Kazuomi Noda

The Jikei University School of Medicine, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (4)29.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Angiopoietin (Ang) 1 is a ligand for endothelium-specific receptor tyrosine kinase Tie-2. In adult vasculature, Ang1/Tie2 signaling is thought to regulate both maintenance of vascular quiescence and promotion of angiogenesis. However, it has been unknown how Tie2 signal regulates these distinct biological functions. Recently, we and Alitalo's group have clarified that Ang1 assembles distinct Tie2 signaling complexes in either presence or absence of endothelial cell-cell adhesions. Ang1 induces trans-association of Tie2 at cell-cell contacts, whereas Tie2 is anchored to the extracellular matrix (ECM) by Ang1 at the cell-substratum interface. Trans-associated Tie2 and ECM-anchored Tie2 activate distinct signaling pathways. In this review, we discuss how Ang1/Tie2 signal regulates both maintenance of vascular quiescence and promotion of angiogenesis, especially focusing on the roles of trans-associated Tie2 and ECM-anchored Tie2.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Histology and histopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin is a cell-cell adhesion molecule involved in endothelial barrier functions. Previously, we reported that cAMP-Epac-Rap1 signal enhances VE-cadherin-dependent cell adhesion. Here, we further scrutinized how cAMP-Epac-Rap1 pathway promotes stabilization of VE-cadherin at the cell-cell contacts. Forskolin induced circumferential actin bundling and accumulation of VE-cadherin fused with green fluorescence protein (VEC-GFP) on the bundled actin filaments. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) analyses using VEC-GFP revealed that forskolin stabilizes VE-cadherin at cell-cell contacts. These effects of forskolin were mimicked by an activator for Epac but not by that for protein kinase A. Forskolin-induced both accumulation and stabilization of junctional VEC-GFP was impeded by latrunculin A. VE-cadherin, alpha-catenin, and beta-catenin were dispensable for forskolin-induced circumferential actin bundling, indicating that homophilic VE-cadherin association is not the trigger of actin bundling. Requirement of alpha- and beta-catenins for forskolin-induced stabilization of VE-cadherin on the actin bundles was confirmed by FRAP analyses using VEC-GFP mutants, supporting the classical model that alpha-catenin could potentially link the bundled actin to cadherin. Collectively, circumferential actin bundle formation and subsequent linkage between actin bundles and VE-cadherin through alpha- and beta-catenins are important for the stabilization of VE-cadherin at the cell-cell contacts in cAMP-Epac-Rap1 signal-activated cells.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Molecular biology of the cell
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    ABSTRACT: Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) binds to and activates Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase. Ang1-Tie2 signal has been proposed to exhibit two opposite roles in the controlling blood vessels. One is vascular stabilization and the other is vascular angiogenesis. There has been no answer to the question as to how Tie2 induces two opposite responses to the same ligand. Our group and Dr. Alitalos group have demonstrated that trans-associated Tie2 at cell-cell contacts and extracellular matrix (ECM)-anchored Tie2 play distinct roles in the endothelial cells. The complex formation depends on the presence or absence of cell-cell adhesion. Here, we review how Ang1-Tie2 signal regulates vascular maintenance and angiogenesis. We further point to the unanswered questions that must be clarified to extend our knowledge of vascular biology and to progress basic knowledge to the treatment of the diseases in which Ang1-Tie2-mediated signal is central.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Experimental and Molecular Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Tie2 belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase family and functions as a receptor for Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1). Gene-targeting analyses of either Ang1 or Tie2 in mice reveal a critical role of Ang1-Tie2 signalling in developmental vascular formation. It remains elusive how the Tie2 signalling pathway plays distinct roles in both vascular quiescence and angiogenesis. We demonstrate here that Ang1 bridges Tie2 at cell-cell contacts, resulting in trans-association of Tie2 in the presence of cell-cell contacts. In clear contrast, in isolated cells, extracellular matrix-bound Ang1 locates Tie2 at cell-substratum contacts. Furthermore, Tie2 activated at cell-cell or cell-substratum contacts leads to preferential activation of Akt and Erk, respectively. Microarray analyses and real-time PCR validation clearly show the differential gene expression profile in vascular endothelial cells upon Ang1 stimulation in the presence or absence of cell-cell contacts, implying downstream signalling is dependent upon the spatial localization of Tie2.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Nature Cell Biology