Eladio Losada

Autonomous University of Barcelona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (3)13.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether intensive insulin therapy leads to changes in macular biometrics (volume and thickness) in newly diagnosed diabetic patients with acute hyperglycaemia and its relationship with serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its soluble receptor (sFlt-1). Twenty-six newly diagnosed diabetic patients admitted to our hospital to initiate intensive insulin treatment were prospectively recruited. Examinations were performed on admission (day 1) and during follow-up (days 3, 10 and 21) and included a questionnaire regarding the presence of blurred vision, standardized refraction measurements and optical coherence tomography. Plasma VEGF and sFlt-1 were assessed by ELISA at baseline and during follow-up. At study entry seven patients (26.9%) complained of blurred vision and five (19.2%) developed burred vision during follow-up. Macular volume and thickness increased significantly (p = 0.008 and p = 0.04, respectively) in the group with blurred vision at day 3 and returned to the baseline value at 10 days. This pattern was present in 18 out of the 24 eyes from patients with blurred vision. By contrast, macular biometrics remained unchanged in the group without blurred vision. We did not detect any significant changes in VEGF levels during follow-up. By contrast, a significant reduction of sFlt-1 was observed in those patients with blurred vision at day 3 (p = 0.03) with normalization by day 10. Diabetic patients with blurred vision after starting insulin therapy present a significant transient increase in macular biometrics which is associated with a decrease in circulating sFlt-1.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) have an impaired tubular response to desmopressin (dDAVP, a synthetic analog of vasopressin) administration, and its relationship with plasma and urine endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels. This was an interventional case-control study. The study was conducted at a referral center. Fifteen normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients with DR were compared with 30 normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients without DR. Both groups were matched by age, gender, body mass index, glycosylated hemoglobin, and the main laboratory markers of kidney function. After a 12-h period of water deprivation, dDAVP (0.3 microg/kg) was infused over 20 min. Urine was collected at baseline and 1, 2, and 3 h after dDAVP administration. ET-1 was assessed by ELISA. dDAVP induced a lower rise in urine osmolality in patients with DR (from 650 +/- 206 to 754 +/- 224 mosmol/kg; P = 0.02) than in diabetic patients without DR (from 714 +/- 194 to 905 +/- 163 mosmol/kg; P < 0.0001). In addition, fractional excretion of Na+ decreased in patients without DR (from 0.45 +/- 0.30 to 0.29 +/- 0.29%; P = 0.04) but not in the diabetic patients with DR (from 0.36 +/- 0.22 to 0.36 +/- 0.40%; P = 0.96). Plasma ET-1 levels were inversely correlated with the response of urinary osmolality after dDAVP administration (r = -0.62; P = 0.008). Normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients with DR have impaired renal response to dDAVP that is related to plasma ET-1 levels. Further studies are required to elucidate whether this tubular resistance to dDAVP might favor dehydration in these patients.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluates whether the iron deficiency suggested in children and adolescents with overweight is also present with increasing age. We examined 50 consecutive postmenopausal nondiabetic white women with a BMI > or =30 kg/m(2) and 50 non-obese seemingly healthy women as a control group. In addition to the traditional indices of iron status, we measured the soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels, a sensitive and highly quantitative indicator of early iron deficiency not influenced by the acute phase response. Obese women have higher serum sTfR levels than control subjects [1.38 (range, 0.89 to 2.39) vs. 1.16 mg/dL (range, 0.69 to 2.03 mg/dL); p < 0.001]. However, no difference in ferritin concentration was observed between the groups [70.50 (range, 18 to 219) vs. 69.50 ng/mL (range, 24 to 270 ng/mL); p = not significant]. A positive correlation between BMI and sTfR concentration was detected. On multiple regression analyses, BMI (positively) and ferritin (inversely) were independent predictors accounting for sTfR. These results suggest that a moderate degree of iron deficiency is also present among adult women with obesity. The determination of sTfR is useful in the evaluation of iron status in this condition. Further studies with a greater number of patients are required to investigate the relationship between tissue iron concentrations and obesity.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · Obesity