[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As the field of minimally invasive surgery continues to develop, surgeons are confronted with the challenge of performing conventional laparoscopic surgeries through fewer incisions while maintaining the same degree of safety and surgical efficiency. Most of these methods involve elimination of the ports previously designated for retraction. As a result, minimally invasive surgeons have been forced to develop minimally invasive and ingenious methods for providing adequate retraction for these procedures. Herein we present our experience using endoloops and internal retractors to provide retraction during Single Incision Minimally Invasive Surgery (SIMIS) and Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) cholecystectomy. We also present a review of the alternative retraction methods currently being employed for these surgeries.
SIMIS was performed on 20 patients and NOTES was performed on 5 patients at our institution. Endoloops or internal retractors were used to provide retraction for all SIMIS procedures. Internal retractors provided retraction for all NOTES procedures.
Successful cholecystectomy was accomplished in all cases. One SIMIS surgery required conversion to standard laparoscopy due to complex anatomy. There were no intraoperative complications. Although adequate retraction was accomplished in all cases, the internal retractors were found to provide superior and more versatile retraction compared to that of endoloops.
Adequate retraction greatly simplifies SIMIS and NOTES surgery. Endograb internal retractors were easy to use and were found to provide optimal retraction and exposure during these procedures without complications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Isolated fallopian tube torsion (ITT) is a rare condition defined as a total or partial rotation of the fallopian tube around its vascular axis. The torsion initiaLLy interferes with the venous and lymphatic circulation. If unrelieved in time, rapid progression occurs, occluding the arterial circulation and Leading to gangrene and hemorrhagic necrosis. The cLinicaL appearance usually includes sharp lower abdominal pain, with or without peritoneal signs. Urinary and gastrointestinal signs might also occur. isolated fallopian tube is a rare condition; the incidence s estimated to be 1:500,000 mostly in reproductive age women. ITT is most common in the right side, although several reports claim that there is no difference between the sides. The etiology is not completely understood, but tubal anomalies (anatomic or physiologic) as well as trauma or pelvic inflammation are predisposing factors. The clinical appearance and the imaging in these cases are not pathognomonic, and many cases are delayed by means of diagnosis and treatment. The treatment is surgical. Detorsion or salpingectomy is usually performed by laparoscopy. Three cases that were treated lately at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Hadassah Medical Center are presented together with a review of the literature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allen-Masters syndrome, first described at 1955, is considered an uncommon etiology for chronic pelvic pain. The syndrome associates traumatic delivery to lacerations found on the posterior leaf of the broad Ligament. The authors report the clinical and laparoscopic findings of a female patient who was admitted to their department for evaluation due to chronic pelvic pain. The patient had a history of normal delivery six months before her admission. In the laparoscopy the authors reported finding bilateral Lacerations in the posterior leaf of the broad Ligament. Coagulation of both lacerations was performed and the patient reported significant improvement in her complaints. The relevant literature was reviewed and the article discusses the process of diagnosis and treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study whether osteopenia occurs following pregnancy and to evaluate its severity in young primiparas.
A prospective case control study. Sixty-one young primigravidae early after birth and 59 nulligravidae matched for age and BMI participated in the study. Bone status was examined using ultrasonic bone transmission velocity over the tibia; Z-score and T-score for bone density were calculated. Serum bone alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and urinary N-telopeptide crosslinks were evaluated as bone remodeling biochemical markers.
Ultrasonic parameters of bone status following delivery were significantly lower in the puerperal group as compared to the nulligravida group. Serum mean bone alkaline phosphatase levels and urinary N-telopeptide crosslinks secretion were higher by 50% in the puerperal group, while serum osteocalcin levels were significantly lower (by 25%) than in the nulligravida controls. A positive correlation between ultrasonic measurements and biochemical markers was demonstrated in the postpartum group, whereas the control group showed a negative correlation.
Women at their early puerperium demonstrate a significant cortical bone mass reduction as measured by ultrasonograph and markers of bone turnover. It appears that pregnancy is a state of unbalanced accelerated bone turnover that may be associated with reduced osteoblastic activity.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · The Journal of reproductive medicine