Hiun-Suk Chae

Catholic University of Korea, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

Are you Hiun-Suk Chae?

Claim your profile

Publications (58)160.53 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The most appropriate type of endoscopic hemostasis for bleeding due to duodenal Dieulafoy's lesions (DLs) is not yet established. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of mechanical endoscopic hemostasis for duodenal DLs and long-term outcome after successful hemostasis, as well as to compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic band ligation (EBL) and endoscopic hemoclip placement (EHP). Methods: Patients admitted to the emergency unit with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding from duodenal DLs were enrolled in this study. The data were collected prospectively, but data analysis was performed retrospectively. Twenty-four patients with duodenal DLs were treated with EBL (n = 11) or EHP (n = 13). Results: There were no significant differences between groups with respect to clinical or endoscopic characteristics, apart from the number of epinephrine (three cases with EBL vs. 11 cases with EHP; p = 0.011). Primary hemostasis was achieved in all patients. Recurrent bleeding was observed in one patient (9.1 %) from the EBL group and in five patients (38.5 %) from the EHP group (p = 0.166). The recurrent bleeding in the patient from the EBL group was treated by EHP. In the EHP group, all five patients achieved successful secondary hemostasis by endoscopic treatment (EBL in two patients and EHP in three patients). There were no differences in secondary outcomes between the two groups, including the number of endoscopic sessions required, need for angiographic embolization or emergent surgery, transfusion requirements, or length of hospital stay. No complications occurred, and there was no recurrence of bleeding in either group during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Mechanical endoscopic treatments are effective and safe for the treatment of bleeding duodenal DLs. A large-scale, randomized, controlled study is required to confirm the efficacy and safety of EBL and EHP for the management of bleeding duodenal DLs.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Surgical Endoscopy
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim. Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is a rare condition characterized by multiple serrated polyps throughout the colon and rectum. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of SPS in Koreans. Methods. This retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was performed using information from the endoscopy, clinical records, and pathology database system of Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital. Consecutive patients satisfying the updated 2010 World Health Organization criteria for SPS between June 2011 and May 2014 were enrolled. Results. Of the 17,552 patients who underwent colonoscopies during the study period, 11 (0.06%) met the criteria for SPS. The mean age of these patients was 55.6 years. Ten patients (91%) were males. None had a family history of CRC or a first-degree relative with SPS. Seven patients (64%) had synchronous advanced adenoma. One patient had coexistence of SPS with CRC that was diagnosed at the initial colonoscopy. Five patients (45%) had more than 30 serrated polyps. One of the patients underwent surgery and 10 underwent endoscopic resection. Conclusion. The prevalence of SPS in this study cohort was comparable to that in Western populations. Considering the high risk of CRC, correct diagnosis and careful follow-up for SPS are necessary.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Gastroenterology Research and Practice
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Small rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) can be treated with endoscopic resection. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been accepted as a reliable technique, but it is difficult. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of precut and endoscopic mucosal resection (CSI-EMR) for rectal NETs compared to ESD. Methods: Patients with rectal NETs were enrolled consecutively. ESD or CSI-EMR was performed at operator's discretion. Histological and clinical outcomes were measured and compared between the two treatment modalities. Results: Thirty-three patients were enrolled in the study. Seventeen NETs were treated by the ESD method and 16 were treated by CSI-EMR. Both groups had similar mean tumor diameters (ESD 7.53 ± 1.94 vs. CSI-EMR 6.63 ± 1.99 mm; p = 0.197). En bloc resection was achieved in 100 % of ESD group and 87.5 % of CSI-EMR group. Lateral margin involvement occurred in one patient in ESD group and two in CSI-EMR group. The histologically complete resection rate was 88.2 % (15 of 17) in the ESD group and 81.2 % (13 of 16) in CSI-EMR group (p = 0.592). One case of perforation occurred in both groups. Delayed bleeding did not occur. None of the measured outcomes were different between the two groups. Operating time was significant shorter in CSI-EMR group than in ESD group (9.69 vs. 20.12 min, respectively; p value = 0.004). Conclusions: CSI-EMR results in reliable clinical outcomes for small rectal NETs comparable to those of ESD. CSI-EMR is technically feasible and more time saving.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Surgical Endoscopy

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Pancreatology
  • Article: Reply.
    Young-Seok Cho · Hyung-Keun Kim · Sung-Soo Kim · Hiun-Suk Chae

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Pancreas
  • J Park · H Chae · M Kim · Y Kim · I Y Park · J C Shin · Y M Park
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is an inherited skin fragility disorder that presents various clinical manifestations. DEB is characterized by separation of sublamina densa tissue and abnormalities in the anchoring fibrils that result from mutations in COL7A1 and subsequent defects in type VII collagen. A 16-month-old boy was diagnosed with Hallopeau-Siemens recessive DEB on the basis of typical skin lesions composed of multiple blisters with moderately healed erosions, scarring on trauma-exposed body sites, including hands and feet, pseudosyndactyly and flexion contractures of the toes, and severely dystrophic nails on the right hand. Genomic DNA from the patient and parents were subjected to direct sequencing for the COL7A1 gene. Two heterozygous mutations were detected in the affected child; one novel mutation designated c.4232delC in exon 38 and a single-base substitution (c.6573+1G>C) in intron 81. Deletion of a single cytosine at codon 1411 within exon 38 had produced a frameshift mutation that created a stop codon at codon 1427 (p.Pro1411Leufs*17). This intronic base substitution had led to aberrant splicing and a premature termination codon. This is a novel mutation of COL7A1 associated with DEB in a Korean patient, adding to the range of COL7A1 mutations related to DEB.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Genetics and molecular research: GMR
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim. Hepcidin, an iron regulatory hormone, is increased in response to inflammation and some infections. We investigated the relationships among serum prohepcidin, iron status, Helicobacter pylori infection status, and the presence of gastric mucosal atrophy. Methods. Seventy subjects undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy underwent multiple gastric biopsies, and the possibility of H. pylori infection and the degree of endoscopic and histologic gastritis were investigated. In all subjects, serum prohepcidin and iron parameters were evaluated. Results. No correlations were observed between serum prohepcidin levels and the other markers of anemia, such as hemoglobin, serum iron, ferritin, and total iron binding capacity. Serum prohepcidin levels were not significantly different between the H. pylori-positive group and the H. pylori-negative group. Serum prohepcidin levels in atrophic gastritis patients were significantly lower than those in subjects without atrophic gastritis irrespective of H. pylori infection. Conclusion. Serum prohepcidin levels were not altered by H. pylori infection. Serum prohepcidin levels decrease in patients with atrophic gastritis, irrespective of H. pylori infection. It suggests that hepcidin may decrease due to gastric atrophy, a condition that causes a loss of hepcidin-producing parietal cells. Further investigations with a larger number of patients are necessary to substantiate this point.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · Gastroenterology Research and Practice
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP) in the early prediction of severity and mortality in AP. Methods: The medical records of all patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) admitted to our institution between January 2008 and July 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. Severe AP was defined as the persistence of organ failure for more than 48 hours. The capacity of the BISAP score to predict severity and death was evaluated using linear-by-linear association. The predictive accuracy of the BISAP and Ranson score was measured as the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: Of 299 consecutive patients, 22 (7.4%) were classified as having severe AP, and 8 (2.7%) died. There were statistically significant trends for increasing severity (P < 0.001) and mortality (P < 0.001) with increasing BISAP. The AUC for severity predicted by BISAP was 0.762 (95% confidence interval, 0.631-0.893) and by Ranson score was 0.804 (0.717-0.892). The AUC for mortality predicted by BISAP was 0.940 (0.863-1.018) and by Ranson score was 0.861 (0.734-0.988). Conclusions: We confirmed that BISAP is an accurate means of risk stratification in AP within 24 hours of presentation.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Pancreas
  • H Chae · K Cha · M Kim · Y Kim · C K Min

    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · International journal of laboratory hematology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate gastric juice nitrate/nitrite concentration according to mucosal surface pH extent (area) of gastric corpus intimately contacting the gastric juice. Materials and Methods We included ninety-nine patients with dyspepsia. To evaluate gastric mucosal surface pH and its extent, gastric chromosocpy was performed by spraying phenol red dye on the corpus mucosa and estimating the extent of area with color changed. Nitrate/nitrite concentrations and pH of gastric juice were measured by ELISA and pH meter, respectively. Silver staining was done to histologically confirm the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Results Intragastric nitrate/nitrite concentrations in patients, showing phenol red staining mucosa were higher than those of unstaining mucosa (p=0.001): the more extensive in the area of phenol red staining area of corpus, the higher gastric juice pH found (r=0.692, p<0.001). Furthermore, the intragastric nitrate/nitrite concentrations correlated positively with gastric juice pH (r=0.481, p<0.001). Conclusion The changes of mucosal surface pH and its extent in gastric corpus might affect either pH or nitrate/nitrite level of gastric juice.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · Yonsei medical journal
  • J Park · N-G Chung · H Chae · M Kim · S Lee · Y Kim · J-W Lee · B Cho · Dc Jeong · Iy Park
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare disorder characterized by physical abnormalities, bone marrow failure (BMF), increased risk of malignancies, and cellular hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents. This study evaluated the genetic alterations in three major Fanconi genes (FANCA, FANCC and FANCG) in 30 FA patients using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and direct sequencing. Thirteen BMF patients were genetically classified as FA-A (n=6, 46%) and FA-G (n=7, 54%). Four common founder mutations were identified and included two FANCA mutations (c.2546delC and c.3720_3724delAACA) and two FANCG mutations (c.307+1G>C and c.1066C>T), which had previously been commonly observed in a Japanese FA population. We also detected four novel deleterious mutations: c.2778+1G>C and c.3627-1G>A of FANCA, and c.1589_1591delATA and c.1761-1G>A of FANCG. This study demonstrates that mutations in FANCA and FANCG are common in Korean FA patients and the existence of four common founder mutations in an East Asian FA population. Mutation screening workflow that includes these common mutations may be useful in the creation of an international database, and to better understand the ethnic characteristics of FA.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Clinical Genetics
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of high-dose oral rabeprazole versus high-dose IV PPI on rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcers. Methods. This was a two-center, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Patients with a high-risk bleeding peptic ulcer had endoscopic hemostasis and were randomly assigned to the high-dose oral rabeprazole group (20 mg twice daily for 72 hours) or the high-dose IV omeprazole group (80 mg as a bolus injection followed by continuous infusion at 8 mg/h for 72 hours). Results. The study was stopped because of slow enrollment (total n = 106). The rebleeding rates within 3 days were 3.7% (2 of 54 patients) given oral rabeprazole and 1.9% (1 of 52 patients) given IV omeprazole (P = 1.000). The rebleeding rates after 3 days were 1.9% and 0% (P = 1.000), respectively. The surgical intervention rates were 3.7% and 0% (P = 0.495), and the mortality rates were 1.9% and 0% (P = 1.000), respectively. Conclusions. The effect of high-dose oral rabeprazole did not differ significantly from that of high-dose IV omeprazole on rebleeding, surgical intervention, or mortality after endoscopic treatment of bleeding peptic ulcers, but this requires further evaluation.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Gastroenterology Research and Practice
  • K. Choi · M. Kim · A. Je · K. Ryu · H. Chae · H. Kweon · C. Lee

    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Microscopy and Microanalysis
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alterations of the expression pattern of mucins and trefoil peptides have been described in gastric adenocarcinomas and in their precursor lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the progression patterns of intestinal metaplasia (IM) subtypes by analyzing the expression patterns of TFF1 and MUC5AC in different subtypes of IM of the stomach. Endoscopic gastric biopsies of the antrum and body were obtained from patients with dyspepsia and endoscopic IM. Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff staining and the high iron diamine technique were used to classify the subtypes of IM. Immunoreactivity for MUC5AC and TFF1 was estimated in different types of IM. IM was detected in 128 samples from 80 patients; type I was found in 48 samples, type II was found in 37 samples, and type III was found in 43 samples. There was a gradual decrease in MUC5AC and TFF1 expression during the progression of IM from type I to type III via the type II intermediate. This downregulation of MUC5AC and TFF1 expression may challenge the sequential progression of IM from type I to type III via the type II intermediate, and it might be associated with gastric carcinogenesis.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Clinical Endoscopy
  • H. K. LEE · S. I. KIM · H. CHAE · M. KIM · J. LIM · E. J. OH · Y. KIM · Y. J. PARK · W. LEE · K. HAN
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Plasmodium vivax malaria is one of the most important infectious diseases plaguing humanity and causes significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. The gold standard of P. vivax malaria diagnosis is the microscopy of blood smears. Although microscopy is a rapid, cost‐effective, and readily applicable method, it has many disadvantages, including low sensitivity, specificity, and precision. Therefore, there is a clear need for an effective screening test for P. vivax malaria detection both in high‐prevalence areas and developed countries.Methods: A total of 1761 complete blood count (CBC) samples generated by the automated hematology analyzer (DxH 800™; Beckman Coulter Inc., Miami, FL, USA) were retrospectively analyzed. The sample pool contained 123 samples from 52 P. vivax malaria patients and 1504 nonmalarial samples including 509 patients with leukopenia (white blood cell Results: The P. vivax malaria samples exhibited easily recognizable typical malaria signals on the nucleated red blood cell (nRBC) plots (sensitivity 100%) in DxH 800™. All 1504 samples without P. vivax infection were negative for malaria signal (specificity 100%). The size of P. vivax malaria signals correlated roughly with the parasite burden.Conclusion: DxH800™ provides very sensitive and specific, easily recognizable P. vivax malaria signals on routine CBC without need for the additional reagents or special procedures.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent data from Western populations have suggested that patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas are at a higher risk for the development of colorectal neoplasia. In this study, we compared the frequency of colorectal neoplasia in patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas to healthy control subjects. This retrospective case-control study used the databases of 3 teaching hospitals in Gyeonggi-do Province, South Korea. The colonoscopy findings of patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas were compared with those of age- and gender-matched healthy individuals who had undergone gastroduodenoscopies and colonoscopies during general screening examinations. Between 2001 and 2008, 45 patients were diagnosed endoscopically with sporadic duodenal adenomas; 26 (58%) of these patients received colonoscopies. Colorectal neoplasia (42% vs 21%; odds ratio [OR], 2.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 7.4) and advanced colorectal adenoma (19% vs 3%; OR, 9.0; 95% CI, 1.6 to 50.0) were significantly more common in patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas than in healthy control subjects. Compared with healthy individuals, patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas were at a significantly higher risk for developing colorectal neoplasia. Such at-risk patients should undergo routine screening colonoscopies.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Gut and liver
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether the routine closure of mucosal defects after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can enhance mucosal healing and reduce ESD-associated bleeding. Patients with gastric epithelial neoplasias and no obvious submucosal invasion were prospectively enrolled. Mucosal defects were left untreated in the control group. In the study group, mucosal closure was attempted with a 2-channel endoscope, a detachable snare, and clips. All participants received a second-look endoscopy the day after ESD, and coagulation therapy was administered to patients with visible vessels and active bleeding points. Fifty-two patients were enrolled in the study, and 26 patients were assigned to each group. Complete mucosal defect closure occurred in 16 patients (61%) in the study group; incomplete closure occurred in 8 patients (31%) in the study group, and failed closure occurred in 2 patients (8%). Coagulation therapy at the second-look endoscopy was performed more often in the control group than in the study group (31% vs 4%, p=0.024). There were no significant differences in the incidence of immediate or delayed bleeding or in the two-week decrease in hemoglobin between the groups. The prevalence of open ulcers after 8 weeks was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group (18% vs 43%, p=0.012). Routine mucosal closure after ESD supports earlier healing of artificial ulcers. A larger-scale trial is necessary to determine whether mucosal closure can reduce ESD-associated bleeding.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Gut and liver
  • H K Lee · S I Kim · H Chae · M Kim · J Lim · E J Oh · Y Kim · Y J Park · W Lee · K Han
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plasmodium vivax malaria is one of the most important infectious diseases plaguing humanity and causes significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. The gold standard of P. vivax malaria diagnosis is the microscopy of blood smears. Although microscopy is a rapid, cost-effective, and readily applicable method, it has many disadvantages, including low sensitivity, specificity, and precision. Therefore, there is a clear need for an effective screening test for P. vivax malaria detection both in high-prevalence areas and developed countries. A total of 1761 complete blood count (CBC) samples generated by the automated hematology analyzer (DxH 800™; Beckman Coulter Inc., Miami, FL, USA) were retrospectively analyzed. The sample pool contained 123 samples from 52 P. vivax malaria patients and 1504 nonmalarial samples including 509 patients with leukopenia (white blood cell <2000/μL) and 134 normal subjects. The P. vivax malaria samples exhibited easily recognizable typical malaria signals on the nucleated red blood cell (nRBC) plots (sensitivity 100%) in DxH 800™. All 1504 samples without P. vivax infection were negative for malaria signal (specificity 100%). The size of P. vivax malaria signals correlated roughly with the parasite burden. DxH800™ provides very sensitive and specific, easily recognizable P. vivax malaria signals on routine CBC without need for the additional reagents or special procedures.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · International journal of laboratory hematology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is an ongoing debate on the relationship between gastric fundic gland polyps and increased incidence of colorectal neoplasia in Caucasians. However, there was no report on the relationship between gastric fundic gland polyp and colorectal neoplasia in Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of gastric fundic gland polyps and whether a relationship exists between fundic gland polyps and colorectal neoplasia in Korean population. Persons who underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy from 1992 to 2007 at the Health Promotion Center of Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea were reviewed retrospectively. The relationship between gastric fundic gland polyps and colorectal neoplasia were analyzed. Among 22,451 subjects, fundic gland polyps were found in 328 subjects (1.5%). Fundic gland polyps were more common in women than in men (odds ratio of 6.25; 95% CI of 4.68-8.34). The odds ratios for colorectal neoplasia in all subjects with gastric fundic gland polyps were 0.56 (95% CI of 0.33-0.95) and men who were 50 years of age or older had an odds ratio of 2.81 (95% CI of 1.03-7.66) as compared to the control group. However, age and sex-adjusted odds ratios for all gastric fundic gland polyps were 0.73 (95% CI of 0.42-1.26), for men 1.78 (95% CI of 0.80-3.98), and for women 0.37 (95% CI of 0.16-0.87). Surveillance colonoscopy in patients with fundic gland polyps can be performed in the same manner as general population in Korea.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2011 · The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are associated with a higher migration rate than uncovered SEMSs. The antimigration property of a novel covered SEMS was investigated in a canine esophageal stricture model. The new stent (80 mm in length, 20 or 24 mm in diameter) has multiple protuberances on its body that were designed to be separated from the inner silicone membrane so that they could be embedded into the mucosa after deployment. Twenty-two beagle dogs were subjected to circumferential EMR in the middle esophagus for stricture formation. After 2 weeks, conventional covered stents were inserted in a control group (n = 11), and the newly designed covered SEMSs were inserted in a study group (n = 11). Animal laboratory. Circumferential EMR of the middle esophagus for stricture formation, followed by endoscopic placement of a conventional or newly designed stent. Migration, complications, survival, and esophageal histopathology. There was no significant difference in the diameter of the esophageal stricture between the control and study groups (10 mm vs 11 mm, P = .52). Within 3 days, all stents in the control group had migrated, whereas 6 had migrated in the study group (100% vs 55%, P = .035). There were no significant complications directly associated with stent insertion. Complications, survival, and esophageal histopathology could not be compared because all of the conventional stents migrated in the control group within 3 days. The newly designed covered SEMS is more resistant to migration than the conventional covered SEMS.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Gastrointestinal endoscopy

Publication Stats

399 Citations
160.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004-2015
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Asan Medical Center
      • Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005
    • University of Ulsan
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea