Francisco Humberto Nociti Júnior

University of Campinas, Conceição de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (46)57.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial compared the levels of interferon γ (IFN-γ), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) patients treated with nonsurgical therapy associated or not with amoxicillin/metronidazole adjunctive. Method and materials: Thirty-nine GAgP patients were followed during 6 months. The patients were randomly allocated to one of the groups: experimental (scaling and root planing plus 375 mg amoxicillin and 250 mg metronidazole for 7 days) and control (scaling and root planing + placebo). Probing pocket depth (PPD), relative clinical attachment level (rCAL), gingival margin position (GMP), and IL-6, IFN-γ, and PGE2 levels in GCF were evaluated at baseline, and at 3 and 6 months after treatment. Results: Both therapies promoted PPD reductions, rCAL gains, and recession in GMP at the end of the study, with the experimental group presenting an additional PPD reduction in fullmouth analysis and deep pockets at the 3- and 6-month follow-ups (P < .05). During the period of the study, only the experimental group promoted a reduction in PGE2 levels in deep pockets at 3 and 6 months, while IFN-γ and IL-6 levels remained unchanged. However, the differences in the immunologic parameters were not statistically significant among the groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that amoxicillin/ metronidazole associated with nonsurgical therapy promotes an additional PPD reduction in the treatment of GAgP; however, this therapy did not promote additional benefits in the evaluated immunologic parameters.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany: 1985)
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the release of locally-delivered doxycycline by Poly (L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres in the periodontal pocket of patients with chronic periodontitis, treated by non-surgical periodontal therapy. Nineteen sites of non-adjacent teeth of four different patients were evaluated. 5 mg of PLGA microspheres loaded with 16 doxycycline hyclate (DOX) were administered per periodontal site. To quantify DOX released into the periodontal pocket, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected from the sites on days 2, 5, 7, 10, 15, and 20 after DOX application, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was performed. Data were statistically assessed by ANOVA/Tukey test. At days 2, 5, and 7, the DOX concentration was stably sustained (23.33 ± 1.38; 23.4 ± 1.82; 22.75 ± 1.33 μg/mL, respectively), with no significant differences over these assessment times (p>0.05). At days 10 and 15, a tendency was observed towards a decrease in DOX concentration (21.74 ± 0.91 and 20.53 ± 4.88 μg/mL, respectively), but a significant decrease in GCF drug concentration (19.69 ± 4.70 μg/mL) was observed only on day 20. The DOX delivery system developed demonstrated a successful sustained release after local administration, as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: DNA methylation plays a critical role in the regulation of the transcription of the suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 and SOCS3, which are modulators in the inflammation. We hypothesized that the methylation status of SOCS1, SOCS3, and long interspersed nuclear element (LINE)-1 in gingival tissues previously inflamed would be similar to that found in gingival tissues without clinical inflammation in the period studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laser capture microdissection was performed to isolate epithelial and connective gingival tissues. The groups were comprised by ten patients without history of periodontitis and absence of clinical signs of inflammation in the gingiva during the study (healthy group) and ten patients with history of periodontitis, presenting inflammation in the gingival tissue at the first examination of the study (controlled chronic periodontitis group). The gingival biopsies from the controlled chronic periodontitis group were collected after controlling the inflammation. DNA methylation patterns were analyzed using methylation-specific high-resolution melting and combined bisulfite restriction analysis. RESULTS: DNA methylation levels for SOCS1 and SOCS3 did not differ between groups or tissues; likewise, no differences were observed in total LINE-1 methylation or at specific loci. CONCLUSION: At 3 months following control of inflammation in gingival tissues, the methylation profile of SOCS1, SOCS3, and LINE-1 is similar between connective and epithelial tissues from patients that were previously affected or not by chronic inflammation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Clinical results of a successful treatment are observed after inflammation control and the molecular findings illustrate local and general methylation patterns in recovering tissues toward health conditions and might help to understand events that are occurring in oral cells
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Clinical Oral Investigations
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    ABSTRACT: DNA methylation plays a critical role in the regulation of the transcription of the suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 and SOCS3, which are modulators in the inflammation. We hypothesized that the methylation status of SOCS1, SOCS3, and long interspersed nuclear element (LINE)-1 in gingival tissues previously inflamed would be similar to that found in gingival tissues without clinical inflammation in the period studied. Laser capture microdissection was performed to isolate epithelial and connective gingival tissues. The groups were comprised by ten patients without history of periodontitis and absence of clinical signs of inflammation in the gingiva during the study (healthy group) and ten patients with history of periodontitis, presenting inflammation in the gingival tissue at the first examination of the study (controlled chronic periodontitis group). The gingival biopsies from the controlled chronic periodontitis group were collected after controlling the inflammation. DNA methylation patterns were analyzed using methylation-specific high-resolution melting and combined bisulfite restriction analysis. DNA methylation levels for SOCS1 and SOCS3 did not differ between groups or tissues; likewise, no differences were observed in total LINE-1 methylation or at specific loci. At 3 months following control of inflammation in gingival tissues, the methylation profile of SOCS1, SOCS3, and LINE-1 is similar between connective and epithelial tissues from patients that were previously affected or not by chronic inflammation. Clinical results of a successful treatment are observed after inflammation control and the molecular findings illustrate local and general methylation patterns in recovering tissues toward health conditions and might help to understand events that are occurring in oral cells.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Clinical Oral Investigations
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives DNA methylation plays a critical role in the regulation of the transcription of the suppressors of cytokine sig-naling (SOCS) 1 and SOCS3, which are modulators in the inflammation. We hypothesized that the methylation status of SOCS1, SOCS3, and long interspersed nuclear element (LINE)-1 in gingival tissues previously inflamed would be similar to that found in gingival tissues without clinical inflammation in the period studied. Materials and methods Laser capture microdissection was performed to isolate epithelial and connective gingival tissues. The groups were comprised by ten patients without history of periodontitis and absence of clinical signs of inflammation in the gingiva during the study (healthy group) and ten patients with history of periodontitis, presenting inflammation in the gingival tissue at the first examination of the study (controlled chronic periodontitis group). The gingival biopsies from the controlled chronic periodontitis group were collected after controlling the inflammation. DNA methylation patterns were analyzed using methylation-specific high-resolution melting and combined bisulfite restriction analysis. Results DNA methylation levels for SOCS1 and SOCS3 did not differ between groups or tissues; likewise, no differences were observed in total LINE-1 methylation or at specific loci. Conclusion At 3 months following control of inflammation in gingival tissues, the methylation profile of SOCS1, SOCS3, and LINE-1 is similar between connective and epithelial tissues from patients that were previously affected or not by chronic inflammation. Clinical relevance Clinical results of a successful treatment are observed after inflammation control and the molecular findings illustrate local and general methylation patterns in recovering tissues toward health conditions and might help to understand events that are occurring in oral cells.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Clinical Oral Investigations
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    ABSTRACT: Background: This study investigates the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as monotherapy during supportive periodontal therapy. Methods: A split-mouth, randomized controlled trial was conducted in patients with chronic periodontitis (N = 22) presenting at least three residual pockets (probing depth [PD] ≥5 mm with bleeding on probing [BOP]). The selected sites randomly received the following: 1) PDT; 2) photosensitizer (PS); or 3) scaling and root planing (SRP). At baseline and 3 and 6 months, clinical, microbiologic (real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses), cytokine pattern (multiplexed bead immunoassay), and patient-centered (regarding morbidity) evaluations were performed. Results: All therapies promoted similar improvements in clinical parameters throughout the study (P <0.05), except that BOP was not reduced in the PS protocol (P >0.05). Lower levels of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were observed in the PDT and SRP protocols at 3 months when compared with the PS protocol (P <0.05). An inferior frequency detection of Porphyromonas gingivalis was observed in the PDT protocol at 3 and 6 months and in the SRP protocol at 6 months from baseline (P <0.05). In addition, PDT protocol presented inferior frequency of P. gingivalis at 3 months when compared with the other therapies (P <0.05). Only patients in the PDT protocol exhibited augmented levels of anti-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-4 and reduced proinflammatory IL-1β and IL-6 throughout the study (P <0.05). Intergroup analyses showed reduced IL-10 and increased interferon-γ and IL-1β levels in the PS protocol when compared with the other therapies during follow-ups (P <0.05). No differences in morbidity were observed between the therapies (P >0.05), although the need for anesthesia was higher in SRP-treated sites (P <0.05). Conclusion: PDT as an exclusive therapy may be considered a non-invasive alternative for treating residual pockets, offering advantages in the modulation of cytokines.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Periodontology
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objective Occlusal trauma (OT) and smoking are both factors that alter alveolar bone metabolism and therefore could synergistically act on alveolar bone loss. The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the influence of short-term cigarette smoke inhalation (CSI) on inter-radicular alveolar bone loss promoted by primary OT in a rat model.Material and Methods Forty-eight animals were randomly assigned to one of three groups based on treatment type: OT + CSI (n = 16), animals were exposed to CSI three times per day, for 8 min per exposure, and they concomitantly received unilateral vertical augmentation creating an occlusal interference inducing experimental OT; OT (n = 16), animals received only unilateral vertical augmentation; negative control (NC; n = 16), animals maintained for equal periods to achieve periodontal baseline values of periodontal ligament dimension. Each group was divided into two subgroups (n = 8) based on treatment length: 7 or 14 d.ResultsAfter 7 d, the OT + CSI group exhibited significantly higher bone loss compared to the NC group (p = 0.0022). After 14 d, the OT (p < 0.0001) and OT + CSI (p < 0.0001) groups presented significantly higher bone loss compared to the NC group, and OT + CSI resulted in significantly higher bone loss than OT alone (p = 0.0241). The number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells on the linear surface of the bone crest after 7 d was significantly higher in the OT + CSI group as compared to the NC and OT groups (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0045, respectively) and remained significantly higher in the OT + CSI group after 14 d, compared to the OT group (p < 0.0001).Conclusion Short-term CSI increases early bone loss in association with OT after 7 d, and this worsens in severity after 14 d of exposure.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Periodontal Research
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    ABSTRACT: To clinically evaluate proximal furcations treated with hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate (HA/β-TCP) isolated or combined with enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Thirty patients, presenting at least one proximal class II furcation defect, probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥5 mm and bleeding on probing, were included. The defects were assigned to the HA/β-TCP group (n = 15); open-flap debridement (OFD) + HA/β-TCP filling, or, HA/β-TCP-EMD group (n = 15); OFD + HA/β-TCP + EMD filling. Plaque (PI) and gingival index (GI), PPD, relative gingival margin position (RGMP), vertical and horizontal attachment level (RVAL and RHAL), vertical and horizontal bone level (RVBL and RHBL), and furcation diagnosis were evaluated at baseline and at 6 months. Both groups presented improvements after therapies (p < 0.05); however, no inter-group differences could be seen in any single parameter (p > 0.05). At 6 months, the gains in rVCAL in the HA/β-TCP and HA/β-TCP-EMD groups were 1.47 ± 0.99 and 2.10 ± 0.87 mm, while the RHCAL gains were 1.47 ± 1.46 and 1.57 ± 1.58 mm (p > 0.05). The RVBL and RHBL gains for the HA/β-TCP and HA/β-TCP-EMD group were 1.47 ± 1.13 and 1.70 ± 1.26 mm, and 1.90 ± 1.11 and 1.70 ± 1.37 mm respectively (p > 0.05). The HA/β-TCP-EMD group showed seven closed furcations versus four in the HA/β-TCP group (p > 0.05). Both treatments lead to improvements in all clinical variables studied in the present trial. However, the closure of proximal class II furcation defects is still unpredictable.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal Of Clinical Periodontology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives This 12-month randomized, controlled trial evaluated the clinical effects and microbiological changes of minimally invasive nonsurgical and surgical approaches for the therapy of intrabony defects. Materials and methods Twenty-nine subjects with intrabony defects in single-rooted tooth were randomly assigned to; (1) minimally invasive nonsurgical technique (MINST) or (2) minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST). Quantities of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, and Porphyromonas gingivalis, determined by using real-time PCR, were evaluated at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months after the treatments. Clinical recordings—probing depth (PD), position of the gingival margin (PGM), and relative clinical attachment level (RCAL)—were obtained at baseline and 12 months post-therapy. The primary outcome variable of the study was RCAL. Results Both treatment modalities resulted in an improvement in all clinical recordings, with significant PD reductions (p < 0.05), RCAL gains (p < 0.05), and no change in the PGM (p > 0.05) after 12 months in both MINST and MIST groups. No clinical differences were observed between groups (p > 0.05). Regarding the microbiological outcomes, at the re-examinations, a significant decrease was observed for T. forsythia and P. gingivalis when compared with baseline (p < 0.05) for both treatments. The amount of A. actinomycetemcomitans did not reduced decrease throughout the study (p > 0.05). Intergroup differences in the microbiological assay were not found at any time point (p > 0.05). Conclusions Both MINST and MIST provided comparable clinical results and microbiological changes in the treatment of intrabony defects over 12 months follow-up. Clinical relevance This randomized, controlled, parallel trial revealed that both therapeutic modalities may promote clinical and microbiological benefits at 12 months post-therapy.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Clinical Oral Investigations
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate, histometrically, the bone healing of the molar extraction socket just after cigarette smoke inhalation (CSI). Forty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to a test group (animals exposed to CSI, starting 3 days before teeth extraction and maintained until sacrifice; n=20) and a control group (animals never exposed to CSI; n=20). Second mandibular molars were bilaterally extracted and the animals (n=5/group/period) were sacrificed at 3, 7, 10 and 14 days after surgery. Digital images were analyzed according to the following histometric parameters: osteoid tissue (OT), remaining area (RA), mineralized tissue (MT) and non-mineralized tissue (NMT) in the molar socket. Intergroup analysis showed no significant differences at day 3 (p>0.05) for all parameters. On the 7(th) day, CSI affected negatively (p<0.05) bone formation with respect to NMT and RA (MT: 36%, NMT: 53%, RA: 12%; and MT: 39%, NMT: 29%, RA: 32%, for the control and test groups, respectively). In contrast, no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were found at days 10 and 14. It may be concluded that CSI may affect socket healing from the early events involved in the healing process, which may be critical for the amount and quality of new-bone formation in smokers.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Brazilian dental journal
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    ABSTRACT: Buccal gingival recession is a prevalent problem in populations with a high standard of oral hygiene and is often associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs), leading to the need for a combined periodontal-restorative approach for better esthetic and functional results. In the literature, resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) restorations associated with periodontal surgery have been shown to achieve significant root coverage and reduction of dentin sensitivity; however, changes to the color of some of those restorations have been observed, which could compromise esthetics. Therefore, the aim of the present case report is to describe and discuss the current understanding of treatment for a gingival recession associated with an NCCL with a periodontal-restorative approach, and to describe treatment of RMGI color alteration problems two years after treatment.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · General dentistry
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    ABSTRACT: Cowden syndrome, also known as multiple hamartoma syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by multiple hamartomas and a high risk of development of malignancy. Oral findings, such as papillomatous lesions and fibromas, are common features; however, a periodontal phenotype has not been reported previously. Therefore, this report presents a case of gingival overgrowth associated with Cowden syndrome, its successful surgical management, and the 12-month follow-up results. Additionally, we discuss the implications for clinicians. A 23-year-old woman was referred to the Department of Periodontics, Piracicaba Dental School, presenting with generalized gingival overgrowth. A detailed dental and medical history and clinical examination confirmed the systemic diagnosis of Cowden syndrome. Histology, radiographs, and clinical data document the entire clinical approach and follow-up. Clinically, there were minor signs of recurrence of gingival overgrowth in a 12-month period after gingivectomy; however, papular lesions reappeared in keratinized gingiva immediately after healing. No signs of bone loss related to the systemic condition were observed radiographically. Histologically, a dense connective tissue with a moderate chronic inflammatory infiltrate and epithelial acanthosis, which is characteristic of gingival hyperplasia, were demonstrated. Gingival overgrowth may occur as an oral phenotype related to Cowden syndrome and can be successfully treated by means of external bevel gingivectomy, followed by regular maintenance therapy, contributing to the patient's well-being, both functionally and esthetically.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany: 1985)
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aims to compare the performance of minimally invasive non-surgical and surgical approaches for the therapy of intrabony defects. Twenty-nine patients who presented with intrabony defects were randomly assigned to: 1) a minimally invasive non-surgical technique (MINST) group, or 2) minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) group. The chair time of each therapeutic procedure was calculated. The probing depth (PD), position of the gingival margin (PGM) and relative clinical attachment level (RCAL) were evaluated at 3 and 6 months after treatments. The patient perception of discomfort/pain experienced during and after therapy and patient satisfaction regarding treatments were also evaluated. Significant PD reductions, RCAL gains, and no changes in the PGM were obtained at 3 and 6 months in MINST and MIST groups (P <0.05). No differences were observed between groups at any time points (P >0.05). Patient-oriented outcomes did not demonstrate differences between therapeutic approaches (P >0.05). Significant higher chair times were required in the MIST group than in the MINST group (P <0.05). Minimally invasive non-surgical and surgical approaches were successfully used for the treatment of intrabony defects and achieved periodontal health in association with negligible morbidity and suitable patient satisfaction. However, non-surgical therapeutic modality presented an advantage in terms of a reduction of treatment chair time.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Journal of Periodontology
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic periodontal diseases include a group of inflammatory diseases that affect periodontal supporting tissues of the teeth and encompass destructive and nondestructive conditions. Periodontal diseases are multifactorial and the role of dental biofilm in their initiation is primary. However, whether dental biofilm affects a particular subject, what form the disease takes and how it progresses, are all dependent of a wide variety of factors. Therefore, the objective of this chapter is to outline the risk factors described for the most prevalent chronic periodontal diseases (plaque induced gingivitis and chronic periodontitis) and to explain some basic concepts related to the current understanding of the role of these risk factors based onin vitro, animal and human studies. The review will focus on the factors that may be associated with a direct increase in the likelihood of occurrence of disease or an increase in its severity. The following factors will be discussed: 1) host characteristics, such as age, gender and race; 2) social and behavioral factors (socioeconomic status, cigarette smoking and emotional stress); 3) systemic factors, e.g. diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis; 4) genetic factors; 5) tooth-level factors (root grooves, tooth position, caries, occlusal discrepancies, iatrogenic restorations, root abnormalities and periodontal parameters); and 6) the microbial composition of dental biofilm. Finally, this chapter will also present literature-based evidence on predictive factors associated with patients and tooth susceptibility for recurrence of periodontitis after the end of the active periodontal therapy and will examine the use of some prognostic models which may be useful for clinicians in the identification high-risk groups of patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates the impact of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) proteins on the outcome of a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) for the treatment of intrabony defects. Thirty patients who presented with intrabony defects were randomly assigned to treatment with: 1) MIST plus EMD or 2) MIST alone. Probing depth (PD), position of the gingival margin (PGM), and relative clinical attachment level (RCAL) were evaluated at 3 and 6 months after treatment. Radiographs and markers in gingival crevicular fluid associated with periodontal regeneration were also evaluated. Significant PD reductions, RCAL gains, and no changes in PGM were obtained at 3 and 6 months in both groups. Clinical and radiographic evaluations and levels of mediators of wound healing did not present differences between therapies at any time. The use of EMD did not provide superior benefits on the outcome of the minimally invasive surgical approach for the treatment of intrabony defects.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Journal of Periodontology
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    ABSTRACT: This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >or=5 mm and bleeding on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect were treated by MIST associated with EMD. Clinical parameters were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Patient perception during the intraoperative period and during the first postoperative week was evaluated. The use of MIST with EMD promoted significant improvements in clinical parameters, minimal pain/discomfort and maximum esthetics satisfaction. Within of limits of the present study, it could be shown that MIST combined with EMD for the treatment of intra-bony defects promotes satisfactory clinical and patient-centered outcomes.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Brazilian dental journal
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the treatment of gingival recession, associated with non-carious cervical lesions by a connective tissue graft (CTG) alone, or in combination with a resin-modified glass ionomer restoration (CTG+R). Forty patients presenting Miller Class I buccal gingival recessions, associated with non-carious cervical lesions, were selected. The defects were randomly assigned to receive either CTG or CTG+R. Bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), relative gingival recession (RGR), clinical attachment level (CAL) and cervical lesion height (CLH) coverage were measured at baseline and 45 days, and 2, 3 and 6 months after treatment. Both groups showed statistically significant gains in CAL and soft tissue coverage. The differences between groups were not statistically significant in BOP, PD, RGR and CAL, after 6 months. The percentages of CLH covered were 74.88 +/- 8.66% for CTG and 70.76 +/- 9.81% for CTG+R (p>0.05). The estimated root coverage was 91.91 +/- 17.76% for CTG and 88.64 +/- 11.9% for CTG+R (p>0.05). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that both procedures provide comparable soft tissue coverage. The presence of the glass ionomer restoration may not prevent the root coverage achieved by CTG.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Journal Of Clinical Periodontology
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed gene expression by quantitative polymerase chain reaction of inflammatory- [interleukin (IL)-12, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-4, and IL-10] and osteoclastogenesis-related factors [receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG)] in sites exhibiting different severities of peri-implant disease. Peri-implant soft tissue biopsies (n=48) were harvested from healthy implant (HI), mucositis (MC), initial peri-implantitis (IP) and severe peri-implantitis (SP) sites. IL-12 and TNF-alpha mRNA levels were higher in SP, followed by IP and MC (P <0.05). IL-4 was higher in HI, followed by MC, SP and IP (P <0.05). IL-10 was the lowest in HI, while no differences were detected among the diseased groups (P>0.05). OPG mRNA levels were higher in HI, followed by IP, SP and MC, whereas RANKL was increased as the peri-implantitis severity increased (P<0.05). The highest OPG/RANKL ratio was observed in HI and the lowest in SP (P<0.01). These findings suggest that expressions of inflammatory- and osteoclastogenesis-related factors may play an important role in the onset and severity of the peri-implant diseases.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Clinical Oral Implants Research
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of tetracycline gel, brushed on tooth surfaces, on periodontal clinical parameters following root debridement. 20 subjects diagnosed with chronic periodontitis and presenting a minimum of two proximal sites on anterior teeth (maxillary or mandibular) with probing depth +/- 5 mm, were selected. Following oral hygiene instructions and ultrasonic supragingival instrumentation, subjects were assigned to one of the following groups: RDS--root debridement with Gracey curettes and root brushing with saline solution; and RDT--root debridement with Gracey curettes and root brushing with 40% tetracycline gel. Full-thickness flaps were reflected and instrumentation was performed using a clinical microscope to optimize calculus detection. Probing depth (PD), relative gingival margin level (RGML) and relative attachment level (RAL) measures were registered at five visits: baseline and days 30, 60, 90 and 120 postoperative. Both approaches were able to markedly reduce the PD values from baseline in all periods (P < 0.0001). No differences were found for RAL values in any of the groups. No differences were found between groups. In conclusion, the application of tetracycline gel does not seem to provide any additional improvement on clinical periodontal parameters after root debridement.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · American journal of dentistry
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    ABSTRACT: O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar três casos clínicos tratados com a técnica de enxerto gengival livre. Dois pacientes apresentaram recessões gengivais múltiplas e isoladas, classes II e III de Miller, na região ântero-inferior, e o terceiro apresentou ausência de gengiva queratinizada na região vestibular adjacente a implante osseointegrado. Em todos os casos procedeu-se à realização de enxerto gengival livre, tendo como área doadora o palato. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por até um ano. Após o período de cicatrização, todos os casos mostraram aumento na largura de gengiva queratinizada e, nos casos 1 e 2, redução das recessões gengivais. Durante todo o período de acompanhamento, não foram observados sinais de inflamação gengival ou sangramento à sondagem, e os pacientesmantiveram adequado controle de placa. Este relato de casos indica que a técnica de enxerto gengival livre pode ser realizada comsucesso para recobrimento de recessões gengivais múltiplas ou isoladas, bem como para aumentar a largura de gengiva queratinizadaperiimplantar.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2008

Publication Stats

393 Citations
57.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000-2015
    • University of Campinas
      • Faculty of Dentistry from Piracicaba
      Conceição de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2012
    • São Paulo State University
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil