Hee Kyung Ahn

Gachon University, 성남시, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

Are you Hee Kyung Ahn?

Claim your profile

Publications (62)213.87 Total impact

  • Hee Kyung Ahn · Jeong Hun Bae · Hong Yup Ahn · In Cheol Hwang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The question of cancer risk in individuals with depression is unclear, primarily because of the heterogeneity of the assessment of depression in the published literature. To clarify the mixed findings, this analysis was limited to articles that used a reliable method of ascertaining depressive disorder. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library to identify studies investigating the effect of depression on subsequent risk of cancer, defining depression based on the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and/or the International Classification of Disease (ICD). We calculated a pooled odds ratio (OR) for developing cancer with the 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: Nine studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. In a random-effects model, patients with depressive disorder were at increased risk for cancer (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.06-1.50, P = 0.01). However, a significant effect was observed only in low-quality studies (OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.05-1.63, P = 0.018), and not in high-quality studies (OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.85-1.56, P = 0.366). Conclusion: Our results did not demonstrate that people with depressive disorder are at increased risk for developing cancer. Well-designed prospective studies of recurrent or persistent depressive disorder that control for lifestyle factors including smoking are warranted. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Psycho-Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The impact of host energy balance status on outcome of lung cancer has not been fully explored. It is also unknown if there is a potential modifying effect of body mass index (BMI) on tumor cell behavior in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We therefore investigated the interactive effects of tumor [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) avidity and BMI. Methods: We investigated 1,197 patients with stage I NSCLC who underwent preoperative FDG positron emission tomography followed by curative resection. The primary outcome measure was disease-free survival (DFS). A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the potential independent effects of the prognostic variables. A stratified Cox regression analysis was also performed to assess the potential modifying effects of BMI on the relationship between tumor FDG uptake and patient survival. Results: There were 145 tumor recurrences and 19 deaths during a median follow-up of 30 months. Tumor-related variables, including tumor size, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), histologic cell type, differentiation, lymphovascular invasion, and visceral pleural invasion, did not differ significantly according to BMI status. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, overweight or obesity [hazard ratio (HR), 0.59; 95% CI, 0.43-0.81; P = 0.001] and tumor SUVmax (HR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.43-2.07; P < 0.001) were significantly associated with DFS. There was a significant modifying effect of BMI (P for interaction < 0.001 in multivariable analysis). High tumor SUVmax was more strongly associated with worse DFS in normal weight patients (HR, 4.72; 95% CI, 2.77-8.06; P < 0.001) than in overweight or obese patients (HR, 2.61; 95% CI, 1.58-4.31; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Tumor FDG avidity is an independent predictor of DFS in patients with early-stage NSCLC and this prognostic value was strengthened in normal weight patients than in overweight or obese patients. These results suggest that the host-tumor interaction between host energy balance status and tumor glucose metabolism plays an important role in the outcome of early-stage NSCLC.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · PLoS ONE
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Skeletal muscle depletion is an important prognostic factor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); a recent study demonstrated significant correlations between pectoralis muscle area on an axial CT image and COPD-related traits. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between pectoralis muscle areas on CT scans and total body skeletal muscle mass (SMM) in healthy subjects. Methods: For 434 subjects that underwent a low-dose chest CT and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) during health screening from January to June of 2014, cross-sectional area of pectoralis muscles were measured in CT scans. Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression analysis were used to assess the relationship between cross-sectional CT areas of pectoralis muscles and BIA-assessed SMMs. Results: Mean age was 50 ± 10 years (78·8% were male). The mean cross-sectional area of pectoralis muscles was 24·1 cm(2) ± 6·8. A moderate correlation was observed between pectoralis muscle area and BIA-based SMM (r = 0·665, P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed CT determined pectoralis muscle area was significantly associated with BIA-assessed SMM after adjusting for gender, weight, height and age (β = 0·14 ± 0·02, P<0·001). Conclusion: Cross-sectional area of the pectoralis muscles on single axial CT images shows moderate correlation with total body SMM determined by BIA in healthy subjects.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The primary objective of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of computed tomography (CT)-determined sarcopenia in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. Methods: This retrospective study consisted of a total of 149 consecutive SCLC patients. The cross-sectional area of muscle at the level of the third lumbar vertebra (L3) was measured using baseline CT images. Sarcopenia was defined as a L3 muscle index of less than 55 cm/m for men and of less than 39 cm/m for women as proposed by international consensus of cancer cachexia. In addition, Korean-specific cutoffs for sarcopenia was also applied (49 cm/m for men and 31 cm/m for women). Overall survival (OS) and clinical characteristics of patients with or without sarcopenia were compared. Results: Mean patient age was 68.6 ± 9.5 years. Most were male (85.3%) and 67.8% had extensive disease at time of diagnosis. Sarcopenia was present in 118 patients (79.2%) and was significantly related to an advanced age (p = 0.028), male sex (p < 0.001), lower body mass index (p < 0.001), and poor performance status (p = 0.049). Sarcopenic patients had shorter OS than nonsarcopenic patients (median: 8.6 months versus 16.8 months; p = 0.031). Multivariable analysis revealed that sarcopenia was an independent prognostic factor of poor survival (hazards ratio: 1.68; 95% confidence interval: 1.04-2.72; p = 0.034), along with extensive stage (p < 0.001), supportive care only (p < 0.001), and an elevated lactate dehydrogenase level (p = 0.020). Using Korean sarcopenia cutoffs, sarcopenic patients were also found to have poorer OS than nonsarcopenic patients, however, the survival difference was not statistically significant (median: 8.4 months versus 12.7 months; p = 0.144 by the log-rank test). Conclusions: Sarcopenia as determined by CT could be used to predict prognosis in patients with SCLC. Optimum reference values to predict cancer-specific outcomes should be tailored by further studies.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the prognostic impact of volume-based assessment by pretreatment (18)F-FDG PET/CT in patients who had clinical stage IIIA-N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) followed by surgical resection. We reviewed 161 consecutive patients who had stage IIIA-N2 NSCLC treated with neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery. In all cases, N2 disease was pathologically confirmed by mediastinoscopic biopsy, endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. We measured the total metabolic tumor volume (total MTV) and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), including a primary tumor and metastatic nodes on the pretreatment scan. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method. The association of PET parameters with OS and DFS was determined by univariable and multivariable analyses performed using the Cox regression model. A higher total MTV was significantly associated with poor DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.82; p = 0.036) and OS (HR = 2.97; p = 0.012) in the multivariable analysis. In contrast, a higher SUVmax was not significantly associated with poor DFS and OS. Patients with a high total MTV (> 22 cm(3)) had a median survival time that was significantly shorter than that of patients with a low total MTV (median DFS, 11.3 vs 42.0 months, respectively [p < 0.001]; median OS, 38.3 months vs not reached [p < 0.001]). Kaplan-Meier curves showed significant differences on the basis of total MTV in patients with or without mediastinal downstaging after CCRT. Patients with a high total MTV had significantly worse DFS when they had post-neoadjuvant pathologic (yp) stage 0-II disease (p = 0.020) or yp stage III disease (p = 0.036). Higher total MTV was also associated with worse OS in patients with yp stage 0-II disease (p = 0.013) or yp stage III disease (p = 0.007). A higher pretreatment total MTV is associated with worse outcome, independent of yp stage, in patients with stage IIIA-N2 NSCLC treated with neoadjuvant CCRT followed by surgery.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · American Journal of Roentgenology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While the ToGA trial demonstrated the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in HER2 (+) metastatic gastric cancer, the OS benefit was not found in Asian and diffuse-type cancer patients. The aim of the study is to investigate predictive markers for trastuzumab-based chemotherapy. Materials and methods Data of patients with HER2 (+) gastric cancer treated with trastuzumab-based chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 168 Asian patients were included. The median age was 60 (range 27-85) and the male:female ratio was 118 (70.2%):50 (29.8%). Fourteen (8.3%), 63 (37.5%), 75 (44.6%), and 11 (6.5%) patients had well, moderately, poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma and signet ring cell carcinoma, respectively. With 14 complete responses and 73 partial responses, the response rate was 50.6%. The median PFS was 10.2 months (95% CI 8.7 - 11.7), and the median OS was 18.5 months (95% CI 16.4 - 50.6). Next, we investigated the effect of PDH (poorly differentiated histology, poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma + signet ring cell carcinoma) on clinical outcomes. The median PFS (8.9 months vs. 11.5 months, p = 0.16) was slightly inferior in PDH patients, and the median OS was significantly shorter in PDH patients (14.6 months vs. 19.0 months, p = 0.025). While subset analysis of the ToGA trial demonstrated that trastuzumab-based chemotherapy may not be beneficial for Asians and patients with PDH, our data may suggest that even in Asian patients and patients with PDH, trastuzumab-based chemotherapy could be associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with HER2 (+) gastric cancer.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Cancer Research and Treatment
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin blood levels in predicting the incidence of systemic infection among adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with induction chemotherapy. Adult patients with newly diagnosed AML who were initially treated with conventional 3 + 7 induction chemotherapy within 5 days of their diagnosis were included. Patients with previous cytotoxic chemotherapy <3 years, acute promyelocytic leukemia diagnosis, human immunodeficiency virus infection, or significant systemic infection at the time of diagnosis were excluded. Patients were treated with an institutional policy of substantial identity with negligible differences regarding supportive care. Among 110 patients (median age 54.5 years), 39 infectious events in 38 patients were reported, along with 21 episodes of infectious treatment-related mortality (TRM; 19.1 %). Elevated pre-treatment CRP (p = 0.032) and ferritin (p = 0.002) were related to the incidence of systemic infection. The degree of increase of blood CRP and ferritin level was correlated with the extent of leukocytosis. However, patients with elevated inflammatory markers above normal range had increased risk of infection irrespective of whether they had leukocytosis or not, suggesting that expansion of leukemic blast is another factor affecting the elevation of the markers independent to infection propensity and therefore the magnitude of the elevation does not quantitatively predict the risk of infection. Modest elevation of baseline blood inflammatory markers above the normal range could be an indicator for predicting the incidence of systemic infection in patients with AML.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Supportive Care in Cancer
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and safety of weekly docetaxel plus a fixed-dose rate (FDR) of gemcitabine in metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A multi-center, open-label, prospective phase II study was designed. Thirty-three esophageal SCC patients with documented progression after fluoropyrimidine/platinum-based first-line chemotherapy were enrolled and treated with docetaxel 35 mg/m(2) and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) iv at a FDR (10 mg/m(2) per minute) on days 1 and 8. Treatment was repeated every twenty-one days until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal. The primary endpoint was response rate (RR), and secondary endpoints were safety, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Combination of weekly docetaxel and FDR gemcitabine was well tolerated: the most common treatment-related adverse events were anemia (97%), fatigue (64%) and neutropenia (55%). One patient with multiple lung and lymph node metastases died of respiratory failure after receiving four cycles of chemotherapy, and the possibility of drug-induced pneumonitis could not be completely excluded. Disease control (objective response plus stable disease) in the ITT population was achieved in 88% of patients, and the overall RR was 30% (95%CI: 15%-46%). The median PFS and OS were 4.0 (95%CI: 3.4-4.6) and 8.8 mo (95%CI: 7.8-9.8 mo), respectively. A combination of weekly docetaxel and FDR gemcitabine showed promising antitumor activity and tolerability in previously treated, metastatic esophageal SCC.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed versus gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with chemotherapy. Patients with advanced (stage IIIB or IV) or recurrent NSCLC were randomly assigned to receive either 500 mg/m² of pemetrexed intravenously every 3 weeks or gefitinib 250 mg/day orally. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months. A total of 95 patients were enrolled (47 for pemetrexed and 48 for gefitinib). Most patients were male (72%) and current/ex-smokers (69%), and 80% had non-squamous cell carcinoma. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status was determined in 38 patients (40%); one patient per each arm was positive for EGFR mutation. The 6-month PFS rates were 22% and 15% for pemetrexed and gefitinib, respectively (p=0.35). Both arms showed an identical median PFS of 2.0 months and a median overall survival (OS) of 8.5 months. In EGFR wild-type patients, higher response rate (RR) and longer PFS as well as OS were achieved via pemetrexed compared with gefitinib, although there were no significant differences (RR: 39% vs. 9%, p=0.07; median PFS: 6.6 months vs. 3.1 months, p=0.45; median OS: 29.6 months vs. 12.9 months, p=0.62). Toxicities were mild in both treatment arms. Frequently reported toxicities were anemia and fatigue for pemetrexed, and skin rash and anorexia for gefitinib. Both pemetrexed and gefitinib had similar efficacy with good tolerability as second-line treatment in unselected patients with advanced NSCLC. However, pemetrexed is considered more effective than gefitinib for EGFR wild-type patients.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Cancer Research and Treatment
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of total serum testosterone in the prognosis of terminal cancer is unclear. We retrospectively investigated the total serum testosterone level in 69 male patients with terminal cancer in a palliative care unit. The association between the serum testosterone level and survival was assessed using Cox proportional hazard model. The median value of serum total testosterone was 44.5 ng/dL, far lower than previously reported in patients with advanced cancer. Multivariate analysis revealed thrombocytopenia (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 2.68), hypoalbuminemia (aHR, 2.02), azotemia (aHR, 2.67), and lower serum testosterone level (aHR, 2.03) were significantly negatively prognostic of survival. Lower serum testosterone level was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for life expectancy in male patients with terminal cancer. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · The American journal of hospice & palliative care
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinicopathologic features of patients with extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGISTs) in South Korea. A total of 51 patients with an EGIST were identified. The clinicopathologic features, including sex, age, location, tumor size, histology, mitotic rate, immunohistochemical features, genetic status and survival data, were analyzed. The median age was 55 years (range: 29-80 years), and male:female ratio was 1:1.04. The most common site was in the mesentery (n = 15) followed by the retroperitoneum (n = 13) and omentum (n = 8). The median tumor size was 9.0 cm (range: 2.6-30.0 cm) and the median mitotic rate was 5.0/50HPF. (1/50 - 185/50). KIT was analyzed in 16, which revealed 10 cases with wild-type KIT and 6 cases with an exon 11 mutation. Among 51 patients, 31 patients had undergone surgery, and 10 had unresectable disease and had taken palliative imatinib, which resulted in 22.7 mo of progression-free survival. Of the patients who had undergone surgery, 18 did not take adjuvant imatinib, and 8 of these were categorized as "high risk" according to the risk criteria. However, the relapse-free survival was not different (P = 0.157) between two groups. Because the biologic behaviors of GISTs differ according to the location of the tumor, a more stratified strategy is required for managing EGISTs including incorporation of molecular features.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the prognostic value of a volume-based metabolic tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. Materials and methods: This study was approved by the institutional review board, with waivers of informed consent. One hundred sixty-seven patients (mean age, 44 years; range, 22-68 years) with clinical stage II or III breast cancer who underwent fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans at baseline and after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy between July 2006 and June 2013 were selected. The association between the metabolic response parameters and the disease-free survival was assessed by using a Cox proportional hazards regression model and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Metabolic response parameters included the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), the total metabolic tumor volume (MTVtotal), and the relative decrease in SUVmax and MTVtotal. Results: In the Cox model, posttreatment SUVmax (P = .029) and MTVtotal (P = .028) and relative decreases in SUVmax (P = .032) and MTVtotal (P = .005) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were significantly associated with disease-free survival after adjusting for pretreatment clinical stage, yp stage, and tumor subtype. In the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, MTVtotal after neoadjuvant chemotherapy had the highest association with outcome compared with the other parameters (P < .001). MTVtotal of up to 0.2 cm(3) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was significantly associated with a favorable outcome in patients who did not achieve pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion: The volume-based metabolic tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with an increased risk of recurrence, regardless of tumor subtype and pathologic tumor response.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Radiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological evidence suggests that the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of cervical cancer. However, research on the impact of MetS on prognosis in cervical cancer is lacking. This study investigated the association between MetS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. This is a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I-II cervical cancer in three tertiary hospitals during 2006-2009. Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the association between MetS or MetS components and RFS. We were able to evaluate MetS status in 84 patients out of 127. Forty patients had MetS. RFS was not significantly different according to MetS status; however, there was no further event of recurrence in non-MetS group after 2 years from primary surgical treatment. Hypertriglyceridemia (HR 3.67, 95 % CI 1.18-11.43) and impaired fasting glucose (HR 4.30, 95 % CI 1.23-15.03) were independent risk factors for shorter RFS, after adjustment for age, lymph node involvement, tumor involvement of resection margin, parametrial invasion, FIGO stage at diagnosis, and adjuvant treatment. Hypertriglyceridemia and impaired fasting glucose were associated with higher risk of recurrence in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Prospective validation in large populations and further studies on the impact of MetS treatment in patients with cervical cancer are warranted.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Tumor Biology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxaliplatin is a third-generation platinum derivative used for metastatic or advanced colorectal cancer treatment. Although myelosuppression is the most common cause of oxaliplatin-induced thrombocytopenia, rare cases of oxaliplatin-induced immunemediated thrombocytopenia are reported. We report a case of a 57-year-old woman with colon cancer who developed gum bleeding and petechiae after oxaliplatin infusion. Laboratory tests revealed grade 4 thrombocytopenia and grade 4 neutropenia. She recovered from the thrombocytopenia and accompanying neutropenia within 4 days with no recurrence following discontinuation of oxaliplatin. Physicians need to be aware of the risk of severe acute thrombocytopenia following oxaliplatin administration.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Cancer Research and Treatment
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) measured by (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab-containing immunochemotherapy. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL who underwent pre-treatment torso FDG-PET/CT scan taken within 10 days before treatment were included. MTV was defined as the volume of hypermetabolic tissue with a standardized uptake value (SUV) greater than a threshold value of 2.5 and calculated using volume viewer software. Association of MTV with patient characteristics and survival were compared. Results: A total of 96 patients were evaluated. During a median follow-up period of 27.8 months, 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival was 69.5 % and 72.9 %, respectively. The Ann Arbor staging showed a limitation of prognosis because there was no difference of EFS between patients with Ann Arbor stage II and those with stage III. On the contrary, among patients with Ann Arbor stage II or III disease (n = 53), the higher MTV group showed significantly inferior EFS compared with the lower MTV group. Conclusions: In the current study, we identified the pre-treatment MTV measured by FDG-PET/CT as a potential predictor of survival in patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP), at least in Ann Arbor stage II and III disease.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study is to evaluate the prognostic value of anemia, an easy to estimate parameter in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) immunochemotherapy. A total of 157 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with ≥ 1 cycle of R-CHOP were included. Hemoglobin level without red cell transfusion within seven days before initiation of treatment was chosen as a parameter of baseline cancer-induced anemia (CIA). To investigate the clinical significance of chemotherapy-induced anemia (CTIA) and its recovery after completion of treatment, 87 patients in complete remission for ≥ 6 months from the time of the last cycle of R-CHOP were grouped and analyzed separately. Patients with a CIA of hemoglobin < 10 g/dL showed inferior event-free and disease-free survival compared to those with hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL. This finding was observed irrespective of the status of pre-treatment bone marrow involvement. In multivariate analysis, hemoglobin < 10 g/dL was found to be an international prognostic index-independent prognostic factor. Risk of relapse was significantly higher for patients who were still anemic at six months after R-CHOP, compared to those who achieved complete recovery from CTIA within six months.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Cancer Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the predictive value of rare epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 mutations in determining a patient's response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment is unclear. Patients and methods: We reviewed data for NSCLC patients harboring EGFR exon 20 mutations from two hospitals in Korea. EGFR mutations were analyzed using directional sequencing. Results: We identified eight patients carrying EGFR exon 20 mutations, seven of whom had insertional mutations. Three patients carried previously unreported insertional mutations. Among six patients who were treated with EGFR TKI, one showed stable disease and three showed primary resistance. Response evaluations were not performed for the other two patients because of their clinical deterioration. Conclusions: EGFR exon 20 insertional mutations, including three that were previously unreported, were associated with the poor response of patients to TKI treatment.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Investigational New Drugs

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · The Breast Journal
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose Genexol-PM is a Cremorphor EL (CrEL)-free polymeric micelle formulation of paclitaxel that allows higher-dose administration with less hypersensitivity. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Genexol-PM and gemcitabine combination in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients as a first-line treatment. Patients and methods This is a prospective, single-arm, single-center phase II study. Patients with advanced NSCLC received Genexol-PM at 230 mg/m2 on day 1 and gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8 of a 3-week cycle. Six cycles of chemotherapy were planned unless there was disease progression. The primary endpoint was overall response rate. Results Forty-three patients received the study drugs with a median of 4 cycles per patient (range 1–6). The overall response rate was 46.5 %. The median progression-free survival was 4.0 months (95 % CI 2.0–6.0 months), and median overall survival was 14.8 months (95 % CI 9.1–20.5 months). The most common toxicities were anemia (n = 29, 67 %), asthenia (n = 17, 40 %), myalgia (n = 16, 37 %), peripheral neuropathy (n = 15, 35 %), and diarrhea (n = 12, 30 %). The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (n = 7, 16 %) and pneumonia (n = 5, 12 %). Two patients died of pneumonia and dyspnea. Conclusions CrEL-free paclitaxel in combination with gemcitabine demonstrated favorable antitumor activity with little emetogenicities in non-small cell lung cancer patients. However, frequent grade 3/4 toxicities were observed, and safety should be evaluated thoroughly in future studies.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Single-agent chemotherapy is considered a good and safe treatment option for elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). We investigated the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab plus low-dose capecitabine in elderly patients with previously untreated human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive AGC. Methods: Patients aged 75 years or older with tumors having HER2 overexpression defined as either immunohistochemistry (IHC) 3+ or IHC 2+ and in situ hybridization-positive were eligible for inclusion. Patients received capecitabine (1000 mg/m(2)) orally twice daily on days 1-14 and trastuzumab (8 mg/kg for cycle 1, followed by 6 mg/kg) intravenously on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Twenty patients were enrolled. The median age was 79 years (range 75-91). Nine patients (45 %) had ECOG performance status 2. Median PFS was 5.2 months (95 % CI 1.9-8.4 months), and median overall survival was 9.3 months (95 % CI 4.0-14.6 months). The confirmed response rate was 40 % (95 % CI 19-64 %) with disease control rate of 80 %. Grade 3-4 toxicities were anorexia (10 %), fatigue (5 %), stomatitis (5 %), and anemia (5 %). No treatment-related deaths or symptomatic congestive heart failure were observed. Conclusions: Low-dose capecitabine plus trastuzumab is effective and well tolerated in elderly patients with HER2-positive AGC.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · European Journal of Cancer

Publication Stats

393 Citations
213.87 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012-2015
    • Gachon University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      성남시, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
  • 2014
    • Yonsei University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009-2013
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • School of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011-2012
    • Samsung Medical Center
      • Department of Hematology and Oncology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Kyung Hee University
      • Department of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea