[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a herpesvirus that causes congenital diseases and opportunistic infections in immunocompromised individuals. Its functional proteins and microRNAs (miRNAs) facilitate efficient viral propagation by altering host cell behavior. The identification of functional target genes of miRNAs is an important step in the study of HCMV pathogenesis. HCMV encodes at least 14 miRNAs, including hcmv-mir-UL148D, which resides in the HCMV UL/b' region. hcmv-mir-UL148D is the only miRNA encoded by the HCMV UL/b' region; however, its targets and functional effects have not yet been eludidated. In this study, hybrid-PCR screening was used to identify target genes and dual luciferase reporter assay was used to evaluate the binding effect of hcmv-miR-UL148D to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of IEX-1. In addition, western blot analysis was used to detect the expression kinetics of IEX-1 protein and apoptosis assay was used to identify the effects of hcmv-miR-UL148D on cell apoptosis. The hybrid-PCR results showed that only one binding site in the 3'UTR of the cellular gene, human immediate early gene X-1 (IEX-1), was completely complementary to an 11 nucleotide (nt) sequence in the 5' terminus of hcmv-mir-UL148D, including the entire seed region. The binding site was demonstrated to be functional by dual luciferase reporter assay with a 47% repression of the relative luciferase activity. In an in vitro system of human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells, the ectopically expressed hcmv-mir-UL148D exhibited a downregulatory effect on IEX-1 expression, and decreased the cell apoptosis induced by transfected IEX-1. Our data demonstrate that hcmv-mir-UL148D targets the cellular gene, IEX-1, downregulating its expression and thus results in anti-apoptotic effects.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the variability of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL140 open reading frame (ORF) in clinical strains, and to explore the relationship between the variability of UL140 ORF and different symptoms of HC-MV infection.
HCMV UL140 ORF was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced selectedly in 30 clinical strains.
UL140 ORF of all clinical strains was amplified successfully. Compared with that of Toledo strain, the nucleotide and amino acid sequence identities among all strains were 96.5%-100.0% and 95.2%-100.0%, respectively. All of the nucleotide changes were substitutions. The post-translational modification sites were conserved. The result of phylogenetic tree showed that the strains did not cluster according to different clinical symptoms.
HCMV UL140 ORF in clinical strains is highly conserved, which may play an important role in HC-MV infection.
No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Chinese Medical Sciences Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) displays genetic polymorphisms. Nineteen open reading frames (ORFs, UL133-UL151) found in the Toledo strain of HCMV and other low-passage clinical isolates may be essential for viral infection. This study aimed to analyze the polymorphism of HCMV UL134 gene in clinical isolates and explore the relationship between the polymorphism and HCMV infection.
PCR was performed to amplify entire UL134 region in 32 clinical isolates, which had been proven as HCMV-DNA positive by FQ-PCR. PCR products were sequenced.
All of the 32 isolates were amplified and sequenced successfully. HCMV UL134 gene was highly conserved in the clinical isolates. UL134 ORF and its predicted protein in the clinical strains displayed 96.4%-98.3% nucleotide identity and 92.7%-94.9% amino acid identity respectively compared to those in the Toledo strain. A new posttranslational modification site, sulfationcamp (SUL) site, was found in UL134 protein of all of the clinical isolates except 35j.
HCMV UL134 gene in clinical isolates was highly conserved. No substantial relation was found between UL134 gene and HCMV infectious diseases.
No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the genetic diversities of UL144 open reading frame (ORF) of cytomegalovirus DNA detected in colon tissue from infants with Hirschsprung's disease (HD) by sequencing UL144 DNA in 23 aganglionic colon tissue and 4 urine samples from 25 HD infants.
Nest PCR was performed for amplification of the UL144 gene. The UL144 gene was analyzed with softwares, such as DNAclub, BioEdit, PROSITE database, and DNAstar.
The strains from HD patients were distributed among three genotypes of UL144: group 1A (64%), group 2 (24%), and group 3 (12%). The UL144 genotypes between strains from HD and control group were compared by chi square test (c2 = 1.870, P = 0.393). Strains from the colon were sporadically distributed in UL144 genotypes.
There are genetic diversities of UL144 ORF in colon tissue of infants with HD. However, cytomegalovirus UL144 genotypes are not associated with clinical manifestations of HD.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2007 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the polymorphism of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL150 open reading frame (ORF) in low-passaged clinical isolates, and to study the relationship between the polymorphism and different pathogenesis of congenital HCMV infection.
PCR was performed to amplify the entire HCMV UL150 ORF region of 29 clinical isolates, which had been proven containing detectable HCMV-DNA using fluorescence quantitative PCR. PCR amplification products were sequenced directly, and the data were analyzed.
Totally 25 among 29 isolates were amplified, and 18 isolates were sequenced successfully. HCMV UL150 ORF sequences derived from congenitally infected infants were high variability. The UL150 ORF in all 18 clinical isolates shifted backward by 8 nucleotides leading to frame-shift, and contained a single nucleotide deletion at nucleotide position 226 compared with that of Toledo strain. The nucleotide diversity was 0.1% to 6.8% and the amino acid diversity was 0.2% to 19.2% related to Toledo strain. However, the nucleotide diversity was 0.1% to 6.4% and amino acid diversity was 0.2% to 8.3% by compared with Merlin strain. Compared with Toledo, 4 new cysteine residues and 13 additional posttranslational modification sites were observed in UL150 putative proteins of clinical isolates. Moreover, the UL150 putative protein contained an additional transmembrane helix at position of 4-17 amino acid related to Toledo.
HCMV UL150 ORF and deduced amino acid sequences of clinical strains are hypervariability. No obvious linkage between the polymorphism and different pathogenesis of congenital HCMV infection is found.
No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Chinese Medical Sciences Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infects a number of organs and tissues in vivo. The different symptoms and tissue tropisms of HCMV infection perhaps result from genetic polymorphism. A new region of DNA containing at least 19 open reading frames (ORFs) (denoted UL133 to 151) was found in the low-passage HCMV clinical strain, Toledo, and several other low-passage clinical isolates, but not present in the HCMV laboratory strain, AD169. One of these genes, UL143, was studied to explore the sequence variability of UL143 ORF in HCMV clinical isolates and examine the possible association between gene variability and the outcome of HCMV infection.
The UL143 gene of the strains obtained from suspected congenitally HCMV-infected infants was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced.
Nineteen sequences of the strains were divided into 2 major groups, G(1) (n = 16) and G(2) (n = 3). All of the sequences had frame-shift mutation compared to Toledo. Nucleotide polymorphisms conferred substantial amino acid substitutions when compared with Toledo. All 16 UL143 putative proteins of the strains in G(1) had a new myristylation site and loss of two PKC sites owing to missense mutations. No convincing relationships were observed between the presence of HCMV disease and the UL143 sequence group.
HCMV-UL143 existed in low passage isolates. Sequence variability caused by frame-shift mutation was found in all HCMV clinical strains. No obvious linkage was observed between UL143 polymorphisms and the outcome of suspected congenital HCMV infection.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2006 · Chinese medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a ubiquitous herpesvirus, causes a lifelong subclinical infection in healthy adults but leads to significant morbidity and mortality in neonates and immunocompromised individuals. A region (referred to as UL/b') present in the Toledo strain of HCMV and low passage clinical isolates contains 19 additional genes, which are absent in the highly passage laboratory strain AD169. One of these genes, UL149 open reading frame, was amplified by PCR and sequenced from isolates obtained from infants with congenital HCMV infection, to determine whether genetic variation of this gene could influence the signs of the virus infection. The major finding is that the UL149 is a variable gene in all 26 clinical isolates, and the sequences from clinical isolates were classified into three major groups. It is concluded that the HCMV UL149 sequence is variable at the nucleotide level and it might play an important role in HCMV infection.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of Virological Methods
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infects a number of organs and cell types in vivo. The different symptoms and tissue tropisms of HCMV infection perhaps result from the genetic polymorphism. A new region of DNA containing at least 19 open reading frames (ORFs - denoted UL133-151) was found in the low-passage HCMV clinical strain Toledo and several other low-passage clinical isolates, but not present in the HCMV laboratory strain AD169. Two of these genes, UL146 and UL147, encode proteins with sequence characteristics of CXC (alpha) chemokines, suggesting that they might influence the behavior of neutrophils during infection. This research was to study the sequence variability of UL146 and UL147 ORFs in HCMV clinical isolates and examine the possible associations between gene variability and the outcome of HCMV infection.
UL146 and UL147 genes from strains obtained from suspected congenitally HCMV-infected infants were PCR amplified and sequenced.
High variability was found in UL146 and UL147 gene among HCMV clinical strains. However, the alpha chemokine motif in UL146 and UL147 genes was conserved in almost all sequences. According to the phylogenetic analysis, all sequences of UL146 in clinical isolates could be divided into three groups. All strains from congenital megacolon infants existed in G2A only, and all from asymptomatic infants existed in G2B peculiarly.
Sequence variability among HCMV clinical strains may affect the ability of UL146 and UL147 to attract human neutrophils and influence viral dissemination. No obvious linkage was observed between UL146 polymorphisms and outcome of suspected congenital HCMV infection.