[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have compared the ATPase, DNA-binding, and helicase activities of free simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen (To) and T antigen complexed with cellular p53 (T+p53). Each activity is essential for productive viral infection. The T+p53 and To fractions were prepared by sequential immunosorption of infected monkey cells with monoclonal antibodies specific for p53 and T antigen. The immune-complexed T fractions were then assayed in parallel. For ATP hydrolysis, the Vmax for T+p53 was 143 nmol of ADP per min per mg of protein, or 18-fold greater than for To. ATP had no effect on the stability of the T+p53 complex. The T+p53 complex was significantly more active than To in hydrolyzing dATP, dGTP, GTP, and UTP. Of the nucleotide substrates tested, the greatest relative increase (T+p53/To) was in hydrolyzing dGTP and GTP. In DNase footprinting assays performed under replication conditions, the T+p53 complex protected regions I, II, and III of origin DNA while equivalent amounts of To protected only regions I and II. Region III is known to contribute to the efficiency of DNA replication and contains the SP1-binding sites of the early viral promoter. The T+p53 fraction was also a more efficient helicase than To, especially with a GC-rich primer and template. Thus, the T+p53 complex has enhanced ATPase, GTPase, DNA-binding, and helicase activities. These findings imply that complex formation between cellular monkey p53 and SV40 T antigen modulates a number of essential activities of T in SV40 productive infection.
Full-text · Article · Apr 1989 · Journal of Virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Simian virus 40 large T antigen initiates DNA replication by binding to the origin of replication. We examined the binding of T antigen to origin regions I, II, and III under conditions designed for efficient in vitro replication functions. We found that 4 mM ATP enhanced the binding of T antigen to regions I and II of the origin DNA by 4- to 20-fold. DNase-footprinting and fragment assays showed that ATP extended the DNase protection domain of T antigen bound to region II by 5 to 10 base pairs at both ends of the core origin of replication. This alteration suggests a change in the conformation of T antigen, bound DNA, or both.
Preview · Article · Jan 1988 · Journal of Virology