[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of RHCE genotyping of Xinjiang Uygur nationality population in China. Primers for detecting RHCE genes were designed according to the references, 89 Uygur nationality RhD-negative samples, 233 Han nationality RhD-negative samples and 109 Han nationality RhD-positive samples were detected by sequence-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR) for RHCE genotyping. All above-mentioned samples were unrelated. The results indicated that RHE/e genotyping results were consistent with the serological test results in the samples of Uygur and Han nationality, regardless of the RhD-negative samples or the RhD-positive samples. The RHC/c genotyping results from 89 RhD-negative samples of Uygur nationality were consistent with serological test results. However, total error of RHC/c genotyping from 233 RhD-negative and 109 RhD-positive samples of Han nationality was 5.05%. In conclusion, this method of RHCE genotyping is suitable for the analysis of the RHE/e genotyping of Uygur nationality, no erroneous RHC/c genotyping of Uygur nationality was found in this study, but this method needs to be further studied.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To genotype the RHCE gene of Hans, Xinjiang's Uigurs and Kazakstans in China, and to compare the results of RHCE genotyping with that of RhCc/Ee phenotyping.
RHCE genes of 98 Hans with RhD positive and 230 Hans, 72 Uigurs and 18 Kazakstans with RhD/RHD negative were genotyped with PCR-sequence specific primer (SSP) technique.
The results of RHE/RHe genotyping from samples with RhD positive and negative were in accord with that of phenotyping. It would result in 4.44% error using C-->G polymorphism at nt48 of RHCE gene to genotype RHCE, and 4.05% failure of detection using the 109 bp insertion to detectRHCE gene in Chinese Hans. The results of RHE/RHe genotyping in unrelated 72 Uigurs and 18 Kazakstans with RhD phenotype were consistent with that of phenotyping, and false positive and false negative were not found in genotyping in Uigurs and Kazakstans tested.
The results of RHE/RHe and RHc genotyping were correct with PCR-SSP and accordant with that of phenotyping. Using the C48G polymorphism in exon 1 of RHCE to genotype RHC gene would result in false positive resulting from RHc mutation at this locus, and using the 109 bp insertion to genotype RHC gene would result in false negative because of the absence of the 109 bp. Therefore it is necessary to genotype RHC gene using more than two polymorphic loci.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A multi-blood center study was conducted to evaluate a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) multiplex nucleic acid testing (NAT) donor screening test and to determine the residual risk for HIV-1 and HCV infection.
A commercially available HIV-1 and HCV assay (Procleix, Chiron Corp.) was used for simultaneous detection of HIV-1 RNA and HCV RNA on 89,647 unlinked donor samples. NAT was performed with pools of 16 samples that had passed all routine screening tests. Single-donor NAT was performed for samples that had been disqualified by any reactive screening test result(s). Anti-HCV (Ortho third-generation HCV enzyme immunoassay [EIA]), alanine aminotransferase, and HCV NAT (Roche COBAS Amplicor HCV test) confirmatory tests were used for HCV EIA-nonreactive, HCV NAT-reactive samples.
Three HCV NAT yield cases and no HIV-1 yield cases were detected. The yield rate for HCV NAT was 3.4 per 10(5) (95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.7-9.8). The estimated incidence rate for HCV is 24.2 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI, 3.4-88.0). If minipool NAT is added to routine donor screening, the residual risk for HCV is estimated to be reduced to 1 in 20.4x10(4) (95% CI, 1 in 5.2x10(4)-1 in 165.5x10(4)).
The residual risk for transfusion-transmitted HCV infection is still relatively high in China. Incorporating NAT technology into blood donor screening would be estimated to reduce the residual risk of HCV infections eightfold over current EIA screening.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was to investigate the characteristics of Rh blood group of Uygur nationality in Xinjiang. 1 230 blood samples of Uygur nationality were studied by Rh serological typing, modified antiglobulin test, chloroform/trichloroethylene absorption elution test, upstream, downstream and hybrid Rhesus boxes, 10 exons of D gene, RHD(psi) pseudogene. The results showed that the frequency of RHD negative was 5.8%, and no Del type was found. The further investigation of 72 samples of RhD (-) found that ccee (57.02%) and Ccee (29.08%) phenotype as well as RHD(-)/RHD(-) genotype (94.44%) and complete deletion type of D gene exon (91.12%) were all in high frequency, no RHD(psi) pseudugene was detected. In conclusion, the Rh blood group of Uygurs nationality in Xinjiang possesses both oriental and caucasian Rh characteristics, which enriches the diversity of blood types in chinesenation.
No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To research comparatively on the RHD gene structures in unrelated RhD negative individuals of Chinese Uigur and Han population.
The upstream, downstream, hybrid box and 10 exons of RHD gene were detected with sequence specific primer-PCR technique.
The results showed the genotypes of RhD negative individuals to have the significant difference between Chinese Uigur and Han population, that 94.44% Uigur individuals were with RHD(-)/RHD(-) genotype but just 61.40% Han population were with this genotype(94.44% versus 61.40%, P<0.01); 2.78% Uigur individuals were with RHD(+)/RHD(-) genotype but 34.21% Han population were with this genotype(2.78% versus 34.21%, P<0.01). However, there was significantly no RHD(+)/RHD(+) genotype difference between Chinese Uigur and Han population(2.78% versus 4.39%, P>0.05). In 78 cases of RhD negative Chinese Hans with single RHD gene, of which the RHD gene structure showed that 53(67.95%) cases were RHD(1-10) allele(of 53 RHD(1-10) alleles, 14 alleles were unexpressed); 15(19.23%) were RHD-CE(2-9)-D(2) allele; 5(6.41%) cases were RHD-CE(2-7)-D(2) allele; 2(2.56%) were similar to RHD-CE(3-6)D allele; 1(1.28%) case was RHD-CE(5-6)-D allele; and 2(2.56%) were RHD-CE(6)-D or point mutation respectively. Of 2 RhD negative Chinese Uigurs with RhD(-)/RHD(+) genotype, one carried RHD(1-10) allele, another carried RHD-CE(2-9)-D(2) allele.
The most frequently unexpressed RHD alleles were RHD-CE(2-9)-D(2), RHD(1-10) and RHD-CE(2-7)-D(2) respectively in Chinese Han population who carried single RHD allele with RHD(-) phenotype and RHD(+) genotype. It showed the confluent character of RH gene in Chinese Han and Uigur population that there existed unexpressed RHD-CE(2-9)-D(2) allele in Chinese Uigur nationality, which was infrequent in Chinese Uigur population but frequent in Chinese Han population.
No preview · Article · Apr 2006 · Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The correlation between signal-to-cutoff (S/CO) ratios of a second-generation hepatitis C virus (HCV) enzyme immunoassay (EIA; Abbott) and a third-generation HCV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; Ortho) and confirmed HCV infection has been reported. The utility of the values for the Chinese anti-HCV EIA kits, however, has not been studied in evaluating test results in Chinese blood donors.
A total of 156 donor samples repeat reactive for anti-HCV at routine screening from five representative regions of China were retested for anti-HCV by the Ortho third-generation HCV ELISA and six Chinese EIA kits and for HCV RNA by a human immunodeficiency virus-1 and HCV assay (Procleix, Chiron Corp.). The HCV RNA-nonreactive samples were further tested for anti-HCV by a third-generation recombinant immunoblot assay RIBA (Chiron Corp.). The positive result by either nucleic acid amplification test or RIBA was interpreted as confirmed HCV infection.
The confirmed HCV prevalence rate in donors in five representative regions obtained in this study was 0.20 percent (77/37,900) in 2004. All seven anti-HCV EIA kits had a significant correlation between S/CO ratios and confirmed HCV infection. The threshold S/CO ratios, which predicted more than 95 percent of confirmed HCV infections for the Ortho, SABC, BGI-GBI, InTec, GWK, KHB, and WANTAI kits, were 3.8, 6.0, 7.0, 8.6, 10.0, 10.0, and 14.0, respectively.
Anti-HCV EIA kits commonly used in Chinese donors screening demonstrate good correlation between S/CO ratios and the confirmed infection. For the Ortho third-generation HCV ELISA, the S/CO ratio of 3.8 determined by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is applicable to Chinese blood donors. The Chinese domestic EIA kits evaluated show a diverse range of threshold S/CO ratios.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the difference and similarity between Hans and Uighurs in regard to Rhesus box and its significance.
The sequence specific primers of upstream, downstream and hybrid Rhesus boxes were designed on the basis of RHD gene sequence. The upstream, downstream and hybrid Rhesus boxes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer(PCP-SSP) and mismatched PCR.
The percentage of RHD-/RHD-, RHD+/RHD- and RHD+/RHD+ genotypes ascertained in the unrelated Hans with RhD(-) were 61.40%, 34.21% and 4.39% respectively, while those in the unrelated Chinese Uighurs with RhD(-) were 94.44%, 2.78% and 2.78% respectively. Furthermore, all 6 cases of some other minorities were RHD-/RHD- types. The percentage of RHD-/RHD- and RHD+/RHD- genotypes ascertained in the unrelated Chinese Uighurs were significantly higher than those in Chinese Hans (P < 0.01), whereas no statistically significant difference in the percentage of RHD+/RDH+ genotype between the two groups was observed (P > 0.05).
The Rh blood group of Uighurs in Xingjiang possesses both Oriental and Caucasian characteristics, which embodies a special ethnical aspect of the Chinese nation and is in accord with the anthropologic research results.
No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics