[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemiasterlin (Hem) and dolastatin (Dol) are marine natural products which are cytotoxic for cancer cells. Hem, a tripeptide, and Dol, a hexapeptide, were conjugated with linkers (L) to the universal BB agonist DPhe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-betaAla-His-Phe-Nle-NH2(BA1) and the effects of the Hem-BB and Dol-BB conjugates investigated on NCI-H1299 lung cancer cells. Hem-LA-BA1 and Hem-LB-BA1 inhibited specific (125I-Tyr4)BB binding to NCI-H1299 cells, which have BB2 receptors (R), with IC50 values of 15 and 25 nM, respectively. Addition of Hem-LA-BA1 and Hem-LB-BA1 to Fura-2 AM loaded cells containing BB2R, caused elevated cytosolic Ca2+. In a growth assay, Hem-LA-BA1 and Hem-LB-BA1 inhibited the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells. Dol-succinamide (Dols)-LD-BA1 and Dols-LE-BA1 bound with high affinity to NCI-H1299 cells and elevated cytosolic Ca2+, but did not inhibit the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells. Also, Hem-LA-BA1 inhibited 125I-DTyr-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-betaAla-His-Phe-Nle-NH2 (BA2) binding to Balb/3T3 cells transfected with BB1R or BB2R as well as with BRS-3 with IC50 values of 130, 8, and 540 nM, respectively. These results show that Hem-BB conjugates are cytotoxic for cancer cells containing BB2R.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Novel 5-aza-ellipticine derivatives were synthesized and tested as antitumor agents. The new compounds were prepared more readily than the analogous ellipticine derivatives, which are known to be potent anti-tumor agents Although the novel 5-aza-ellipticine derivatives are not as biologically active as their corresponding ellipticine analogues, the new compounds represent a new, readily accessible class of heteroaromatic catalytic inhibitors of topoisomerase 11 and possible anti-tumor agents. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Targeting toxic therapeutics to tumors through receptors over expressed on the surface of cancer cells can reduce systemic toxicity and increase the effectiveness of the targeted compounds. Small molecule targeted therapeutics have a number of advantages over toxic immunoconjugates including better tumor penetration, lack of neutralizing host immune response and superior flexibility in selection of drug components with optimal specificity, potency and stability in circulation. Three major components of the targeted drug, the toxic warhead, tumor-specific ligand and the linker can influence the properties of each other and thus have to be optimized for each system. All receptor-targeted drugs are delivered inside the cells through endocytosis and undergo processing liberating the toxins in endosomes and lysosomes. Common delivery route defines a number of general requirements for each drug component. The review addresses currently known possible receptor targets and their ligands along with toxins that have been used and that have a potential to be successfully applied in tumor targeting. Linkers that are stable in circulation, but efficiently cleaved in lysosomes constitute an essential component of receptor-targeted drugs and are evaluated in greater detail.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2004 · Current Pharmaceutical Design