[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepaticarterial infusional(HAI)5-FU chemotherapy, which involves the use of interventional radiology technique, has matured technically in Japan in the 1990's. The antitumor effect of 5-FU is enhanced by combination with leucovorin. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of HAI 5-FU and leucovorin chemotherapy for patients with unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer.
Treatment was given to 20 patients with unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer. The chemotherapy regimen consisted of weekly HAI of 5-FU(1,000 mg/body)and leucovorin(250 mg/body)over five hours. The survival and response rates to the therapy were assessed according to RECIST. Hematologic and non-hematologic toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE v3.0.
Combined HAI 5-FU and leucovorin therapy was carried out an average of 27 times. The response rate for liver tumors was 75%, and the median survival time was 22 months. The applied regimen caused only mild adverse events. There was no evidence of myelosuppression except for platelet decrease(grade 3)in a patient with chronic renal failure.
This HAI approach using 5-FU and leucovorin was effective and the therapy for unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer was tolerated well. Therefore the HAI approach should be reconsidered as an effective therapy against this disease in Japan.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is the initial, rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). DPD expression levels are believed to correlate with the 5-FU sensitivity of malignant tumors. In colorectal cancer (CRC), a few previous studies demonstrated that females could benefit more from adjuvant chemotherapy. However, it is still unknown why the effectiveness of postoperative chemotherapy is affected by gender. The objective of this study was to clarify the beneficial differences in 5-FU chemotherapy between genders in patients with the CRC based on DPD expression. Ninety-seven tumor specimens and 92 adjacent normal tissue specimens from 97 patients with the CRC and no prior therapy were obtained. The DPD expression in the tissues was quantified and analyzed based on clinicopathological factors. In the tumor tissue, the DPD expression in females was significantly lower than that in males. In the normal tissues, however, there were no significant differences in DPD expression between genders. In the treatment of CRC, cases who will benefit most because of 5-FU sensitivity; i.e. cases with lower DPD expression, must be given priority. Based on DPD expression, female gender seems to be a predictive factor for a better response to chemotherapy with 5-FU.