Wook Kim

Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea

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Publications (83)

    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Double tract anastomosis (DTA) is a recently revisited reconstruction method for preventing reflux esophagitis in laparoscopy-assisted proximal gastrectomy (LAPG). However, only few studies have shown the advantages of LAPG-DTA. Patients and methods: Seventeen patients underwent LAPG-DTA compared to 17 patients undergoing laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) matched with preoperative stage. Laboratory results, including hemoglobin, serum ferritin, serum iron and vitamin B12, were compared. Results: Reflux esophagitis developed in two and one patient in the LAPG-DTA and LATG groups, respectively. In the laboratory analysis, fewer patients experienced decrease of serum ferritin below the low normal limit in the LAPG-DTA group. There was a significantly lower proportion of patients in the LAPG-DTA group whose vitamin B12 level decreased below the low normal limit. Conclusion: LAPG-DTA has the advantages of allowing absorption of iron and vitamin B12 without reflux esophagitis in proximal early gastric cancer compared to LATG.
    Article · Sep 2016 · Anticancer research
  • Dong Jin Kim · Wook Kim
    Article · Sep 2016 · Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
  • Seung Jee Ryu · Byung-Wook Kim · Boo Gyeong Kim · [...] · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an alternative to surgical resection for treating early gastric cancer (EGC). However, there have been limited reports on the long-term outcome of ESD compared to that of surgical resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate and long-term clinical and oncologic outcomes of ESD compared to surgical resection. Method We retrospectively reviewed data of patients in five centers who were treated with ESD or surgical resection for EGC within expanded criteria for ESD from 2006 to 2008. Result ESD group had significantly shorter procedure times, shorter fasting period, and shorter hospital stay than the surgical resection group. Immediate complications in the surgical resection group were more common compared to those in the ESD group. Five-year cancer recurrence rate of the ESD group was 12.3 % and significantly higher than 2.1 % of the surgical resection group (P = 0.001). Five-year disease-free survival rate of the surgical resection group was 97 %, which was significantly higher than 85 % of the ESD group (P = 0.001). Metachronous lesions were equally found every year during the follow-up period in the ESD group. Five-year overall survival rates were 100 % for both groups. Conclusion ESD might be an acceptable and effective treatment for EGC considering overall survival rates with fewer early complication rates and shorter duration of hospital stay compared to surgical resection. However, intensive and persistent endoscopic surveillance should be performed after ESD for early detection of metachronous lesions.
    Article · Jun 2016 · Surgical Endoscopy
  • Article · Jun 2016 · Trauma Monthly
  • Jun-Hyun Lee · Joong-Min Park · Sang-Uk Han · [...] · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Although laparoscopic fundoplication is a well-established therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Western countries, the mainstay of GERD treatment in Korea is long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use. The aim of the present study was to evaluate nationwide data regarding antireflux surgery in Korea. Methods: Data from 2011 to 2014 were collected from the Korean Antireflux Surgery Study Group and then analyzed. Results: A total of 87 patients underwent laparoscopic fundoplication for the treatment of GERD. Preoperatively, typical symptoms were present in 81 patients (93%) and atypical symptoms were present in 51 patients (59%). Twenty-seven patients (31%) had poor PPI responses. The average surgical time and postoperative hospital stay were 116.3±42.3 minutes and 4.3±3.1 days, respectively. At 3 months after surgery, typical symptoms were completely controlled in 86.3% of patients and partially controlled in 11.7%, whereas atypical symptoms were completely controlled in 63.3% of patients and partially controlled in 23.3%. Conclusions: This study showed that although atypical symptoms and PPI nonresponders are common, the complete control rates of typical and atypical symptoms were 86.3% and 63.3%, respectively. Laparoscopic fundoplication is an efficacious method of controlling the symptoms of GERD and has an acceptable rate of postoperative morbidity and adverse symptoms.
    Article · Apr 2016 · Gut and liver
  • Dong Jin Kim · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic completion total gastrectomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has not been reported. A 73-year-old male who underwent PD 25 years ago for distal common bile duct cancer visited a surgical department for remnant gastric cancer. A previous reconstruction was performed with pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ), gastrojejunostomy and Braun anastomosis, i.e., jejunojejunostomy (JJ), between the afferent and efferent jejunal limb to prevent bile reflux into the remnant stomach. Adhesiolysis was initially performed to secure the surgical view. Lymph node dissections around the splenic artery, splenic hilum, celiac axis, left gastric artery, and common hepatic artery were performed. The PJ site was well visualized and safely preserved. Esophagojejunostomy was performed with an OrVil system. Specimen retrieval, Roux-limb preparation and JJ were performed through an extended umbilicus trocar site. A final pathologic examination revealed a 5.5-cm serosa-exposed tumor (T4a) without lymph node metastasis. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 7 without any complications.
    Article · Feb 2016 · Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
  • Shin Seung Kim · Jin-Il Kim · Dae Young Cheung · [...] · Wook Kim
    Article · Jan 2016
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of reoperation in recurrent gastric cancers. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 86 patients who underwent reoperation for recurrent gastric cancer. We reviewed the time interval between first operation and reoperation, as well as the recurrence pattern, type of reoperation, and survival following reoperation. Results: the average time to reoperation following curative resection was 27.8+/-25.9 months (median 18.4 months). Fifty-three cases (61.6%) of reoperation were performed within 2 years follwoing the first operation. The most common reason for reoperation was intestinal obstruction followed by gastric remnant recurrence and intra-abdominal mass. Complete resection was possible in 14 cases (16.3%) and a palliative procedure such as partial resection or bypass procedures was performed in 54 cases. In 18 cases (20.9%), simple lapalotomy was done without any aid. The most common site of recurrence was the peritoneum followed by the gastric remnant, distant lymph node and hematogenous liver metastasis. Operative mortality was 10.5%. Excluding the 9 cases of operative mortality, the mean survival time after reoperation was 15.4+/-2.5 months (mean 8.6 months). Survival following complete resection was much longer than palliative procedure and exploration only (37.9+/-8.7 vs 10.9+/-1.5 vs 4.7+/-0.8 months, p=0.000). Conclusion: The complete resection of recurrent gastric cancer can prolong survival. Early detection of localized recurrence is important in order to increase the chance of complete resection.
    Article · Dec 2015 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    Sang Hyun Kim · Dong Jin Kim · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 78-year-old man underwent laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy for gastric cancer (pT3N0M0). Multiple port sites were used, including a 10 mm port for a videoscope at the umbilical point and three other working ports. During the six-month follow-up evaluation, a 2 cm enhancing mass confined to the muscle layer was found 12 mm from the right lower quadrant port site, suggesting a metastatic or desmoid tumor. Follow-up computed tomography imaging two months later showed that the mass had increased in size to 3.5 cm. We confirmed that there was no intra-abdominal metastasis by diagnostic laparoscopy and then performed a wide resection of the recurrent mass. The histologic findings revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, suggesting a metastatic mass from the stomach cancer. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient completed adjuvant chemotherapy with TS-1 (tegafur, gimeracil, and oteracil potassium). There was no evidence of tumor recurrence during the 50-month follow-up period.
    Full-text Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment and prognosis of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) according to the 7th UICC/AJCC tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) system and the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk classification. The study cohort consisted of 1057 patients with gastric GIST who underwent surgery between January 2000 and December 2007 from 13 institutions in Korea and 2 in Japan. Clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical outcomes, recurrence, and 5-year recurrence-free survival were evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 58.6 years. Thirty patients (2.8%) had distant metastasis preoperatively. Median tumor size was 4.0 cm. Complete resection (R0 resection) was achieved in 1018 patients (96.3%). Eighty-six patients (8.1%) had postoperative complications, and 2 patients (0.2%) died within 30 days after surgery. According to the 7th UICC/AJCC TNM system, 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 95% to 99% in stage I, 94.1% in stage II, 74.1% in stage IIIA, 48.6% in stage IIIB, and 50.0% in stage IV patients. On survival analysis of high-risk patients according to the TNM system, the 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 91.6% in stage II, 74.1% in stage IIIA, and 48.6% in stage IIIB patients. Independent factors of recurrence following surgery for gastric GIST were gender, tumor size, mitotic count, and radicality on multivariate analysis. The treatment outcome and prognosis of gastric GIST in Korea and Japan seem more favorable compared to those in Western countries. Compared to the modified NIH risk classification, the 7th UICC/AJCC TNM system is more reflective of the 5-year recurrence-free survival of patients with gastric GIST.
    Full-text Article · Oct 2015 · Medicine
  • Young Sun Choi · Dong Jin Kim · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spontaneous rupture of the left gastroepiploic vessel causing abdominal apoplexy or spontaneous hemoperitoneum is extremely rare. Such ambiguous condition can delay diagnosis, resulting in hypo-volemic shock. Reporting such rare cases is valuable to clinicians. Here, we report a 19-year-old man who initially presented left upper quadrant pain and diaphoresis followed by vomiting after ingesting alcohol. He was diagnosed with diffuse hemoperitoneum and large amount of hematoma in left side of lesser sac due to spontaneous rupture of left gastroepiploic vessel. The patient underwent emergency exploratory laparoscopy. Bleeding was controlled by clipping the teared vessel.
    Article · Sep 2015 · The American journal of emergency medicine
  • Wook Kim · Hyung-Ho Kim · Sang-Uk Han · [...] · Hyuk-Joon Lee
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: To determine the safety of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) compared with open distal gastrectomy (ODG) in patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer in Korea. Background: There is still a lack of large-scale, multicenter randomized trials regarding the safety of LADG. Methods: A large-scale, phase 3, multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. The primary end point was 5-year overall survival. Morbidity within 30 postoperative days and surgical mortality were compared to evaluate the safety of LADG as a secondary end point RESULTS:: A total of 1416 patients were randomly assigned to the LADG group (n = 705) or the ODG group (n = 711) between February 1, 2006, and August 31, 2010, and 1384 patients were analyzed for modified intention-to-treat analysis (ITT) and 1256 were eligible for per protocol (PP) analysis (644 and 612, respectively). In the PP analysis, 6 patients (0.9%) needed open conversion in the LADG group. The overall complication rate was significantly lower in the LADG group (LADG vs ODG; 13.0% vs 19.9%, P = 0.001). In detail, the wound complication rate of the LADG group was significantly lower than that of the ODG group (3.1% vs 7.7%, P < 0.001). The major intra-abdominal complication (7.6% vs 10.3%, P = 0.095) and mortality rates (0.6% vs 0.3%, P = 0.687) were similar between the 2 groups. Modified ITT analysis showed similar results with PP analysis. Conclusions: LADG for patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer is safe and has a benefit of lower occurrence of wound complication compared with conventional ODG.
    Article · Sep 2015 · Annals of surgery
  • Conference Paper · Aug 2015
  • Dong Jin Kim · Wook Kim · Eungkook Kim
    Conference Paper · Aug 2015
  • Conference Paper · Aug 2015
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite the well-described benefits of laparoscopic surgery such as lower operative blood loss and enhanced postoperative recovery in gastric cancer surgery, the application of laparoscopic surgery in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer remains elusive owing to a lack of clinical evidence. Recently, the Korean Laparoscopic Surgical Society Group launched a new multicenter randomized clinical trial to compare laparoscopic and open D2 lymphadenectomy for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Here, we introduce the protocol of this clinical trial. This trial is an investigator-initiated, randomized, controlled, parallel group, non-inferiority trial. Gastric cancer patients diagnosed with primary tumors that have invaded into the muscle propria and not into an adjacent organ (cT2-cT4a) in preoperative studies are recruited. Another criterion for recruitment is no lymph node metastasis or limited perigastric lymph node (including lymph nodes around the left gastric artery) metastasis. A total 1,050 patients in both groups are required to statistically show non-inferiority of the laparoscopic approach with respect to the primary end-point, relapse-free survival of 3 years. Secondary outcomes include postoperative morbidity and mortality, postoperative recovery, quality of life, and overall survival. Surgeons who are validated through peer-review of their surgery videos can participate in this clinical trial. Surgeons who are validated through peer-review of their surgery videos can participate in this clinical trial. This clinical trial was designed to maintain the principles of a surgical clinical trial with internal validity for participating surgeons. Through the KLASS-02 RCT, we hope to show the efficacy of laparoscopic D2 lymphadenectomy in AGC patients compared with the open procedure. ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT01456598 .
    Full-text Article · May 2015 · BMC Cancer
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    Dong Jin Kim · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) of the stomach are extremely rare in adults, and their oncologic prognosis is not well understood. We present a 28-year-old man with a proximal gastric IMT. The patient visited the emergency department of Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital with syncope and hematemesis. Hemoglobin levels were <5.5 g/dl. Gastric fibroscopy showed a protruding mass 4×4 cm in size, with central ulceration on the posterior wall of the fundus and diffuse wall thickening throughout the cardia and anterior wall of the upper body. Endoscopic biopsy revealed indeterminate spindle cells, along with inflammation. Given the risk of rebleeding, an operation was performed despite the uncertain diagnosis. Because the mass was circumferential, laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy and double-tract anastomosis were performed to ensure a safe resection margin. The pathological diagnosis was consistent with an IMT originating from the stomach, although the tumor was negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene mutation.
    Full-text Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Gastric Cancer
  • Hyuk-Joon Lee · Hyung-Ho Kim · Sang Uk Han · [...] · Wook Kim
    Conference Paper · Jan 2015
  • Dong Jin Kim · Jun Hyun Lee · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) has not been as popular as laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) because of its undetermined safety and postoperative complications compared with LADG. Therefore, LATG requires further study. A total of 663 patients who underwent LADG or LATG for gastric cancer in a single institution from April 2004 to April 2014 were included. The clinicopathologic characteristics and risk factors related to major complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ IIIa) were analyzed between the LADG (n = 569) and LATG groups (n = 94). The incidence of major postoperative complications was significantly higher for LATG (LADG vs. LATG: 8.1 vs. 18.1 %, P = 0.002). Although postoperative bleeding was not different between the groups (3.2 vs. 3.2 %, P = 0.991), the incidence of bowel leakage was significantly higher for LATG (2.6 vs. 6.8 %, P = 0.028). Leakage from the anastomosis site was more frequent following LATG (5.3 %) compared with LADG (0.5 %) (P < 0.001). Leakage from the duodenal stump tended to be more frequent, though not significant, for LADG (2.0 vs. 1.1 %, P = 0.602). Advanced gastric cancer, LATG, and longer operation time were significant factors that affected the incidence of postoperative complications in a univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, there were no independent risk factors, but LATG was nearly a significant, independent risk factor (odds ratio 1.89; 95 % CI 0.965-3.71, P = 0.063). More major complications were observed for LATG, particularly with esophagojejunostomy. These results show that LATG is more invasive than LADG in terms of the postoperative morbidity. More caution and experience are needed when performing LATG.
    Article · Jan 2015 · Surgical Endoscopy
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    Dong Jin Kim · Jun Hyun Lee · Wook Kim
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The macroscopic diagnosis of tumor invasion through the serosa during surgery is not always distinct in patients with gastric cancer. The prognostic impact of the difference between macroscopic findings and pathological diagnosis of serosal invasion is not fully elucidated and needs to be re-evaluated. A total of 370 patients with locally advanced pT2 to pT4a gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery were enrolled in this study. Among them, 155 patients with pT3 were divided into three groups according to the intraoperative macroscopic diagnosis of serosal invasion, as follows: serosa exposure (SE)(-) (no invasion, 72 patients), SE(±) (ambiguous, 47 patients), and SE(+) (definite invasion, 36 patients), and the clinicopathological features, surgical outcomes, and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed. A comparison of the 5-year DFS between pT3_SE(-) and pT2 groups and between pT3_SE(+) and pT4a groups revealed that the differences were not statistically significant. In addition, in a subgroup analysis of pT3 patients, the 5-year DFS was 75.1% in SE(-), 68.5% in SE(±), and 39.4% in SE(+) patients (P<0.05). In a multivariate analysis to evaluate risk factors for tumor recurrence, macroscopic diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR], SE(-) : SE(±) : SE(+)=1 : 1.01 : 2.45, P=0.019) and lymph node metastasis (HR, N0 : N1 : N2 : N3=1 : 1.45 : 2.20 : 9.82, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for recurrence. Gross inspection of serosal invasion by the surgeon had a strong impact on tumor recurrence in gastric cancer patients. Consequently, the gross appearance of serosal invasion should be considered as a factor for predicting patients' prognosis.
    Full-text Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of Gastric Cancer