic option in this unusual context.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal francais d'ophtalmologie
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To assess the ability of the Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) segmentation software to identify the inner limiting membrane and Bruch's membrane in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients. Methods: Thirty-eight eyes of 38 naive exudative AMD patients were retrospectively included. They all had a complete ophthalmologic examination including Spectralis OCT at baseline, at month 1 and 2. Reliability of the segmentation software was assessed by 2 ophthalmologists. Reliability of the segmentation software was defined as good if both inner limiting membrane and Bruch's membrane were correctly drawn. Results: A total of 38 patients charts were reviewed (114 scans). The inner limiting membrane was correctly drawn by the segmentation software in 114/114 spectral domain OCT scans (100%). Conversely, Bruch's membrane was correctly drawn in 59/114 scans (51.8%). The software was less reliable in locating Bruch's membrane in case of pigment epithelium detachment (PED) than without PED (42.5 vs. 73.5%, respectively; p = 0.049), but its reliability was not associated with SRF or CME (p = 0.55 and p = 0.10, respectively). Conclusion: Segmentation of the inner limiting membrane was constantly trustworthy but Bruch's membrane segmentation was poorly reliable using the automatic Spectralis segmentation software. Based on this software, evaluation of retinal thickness may be incorrect, particularly in case of PED. PED is effectively an important parameter which is not included when measuring retinal thickness.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Ophthalmologica

Publication Stats

766 Citations
155.17 Total Impact Points


  • 2014-2015
    • Université de Poitiers
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France
      Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France
  • 2011-2013
    • University of Paris-Est
      La Haye-Descartes, Centre, France
  • 2007-2013
    • Université Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne - Université Paris 12
      • Faculty of medicine
      Créteil, Île-de-France, France
  • 2006-2013
    • Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal Creteil
      Créteil, Île-de-France, France
  • 2005-2010
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      • Faculté de médecine Pierre et Marie Curie
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France