[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of an unselected population of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) including untreated patients.
HRQoL was measured by the EORTC QLQ-C30 including the CLL16 module, EQ-5D, and VAS in an observational study over multiple years. All HRQoL measurements per patient were connected and analysed using area under the curve analysis over the entire study duration. The total patient group was compared with the general population, and three groups of CLL patients were described separately, i.e. patients without any active treatment ("watch and wait"), chlorambucil treatment only, and patients with other treatment(s).
HRQoL in the total group of CLL patients was compromised when compared with age- and gender-matched norm scores of the general population. CLL patients scored statistically worse on the VAS and utility score of the EQ-5D, all functioning scales of the EORTC QLQ-C30, and the symptoms of fatigue, dyspnoea, sleeping disturbance, appetite loss, and financial difficulties. In untreated patients, the HRQoL was slightly reduced. In all treatment stages, HRQoL was compromised considerably. Patients treated with chlorambucil only scored worse on the EORTC QLQ-C30 than patients who were treated with other treatments with regard to emotional functioning, cognitive functioning, bruises, uncomfortable stomach, and apathy.
CLL patients differ most from the general population on role functioning, fatigue, concerns about future health, and having not enough energy. Once treatment is indicated, HRQoL becomes considerably compromised. This applies to all treatments, including chlorambucil, which is considered to be a mild treatment.
No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Quality of Life Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed a comprehensive cost calculation identifying the main cost drivers of treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in daily practice. In our observational study 160 patient charts were reviewed repeatedly to assess the treatment strategies from diagnosis till the study end. Ninety-seven patients (61%) received ≥1 treatment lines during an average follow-up time of 6.4 years. The average total costs per patient were €41,417 (€539 per month). The costs varied considerably between treatment groups and between treatment lines. Although patients were treated with expensive chemo(immuno-)therapy, the main cost driver was inpatient days for other reasons than administration of chemo(immuno-)therapy.
No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Leukemia research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal impairment is frequent in patients with multiple myeloma and correlates with inferior prognosis. This analysis evaluates the prognostic role of renal impairment in patients with myeloma treated with bortezomib before and after autologous stem cell transplantation within a prospective randomized phase III trial. 827 newly diagnosed myeloma patients in the HOVON-65/GMMG-HD4 trial were randomized to receive 3 cycles of vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone (VAD) or bortezomib, adriamycin, dexamethasone (PAD) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation and maintenance with thalidomide 50 mg daily (VAD-arm) or bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 every 2 weeks (PAD-arm). 746 patients had a baseline-serum creatinine less than 2 mg/dl (Durie-Salmon-stage A) and 81 had 2 mg/dl or higher (stage B). In myeloma patients with base line creatinine ≥2 mg/dl the renal response rate was 63% in the VAD- arm and 81% in the PAD-arm (p=0.31). The overall myeloma response rate was 64% in the VAD-arm versus 89% in the PAD-arm with 13% CR in the VAD arm versus 36% in the PAD arm (p=0.01). Overall survival at 3 years for patients with base line creatinine ≥2 mg/dl was 34% in the VAD-arm versus 74% in the PAD-arm (p<0.001) with a progression-free survival at 3 years of 16% in the VAD-arm versus 48% in the PAD-arm (p=0.004). Overall and progression-free survival in the PAD- arm were similar in patients with base line creatinine ≥2 mg/dl or <2 mg/dl. We conclude that a bortezomib-containing treatment before and after autologous stem cell transplantation overcomes the negative prognostic impact of renal impairment in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. The trial was registered at www.trialregister.nl as NTR213 and at www.controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN 64455289.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blood Cancer Journal is a peer-reviewed, open access online journal publishing pre-clinical and clinical work in the field of hematology with ramifications into translational biology research down to new therapies
Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · Blood Cancer Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One of the principal responsibilities of the Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) Working Party of the Dutch/Belgium Haemato-Oncology Foundation for Adults in the Netherlands (HOVON) is to create up-to-date guidelines for CLL . In this article, the revised guidelines for diagnosis and treatment are summarised. Despite recent expansion in treatment options for patients with CLL , the disease remains incurable in most cases and the optimal treatment approach for several subgroups of patients is still unclear. Therefore, it remains highly important to treat patients within clinical studies as much as possible. In this article, the current studies initiated by the HOVON CLL working party are emphasised.
Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · The Netherlands Journal of Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Event-free survival (EFS) at 5 years in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is >80%. Outcome in adult ALL is still unsatisfactory, which is due to less cumulative dosing of chemotherapy and less strict adherence to timing of successive cycles. In the present phase II trial, we evaluated a pediatric regimen in adult patients with ALL under the age of 40. Treatment was according to the pediatric FRALLE approach for high-risk ALL patients and characterized by increased dosages of asparaginase, steroids, methotrexate and vincristin. However, allogeneic stem cell transplantation was offered to standard risk patients with a sibling donor and to all high-risk patients in contrast to the pediatric protocol. Feasibility was defined by achieving complete remission (CR) and completion of treatment within a strict timeframe in at least 60% of patients. In all, 54 patients were included with a median age of 26. CR was achieved in 49 patients (91%), of whom 33 completed treatment as scheduled (61%). Side effects primarily consisted of infections and occurred in 40% of patients. With a median follow-up of 32 months, EFS estimated 66% at 24 months and overall survival 72%. These data show that a dose-intensive pediatric regimen is feasible in adult ALL patients up to the age of 40.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thalidomide with melphalan/prednisone (MPT) was defined as standard treatment in elderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) based on five randomized trials. In one of these trials, HOVON49, a prospective health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) study was initiated in order to assess the impact of thalidomide on QoL. Patients aged >65 years with newly diagnosed MM were randomized to receive melphalan plus prednisone (MP) or MPT, followed by thalidomide maintenance in the MPT arm. Two hundred eighty-four patients were included in this side study (MP, n=149; MPT n=135). HRQoL was assessed with the EORTC Core QoL Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the myeloma-specific module (QLQ-MY24) at baseline and at predetermined intervals during treatment. The QLQ-C30 subscales physical function (P=0.044) and constipation (P<0.001) showed an improvement during induction in favour of the MP arm. During thalidomide maintenance, the scores for the QLQ-MY24 paraesthesia became significantly higher in the MPT arm (P<0.001). The QLQ-C30 subscales pain (P=0.12), insomnia (P=0.068), appetite loss (P=0.074) and the QLQ-MY24 item sick (P=0.086) scored marginally better during thalidomide maintenance. The overall QoL-scale QLQ-C30-HRQoL showed a significant time trend towards more favourable mean values during protocol treatment without differences between MP and MPT. For the QLQ-C30 subscales emotional function and future perspectives, difference in favour of the MPT arm from the start of treatment was observed (P=0.018 and P=0.045, respectively) with no significant 'time × arm' interaction, indicating a persistent better patient perspective with MPT treatment. This study shows that the higher frequency of toxicity associated with MPT does not translate into a negative effect on HRQoL and that MPT holds a better patient perspective.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Annals of Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to improve the molecular response rate and prevent resistance to treatment, combination therapy with different dosages of imatinib and cytarabine was studied in newly diagnosed patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in the HOVON-51 study.
Having reported feasibility previously, we hereby report the efficacy of escalated imatinib (200 mg, 400 mg, 600 mg or 800 mg) in combination with two cycles of intravenous cytarabine (200 mg/m(2) or 1000 mg/m(2) days 1 to 7) in 162 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.
With a median follow-up of 55 months, the 5-year cumulative incidences of complete cytogenetic response, major molecular response, and complete molecular response were 89%, 71%, and 53%, respectively. A higher Sokal risk score was inversely associated with complete cytogenetic response (hazard ratio of 0.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.50-0.79, P<0.001). A higher dose of imatinib and a higher dose of cytarabine were associated with increased complete molecular response with hazard ratios of 1.60 (95% confidence interval, 0.96-2.68, P=0.07) and 1.66 (95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.72, P=0.04), respectively. Progression-free survival and overall survival rates at 5 years were 92% and 96%, respectively. Achieving a major molecular response at 1 year was associated with complete absence of progression and a probability of achieving a complete molecular response of 89%.
The addition of intravenous cytarabine to imatinib as upfront therapy for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia is associated with a high rate of complete molecular responses (Clinicaltrials.Gov Identifier: NCT00028847).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While commonly accepted in poor-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is still disputed in adult patients with standard-risk ALL. We evaluated outcome of patients with ALL in first complete remission (CR1), according to a sibling donor versus no-donor comparison. Eligible patients (433) were entered in 2 consecutive, prospective studies, of whom 288 (67%) were younger than 55 years, in CR1, and eligible to receive consolidation by either an autologous SCT or an allo-SCT. Allo-SCT was performed in 91 of 96 patients with a compatible sibling donor. Cumulative incidences of relapse at 5 years were, respectively, 24 and 55% for patients with a donor versus those without a donor (hazard ratio [HR], 0.37; 0.23-0.60; P < .001). Nonrelapse mortality estimated 16% (+/- 4) at 5 years after allo-SCT. As a result, disease-free survival (DFS) at 5 years was significantly better in the donor group: 60 versus 42% in the no-donor group (HR: 0.60; 0.41-0.89; P = .01). After risk-group analysis, improved outcome was more pronounced in standard-risk patients with a donor, who experienced an overall survival of 69% at 5 years (P = .05). In conclusion, standard-risk ALL patients with a sibling donor may show favorable survival following SCT, due to both a strong reduction of relapse and a modest nonrelapse mortality. This trial is registered with http://www.trialregister.nl under trial ID NTR228.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The HOVON cooperative study group performed a feasibility study of escalated imatinib and intravenous cytarabine in 165 patients with early chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Patients received 2 cycles of intravenous cytarabine (200 mg/m(2) or 1000 mg/m(2) days 1-7) in conjunction with imatinib (200 mg, 400 mg, 600 mg, or 800 mg), according to predefined, successive dose levels. All dose levels proved feasible. Seven dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were observed in 302 cycles of chemotherapy, which were caused by streptococcal bacteremia in 5 cases. Intermediate-dose cytarabine (1000 mg/m(2)) prolonged time to neutrophil recovery and platelet recovery compared with a standard dose (200 mg/m(2)). High-dose imatinib (600 mg or 800 mg) extended the time to platelet recovery compared with a standard dose (400 mg). More infectious complications common toxicity criteria (CTC) grade 3 or 4 were observed after intermediate-dose cytarabine compared with a standard-dose of cytarabine. Early response data after combination therapy included a complete cytogenetic response in 48% and a major molecular response in 30% of patients, which increased to 46% major molecular responses at 1 year, including 13% complete molecular responses. We conclude that combination therapy of escalating dosages of imatinib and cytarabine is feasible. This study was registered at www.kankerbestrijding.nl as no. CKTO-2001-03.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A prospective randomized phase III study was performed to evaluate whether intensified cytarabine would induce a higher response rate and longer event-free interval as compared to low-dose cytarabine in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). One hundred and eighteen patients with CML in early chronic phase entered the study. Twenty-eight out of 32 patients assigned to group A received two cycles of a combination of intensified cytarabine and idarubicin followed by interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) maintenance, 28 patients in group B received standard treatment by a combination of low-dose cytarabine and IFN-alpha. Forty-nine patients with a human leukocyte antigen-identical sibling donor proceeded to allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and nine patients were excluded from the analysis. Hematological response was observed in 97% of the patients in group A vs 86% of the patients in group B during the first year of treatment. In group A, 16 patients (50%) achieved a major cytogenetic response, which compared to seven patients (25%) with a major cytogenetic response in group B. With a median follow-up of 58 months (range 34-76), event-free survival was not significantly different between arms A and B. The estimated 5-year survival rate was 56% in the intensified arm and 77% in the low-dose arm (P = 0.05). Recipients of allo-SCT showed a 5-year estimated survival rate of 55%. Although intensified cytarabine induced a higher initial percentage of major and complete cytogenetic responses, responses were not sustained by IFN-alpha maintenance therapy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Annals of Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare survival of patients with disseminated aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) who were treated either as part of a clinical trial or in routine clinical practice.
The survival was studied of patients with disseminated NHL of an intermediate or high degree of malignancy who were treated in the Meander Medical Centre, Amersfoort, the Netherlands, in the years 1994-2001 with chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP). This took place either in routine clinical practice (RCP) or as part of a clinical trial where patients < or = 60 years of age received intensified CHOP and patients > 60 years received CHOP with growth factors. Treatment data, the response to therapy, survival and prognostic factors according to the International Prognostic Index for aggressive NHL were collected by a review of the patient records.
Fifty-nine patients were eligible for this analysis: 32 men and 27 women with a median age of 63 years (range 30-83). Of these, 35 were treated within a clinical trial and 24 were treated in RCP. The patient characteristics in the two groups were comparable. There was no difference in median survival between the trial and RCP groups, this being 27 months for all patients, 34 months for the younger patients, 20 months for the elderly patients, and 42 months for patients who achieved complete remission following chemotherapy.
No difference in overall survival was found between patients with disseminated aggressive NHL who underwent treatment according to either RCP or as part of a clinical trial. It demonstrates that both patients in clinical trials and patients treated according to RCP received equally effective therapy. Recent developments in NHL treatments are promising, and therefore participation in clinical trials should be encouraged.
No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two patients, a man aged 69 and a woman aged 64, were diagnosed with Von-Willebrand syndrome caused by monoclonal gammopathy. The man, who was admitted for hip surgery, had a history of long episodes of epistaxis. The patient was treated with immunoglobulin and the hip operation was carried out with no complications. The woman suffered from haemorrhagic diathesis. She was advised that should she undergo an invasive procedure then treatment with a prophylactic with intravenous immunoglobulin or Von-Willebrand factor (VWF)/factor-VIII-concentrates must be administered. Acquired Von-Willebrand syndrome is a rare condition with an estimated prevalence of 0.04-0.13%. It is linked to a large number of underlying diseases such as paraproteinaemia, multiple myeloma (Kahler's disease), myeloproliferative disease, lymphoproliferative disease, auto-immune disease, solid tumours and hypothyroidism. Recognition depends on a careful case-history and identification of the underlying disease. For its diagnosis VWF antigen. VWF propeptide, activated partial thromboplastin time and factor VIII are of importance. Technically, it is difficult to show the presence of VWF antibodies as it concerns a heterogeneous group of antibodies. There are two pillars of treatment: symptomatic treatment of the bleeding tendencies using desmopressin, VWF-concentrate or intravenous gammaglobulin, and treatment of the underlying disease. The latter form of treatment can lead to acquired Von-Willebrand-syndrome disappearing altogether.
No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde