Figen Narin

Erciyes Üniversitesi, Melikgazi, Kayseri, Turkey

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Publications (45)55.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to investigate left ventricular (LV) function, aortic dilation, and atherosclerosis in children with mildly deteriorated isolated bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) function using echocardiographic studies and biochemical markers of atherosclerosis and to correlate results with normal children. Biochemical analyses indicating cardiovascular risk of atherosclerosis and vascular changes in the aorta in relation to BAV were performed in 41 children aged 5-15 years old with isolated BAV and in 25 children with tricuspid aortic valves. Evaluations of aortic valve structures and functions; examinations of the LV M-mode and ascending aorta Doppler; and measurements of the LV Tei index (MPI), propagation velocity, ascending aorta at four levels, and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) were performed. There were no statistically significant differences in CIMTs, plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9, tissue metalloproteinase inhibitor-1 levels, or other biochemical parameters indicating cardiovascular risk or atherosclerosis between study and control groups. Deterioration of LV function, which could not be seen with M-mode echocardiography, was evident by MPI. MPI values in the study versus control groups were 0.46 ± 0.080 versus 0.40 ± 0.086 (p < 0.05). Diameters of the aorta in the study and control groups were 19.7 ± 4.7 and 17.2 ± 2.8 mm (p < 0.05) at the sinotubular junction level and 20.6 (14.4-40.5) and 18.3 (12.4-24) mm at the ascending aorta level (p < 0.05). Increased aortic valve insufficiency was related to increased aortic diameter. No sign of atherosclerosis was detected in children with BAV. Deterioration of LV function was seen using MPI, and aortic dilation was related to the severity of aortic valve insufficiency.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Pediatric Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Obestatin is a popular endogeneous peptide, known to have an autoimmune regulatory effect on energy metabolism and the gastrointestinal system. Studies regarding the anti-inflammatory effects of obestatin are scarce. In this study, we aimed to show the anti-inflammatory effect of obestatin in an experimental model of autoimmune myocarditis in rats. Experimental autoimmune myocarditis was induced in Lewis rats by immunization with subcutaneous administration of porcine cardiac myosin, twice at 7-day intervals. Intraperitoneal pretreatment with obestatin (50μg/kg) was started before the induction of myocarditis and continued for 3 weeks. The severity of myocarditis was evidenced by clinical, echocardiographic and histological findings. In addition, by-products of neutrophil activation, lipid peroxidation, inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines were measured in serum. Obestatin significantly ameliorated the clinical and histopathological severity of autoimmune myocarditis. Therapeutic effects of obestatin in myocarditis were associated with reduced lipid peroxidation, suppression of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) infiltration and enhancement of glutathione synthesis, inhibition of serum inflammatory and activation of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Histopathologically, the left ventricle was significantly dilated, and its wall thickened, along with widespread lymphocytic and histocytic infiltration. The myocardium was severely infiltrated with relatively large mononuclear cells. These histopathological changes were observed in lesser degrees in obestatin-treated rats. This study demonstrated a novel anti-inflammatory effect of obestatin in an experimental model of autoimmune myocarditis. Consequently, obestatin administration may represent a promising therapeutic approach for myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The clinical use of doxorubicin, which is a strong antineoplastic agent, is limited due to its cardiotoxic side effects. Metformin is a drug with antihyperglycemic effects, and it has been shown to have a cardioprotective effect on left ventricular function in experimental animal models of myocardial ischemia. The present study investigated the cardioprotective effect of metformin in rats with doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. Methods: Wistar albino rats were used in the study. Forty male, 10-week-old Wistar albino rats were randomly divided four groups. The control group rats were intraperitoneally administered saline solution twice a week, four doses in total. The doxorubicin group rats received doxorubicin (4 mg/kg, twice a week, cumulative dose: 16 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. The metformin group rats received metformin (250 mg/kg/day, every day for 14 days) via gavage. The doxorubicin + metformin group rats received doxorubicin and metformin at the same dose. Left ventricular functions were evaluated by using M-mode echocardiography one day after the last dose of doxorubicin. Heart tissue samples were histopathologically examined. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected using in situ terminal deoxynucleotide transferase assay (TUNEL). Serum brain natriuretic peptide and C-type natriuretic peptide levels were measured. Catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels were analyzed in the heart tissue. The assumptions of equality of variances and normal distribution were checked for all variables (Shapiro-Wilk test and Q-Q graphics).To identify intergroup differences, one-way variant analysis or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used. A p<0.05 value was accepted as statistically significant. Results: Our results showed that doxorubicin treatment caused significant deterioration in left ventricular functions by echocardiography, histological heart tissue damage, and increase in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Doxorubicin + metformin group showed protection in left ventricular function, elimination of histopathologic change, and reduced of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Conclusion: The present study provided evidence that metformin has cardioprotective effects against doxorubicin cardiotoxicity.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in the assessment of shunt severity and invasive haemodynamic parameters in children with atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects. This is a prospective, controlled (n:62), observational study. Correlation analysis was performed between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and various invasive haemodynamic measurements in 127 children (ventricular septal defect: 64; atrial septal defect: 63). A ratio of pulmonary to systemic blood flow (Qp/Qs⩾1.5) was considered to indicate a significant shunt. Statistically significant relationship was found between the mean N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide values of the patients, with Qp/Qs⩾1.5 in both defect types and control group. For ventricular septal defect, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level⩾113.5 pg/ml was associated with high specificity and sensitivity for determining the significant shunt. In addition, the cut-off point for determining the significant shunt for atrial septal defect was 57.9 pg/ml. Significant positive correlation was found between all invasive haemodynamic parameters and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels in patients with ventricular septal defects. Whereas significant positive correlation was found only between mean pulmonary artery pressure, right ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and systemic pressure to pulmonary pressure ratio and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels in patients with atrial septal defects. Our study demonstrated that the N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide measurements could be used as a supporting parameter in determining significance of the shunt.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Cardiology in the Young
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    ABSTRACT: Experimental in vitro studies have shown that bisphenol A affects steroidogenesis, folliculogenesis and ovarian morphology. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A in the aetiopathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents and its relationship with metabolic parameters, insulin resistance and obesity in this population. A total of 112 girls with PCOS and 61 controls between 13 and 19-years-of-age were enrolled in the study. Serum bisphenol A levels were measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography. An oral glucose tolerance test was also performed. Adolescents with PCOS had markedly increased serum bisphenol A levels (mean: 1.1 ng/ml 95%CI: 1.0-1.2) than controls (mean: 0.8 ng/ml 95%CI: 0.6-0.9, p=0.001). When we compared the subgroups according to obesity, the main factor determining the significant increase in bisphenol A was the presence of PCOS, but not obesity (p=0.029). Bisphenol A was significantly correlated with total testosterone (r=0.52) free testosterone (r=0.44), dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (r=0.37) and Ferriman-Gallwey score (r=0.43) (p<0.05). Adolescents with PCOS had higher serum bisphenol A levels than controls, independent of obesity. Bisphenol A concentrations were significantly correlated with androgen levels, leading us to consider that bisphenol A might play a role in the aetiopathogenesis of PCOS in adolescents. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992). Supplement
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    ABSTRACT: Acute rheumatic fever is an autoimmune, inflammatory, and multi-systemic disease secondary to pharyngitis and is caused by group A streptococcus. In developing countries, acute rheumatic fever is the most common cause of acquired heart disease. Gelsolin is a calcium-dependent, multi-functional actin-regulatory protein circulating in the plasma of healthy human beings. The correlation between blood gelsolin levels and inflammatory conditions suggests the potential benefit of gelsolin as a prognostic marker. The aim of the present study was to appraise the association of gelsolin and acute rheumatic carditis in childhood. Materials and Methods Plasma gelsolin levels were measured and echocardiographic examinations were performed in patients (n=37) with acute rheumatic carditis and compared with those of age- and gender-matched healthy controls (n=24). The plasma gelsolin levels in children with acute rheumatic carditis were significantly lower compared with controls (197±218 versus 322±255 mg/L, p=0.039). There was a significant correlation among gelsolin levels and the grade of mitral regurgitation (p=0.030), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (p=0.017), and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (p=0.028) at diagnosis. Levels of the gelsolin plasma isoform were decreased in patients with acute rheumatic carditis compared with healthy controls. Gelsolin may be used as a biochemical marker for acute rheumatic carditis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Cardiology in the Young
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    ABSTRACT: In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on early stage renal function in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac angiography. 60 pediatric patients between 6 and 72 months of age undergoing cardiac angiography were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups. The patients in both groups were administered 1 mg·kg(-1) ketamine, 1 mg·kg(-1) propofol as bolus and followed by 1 mg·kg(-1) ·h(-1) ketamine and 50 μg·kg(-1) ·min(-1) propofol infusion. Additionally, a loading dose of 1 μg·kg(-1) dexmedetomidine given over 10 min followed by 0.5 μg·kg(-1) ·h(-1) dexmedetomidine infusion to patients in group D. The patients were evaluated for NGAL, creatinine, renin, endothelin-1, TAS and TOS blood levels before the procedure and 6th and 24th h after the procedure. pRIFLE criteria were used to define CIN and its incidence in the study. According to pRIFLE criteria contrast-induced acute kidney injury developed in 3 (10%) of the patients in group D and 11 (36.7%) of the patients in group C (P = 0.029, risk ratio = 0.27; 95% CI: 0.084-0.88). In patients who developed CIN, Endothelin-1 levels in groups C and D were significantly higher than baseline levels at 6th, 24th and 6th h, respectively. Renin levels were significantly increased at 6th and 24 th( ) h in patients with CIN in both groups. Dexmedetomidine may be beneficial in protecting against contrast-induced nephropathy during pediatric angiography by preventing the elevation of vasoconstrictor agents such as plasma endothelin-1 and renin.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Pediatric Anesthesia
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive effects of melatonin and vitamin C as antioxidants on renal injury in chronic alcohol consumption. A total of 24 adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were used in the study. Rats were divided into four equal groups. Group I (control): rats were not fed on alcohol; Group II: rats were fed on alcohol; Group III: rats were fed on alcohol and 40 mg/kg vitamin C; and Group IV: rats were fed on alcohol and 4 mg/kg melatonin. Light microscopic examination revealed atrophic renal corpuscles, dilatation and congestion of the peritubular vessels, and renal corpuscles with obscure Bowman's space and a few foamy-appearing tubules due to alcohol consumption were observed. Expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was localized to glomerulus, distal, and collector tubules. eNOS staining decreased in alcohol treatment group and melatonin and vitamin C encore increased expression pattern of eNOS. Alcohol consumption increased malondialdehyde (MDA) level and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities significantly in the alcohol consumption groups compared with that in the control group, while in melatonin give group just MDA level was decreased statistically significant and SOD and CAT activities were also decreased numerically compared with the alcohol consumption groups. These results indicated that chronic alcohol consumption caused renal damage by increased lipid peroxidation and melatonin and vitamin C administration produced in some degree protection against alcohol-induced damage.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Renal Failure
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    Selma Buldu · Canan Halici · Figen Narin · Ferhan Elmali
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Since the hemostasis physiology is different in pediatric patients than in adult patiens, its reference intervals vary with the age of the child. The employment of the adult reference intervals makes the correct interpretation of pediatric coagulation tests more diffucult. It is necessary for the laboratories to establish age-specific reference intervals so that pediatric diseases can be diagnosed correctly and needless further investigations can be avoided. The purpose of this study is to determine pediatric reference intervals for Turkish people of three coagulation tests used as scanning tests. Material and Methods: Retrospectively investigated in the present study are the prothrombin times (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), and activated thromboplastin time (APTT) tests on 1006 healthy children aged 1-16 years, and 262 adults who applied to Kayseri Training and Research Hospital. The pediatric group consisted of 503 males and 503 females, while the adult group had 131 males and 131 females. Each parameter was measured on the BCS ( Siemens (R) ) automatic coagulation analyzer. Reference intervals were quantified nonparametrically using direct method based on %95 central area. Results: Differences were observed in the test we studied not only between the children and adults. Among 1-3 years-old children APTT and PT in 6-10 years-old children and INR found results significantly different from adults. Each age group showed significant differences in gender-based tests, especially PT and INR. In addition, significant differences by age and sex groups were observed in comparisons with each other. Conclusion: Considering the data obtained from this study that combined the work of reference range for the other regions in Turkey, the Turkish community can contribute to the determination of the reference ranges.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Türk Biyokimya Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether there is any relation between oxidative stress and the antioxidant system in the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by measuring serum nitric oxide (NO) levels and xanthine oxidase (XO) activity (a generator of reactive oxygen species) and antioxidant status by measuring serum thiol levels and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activities. Prospective case-control study. University hospital in Turkey. Thirty women with polycystic ovary syndrome and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were included. Serum XO, PON1 and GSHPx activity and NO and thiol levels were determined by spectrophotometric methods. Activity of serum XO, PON1 and GSH, as well as NO and thiol levels. Serum XO activities were higher in women with PCOS than in the control women (p<0.001). The PON1 activity was lower in women with PCOS than in the control women (p<0.001). No significant difference was found between NO and thiol levels and GSHPx activities of women with PCOS and the control women (p>0.05). Serum PON1 activities were negatively correlated with serum XO activities and NO levels. Increased oxidant XO activity and decreased lipid antioxidant PON1 activity, along with the observed negative correlation between these parameters, suggests that women with PCOS are under oxidative stress and that there is XO-mediated lipid peroxidation, which may be related to increased atherosclerosis seen in later life in such women.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin and vitamin C on alcoholic liver disease. Material and Methods: Twenty-four adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. Rats were divided into four equal groups. Group I (control): rats were not fed on alcohol; Group II: rats were fed on alcohol during 28 days; Group III: rats were fed on alcohol and 40 mg/kg vitamin C were injected intraperitoneally and Group IV: rats were fed on alcohol and 4 mg/kg melatonin were injected intraperitoneally. At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed and liver tissues were processed. Results: Light microscopic examinations revealed steatosis in the ethanol-fed group. Expression of eNOS was distributed mainly in periportal regions of the acinus while decreased eNOS immunoreactivity was observed in fatty hepatocytes. In melatonin and vitamin C treated groups, eNOS immunoreactivity was not changed compared to alcohol groups. Chronic ethanol ingestion significantly increased MDA, SOD and catalase activity and melatonin significantly decreased MDA levels. Conclusion: Present results indicated that alcohol consumption caused steatosis especially around central vein and mononuclear cell infiltration in some areas and melatonin and vitamin C partially ameliorated this damage.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Erciyes Tip Dergisi
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the effect of melatonin on fracture healing in the rat tibia model by using biochemical and histopathologic methods. In this study 80 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into two groups, a control group (Group 1) and melatonin group (Group 2) with eight rats per group according to the day of sacrifice (Days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28). The fractures were produced by the manual breakage using plate-bending devices, placed at the distal 3(rd) of the right tibia. Group 2 received 30 mg/kg/day melatonin and group 1 1% alcohol in saline 5 ml/kg/day intraperitoneally during the experiment. Plasma Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were measured biochemically. The fracture healing was evaluated using a five-point scale defined by Allen et al. Malondialdehyde levels in group 2 decreased at days 3, 7, 14, and 28 compared to control values (p<0.05). Superoxide dismutase activity in group 2 decreased at days 3, 7 and 14, and returned to the 1(st) day value after 28 days. Myeloperoxidase values in group 2 decreased at days 1, 3, and 7 (p<0.001). Histopathological specimens of healed tibias showed two animals with complete cartilaginous union, five with incomplete bony union and one with complete bony union in the group 2. In contrast, in the group 1, six rats showed complete cartilaginous union and two showed incomplete cartilaginous union (p<0.05). The administration of melatonin maybe beneficial in suppressing the effects of free oxygen radicals and regulating antioxidant enzyme activity in the fracture healing process.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To evaluate the protective effect of tryptophan on an experimentally produced hypoxic myocardial injury via biochemical and pathological parameters. Materials and methods: A total of 26 rabbits were divided into 3 groups. Group 1 (n = 9) was only exposed to hypoxia. Group 2 (n = 10) was exposed to hypoxia and received L-tryptophan (200 mg/kg per day, orally for 5 days). Group 3 (n = 7) was the control group. Before the hypoxic injury and after the delivery of the medication, serum samples were taken for troponin-I, creatine kinase myocardial isoenzymes (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO) analysis, and then the rabbits were sacrificed. Next, the myocardium samples were taken and the myocardial NO, MDA, SOD, and GSH-Px enzyme activity levels were studied histopathologically. Results: In group 1, Serum GSH-Px and SOD activities were decreased. Conversely, troponin-I, CK-MB, and LDH were elevated. Severe cardiac injury was observed histopathologically. In group 2, serum troponin-I and SOD values were increased. Mild cardiac injury was demonstrated histopathologically. When groups 1 and 2 were compared, tissue NO and MDA levels in group 1 were higher compared to group 2, but GSHPx level was found decreased in group 1. Conclusion: Our findings support that there is a clear effect of the free oxygen radicals and the lipid peroxidation products on hypoxic cardiac injury. In addition, L-tryptophan supplementation has a strong protective effect on hypoxic heart by antioxidant activity.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010 · Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have shown that low to moderate doses of alcohol consumption are beneficial to cardiac health. However, chronic high doses of alcohol ingestion cause cardiovascular complications. The aim of this study was to investigate both the effects of melatonin and vitamin C and expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in aorta of chronic alcoholic rats. Twenty-four adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were used in the study. Rats were divided into four equal groups. Group I (control): rats were not fed on alcohol; Group II: rats were fed on alcohol; Group III: rats were fed on alcohol and 40 mg/kg vitamin C were injected intraperitoneally and Group IV: rats were fed on alcohol and 4 mg/kg melatonin were injected intraperitoneally. At the end of the experiment, rats were killed and aorta tissues were removed. Some parts of the aorta tissues were used for biochemical analyses and the other parts were used at histological procedures. In the control group, endothelial nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity was (++) in smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells. Expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the alcohol group was stronger than control group. Chronic ethanol ingestion significantly increased (p < 0.05); and melatonin significantly decreased both the plasma and tissue malondialdehyde levels. The superoxide dismutase levels and catalase activity did not change significantly in the Vitamin C and melatonin groups (p > 0.05) compared to the control and alcohol groups. The present results indicate that chronic alcohol consumption increase lipid peroxidation and cause endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in the aorta. However, melatonin and vitamin C administration provide partial protection against alcohol-induced damage.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
  • M F Sönmez · F Narin · D Akkuş · S Ozdamar
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin and vitamin C on expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in heart tissue of chronic alcoholic rats. Twenty-four adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were used in this study. Rats were divided into four groups. The first group served as control (n = 6). The second group was treated with ethanol (%7.2) for 28 days (n = 6), which was administered in artificial isocaloric diets. The third group was given ethanol and supplemented with 40 mg/kg vitamin C [intraperitoneally (i.p.)] (n = 6). The fourth group was given ethanol and supplemented with 4 mg/kg melatonin (i.p.) (n = 6). At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed and heart tissues were processed for immunohistochemistry analysis to endothelial NOS (eNOS). eNOS immunoreactivity showed heterogeneous distribution in control group. eNOS immunoreactivity was (+) in some myocytes and (++) in some others. Expression of eNOS in alcohol group was heterogeneous like control group but also stronger than that. Immunoreactivity was (+++) in myocytes near the epicardial zone and (++) in myocytes near the endocardium border. In melatonin and vitamin C-treated groups, eNOS immunoreactivity was diffuse and the intensity of reaction was (+++) in subepicardial region. However, eNOS immunoreactivity scores were weaker in these groups when compared with the alcohol group. Our results indicate that alleviation of oxidative stress by antioxidant therapy reduces reactive oxygen species-mediated nitric oxide inactivation.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
  • T Gunes · E Koklu · I Gunes · F Narin · Ss Koklu
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    ABSTRACT: There have been a few studies that examined the oxidative stress effects of nicotine during pregnancy and lactation. We aimed to determine the adverse effects of maternal nicotine exposure during pregnancy and lactation on oxidant-antioxidant system, and to determine a protective effect of ascorbic acid (Asc). Gravid rats were assigned into four groups. In Group 1, pregnant rats received 6-mg/kg/day nicotine subcutaneously during pregnancy from 1 to 21 days of gestation and lactation (until postnatal day 21). Group 2 received nicotine and Asc for the same period. In Group 3, the rats received nicotine during lactation. Control pregnant rats (Group 4) received only saline subcutaneously. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were determined at 21 days of age. Nicotine exposure decreased birth weight and pregnancy weight gain. MDA values of the rat pups exposed to nicotine in both Groups 1 and 2 were higher than those of control and Group 3. SOD and MPO values of the groups were similar. Mean birth weight and serum MDA levels of Groups 1 and 2 were similar. Nicotine exposure via placental transfer increases oxidative stress as manifested by an increase in MDA level. Asc supplementation does not prevent the adverse effects of maternal nicotine exposure.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Human & Experimental Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Melatonin, the most potent scavenger of toxic free radicals, has been found to be effective in protecting against pathological states due to the release of reactive oxygen species. This study was performed to establish the effect of high dose melatonin on protection against ischemia- reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat hearts. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. They were separated into four groups of ten rats each. A left coronary artery occlusion was induced in the rats by ligating the artery for 20 minutes and then releasing the ligation (reperfusion) afterwards. The control group was Group A. Group B was subjected to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion without any treatment, while Group C underwent myocardial ischemia-reperfusion with a melatonin treatment before the ischemia. Group D was subjected to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion with a melatonin treatment before the reperfusion. After 20 minutes of reperfusion, blood samples were obtained from each group for biochemical studies, and the animals were sacrificed for histological and, immunohistochemical examinations of the myocardial tissue. We found that the cardiac troponin T(cTn-T) levels were significantly increased in Group B when all groups were compared. In the Group C rats treated with melatonin, the cTn-T values were significantly lower than those in Groups B and D. In addition, malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant enzymes including, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were lower than those in Group B in the melatonin treated groups. The differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Histopathologic and immunohistopathologic studies also supported the effectiveness of melatonin. Our study suggests that high dose melatonin, appears to offer protection against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injuries in rats by scavenging the free radicals and could have a potential clinical use in the management of myocardial ischemia.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · Yonsei Medical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Nicotine, one of the most dangerous substances in tobacco, can pass the placenta and affect the fetal hemodynamics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of melatonin on hearts of nicotine exposed newborn rats whose mothers received nicotine. This is an experimental, randomized, controlled study. Study groups were composed of five groups of rats; high-dose nicotine (HDN), HDN+melatonin (HDNM), low-dose nicotine (LDN), LDN+melatonin (LDNM), control. Myocardial and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide(NO), glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were analyzed and myocardial tissue was examined histopathologically. Comparisons of groups were done with Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis test. All pairwise multiple comparisons and the comparisons between control and other groups were done with Dunn's nonparametric multiple comparison test. Plasma and tissue MDA levels among groups were different (p=0.001 for plasma MDA and p=0.001 for tissue MDA). Plasma MDA levels of HDN, HDNM, LDN, and tissue MDA levels of HDN and LDN were significantly higher than in control group (p<0.05 for plasma MDA and for tissue MDA). Plasma and tissue NO levels among groups were also different (p=0.011 for plasma NO and p=0.001 for tissue NO). Plasma NO of LDN group was higher than of LDNM group, and plasma NO of LDNM group was lower than in control group (p<0.05). Tissue NO levels of HDN and LDN groups were higher than of control group (p<0.05). There was no difference between plasma GSHPx levels among groups (p=0.221) but statistically significant different was detected between tissue GSHPx levels among groups (p=0.001). Tissue GSHPx level was found lower in HDN group than in control group (p<0.05). Tissue GSHPx level of LDNM group was higher than of LDN group, and tissue GSHPx level of HDNM group was higher than of HDN group (p<0.05). A difference was found between plasma and tissue SOD among groups (p=0.005 for plasma SOD and p=0.001 for tissue SOD). Plasma SOD of LDN group was significantly lower than of HDNM and LDNM groups (p<0.05). Tissue SOD analyzes revealed lower levels in HDN and LDN groups than in control group (p<0.05). Severe cardiomyopathy was determined in HDN and LDN groups (p<0.05). Nicotine exposure depletes myocardial antioxidant enzymes and increases free radicals and lipid peroxidation products. Melatonin particularly prevents the nicotine-induced cardiac injury as an antioxidant.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: It was shown that oxygen-derived free radicals, and particularly the superoxide anion, are intermediaries in the formation and activation of osteoclasts. Many antioxidant defence systems depend on micronutrients or are micronutrients themselves. Oxidative stress might be related to bone indices in newborn infants. To assess the relationship between oxidative status and bone indices in small-for-gestational-age (SGA), large-for-gestational-age (LGA) and appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) babies born to healthy mothers. Umbilical cord venous blood samples were obtained at the delivery from 100 term newborn infants to measure plasma malondialdhyde, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and myeloperoxidase concentrations. Forty of the newborn infants had birth weights AGA, 30 were SGA and 30 LGA. Data were acquired using the whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanner in the first 24 h after birth. Plasma malondialdhyde and SOD concentrations of the mothers and their newborn infants were positively correlated; however, plasma myeloperoxidase concentrations were not. SOD concentrations of SGA infants were significantly higher than those of AGA and LGA infants. Whole body bone mineral density and content were lower in SGA but higher in LGA babies than in AGA babies. Oxidative stress status of both infants and their mothers was not related to the bone indices. Our study does not provide support for the hypothesis that oxidative status of the infants and mothers may play a major role in the regulation of bone metabolism in the developing skeleton.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
  • B. Çoksevim · F. Narin · G. Yaba
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    ABSTRACT: Many of the physiologic changes that occur during acute and prolonged altitude exposure may actually negate adaptations that possibly improve physiologic performance upon return to sea level. Fourteen volunteer male students (male scouts) who inhabit at 1050 m were enrolled into the study to research; how mid-altitude affects some endocrine parameters. The basic evaluation was done before the camping at 3200 m, and the endocrine evaluation was repeated 10 days after, at the end of the camping. Volunteer students went through a general check up at the beginning. Blood samples were taken for determining the amount of growth hormone (GH), prolactine (PRL), follicule stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), total triiodotyronine (TT3), total tyroxine (TT4), total testosterone (TTes) and cortisol levels. The levels of GH, PRL, FSH, LH, and TTes levels were changed after the camping period, and the difference found statistically significant (p<0.05). These observations suggest that exposure to altitude is associated with hyperprolactinemia and an impaired pituitary gonadal function. The alterations in the hormones levels are either be due to hypoxic stress or secondary to altitude induced hyperprolactinemia. The special characteristics of hypobaric hypoxia have been affected directly the endocrine profile.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Biology of Sport

Publication Stats

296 Citations
55.73 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996-2015
    • Erciyes Üniversitesi
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Biochemistry (Faculty of Medicine)
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Melikgazi, Kayseri, Turkey