Shaowen Zhu

Kunming Institute of Zoology CAS, Yün-nan, Yunnan, China

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Publications (6)15.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) play important roles in angiogenesis. In this study, a vascular endothelial growth factor named TjsvVEGF was purified from the venom of Trimeresurus jerdonii by gel filtration, affinity, ion-exchange and high-performance liquid chromatography. TjsvVEGF was a homodimer with an apparent molecular mass of 29 kDa. The cDNA encoding TjsvVEGF was obtained by PCR. The open reading frame of the cloned TjsvVEGF was composed of 432 bp coding for a signal peptide of 24 amino acid residues and a mature protein of 119 amino acid residues. Compared with other snake venom VEGFs, the nucleotide and deduced protein sequences of the cloned TjsvVEGF were conserved. TjsvVEGF showed low heparin binding activity and strong capillary permeability increasing activity. The KD of TjsvVEGF to VEFGR-2 is 413 pM. However, the binding of TjsvVEGF to VEGFR-1 is too weak to detect. Though TjsvVEGF had high sequence identities (about 90%) with Crotalinae VEGFs, the receptor preference of TjsvVEGF was similar to Viperinae VEGFs which had lower sequence identities (about 60%) with it. TjsvVEGF might serve as a useful tool for the study of structure-function relationships of VEGFs and their receptors. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Biochimie
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet glycoprotein Ib (GPIb) is a primary adhesion receptor and involved in platelet-related disorders. However, it is difficult to study GPIb-specific platelet stimulation using physiological ligands in vivo. GPIb-binding snake C-type lectins (snaclecs) are useful tools for exploring GPIb in vitro because they act on platelets differently. In the present study, a novel GPIb-binding snaclec, named jerdonibitin, was purified, molecular cloned and characterized from Trimeresurus jerdonii venom. On SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, it showed a single band with an apparent molecular weight of 25 kDa under non-reducing conditions and two distinct bands with apparent molecular weights of 15 kDa (α-subunit) and 13 kDa (β-subunit) under reducing conditions. The cDNA sequences of each subunit of jerdonibitin were identified and both deduced amino acid sequences were confirmed by N-terminal protein sequencing and trypsin-digested peptide mass fingerprinting of MALDI-TOF. Sequence alignment showed that jerdonibitin is a snaclec and has sequence similarity with TSV-GPIb-BP (a GPIb-inhibitory snaclec). Jerdonibitin dose-dependently inhibited platelet aggregation induced by ristocetin or low-dose thrombin, but not by high-dose thrombin. The GPIbα was detected by affinity chromatography on jerdonibitin. In vivo, jerdonibitin also dose-dependently induced thrombocytopenia of mice and platelet counts remained at very low level after 18 h intravenous injection. In summary, a novel GPIb-inhibitory snaclec was molecular cloned and characterized, which might provide insights into investigation of how GPIb-inhibitory snaclecs work and development of new antiplatelet agents.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Toxicon
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    ABSTRACT: Natriuretic peptides (NPs) play crucial roles in human physiology and pathophysiology through natriuresis, dieresis and vasorelaxation. NPs are also one of the important components of snake venoms. However, the low abundance in snake venom hampered the investigation. Here, a novel natriuretic peptide named Na-NP was purified from the cobra Naja atra venom. Na-NP consists of 45 amino acid residues and its molecular weight is 4618.5 Da. A full-length cDNA encoding Na-NP was obtained from the cDNA library constructed from the venom gland. The open reading frame of cloned Na-NP was composed of 498bp and coded for a 165-amino acid residue protein precursor. The nucleotide and deduced protein sequences of Na-NP were remarkably conserved with other elapid NPs while significant different from the viperid NPs. Na-NP showed weak activity to relax the aortic rings precontracted with phenylephrine. Meanwhile, Na-NP showed cGMP-promotion activity against primary cultured rabbit endocardial endothelial cells, but had no effect on human platelet aggregation. In conclusion, this is the first report of a natriuretic peptide from the cobra N. atra venom. Na-NP might be served as a useful tool for the study of human NPs and the development of novel therapeutic drugs.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Toxicon
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    ABSTRACT: A number of inactive serine protease homologues (SPHs), which have poorly understood functions, have been identified in invertebrates and vertebrates. Recently, several SPH transcripts have been reported from snake venom glands, which provide potential new tools for the study of the functions of SPHs. Herein we report for the first time a snake venom serine protease homologue (svSPH) protein, designated as TjsvSPH, isolated from the venom of Trimeresurus jerdonii. Despite its high sequence similarity to snake venom serine proteases (SVSPs), TjsvSPH is devoid of arginine esterase and proteolytic activity. This is probably due to the replacement of Arg-43 by His-43 in the catalytic triad. TjsvSPH did not influence the coagulation time of human plasma, induce human platelet aggregation, inhibit adenosine diphosphate/thrombin-induced human platelet aggregation or increase capillary permeability. Phylogenetic analysis showed that svSPHs were separated from SVSPs and formed an independent group. Structural analysis revealed that the structures of svSPHs are quite different from those of SPHs previously reported. These results indicate that snake venoms contain a unique group of svSPH proteins.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Toxicon
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    ABSTRACT: An L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO), NA-LAAO, was purified from the venom of Naja atra. Its N-terminal sequence shows great similarity with LAAOs from other snake venoms. NA-LAAO dose-dependently induced aggregation of washed human platelets. However, it had no activity on platelets in platelet-rich plasma. A low concentration of NA-LAAO greatly promoted the effect of hydrogen peroxide, whereas hydrogen per oxide itself had little activation effect on plate lets. NA-LAAO induced tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of platelet proteins including Src kinase, spleen tyrosine kinase, and phospholipase C γ2. Unlike convulxin, Fc receptor γ chain and T lymphocyte adapter protein are not phosphorylated in NA-LAAO-activated platelets, suggesting an activation mechanism different from the glycoprotein VI pathway. Catalase inhibited the platelet aggregation and platelet protein phosphorylation induced by NA-LAAO. NA-LAAO bound to fixed platelets as well as to platelet lysates of Western blots. Furthermore, affinity chromatography of platelet proteins on an NA-LAAO-Sepharose 4B column isolated a few platelet membrane proteins, suggesting that binding of NA-LAAO to the platelet membrane might play a role in its action on platelets.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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    ABSTRACT: Three 26 kDa proteins, named as TJ-CRVP, NA-CRVP1 and NA-CRVP2, were isolated from the venoms of Trimeresurus jerdonii and Naja atra, respectively. The N-terminal sequences of TJ-CRVP and NA-CRVPs were determined. These components were devoid of the enzymatic activities tested, such as phospholipase A(2), arginine esterase, proteolysis, L-amino acid oxidase, 5'nucleotidase, acetylcholinesterase. Furthermore, these three components did not have the following biological activities: coagulant and anticoagulant activities, lethal activity, myotoxicity, hemorrhagic activity, platelet aggregation and platelet aggregation-inhibiting activities. These proteins are named as cysteine-rich venom protein (CRVP) because their sequences showed high level of similarity with mammalian cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP) family. Recently, some CRISP-like proteins were also isolated from several different snake venoms, including Agkistrodon blomhoffi, Trimeresurus flavoviridis, Lanticauda semifascita and king cobra. We presumed that CRVP might be a common component in snake venoms. Of particular interest, phylogenetic analysis and sequence alignment showed that NA-CRVP1 and ophanin, both from elapid snakes, share higher similarity with CRVPs from Viperidae snakes.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2003 · Toxicon