Feng-Hsuan Liu

Chang Gung University, Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (13)27.74 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the features of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) presenting with neck lymph node (LN) metastasis. The study enrolled 909 patients with PTC who had undergone total thyroidectomy. After a median follow-up of 14.6 years, 73 (8.0%) patients died of thyroid cancer. A total of 536 patients had the tumor confined to the thyroid (intra-thyroid), 111 had lymph node (LN) metastasis, 225 showed soft tissue invasion, and 37 had distant metastasis. Compared with the intra-thyroid group, the group with LN metastases showed larger tumor size, higher postoperative thyroglobulin levels, advanced TNM stage, higher recurrence rates (5.2% vs. 31.5%), and higher disease-specific mortality (1.3% vs. 12.6%). Of the 111 patients with PTC and LN metastases, 35 (31.5%) were diagnosed with recurrence during a mean follow-up period of 16.9 ± 0.6 years. Among the 35 patients with recurrent PTC, 14 (40.0%) died of thyroid cancer. The mortality group was characterized by older, mostly male patients who presented with larger initial tumor size compared with survivors. In patients with PTC, the rates of recurrence and cancer mortality were higher in the group with LN metastasis than that in the intra-thyroid tumor group. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    Preview · Article · May 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We performed a retrospective analysis of follicular neoplasm data obtained from frozen section examinations of thyroid nodules. A total of 5,660 patients underwent preoperative neck ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), surgical treatment, and follow-up at a medical institute. Patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma were excluded from this study. In 971 cases, frozen section examination was performed during the surgical treatment of follicular neoplasm that was diagnosed via FNAC. Thyroid malignancies were histologically confirmed in 25.1% of cases (244/971). Among the patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma, 45 were diagnosed with the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinomas (27.4%). The diagnostic sensitivity of frozen section for the nonfollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma was better than that for the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (89.1% versus 78.9%; P = 0.1023). For 12 cases the diagnosis was atypical follicular adenomas. The diagnostic accuracy of frozen section in cases of follicular neoplasm was 76.9% with a sensitivity of 84.8% and a specificity of 98.9%. In conclusion, our analysis revealed high rates of accuracy when using frozen tissue sections for early diagnosis and treatment of follicular neoplasm; thus, an early decision to extent of surgery prevents a risky follow-up surgery.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Diagnostic Cytopathology
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    ABSTRACT: To correlate sonographic (US) characteristics and results of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid nodules in autoimmune thyroiditis (AT) with surgical pathological findings. Forty AT patients with 40 nodular lesions were analyzed retrospectively. Five sonographic characteristics were recorded for each nodule: diameter, echogenicity, microcalcification, halo sign, and margin. Preoperative sonograms and FNAB results were compared with postoperative histopathological findings. Twenty-four of the 40 nodules were malignant, including 20 papillary carcinomas, 3 follicular carcinomas, and 1 medullary carcinoma. Of the 16 benign nodules, 8 were nodular hyperplasia, 6 lymphocytic thyroiditis, and 1 each follicular adenoma and Hürthle cell adenoma. The only US parameter that was significant in malignant vs. benign nodules was the presence of poorly defined margins. Based on preoperative cytology, 22 of the 23 malignant nodules were correctly diagnosed, and 10 of the 14 benign nodules were correctly identified. The positive predictive value was 78.6%, and the negative predictive value was 93.7%. No single US parameter can predict thyroid malignancy in patients with AT. A combination of US and FNAB provides the most sensitive and specific approach available preoperatively.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of Clinical Ultrasound
  • Feng-Hsuan Liu · Chuen Hsueh · Tzu-Chieh Chao · Jen-Der Lin
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the results of histopathological studies in neck masses observed in young patients. The neck masses were detected using ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). In this retrospective study, we analyzed 234 young patients who were surgically treated for neck masses at Chang Gung Medical Center in Linkou. The mean age of the 234 young patients was 16.3 +/- 4.0 years (range 1-20 years). Neck ultrasonography studies were conducted using a real-time ultrasonographic machine and a 10 MHz transducer. FNAC was performed for the suspected neck nodules. Of the 234 cases, 187 (79.9%) were surgically confirmed to be benign lesions, including four cases that were diagnosed as atypical adenoma. Malignant thyroid masses were identified in 47 patients. Surgery confirmed 22 cases to be lesions that were non-thyroid in origin, including those developing from a cyst, soft tissue, and with a lymphatic origin. Diagnostic accuracies of the FNAC and frozen section examination were found to be 91.1 and 97.7%, respectively. In the study population, 20.1% of the neck masses were malignant. Except in cases of follicular thyroid neoplasm, neck ultrasonography with FNAC could effectively identify the thyroid or non-thyroid origin of these masses with high-diagnostic accuracy.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Pediatric Surgery International
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies that will enable easy differentiation between minimally invasive follicular carcinoma (MIFC) and widely invasive follicular carcinoma (WIFC). We retrospectively reviewed 234 follicular thyroid carcinoma cases to compare the diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics between the minimally and the widely invasive types. Eighty-nine patients were diagnosed with MIFC (mean age, 39.2 ±14.9 years) and 145 were diagnosed with WIFC (mean age, 49.0 ± 17.7 years). Low diagnostic accuracy from preoperative cytology and frozen sections resulted in 60 patients undergoing subtotal thyroidectomies and 57 cases required a second operation for complete thyroidectomy. Patients in the MIFC group were younger, and had small-sized tumors, lower postoperative thyroglobulin levels, lower recurrent rates and lower cancer mortality rates than those in the WIFC group. Diagnostic accuracy from frozen sections in the WIFC group was relatively better. After a mean follow-up period of 9.0±0.4 years, 41 of the 234 (17.5%) patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma had died due to thyroid cancer. All MIFC patients remained disease-free or had a recurrence-free status. In conclusion, both WIFC and MIFC are difficult to diagnose on the basis of preoperative examinations and frozen sections. Patients diagnosed with MIFC had responded positively to the treatment; however, for patients diagnosed with WIFC to become disease-free, early diagnosis and aggressive surgical therapies in combination with (131)I therapy were required.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical efficacy of a modified vancomycin dosing protocol with a conventional regimen for managing patients with diabetic foot infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was evaluated. This prospective study was conducted from January 2002 to December 2004 at the diabetic ward of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital--Linkou in Taiwan. All diabetic patients with MRSA-related diabetic foot infections confirmed by wound cultures were enrolled in this study. Patients treated with the conventional protocol (from 2002 to 2003) received vancomycin 10-15 mg/kg (up to 1 g) over 60 minutes every 12 hours if their serum creatinine (SCr) concentration was 0.4-1.4 mg/dL according to the estimation of creatinine clearance (CL(cr)). Patients treated with the modified vancomycin dosing protocol (from 2003 to 2004) received vancomycin according to their SCr level, age, and concurrent gentamicin dosage. Data analyzed included patients' age, sex, body weight, SCr level, CL(cr), serum vancomycin peak and trough levels, vancomycin dosage, treatment period, and duration of hospital stay. A total of 85 patients were enrolled in this study. The conventional protocol group achieved substantially higher serum vancomycin levels than those recommended by the British National Formulary (BNF). Although the vancomycin dosage in the modified protocol was lower than that in the conventional protocol, trough and peak vancomycin levels remained within the range recommended by the BNF. The duration of hospitalization and treatment did not significantly differ between the two groups. A modified vancomycin dosing protocol for treating diabetic foot infections caused by MRSA was superior to the conventional dosing regimen in achieving therapeutic serum levels of vancomycin.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · American journal of health-system pharmacy: AJHP: official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates the impact of uric acid (UA) on the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. In addition, this study explores the relationship between UA and insulin resistance and serum leptin levels in metabolic syndrome. A total of 470 subjects (252 women and 218 men) were recruited from the Department of Health Management at Chang Gung Medical Center (Linkou, Taiwan). Metabolic syndrome was defined using a modified Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) definition. The formula for the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) is as follows: fasting serum insulin (microU/mL) x fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)/22.5. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed in 45 subjects (9.6%); 82 subjects (17.4%) had hypertension. Hyperuricemia was diagnosed in 144 subjects (30.6%). Of these subjects, 115 (63 females and 52 males) (24.5%) were diagnosed as having metabolic syndrome. Patients with hyperuricemia had increased body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, and triglyceride (Tg) level. The subjects also had lower high-density lipoprotein and greater hypertension. Hormone assays showed an elevation of leptin, immunoreactive insulin (IRI), and HOMA-IR in the hyperuricemia group. Uric acid appeared to be better correlated with Tg, blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic), obesity, immunoreactive insulin, and HOMA-IR. Uric acid did not correlate with leptin or blood glucose levels. Metabolic syndrome and Tg/high-density lipoprotein ratio showed a statistically significant difference in HOMA-IR using 3.8 as a cutoff value. Otherwise, there was no difference in leptin value. In conclusion, serum UA is significantly related to risk factors of metabolic syndrome except for blood glucose. Waist-to-hip ratio and HOMA-IR were statistically different in subjects with and without metabolic syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: This study retrospectively examined the characteristics of metabolic syndrome in an aged population and assessed the risk factors for these subjects. A total of 1332 aged subjects (> or =65 years; mean age 71.0+/-5.0 years) were enrolled from 6903 subjects recruited from the Department of Health Management at Chang Gung Medical Center. Of these 6903 subjects, 1665 (814 females and 851 males) were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Whole body three-dimensional (3- D) laser scanning was employed for anthropometric measurements. Furthermore, health index (HI) was derived by the following equation: HI = (body weight x 2 x waist area) / [body height2 x (breast area + hip area)]. Among the 6903 subjects, no significant difference in gender was noted between groups with and without metabolic syndrome (p=0.142). For subjects >64 years, the incidence of metabolic syndrome in females is higher than in males. Subjects are categorized into four groups based on age and whether they had metabolic syndrome. Group A (4402 cases) consists of subjects <65 years old without metabolic syndrome. Group B (836 cases) comprises subjects >64 years old and without metabolic syndrome. Group C (1169 cases) contains subjects <65 years old with metabolic syndrome and group D (496 cases) is composed of subjects >64 years old with metabolic syndrome. Of the aged 1332 subjects, 595 were females (mean age, 70.6+/-4.6 years) and 737 were males (mean age, 71.3+/-5.3years), 37.2% (496/1332) had metabolic syndrome, 19.9% had DM and 21.8% had hypertension. These subjects had decreased BMI with age. Additionally, WHR peaked at an age range of 75-79 years. Of the aged subjects, also overweight, 42.8% and 33.6% were diagnosed with hypertension and DM, respectively; both ratios higher than those for non-overweight subjects (25.3% and 26.2%, respectively). Of the four groups in this study, the ratios for DM, hypertension, and WHR, HI, and LDL levels progressively increased through groups A to D. WBC count differs statistically significantly between these groups. Statistical analysis of WBC count, RBC and hemoglobin (Hb) with different parameters demonstrates significant elevation of WBC counts with the components of metabolic syndrome in aged subjects. WBC count, RBC count and Hb are associated with metabolic syndrome components in younger and old adults of both genders. The incidence of metabolic syndrome marker increased after menopause onset in the female population in this study.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Aging clinical and experimental research
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrasound, as applied to the thyroid nodule, was first used in clinical practice for the assessment of thyroid disorders. Differentiating cysts from solid thyroid nodules was determined to be the best indication for ultrasonographic examination of thyroid nodules that had been identified by thyroid scanning. Screening by ultrasound may be of value for small thyroid cancers identified in radiation-exposed individuals. Currently, the clinical applications of thyroid ultrasonography include: 1) assessing thyroid nodule size after radioiodine therapy in patients with toxic adenoma, 2) identifying local recurrences of thyroid cancer, 3) adjunctive studies of thyroid nodules in specific diseases such as acromegaly, and 4) determining the effect of pregnancy on thyroid nodule formation. Ultrasound and fine needle aspiration have been used in the treatment of recurrent thyroid cysts and, more recently, ultrasound-guided laser thermal ablation of thyroid nodules. The pre- and intraoperative management of patients with thyroid cancer is improved with ultrasound examination, according to one report. Thyroid ultrasonography uses no radiation, is easily performed, and is low in cost. The procedure requires experienced operators and interobserver crosschecking to accurately interpret findings.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · The Endocrinologist
  • Chia-Lin Li · Feng-Hsuan Liu · Jen-Der Lin
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the effect of physical activity independent of obesity on metabolic risk factors. A total of 358 participants were recruited from the Department of Health Management of Chang Gung Medical Center. Physical activity was assessed using a 3-d activity record. Body-mass index (BMI) and metabolic risk factors were also assessed. Our findings demonstrate that an effect of obesity that was statistically independent of the levels of physical activity is associated with metabolic risk factors. Moreover, physical activity displayed inverse associations with triglycerides, and fasting plasma glucose and a positive association with HDL cholesterol. Those participants with time spent in moderate activity more than 0.5 h each day had significantly less risk of high fasting glucose. Significantly, these associations were independent of BMI.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: Identifying a tumor marker that can help distinguish benign from malignant thyroid tumors is crucial, because up to 30% of thyroid fine-needle aspirations (FNA) are diagnosed as 'suspicious' or follicular neoplasm for malignancy. Recently, the detection of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene expression in thyroid FNA samples has been identified as a promising diagnostic marker in distinguishing benign and malignant thyroid tumors. Twenty-seven FNA samples from thyroid tumors that were suspected to be malignant were collected preoperatively, hTERT gene expression was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and the cytological and histological results were compared. The results demonstrated that 13 (92.8%) of 14 thyroid carcinomas, including eight of eight papillary, three of four follicular, and two of two Hürthle cell thyroid carcinomas have corresponding FNA samples that were positive for hTERT. Meanwhile, eight (61.5%) of 13 benign thyroid nodules, including three of six nodular goiter, two of two Graves' disease, two of two Hürthle cell adenomas, and one of three follicular adenomas were positive for hTERT. In conclusion, hTERT was more prevalent in malignant thyroid FNA samples than in the benign thyroid FNA samples. Notably, the extent of the differences in hTERT expression between benign and malignant follicular thyroid tumors require further investigation. Moreover, further information including semi-quantitative real-time RT-PCR, is required to verify whether hTERT mRNA expression could serve as an adjunctive molecular marker for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid malignancies.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2003 · Cancer Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Although there are many factors that affect postoperative serum levels of thyroglobulin (Tg), such levels have been previously used to detect recurrence of papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas. This study was conducted to elucidate the significance of postoperative levels of Tg in patients with clinical presentations of papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular thyroid carcinomas, or both. To collect data pertaining to patients with thyroid cancer who were treated in Chang Gung Medical Center in Linkou, Taiwan, records relating to a total of 847 patients with pathologically verified papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, all of whom received total thyroidectomy and thyroid remnant ablation with radioactive iodide ((131)I), were studied. To evaluate the clinical significance of postoperative levels of Tg, the patients were categorized into three groups based on postoperative Tg level. Group A was classified as those demonstrating a 1-month postoperative Tg levels less than 1 ng/ml. Group B patients were classified as those displaying a 1-month postoperative Tg levels greater than or equal to 1 ng/ml, but less than 10 ng/ml. Group C patients were classified as those exhibiting a 1-month postoperative Tg levels great than or equal to 10 ng/ml. Of the patients in group A, none presented with distant metastases at the time of diagnosis or during the follow-up period. In group B, 15 patients (3.5%) died of thyroid cancer. In this group, tumor size was an important factor in cancer-related mortality, diagnostic clinical class, and follow-up status. Of the 491 patients in group C, 49 (10.0%) patients died of thyroid cancer. Among the patients in group C, age, histopathologic type, stage of diagnosis, and follow-up Tg values were important factors. Among groups A, B, and C, there were 161 (95.8%), 253 (76.4%), and 129 (37.1%) patients, respectively, with disease-free status at the end of 1998. Postoperative serum Tg levels can be used as a prognostic indicator in patients with papillary and follicular thyroid cancer. For patients with Tg levels greater than or equal to 10 ng/ml, Tg levels are a useful marker to predict prognosis.
    No preview · Article · May 2002 · Journal of Surgical Oncology

Publication Stats

162 Citations
27.74 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Chang Gung University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2002-2010
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      • • Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan