Bernhard Vaske

Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (56)139.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose: The purpose of this work was to identify parameters influencing the risk of late radiation side effects, fair or poor cosmetic outcomes (COs) and pain in breast cancer patients after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). Patients and methods: Between 2006 and 2013, 159 patients were treated at the Hannover Medical School. Physician-rated toxicity according to the LENT-SOMA criteria, CO and pain were assessed by multivariate analysis. Results: LENT-SOMA grade 1-4 toxicity was observed as follows: fibrosis 10.7 %, telangiectasia 1.2 %, arm oedema 8.8 % and breast oedema 5.0 %. In addition, 15.1 % of patients reported moderate or severe breast pain, and 21.4 % complained about moderate or severe pain in the arm or shoulder. In multivariate analysis, axillary clearing (AC) was significantly associated with lymphoedema of the arm [odds ratio (OR) 4.37, p = 0.011, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.4-13.58]. Breast oedema was also highly associated with AC (OR 10.59, p = 0.004, 95 % CI 2.1-53.36), a ptosis grade 2/3 or pseudoptosis and a bra size ≥ cup C (OR 5.34, p = 0.029, 95 % CI 1.2-24.12). A ptosis grade 2/3 or pseudoptosis and a bra size ≥ cup C were the parameters significantly associated with an unfavourable CO (OR 3.19, p = 0.019, 95 % CI 1.2-8.4). Concerning chronic breast pain, we found a trend related to the prescribed radiation dose including boost (OR 1.077, p = 0.060, 95 % CI 0.997-1.164). Chronic shoulder or arm pain was statistically significantly associated with lymphoedema of the arm (OR 3.9, p = 0.027, 95 % CI 1.17-13.5). Conclusion: Chronic arm and breast oedema were significantly influenced by the extent of surgery (AC). Ptotic and large breasts were significantly associated with unfavourable COs and chronic breast oedema. Late toxicities exclusive breast pain were not associated with radiotherapy parameters.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
  • C Engelmann · G Grote · B Miemietz · B Vaske · S Geyer
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    ABSTRACT: Objective | A term of maternity and paternity (parental) leave becomes frequent on the career paths of medical personnel. Hospitals are highly competitive environments. The question employees universally face is how such a leave will alter their personal work situation and prospects upon return. Design and Participants | We questioned 709 leave-takers and 88 department heads of a German university hospital (2009-12; full data sets: n = 406 and n = 63) about their experiences. This data was validated by epidemiology data extraction and expert interviews, also in a Swiss and in a Norwegian institution. Results | Parental leave elicited high emotionality (score: 4.0 +/- 2 out of 5). Superiors' appraisal of employees' parental leave was more positive than negative (p < 0.001, mean + 0.8 +/- 0.9 on a bipolar Likert scale (BLS) from - 2 to + 2). However, the annual labor turnover in leave takers doubled to 39 %; 51 % of leave-takers experienced significant task profile changes. 58 % of doctors thought about changing their employer and 17 % of leave-taking executives lost status after return. Employees' "power" and "influence" dropped significantly (p < 0.05; determined on BLS) whereas the "professional workload" increased (p < 0.001). Consequently, after return career perspectives (measured on a bipolar visual analogue scale from - 5 to + 5) were perceived significantly more negative than positive (p < 0.0001, mean: - 1.3 +/- 2), especially by high-commitment staff (i. e. female executives, mean: - 2.1 +/- 2, pΔ < 0.05 vs. others). These perceptions significantly influenced future choices concerning further terms of leave. The Swiss and Norwegian comparators appeared to have more liberal substitution and part-time schemes than the German institution. Discussion | A competitive hospital environment can effectively demote leave-taking medical employees in their jobs. Despite sufficient financial arrangements high-commitment staff will only take parental leave of adequate length when an institutional framework protects their status. Data support four requirements: 1. Formal recognition of the leave taker's status pre-leave. 2. Establishment of a written ("claimable") return policy. 3. Substitution scheme for each individual, preferably by a locum. 4. Redirection of funds to facilitate part-time work schemes temporarily after return. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: We compared a dermoglandular rotation flap (DGR) in the upper inner, lower inner, and upper outer quadrant regarding similar aesthetic results, patient satisfaction, and comfort after breast-conserving therapy with standard segmentectomy (SE). Between 2003 and 2011, 69 patients were treated with breast-conserving surgery using DGR for cancers with high tumor-to-breast volume ratios or skin resection in the three above mentioned quadrants; 161 patients with tumors in the same quadrants were treated with SE. The outcome of the procedures was assessed at least 7 months after completed radiation therapy using a patient and breast surgeon questionnaire and the BCCT.core software. Symmetry, visibility of the scars, the position of the nipple-areola complex, and the appearance of the treated breast were each assessed on a scale from 1 to 4 by an expert panel and by the patients. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the relationship between patient-, tumor-, and treatment-dependent factors and patient satisfaction. 94.2% of the patients with rotation flaps and 83.5% of the patients with lumpectomy were very satisfied with the cosmetic appearance of their breast. Younger patient age was significantly associated with a lower degree of satisfaction. DGR provides good cosmetic results compared with SE and shows high patient satisfaction despite longer scarring and higher median resection volume.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Cranial migration of shoulder hemiarthroplasties due to rotator cuff insufficiency typically requires conversion into a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. This study was conducted to analyze differences between the height and offset of six implants designed to enable conversion of a hemiarthroplasty into a reverse system. Methods Anteroposterior radiographs of 40 shoulders were taken. An image analyzing software was used to simulate the implantation of the hemiprostheses. Then the implant was dissembled, leaving on the stem within the humeral shaft. Finally, the implantation of a reverse system was simulated using the stem in the same position. Values are reported as ∆-height and ∆-offset ± standard deviation. Significance was assumed for P
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The present prospective study investigated the influence of the static ulnar variance on the success of arthroscopic debridement of degenerative TFCC lesions. Patients and Methods: 10 patients with an ulnar positive variance ("Ulna+") and 12 patients with ulnar neutral or ulnar negative variance ("Ulna-/0") were examined preoperatively (U0), as well as at 2 (U2) and 6 (U6) months after arthroscopic debridement of degenerative TFCC le-sions and compared with each other. After the U2 investigation due to persistent complaints in 9 of 10 patients with an ulnar positive variance there was a need for further surgery, consisting of ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO). The following parameters were recorded in each case: pain at rest and with load, the summed wrist range of motion - consisting of extension and flexion, radial and ulnar deviation, pronation and supina-tion - compared to the contralateral side, the strength of the affected hand compared to the contralateral side, the Mayo modified wrist score (MMWS), the Krimmer score and the DASH score. Preoperatively there were no significant differences between the 2 cohorts "Ulna+" and "Ulna-/0" except for the characteristic "pain at rest". Results: At 2 months postoperatively (U2), the results in the cohort "Ulna+" remained at a significantly or tendentially poorer level compared to the cohort "Ulna-/0". The subsequent surgical treatment of the subgroup "Ulna+" with USO led to almost complete approximation of the results at 6 months postoperatively (U6). In addition to this, with time (U6) within each subgroup there were tendential or significant improvements of all characteristics compared to the preoperative situation (U0). At U6 four of 22 patients were -unable to work. Conclusion: Degenerative lesions of the TFCC can be treated successfully by arthroscopic debridement in cases of ulnar negative and ulnar neutral variance. Patients with ulnar positive variance and persistent complaints after debridement of the TFCC can be treated successfully with a secondary ulnar shortening osteotomy.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Handchirurgie · Mikrochirurgie · Plastische Chirurgie
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    ABSTRACT: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after esophageal atresia (EA) repair is postulated to be good. However, little is known about the long-term results after repair of complex and/or complicated EA regarding HRQoL. We investigated long-term HRQoL after delayed anastomosis, esophageal replacement, major revisions, or multiple dilatations in patients registered in a support group. Patients registered in the German patient support group database (KEKS) were enrolled and allocated to subgroups according to surgical treatment and age. HRQoL was evaluated using validated questionnaires (GIQLI, WHO-5, KIDSCREEN27). Complete follow-up (mean 14.5±9.8years) was available for 90/92 patients. Patients were allocated to subgroups delayed anastomosis (n=28), esophageal replacement (n=27), major revisions (n=15), and multiple dilatations (n=20). Adult patients presented with impaired well-being according to WHO-score and gastrointestinal function (GIQLI). In contrast, HRQoL of children was comparable to controls in most KIDSCREEN27-dimensions. Delayed anastomosis was associated with most-favourable HRQoL. Regarding physical well-being, these children scored significantly better than controls [64.01±10.40 vs. 52.36±8.73;p=0.0011], children after replacement [51.40±5.70;p=0.008], revisions [52.04±6.97;p=0.026], and multiple dilatations [50.22±9.67,p=0.04]. HRQoL after complex and/or complicated EA is excellent in children registered in a patient support group. In adults, disease-specific symptoms negatively affect HRQoL. Our data indicate that saving the esophagus may achieve the best HRQoL.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is the most frequent cause of acute renal failure in childhood. We investigated L-arginine/NO pathway in 12 children with typical HUS and 12 age-matched healthy control subjects. Nitrite and nitrate, the major NO metabolites in plasma and urine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in plasma and urine, and dimethylamine (DMA) in urine were determined by GC-MS and GC-MS/MS techniques. Urinary measurements were corrected for creatinine excretion. Plasma nitrate was significantly higher in HUS patients compared to healthy controls (P = 0.021), whereas urine nitrate was borderline lower in HUS patients compared to healthy controls (P = 0.24). ADMA plasma concentrations were insignificantly lower, but urine ADMA levels were significantly lower in the HUS patients (P = 0.019). Urinary DMA was not significantly elevated. In HUS patients, nitrate (R = 0.91) but not nitrite, L-arginine, or ADMA concentrations in plasma correlated with free haemoglobin concentration. Our results suggest that both NO production and ADMA synthesis are decreased in children with typical HUS. We hypothesize that in the circulation of children with HUS a vicious circle between the L-arginine/NO pathway and free haemoglobin-mediated oxidative stress exists. Disruption of this vicious circle by drugs that release NO and/or sulphydryl groups-containing drugs may offer new therapeutic options in HUS.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: In a retrospective radiological study, the authors aimed to detect the influence of fracture morphology on the union rate of ulnar styloid fractures associated with distal radial fractures. Materials and methods: Eighty-two out of 101 ulnar styloid fractures were included in the final statistical analysis. Initially, they were grouped into six different morphological types based on a novel classification system. They were also classified as per the established Fernández and Frykman classification systems. Furthermore, the initial ulnar styloid displacement was measured in conventional anteroposterior radiographs. Union of the ulnar styloid fracture was evaluated after at least 6 months of follow-up. Results: The current investigators demonstrated that the various ulnar styloid fracture patterns have no significant predictive value for ulnar styloid union. In contrast, it could be attested, that an initial fragment dislocation of greater than 2.4 mm in the conventional AP radiographs has a significantly lower chance of successful union (p = 0.022). Conclusion: Initial displacement of the ulnar styloid should be measured in each distal radial fracture with a concomitant ulnar styloid fracture. This could be useful to inform the decision regarding surgical fixation of the ulnar styloid fragment in patients with an unstable distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) or persistent symptoms at the ulnar aspect of the wrist.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Skeletal Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic liver diseases are characterized by inflammatory and fibrotic liver injuries that often result in liver cirrhosis with its associated complications such as portal hypertension and hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver biopsy still represents the reference standard for fibrosis staging, although transient elastography is increasingly used for non-invasive monitoring of fibrosis progression. However, this method is not generally available and is associated with technical limitations emphasizing the need for serological biomarkers staging of liver fibrosis. The enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) score was shown to accurately predict significant liver fibrosis in different liver diseases, although extracellular matrix components detected by this score may not only mirror the extent of liver fibrosis but also inflammatory processes. In this prospective biopsy-controlled study we evaluated the utility of the ELF score in comparison to transient elastography to predict different stages of fibrosis in 102 patients with chronic liver diseases. Both techniques revealed similar area under receiver operating characteristic curve values for prediction of advanced fibrosis stages. Compared to transient elastography, the ELF score showed a broader overlap between low and moderate fibrosis stages and a stronger correlation with inflammatory liver injury. Both the ELF score as well as transient elastography allowed for high quality fibrosis staging. However, the ELF score was less discriminative in low and moderate fibrosis stages and appeared more strongly influenced by inflammatory liver injury. This should be considered when making clinical interpretations on the basis of ELF score values.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Two hundred distal radial fractures, with a mean follow up of 20 months (range 6-49), were divided into three groups according to the presence and healing status of an ulnar styloid fracture. The patients underwent both clinical and radiological examination and completed two different questionnaires. One hundred and one, of 200 distal radial fractures, were associated with an ulnar styloid fracture. Forty-six of these developed an ulnar styloid nonunion. The authors encountered significantly higher pain scores (ulnar sided pain p = 0.012), a higher rate of DRUJ instability (p = 0.032), a greater loss of motion and grip strength (p = 0.001), and a poorer clinical outcome in cases with an ulnar styloid fracture, but no differences were apparent when those with healed ulnar styloid fractures or ulnar styloid nonunions were compared (p > 0.05). The investigators propose that the incidence of ulnocarpal complaints following distal radial fracture depends on the presence but not the healing status of an ulnar styloid fracture.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The intention of this study is to analyze the impact of the single parameters NT, PAPP-A and free β-hCG used in combined first trimester screening and to determine their contribution in the risk assessment. Methods: A retrospective risk assessment on the advanced first trimester screening (AFS) algorithm was made to determine the effect of a particular parameter while the remaining ones were fixed for calculation. Afterward data were recalculated by the AFS module. Test performance was measured by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves and their area under curve (AUC). Results: Among the 14,862 cases are 14,748 healthy fetuses, 86 with trisomy 21, 22 with trisomy 18 and 6 with trisomy 13. Some settings obtain at default cut-off a very high sensitivity. However, a lack of specificity, as a high false-positive rate, too. The ROC analysis was best for NT, followed by PAPP-A. Free β-hCG showed the lowest AUC. Combining PAPP-A and free β-hCG offered a better AUC than each parameter alone. Best test performance was obtained by including all three parameters. Discussion: A detection rate of 69 % for testing NT discretely is in order with present study data. PAPP-A is following and free β-hCG is not useful with a test positive rate of about a third. The detection rate of the biochemical parameters combined is higher than for NT alone, but results in a five times higher punctuation rate. All parameters together in the AFS provide the best test performance. The impact of each parameter NT, PAPP-A and free-β-hCG in a combined test strategy is nearly a third. Thus, every single parameter is needed to provide a high detection rate for all of the trisomies and minimize the number of unnecessary invasive diagnostics.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Archives of Gynecology
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the cardiovascular effects of a proprietary l-methadone/fenpipramide combination (Polamivet) alone and in addition to acepromazine in dogs. Prospective, randomized, experimental crossover study. Five adult healthy Beagle dogs (one male and four females, weighing 12.8-16.4 kg). Dogs were instrumented for haemodynamic measurements whilst anaesthetized with isoflurane. Three hours after recovery dogs received 0.025 mg kg(-1) acepromazine (AP) or saline (SP) IM followed by 0.5 mg kg(-1) L-methadone/ 0.025 mg kg(-1) fenpipramide IV after 30 minutes. Cardiac output using thermodilution, heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP), pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAOP), haemoglobin concentration, arterial and mixed-venous blood gas analysis were measured and sedation evaluated at baseline (BL), 30 minutes after acepromazine or saline IM (A/S), 5 minutes after L-methadone/fenpipramide IV application (35), every 15 minutes for 1 hour (50, 65, 80, 95 minutes) and every hour until baseline cardiac output was regained. Standard cardiovascular parameters were calculated. Data were analyzed by repeated measures anova and paired t-tests with p < 0.05 considered significant. Baseline measurements did not differ. Cardiac index decreased after acepromazine administration in treatment AP (p = 0.027), but was not significantly influenced after l-methadone/fenpipramide injection in either treatment. In both treatments heart rate did not change significantly over time. Stroke volume index increased after A/S in both treatments (p = 0.049). Systemic vascular resistance index, MAP, CVP, MPAP, and pulmonary vascular resistance index did not change significantly after either treatment and did not differ between treatments. Dogs were deeply sedated in both treatments with a longer duration in treatment AP. In healthy dogs the dose of l-methadone/fenpipramide used in this study alone and in combination with acepromazine induced deep sedation without significant cardiovascular changes.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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    ABSTRACT: Immunohistological methods indicated a rapid onset of cellular defence shortly after seeding of mammary adenocarcinoma cells into the lungs of F344 rats. The purpose of the present study was to monitor natural killer (NK) cell-mediated effects on tumour cell clearance in vivo, in this model of lung metastasis using dynamic positron-emission tomography (dPET). MADB106 breast cancer cells were labelled with 2'-[(18)F]-2'-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) then injected intravenously, after the F344 rats had been anaesthetized and placed in a PET scanner. NK cell-depleted and sham-treated control rats were investigated in parallel. The radioactivity per region of interest (ROI) over the lungs peaked at 60 s past injection and was followed by a slow decline over the observation time of 40 min in both groups. Statistical analysis using a linear mixed model revealed that release of radioactivity from tumour cells or tumour cell disintegration was significantly slower in animals after depletion of NK cells compared with controls. There was no significant tumour cell homing in organs other than the lungs. Early kinetics of tumour cells after injection were defined. PET with FDG was shown to be an adequate method to further investigate novel options for using cellular host defence mechanisms in cancer patients.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · In vivo (Athens, Greece)
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    ABSTRACT: Fibrosis and steatosis are major histopathological alterations in chronic liver diseases. Despite various shortcomings, disease severity is generally determined by liver biopsy, emphasizing the need for simple noninvasive methods for assessing disease activity. Because hepatocyte cell death is considered a crucial pathogenic factor, we prospectively evaluated the utility of serum biomarkers of cell death to predict different stages of fibrosis and steatosis in 121 patients with chronic liver disease. We compared the M30 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which detects a caspase-cleaved cytokeratin-18 (CK-18) fragment and thereby apoptotic cell death, with the M65 ELISA, which detects both caspase-cleaved and uncleaved CK-18 and thereby overall cell death. Both biomarkers significantly discriminated patients with different fibrosis stages from healthy controls. However, whereas both markers differentiated low or moderate from advanced fibrosis, only the M65 antigen could discriminate even lower stages of fibrosis. The M65 assay also performed better in distinguishing low (≤10%) and higher (>10%) grades of steatosis. In a subgroup of patients, we evaluated the biomarkers for their power to predict nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Importantly, both markers accurately differentiated healthy controls or simple steatosis from NASH. However, only serum levels of M65 antigen could differentiate simple steatosis from healthy controls. CONCLUSION: Cell death biomarkers are potentially useful to predict fibrosis, steatosis, or NASH. Compared with the widely used apoptosis marker M30, the M65 assay had a better diagnostic performance and even differentiated between lower fibrosis stages as well as between healthy individuals and patients with simple steatosis.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · Hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: A novel screening method for fetal aneuploidies was developed, in which nuchal translucency (NT), pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), and free-β human chorionic gonadotropin (free-β hCG) are placed into a three-dimensional scatter plot. Likelihood ratios are directly inferred from the ratio of already observed healthy and diseased fetuses. This method is called 'Three-dimensional Advanced First trimester Screening' (AFS-3D). It was aimed to develop and test a new algorithm based on the results of previous studies. A new static-sized sphere model was developed. Several scaling factors of the axes and the optional application of the modifications 'simulation' (SIM) and 'empty sphere positive' were tested on 15,227 data sets. An additional examination was performed on a second collective (n = 458). The application of the new AFS-3D model with static-sized spheres, a re-sampled ∆NT axis by a scaling factor of 0.125, and the application of SIM and Empty Box Positive resulted in a marked improvement of the test performance (area under curve, AUC = 0.9668). Analogous results (AUC = 0.9807) were found for the second test collective. This novel approach is promising and should be tested on a larger, independent collective.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Prenatal Diagnosis
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    ABSTRACT: Fat cells are fragile cells with a short life span outside the body. Ways to reduce cell death in a biochemical way are almost unknown due to scarce information on the type of cellular death that is induced in fat tissue. This study was designed to investigate the apoptotic pathways of fat tissue in a permanent perfusion bioreactor system with the Hannover preservation solution and the Eurocollins solution in fat flaps of rats. In Lewis rats, the inguinal adipofascial flaps were elevated bilaterally and placed in a bioreactor at 37°C. To detect caspases 3, 8, 9 and 12, immunofluorescence stains of fat tissue specimen were analysed at several time points after preservation of flaps were placed in Hannover solution and Eurocollins solution for 10 days. An additional visual assessment of viability by a calcein based life/dead test was performed. It revealed a superior viability of the adipose tissue preserved in Hannover solution. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that apoptotic pathways via mitochondria, endoplasmatic reticulum and death receptors were activated, as Caspases 8, 9 and 12 were detected. Caspase 3 as an effector in the common apoptotic pathway was detected as well. Adipose tissue preserved at 37°C ex vivo in a bioreactor system undergoes apoptosis. Immunofluorescence examination of the fat tissue preserved ex vivo revealed that apoptotic pathways via mitochondria, endoplasmatic reticulum and death receptors are being activated. Significantly less activation of Caspase 3, 8, 9 and 12 in flaps preserved in Hannover solution in comparison to Eurocollins was found, supporting the anti apoptotic characteristics of Hannover solution. Based on these findings, further research to modify the apoptotic pathways to ameliorate viability of fat tissue can be performed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Apoptosis
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    ABSTRACT: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) systemic concentrations are elevated in hypercholesterolemic adults and contribute to nitric oxide (NO) dependent endothelial dysfunction. Decreased activity of the key ADMA-hydrolyzing enzyme dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) may be involved. Yet, the ADMA/DDAH/NO pathway has not been investigated in childhood hypercholesterolemia. We studied 64 children with hypercholesterolemia type II (HCh-II) and 54 normocholesterolemic (NCh) children (mean ± SD; age, years: 11.1 ± 3.5 vs. 11.9 ± 4.6). Plasma and urine ADMA was measured by GC-MS/MS. Dimethylamine (DMA), the ADMA metabolite, creatinine, nitrite and nitrate in urine were measured by GC-MS. The DMA/ADMA molar ratio in urine was calculated to estimate whole body DDAH activity. ADMA plasma concentration (mean ± SD; nM: 571 ± 85 vs. 542 ± 110, P = 0.17) and ADMA urinary excretion rate (mean ± SD: 7.1 ± 2 versus 7.2 ± 3 μmol/mmol creatinine, P = 0.6) were similar in HCh-II and NCh children. Both DMA excretion rate [median (25th-75th percentile): 56.3 (46.4-109.1) vs. 45.2 (22.2-65.5) μmol/mmol creatinine, P = 0.0004] and DMA/ADMA molar ratio [median (25th-75th percentile): 9.2 (6.0-16.3) vs. 5.4 (3.8-9.4), P = 0.0004] were slightly but statistically significantly increased in HCh-II children compared to NCh children. Plasma and urinary nitrite and nitrate were similar in both groups. In HCh-II whole body DDAH activity is elevated as compared to NCh. HCh-II children treated with drugs for hypercholesterolemia had lower plasma ADMA levels than untreated HCh-II or NCh children, presumably via increased DDAH activity. Differences between treated and untreated HCh-II children were not due to differences in age. In conclusion, HCh-II children do not have elevated ADMA plasma levels, largely due to an apparent increase in DDAH activity. While this would tend to limit development of endothelial dysfunction, it is not clear whether this might be medication-induced or represent a primary change in HCh-II children.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2011 · Amino Acids
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of gestational age on energy metabolism in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) of preterm and term neonates. Activities of respiratory chain (RC) complexes I-V, citrate synthase (CS), overall mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO), carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (CPT2), glycolytic enzymes as well as energy-rich phosphates in HUVECs from uncomplicated term and preterm pregnancies were measured. Neonatal acylcarnitine profiles were analyzed postpartum. Activities of RC complexes II+III, IV, V, and CS were higher in HUVECs from immature pregnancies. Overall FAO did not change, whereas CPT2 activity was higher in term neonates. RC complexes II-V and CS correlated inversely to gestational age, as well as CPT2 activity within the term cohort. Phosphofructokinase activity increased with maturation; lactate dehydrogenase and hexokinase as well as energy-rich phosphates remained constant. In blood, long-chain acylcarnitines were higher in term neonates. Gestational age-dependent differences of energy-providing pathways in HUVECs were shown. Alterations of RC complexes with gestational age may be an adaptive process to cope with metabolic stress during birth; reduced oxidative phosphorylation and high glycolytic activity make HUVECs less susceptible to peripartum hypoxic damage. We hypothesize that HUVECs of premature neonates are metabolically maladapted to birth, which may be responsible for perinatal complications.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background Is the time to diagnosis and to start antibiotic therapy a major factor contributing to the outcome in geriatric patients? Methods In 2006, a program for documentation and improvement for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in patients with community-acquired pneumonia was introduced in German hospitals. The analyses were performed centrally by an independent board. Setting Tertiary geriatric department with 70 beds for acute care and rehabilitation in a hospital, also including a department of neurology and neurological rehabilitation. Results In Lower Saxony (LS), 81,853 patients were treated between 2006–2009 in our geriatric department (GD). In LS, 55.3% of the population was male, while 45.2% of the patients in the GD were male (p=0.063). Throughout an age of 79 years, the distribution was equal; however in the age groups 80–89 years (LS vs GD: 32.3 vs 47.6%) and >90 years (LS vs GD: 10.2 vs 15.5%, p<0.001) there were a higher proportion of male patients in the GD. The proportion of male nursing home patients was 46.8% vs 24.3%, hospital or rehabilitation unit 6.2% vs 40.5%, and status of confinement to bed was 47% vs 35.1% (LS vs GD, p<0.001). Delirium caused by pneumonia occurred in 24.4% vs 9.3% and a status of chronic delirium (dementia) was assessed by 75.6% vs. 90.7% of all cases (LS vs GD, p=0.021). The distribution about the risk classes 1/2/3 of the CRB-65 score was 14.9/76.9/8.2% in LS and 3.6/89.3/7.1% in the GD (p=0.011). The time to starting antibiotics (no therapy, <4, 4–8, and >8 h) was 2.2/83.0/7.6/7.2% in LS and 15.4/47.4/10.3/26.9% in GD patients (p<0.001). Overall mortality rates did not differ significantly (LS 14.6% vs GD 11.9%, p=0.53). Conclusions Patients in the GD were older and more functionally dependent. The distribution of the risk index CRB-65 shows that these patients were at higher risk, were more often cognitively impaired (not caused by pneumonia), and time to starting antibiotics was longer. However, none of these differences had an influence on total mortality. The results are limited by the number of patients, potential differences of the treatment groups, and the quality of data in general as a result of a quality improvement program.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Zeitschrift für Gerontologie + Geriatrie

Publication Stats

506 Citations
139.50 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005-2015
    • Hannover Medical School
      • • Institute for Biometry
      • • Department of Plastic, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2009-2010
    • University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany