[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multiple lymphomatous polyposis (MLP) is an uncommon type of gastrointestinal lymphoma characterized by the presence of multiple polyps along the gastrointestinal tract. Most of this entity is in fact considered the counterpart of gastrointestinal tract involvement for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). To our knowledge, there have been no reports on [fluorine-18]-fluorodeoxy-glucose ((18)F-FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging for gastrointestinal MCL with MLP. We present the results of (18)F-FDG PET/CT imaging in a patient with gastrointestinal tract involvement of MCL showing continuous MLP from the stomach to the rectum and intestinal intussusception. FDG-PET/CT findings were false negative in typical MLP spreading widely over the gastrointestinal tract, but uptake was noted in large lesions with deep infiltration considered atypical as MLP. On FDG-PET/CT imaging, the Ki-67 proliferative index, which is a cell proliferation marker, showed neither correlation with the presence of uptake nor the maximum standardized uptake value.
Preview · Article · May 2014 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are highly effective in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), but there have been a few adverse event reports describing gastrointestinal bleeding. We clinically analyzed two patients who developed intestinal bleeding during the administration of TKIs for CML. Platelet counts of both patients were normal. The patients showed endoscopic findings characterized by mildly hemorrhagic mucosa. The imatinib patient was diagnosed by capsule endoscopy of the small intestine, and required frequent blood transfusions. The dasatinib patient showed occult bleeding due to CD8-positive colitis. We should adequately recognize that gastrointestinal bleeding may occur during the administration of TKIs.
No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biphenotypic acute leukemias (BAL) account for less than 4% of all cases of acute leukemia. Philadelphia chromosome and 11q23 rearrangement are the most frequently found cytogenetic abnormalities. Since t(15;17) is almost always associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia, t(15;17) in BAL cases is extremely uncommon. We report here a rare and instructive case of BAL with t(15;17) and the successful treatment approach adopted. A 55-year old woman was referred to our hospital for an examination of elevated white blood cell (WBC) counts with blasts (WBC 13.4×10(9)/L; 76% blasts). The blasts with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL-L2, FAB) morphology co-expressed B-lymphoid and myeloid lineages, and a cytogenetic study revealed 4q21 abnormalities and t(15;17). However, promyelocytic-retinoid acid receptor α rearrangement was not detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization on interphase nuclei. Our patient was treated with chemotherapy for ALL and gemtuzumab ozogamicin without all-trans-retinoic acid, and has remained in hematologic first complete remission for more than 3.7 years.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPN) are rare pancreatic tumors. The etiology of SPN involves mutations in the gene that encodes β-catenin (CTNNB1). We herein report the case of a 23-year-old woman with a large SPN with proliferating tumor cells that displayed both solid and pseudo-papillary patterns. The simultaneous nuclear accumulation and loss of membrane localization of β-catenin and E-cadherin was specifically observed in the tumor cells. Further, the tumor cells were shown to harbor a missense mutation in exon 3 of CTNNB1. We also present a review of the literature describing the clustering of CTNNB1 mutations in patients with SPN.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Internal Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are conflicting views about the association between type A gastritis with pernicious anemia (PA) and infection with Helicobacter pylori, and currently, no definite conclusion has been reached. In this study, we evaluated H. pylori infection in patients with type A gastritis who developed PA. The study included a total of 25 Japanese patients (13 males and 12 females) who had been diagnosed with PA at our department, with a mean age of 71.2 years. We diagnosed infection with H. pylori by measuring serum H. pylori-IgG antibodies in all 25 patients, and we performed gastric biopsy in 17 patients. They were all negative for H. pylori-IgG antibody (0/25) and H. pylori on gastric biopsy (0/17). Although the prevalence of H. pylori infection (70-80 %) in our age-matched controls in Japan is higher than the prevalence in similar populations in western countries, we believe that type A gastritis with PA is very poorly associated with H. pylori infection.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive ileal extraosseous plasmacytoma containing plasmablastic lymphoma components with CD20-positive lymph node involvement. A 34-year-old healthy Japanese male developed intussusception due to an ileal plasmacytoma. The lesion was positive for EBV-encoded small nuclear RNA in in situ hybridization, with the surrounding lymph nodes showing the expression of CD20. Tumor cells in the ileal and lymph node lesions contained high-grade malignant features compatible with plasmablastic lymphoma. Because his abdominal lymph nodes recurred 6 months after resection, he received six cycles of R-CHOP chemotherapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone), and had a complete remission. Although his case was complicated by acute promyelocytic leukemia, he has so far survived, recurrence-free, for more than 7.5 years after chemotherapy for extraosseous plasmacytoma.
Preview · Article · Aug 2012 · International Journal of General Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper we report our clinical investigation of three cases with acquired hemophilia A treated in our department. These patients were all elderly males (79, 77, and 68 years old), and presented with subcutaneous bleeding, a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and anemia. On the basis of these findings as well as decreased factor VIII activities (0.9~3.1%) and the presence of factor VIII inhibitors (57.1~173 BU/ml), we made a diagnosis of acquired hemophilia A. In cases 1 and 2, a recombinant activated factor VII was used to achieve hemostasis. The factor VIII inhibitor disappeared with prednisolone (PSL) alone in case 1 and a combination of PSL and cyclophosphamide in case 2. In case 3, treatment involving five courses of weekly rituximab (RTX) reduced the activity of factor III inhibitor to 3.5 BU/ml (and subsequently to zero). During this time, the patient achieved hemostasis without using a specific hemostatic agent, and was again referred to the previous hospital for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Although PSL is often chosen as a first-line therapy to suppress the production of factor VIII inhibitor, which may cause acquired hemophilia A, RTX may be another therapeutic option in some patients.
No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Since the liver has a duplicate blood supply through the hepatic artery and portal vein, hepatic infarction is considered a rare disease. A 51-year-old male with acute myeloid leukemia and diabetes mellitus developed fulminant hepatic infarction only a few days after administration of FLAGM chemotherapy. Our case was considered to have been caused by the almost complete obstruction of both the hepatic artery and portal vein by thrombi during a short period. Hepatic infarction should be recognized as a complication that may develop after salvage chemotherapy such as FLAGM inducing marked myelosuppression. Hepatic infarction after chemotherapy requires further analysis by evaluating a larger number of cases.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a useful way for assessing treatment response and relapse. We studied the value of MRD and showed a correlation with relapse for 34 adult patients with ALL. MRD was evaluated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) with probes derived from fusion chimeric genes (BCR/ABL) (n = 12) or PCR-based detection of clonal immunoglobulin and T cell receptor gene rearrangements (n = 16), or both (n = 6). We analyzed 27 of the 34 patients who could be examined for MRD on day 100 after induction therapy. The overall survival (OS) rate (45.0%) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate (40.0%) at 2 years in complete remission (CR) patients with MRD level ≥ 10⁻³ (n = 12) were significantly lower than those in CR patients with MRD level <10(-3) (n = 15) (OS rate 79.0%, RFS rate 79.4%) (log-rank test, P = 0.017 and 0.0007). We also applied multicolor flow cytometry for comparison with MRD results analyzed by PCR methods. The comparison of results obtained in 27 follow-up samples showed consistency in 17 samples (63.0%) (P = 0.057). MRD analysis on day 100 is important for treatment decision in adult ALL.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · International journal of hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An elderly woman with chronic myeloid leukemia-chronic phase (CML-CP) aged at 67 underwent imatinib therapy. Ph chromosomes gradually decreased, but imatinib was discontinued after 10 months because of aggravated skin eruptions. Three months later, myeloid blast crisis (MBC) occurred. DXR+VCR+PSL chemotherapy and imatinib therapy was administered, and return to CP (RTC) was achieved with the disappearance of Ph chromosomes and a marked decrease of BCR/ABL (FISH). Although imatinib therapy was continued, a second MBC was diagnosed, 13 months after RTC. Chemotherapy, using mainly VCR+PSL was performed and imatinib was discontinued. RTC was achieved, and Ph chromosomes and BCR/ABL again disappeared. One year later, a 3rd MBC developed, and chemotherapy using Ara-C+DNR was performed. A 3rd RTC was achieved, and BCR/ABL decreased. This CML case was resistant to imatinib, but chemotherapy was effective in all 3 episodes of MBC, and BCR/ABL decreased or disappeared.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal (GI) tract involvement of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) presents as a variety of forms, ranging from multiple lymphomatous polyposis (MLP) to a slight mucosal change. We report 3 cases with GI tract involvement of MCL who were followed-up by endoscopy. The present study shows three new informations. MLP of the esophagus is rare, but it was observed in two of 3 patients who were extensively involved by MCL. Endoscopic follow-up in one patient suggested that lymphoma cells of MCL had invaded the lamina propria to submucosal layer before MLP developed. Two of the 3 cases showed a favorable clinical course with single-agent rituximab therapy.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Internal Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Among cases of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) due to DNA topoisomerase II inhibitors, 11q23 abnormality is often detected. The usefulness of paclitaxel as a key drug in chemotherapy for breast cancer has been demonstrated. Few studies have reported t-AML due to paclitaxel. In this study, we report a patient who developed t-AML with 11q23 abnormality and bone marrow metastasis after breast cancer treatment with paclitaxel. The patient was a 61-year-old female who developed breast cancer at the age of 54 years. Four years after resection, lung and bone metastases were detected. Weekly therapy with paclitaxel at 80 mg/m2 was administered for 10 weeks (total dose: 1,200 mg), and radiotherapy was performed; thereafter, the extent of bone metastasis increased. Pancytopenia was noted 3 years after paclitaxel therapy. Bone marrow aspiration suggested AML (M4) with (11;19)(q23;p13) chromosome abnormalities. Histopathologically, bone marrow metastasis from breast cancer was detected in the same bone marrow specimen. This patient had not received any other anticancer drugs. Based on the clinical course, t-AML may have developed after paclitaxel therapy.
No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: At present, the etiologic relationship between pernicious anemia and H. pylori infection remains unknown because different rates of positivity have been reported. To investigate the relationship of these two entities, 16 Japanese patients diagnosed with pernicious anemia were examined for H. pylori infection. Serological tests for H. pylori-IgG antibody and gastric biopsy were performed. These 16 patients ranged in age from 34 to 93 years, with a mean age of 68.1 years. They were all negative for H. pylori-IgG antibody and H. pylori on gastric biopsy. Considering that the H. pylori-positive rate in the Japanese population of the same age (60 years) is 70-80%, the findings of this study suggest that the rate of H. pylori positivity in patients with pernicious anemia is low.
No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High costs of molecule-targeted drugs, such as rituximab, ibritumomab, and tositumomab have given rise to an economical issue for treating patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSFs), which are also expensive, are widely used for treating neutropenia after chemotherapy. In Japan, lenograstim at 2 microg/kg (about 100 microg/body) or filgrastim at 50 microg/m(2) (about 75 microg/body) is commonly administered for patients with NHL after chemotherapy. Therefore, cost-effectiveness is an important issue in treatment for NHL. Patients with advanced-stage NHL who needed chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) or a CHOP-like regimen with or without rituximab were enrolled in this randomized cross-over trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of low-dose G-CSF. Half of the patients were administered 75 microg filgrastim in the first course after neutropenia and 50 microg lenograstim in the second course, and the other half were crossed over. Forty-seven patients were enrolled in this cross-over trial, and 24 patients completed the trial. Frequencies and durations of grade 4 leukocytopenia and neutropenia were similar in the two groups. Severe infection was rare and was observed at similar frequency. Frequencies of antibiotics use were also similar. The total cost of G-CSF (cost/drug x duration of administration) was significantly lower in patients who received 50 microg lenograstim. Hence, a low dose of lenograstim might be safe, effective and pharmaco-economically beneficial in patients with advanced-stage NHL.
No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An 82-year old, elderly woman who had been found to have myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)-refractory anemia three years previously, complained of fever and abdominal pain, and was hospitalized. Abdominal CT images resulted in a diagnosis of renal subcapsular hematoma thus conservative treatment, including blood transfusions of platelet, was initiated. However, the hematoma enlarged, and she also had a spiking fever. After the hematoma was punctured and we drained an abscess caused by Klebsiella Pneumoniae, the hematomal legion subsided, and the inflammatory symptoms improved. There has been no recurrence for more than one year. This case is thought to be the first in which a renal subcapsular hematoma developed with MDS. Although the cause of the renal subcapsular hematoma has not yet been identified, the vulnerability due to aging of the small vessels along with a decrease in the number of platelets have been considered as contributing factors in this elderly case.
No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Summary A novel human myeloid cell line, designated HSM-1, has been established from the pleural effusion of a patient with granulocytic sarcoma (GS) who had been followed as having primary myeiofibrosis for 10 years. When he was diagnosed as having granulocytic sarcoma in dermal tissues, no evidence of malignant transformation into leukaemia was found in both the peripheral blood and bone marrow. The established cell line was positive for myeloperoxidase, Sudan black B. Naphthol AS-D chloroacetate esterase. Surface marker analysis revealed that HSM-1 expressed CD4. CD13, CD11a, CDllb, Leu8. CD49b. CD49d, CD49e, CD29 and HLA-DR.
To clarify why the unusual myeloid tumours developed in non-haematopoietic tissues, we examined the capability of HSM-1 to bind to skin fibroblast layers. The HSM-1 cells were found to bind to both bone marrow stromal layers and skin fibrobiast layers. Among the other myeloid ceil lines tested, none was found to bind to skin flbroblast layers. These findings suggest that the GS cell line may be derived from a haematopoietic precursor cell which can bind to skin fibroblasts and is localized in non-haematopoietic tissues resulting in the formation of extramedullary myeloid metaplasia. HSM-1 is a useful tool for analysing the characteristics of granuiocytic sarcoma and homing receptors for haematopoietic stem cells.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · British Journal of Haematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The case of a 16-year-old girl with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma who had thrombosis in the brachiocephalic, subclavian, and internal jugular veins at presentation is reported. MACOP-B chemotherapy plus radiation therapy could be the first-line strategy, but MACOP-B increases the risk of thrombosis. Although an effective method for initial treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients has not been established, recent studies revealed that the administration of a low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) was effective for secondary prevention of VTE. Therefore, the patient in this case was treated with MACOP-B plus rituximab followed by radiation therapy, and an LMWH was administered through the course of treatment. She achieved complete remission and never suffered from VTE. This case suggests that long-term administration of an LMWH contributes to the primary improvement and secondary prevention of VTE even in patients who are at high risk for thrombosis.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis