Masahiro Sugano

Kyushu University, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (53)205.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of a novel free radical scavenger, edaravone, on coronary endothelial dysfunction was examined in patients who had no significant stenosis of coronary arteries, to elucidate the role of free radicals on coronary endothelial dysfunction. The coronary blood flow (CBF) responses to acetylcholine (ACh) were measured by quantitative coronary arteriography and the intracoronary Doppler technique before and after the administration of edaravone. Twenty-four patients were divided into two groups on the basis of CBF responses to ACh; those with "attenuated" (%Delta CBF < 300%, n = 12) and "normal" (%Delta CBF > 300%, n = 12) flow responses. An intracoronary infusion of edaravone significantly improved ACh-induced increases in CBF in patients with attenuated flow responses; however, edaravone had no effect in those with normal flow responses (36.8% +/- 7.3% vs 0.0% +/- 5.1%, P < 0.01). The plasma levels of nitric oxide compounds (NOx) in the attenuated response group were lower than those in the normal group (35.7 +/- 2.3 vs 49.4 +/- 6.2 muM, P < 0.01) and correlated with the magnitude of CBF improvement by edaravone (r = 0.566, P < 0.01). The plasma level of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal, which indicates the level of oxidative stress, in the attenuated group was higher than that in the normal group (6.9 +/- 0.9 vs 3.3 +/- 0.5 muM, P < 0.01) and correlated with the magnitude of CBF improvement by edaravone (r = 0.854, P < 0.01). A free radical scavenger improved the ACh-induced CBF response in patients with coronary atherosclerosis in vivo. Therefore, the current results suggest that scavenging free radicals has a beneficial effect for patients with coronary endothelial dysfunction.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Heart and Vessels
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    ABSTRACT: Because green tea reduces cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk, the purpose of this study aimed to elucidate the effect of green tea catechins (GTC) on endothelial dysfunction in smokers. The 30 healthy male smokers were divided into 3 groups and given green tea beverages containing 0 mg (control group), 80 mg (medium-dose group) or 580 mg (high-dose group) of GTC daily for 2 weeks. Endothelial-dependent and- independent vasodilatation was investigated by measuring the forearm blood flow (FBF) responses to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside using venous occlusion strain-gauge plethysmography. The FBF response to acetylcholine significantly increased at 2 h and 1 and 2 weeks after GTC intake in the high-dose group, but no increase was observed in the other groups. FBF responses to sodium nitroprusside did not alter in any group at any time point. A significant increase in plasma nitric oxide and a decrease in asymmetrical dimethylarginine, malondealdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal, C-reactive protein, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and soluble CD40 ligand levels were detected after chronic consumption of high-dose GTC. GTC have antiatherosclerotic effects on dysfunctional vessels in smokers through increasing the level of nitric oxide and reducing oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Circulation Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Diagonal earlobe crease (ELC) have been proposed as a marker of generalized atherosclerosis, so in the present study it was investigated whether individuals with ELC have a shortened telomere, which correlates with an accelerated cell turnover and premature aging, leading to atherosclerosis. The mean terminal restriction fragment (TRF) was determined by Southern blot hybridization in the peripheral blood cells of 34 male Japanese patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) who were under 70 years of age with (n=17) and without (n=17) bilateral ELC, and assessed the relationship of ELC to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (AVD). The results showed that the TRF was shorter in the MetS patients with ELC in comparison to age- and risk-factor-matched MetS patients without ELC (7.6+/-1.1 kbp vs 8.6+/-1.2 kbp; P<0.05). ELC were present in 13 patients in the AVD group (n=18), but only 4 patients in the non-AVD group (n=16) had ELC (72.2% and 25% respectively; P<0.05). These findings suggest that ELC is a useful dermatological indicator of an accelerated aging process, as suggested by excessive telomere loss, and might be a useful indirect marker of high-risk patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Circulation Journal
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    ABSTRACT: TNF-alpha impairs endothelial cell growth and angiogenesis. The anti-angiogenic effects of TNF-alpha have mainly been explained by its modulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-specific angiogenic pathway. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) also promotes the growth of vascular endothelial cells and the development of new blood vessels through interaction with its specific receptor, c-met. However, it is little known whether TNF-alpha interacts with the HGF system or not. In this study, we examined the effect of TNF-alpha on HGF receptor function. In human umbilical venous endothelial cells (HUVEC), TNF-alpha acutely inhibited the phosphorylation and activation of c-met induced by HGF. The ability of TNF-alpha to inhibit HGF-induced c-met activity was impaired by sodium orthovanadate, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of TNF-alpha was mediated by a protein-tyrosine phosphatase. Treatment of HUVEC with TNF-alpha impairs the ability of HGF to activate MAPK and Akt, and this effect was blocked by SOV. HGF-induced c-met responses specifically associated with endothelial cell proliferation and mitogen-activated protein kinase activation were also inhibited by TNF-alpha, and these were reversed by sodium orthovanadate. HGF-induced SHP-1 (a cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine phosphatase) and pretreatment of HUVEC with TNF-alpha prior to HGF treatment resulted in substantial increase in the amount of SHP-1. These data suggest that TNF-alpha employs a protein-tyrosine phosphatase and may exert its anti-angiogenic function in part by modulating the HGF-specific angiogenic pathway in pathological settings.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Telomeres are the repeated sequences at the chromosome ends which undergo shortening with cell division. The telomere shortening of the peripheral leukocytes is also facilitated by enhanced oxidative stress in various kinds of disease including ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, apoplexy, and Alzheimer's disease. Telomere shortening in Parkinson's disease (PD) has not yet been reported. The pathogenesis for PD is also regarded to be associated with oxidative stress. We investigated 28 Japanese male PD patients ages 47-69. Although we could not find a statistical difference in the mean telomere length of peripheral leukocytes between the PD patients and the control participants, we found the mean telomere lengths to be shorter than 5 kb in only the PD patients and a significant PD-associated decrease in the telomeres with a length ranging from 23.1 to 9.4 kb in the patients in their 50s and 60s. These observations suggest that telomere shortening is accelerated in PD patients in comparison to the normal population.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated telomere (terminal restriction fragment [TRF]) length in 111 patients with sarcoidosis regarding both the mean TRF length and the telomere length distribution. A significant decrease was observed in the mean TRF length in sarcoidosis patients in comparison to the age-matched controls, whereas a decreased telomere length was only associated with age in men. The mean TRF shortening seemed to be accelerated in men in their 30s and 50s and in women in their 40s and 50s. We also found a significant decrease with age of telomeres with lengths of 9.4–6.6 kb in men and women in their 20s and an increase of telomeres with lengths of 4.4–2.3 kb in men and women in their 20s and in men in their 50s in sarcoidosis patients versus in the controls who were in their 20s and 50s. These findings suggest the occurrence of age-advanced changes in telomere length in patients with sarcoidosis, regardless of the patient age at the onset of sarcoidosis.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2007 · The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Telomeres play a role in cellular aging and they may also contribute to the genetic basis of human aging and longevity. A gradual loss of the telomeric repeat sequences has been reported in adult tissue specimens. This study determined the percentage of telomere restriction fragment in various molecular-sized regions in addition to measuring the average telomere length. Mean telomere restriction fragment (TRF) length was determined by Southern blot analysis using a longer telomeric repeat probe with higher sensitivity. A significant decrease in longer telomere fragments and a quick increase in the shortest fragments were observed, especially in male subjects. There was a tendency that the age-adjusted telomere length was longer in females than that observed in males, while males lose the telomeric sequence faster than females. These data indicated that the percentage of longer telomeres fragments decreased, while the shortest fragments increased quickly with age. In addition, the longest telomere fragments decreased and the short fragments increased with a relatively stable frequency with age. There was also a significant difference in the longest telomere fragment percentage between males and female in their 40s and 50s, whereas no difference was observed in the mean TRF length. Interestingly, the changing rate of the longest and the shortest range group of TRF percentage associated with aging seemed quite different between before and after 50-year old with a gender-related contrast. This contrast implies a drastic change around the age of 50 of unknown factors that affect telomere attrition.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
  • Naoki Makino · Masahiro Sugano

    No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
  • Masahiro Sugano · Keiko Tsuchida · Toyoki Maeda · Naoki Makino
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 (KDR/flk-1) has a tyrosine kinase domain, and once activated, induces the autophosphorylation of the tyrosine residues, which is essential for angiogenesis. SHP-1, a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase, plays a negative regulatory role in signal transduction pathways by dephosphorylation of the receptors to which it binds. Thus, therapeutic angiogenesis designed to inhibit expression of SHP-1 would be beneficial in hindlimb ischemia. In in vitro, the inhibition of SHP-1 by SHP-1 siRNA impaired the ability of TNF to block the tyrosine phosphorylation of KDR/flk-1 induced by VEGF and showed an increase in endothelial cell growth. In in vivo, SHP-1 mRNA, SHP-1 protein levels and VEGF were increased in a rat model of hindlimb ischemia. Upon injection to the ischemic adductor muscle, vector-based siRNA reduced SHP-1, increased phosphorylation of KDR/flk-1, and markedly increased capillary density. Our data demonstrated in vivo the potential use of siRNA targeting SHP-1 as therapy for peripheral ischemic diseases.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Atherosclerosis
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    Full-text · Article · Feb 2007 · Journal of Neuropsychiatry
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    ABSTRACT: Transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins have been identified as cation channels that are activated by agonist-receptor coupling and mediate various cellular functions. TRPC7, a homologue of TRP channels, has been shown to act as a Ca2+ channel activated by G protein-coupled stimulation and to be abundantly expressed in the heart with an as-yet-unknown function. We studied the role of TRPC7 in G protein-activated signaling in HEK293 cells and cultured cardiomyocytes in vitro transfected with FLAG-tagged TRPC7 cDNA and in Dahl salt-sensitive rats with heart failure in vivo. TRPC7-transfected HEK293 cells showed an augmentation of carbachol-induced intracellular Ca2+ transient, which was attenuated under a Ca2+-free condition or in the presence of SK&F96365 (a Ca2+-permeable channel blocker). Upon stimulation with angiotensin II (Ang II), cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes transfected with TRPC7 exhibited a significant increase in apoptosis detected by TUNEL staining, accompanied with a decrease in the expression of atrial natriuretic factor and destruction of actin fibers, as compared with non-transfected cardiomyocytes. Ang II-induced apoptosis was inhibited by CV-11974 (Candesartan; Ang II type 1 [AT1] receptor blocker), SK&F96365, and FK506 (calcineurin inhibitor). In Dahl salt-sensitive rats, apoptosis and TRPC7 expression were increased in the failing myocardium, and a long-term treatment with temocapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, suppressed both. Our findings suggest that TRPC7 could act as a Ca2+ channel activated by AT1 receptors, leading to myocardial apoptosis possibly via a calcineurin-dependent pathway. TRPC7 might be a key initiator linking AT1-activation to myocardial apoptosis, and thereby contributing to the process of heart failure.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
  • Masahiro Sugano · Tomoji Hata · Naoki Makino

    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Whereas increased circulating proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), play an important role in heart failure, where and how TNF-alpha production is upregulated remains largely unknown. We studied the productivity of TNF-alpha in peripheral lymphocytes and underlying mechanisms in patients with heart failure. Symptomatic NYHA II-IV patients with chronic heart failure with systolic dysfunction (n=39, aged 74+/-11, ejection fraction [EF]<==50%) were compared with asymptomatic NYHA I patients (n=18, aged 72+/-10, EF>50%) and normal subjects (n=15, aged 67+/-11). Lymphocyte subsets (CD3, CD4, and CD8) and intracellular production of TNF-alpha in peripheral leukocytes were quantified by immunofluorescent flow cytometry, and relationships between these parameters and circulating proinflammatory cytokines were analyzed. Subpopulation of TNF-alpha-producing CD4 was larger in NYHA II-IV patients (23.7% [18.0-28.6]) than in normal subjects (17.1% [6.5-19.5], p<0.05) and was correlated with plasma TNF-alpha levels (r=0.26, p<0.05), EF (r=-0.26, p<0.05), CD4/CD8 ratios (r=0.42, p<0.001), and subpopulation of TNF-alpha-producing monocytes (r=0.47, p<0.0001). Plasma levels of soluble CD14 and interleukin-12 (IL-12) were significantly higher in NYHA II-IV patients than in normal subjects (1971 ng/mL [1740-2375] vs. 1607 ng/mL [1530-1930], p<0.01; and 121 pg/mL [62-230] vs. 62 pg/mL [54-99], p<0.05, respectively), and plasma IL-12 levels were correlated with plasma TNF-alpha levels (r=0.41, p<0.001). Increased productivity of TNF-alpha in helper T cells, associated with their dominance over cytotoxic T cells, may partially contribute to an increase in circulating TNF-alpha levels in heart failure.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · International Journal of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: The genomic region BC-1 (GenBank acc. No. AB075899) on mouse chromosome 16 has been reported as a genomic region undergoing somatic DNA recombination producing circular DNA and genomic deletion in brain during late embryogenesis. The present study shows that the BC-1 circular DNA production had already started on the 13th day of embryonic age, earlier than the previous observation that the circular DNA production started on the 15th through 17th embryonic day. The BC-1 deletion was also observed in the spleen and ocular lens. In situ hybridization analysis indicated that a human-homologous region in the BC-1 sequence was expressed in the lens at a perinatal period. These data suggest that the somatic DNA recombination in the BC-1 region is not restricted to brain tissue, and that the BC-1 DNA recombination relates to lens development.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2006 · Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
  • Naoki Makino · Masahiro Sugano · Shinji Satoh · Junichi Oyama · Toyoki Maeda
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) participate in cardiac remodeling after hypoxic cardiac damage, and remodeling is thought to be mediated by CF synthesis of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). It is unknown whether the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), which mediate cellular signaling for growth and migration, affect BNP synthesis and whether PPARs participate in regulation of extracellular matrix protein (ECM) expression for remodeling. We examined the production of BNP in cultured neonatal ventricular CFs and its signaling system on collagen synthesis and on activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in reoxygenation after hypoxia. BNP mRNA was detected in CFs, and a specific BNP protein, BNP1-32, was secreted into the media. Abundance of collagen I and III was increased in the media at reoxygenation. mRNA and protein levels for MMP-2 and the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 were enhanced in CFs at reoxygenation. These observations also were noted in CFs after incubation with angiotensin II (10 microM) for 24 h. Pretreatment with pioglitaozone (0.1-10 microM) attenuated BNP mRNA and protein abundance of collagen III, MMP-2, and TIMP-1 in CFs at reoxygenation. The secreted BNP was also decreased by pioglitaozone in the media. Furthermore, PPAR activators inhibited reoxygenation-induced activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. These results demonstrate that PPAR activators inhibit BNP synthesis in CFs and imply that PPAR activators may regulate ECM remodeling partially through the NF-kappaB-mediated pathway.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
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    Masahiro Sugano · Keiko Tsuchida · Tomoji Hata · Naoki Makino
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    ABSTRACT: The Src homology domain 2 (SH2)-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) plays a key role in apoptosis and decreases phosphorylation of Akt. Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes is thought to contribute to the increased area of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and Akt activation exerts a powerful cardioprotective effect after ischemia. Thus, a therapeutic strategy designed to inhibit expression of SHP-1 would be beneficial in AMI. Here we report that siRNA targeting SHP-1 reduced infarct size in a rat model of AMI. Upon injection into the ischemic left ventricular wall, the vector-based siRNA significantly suppressed the increase in the SHP-1 mRNA and the SHP-1 protein levels. The siRNA vector also significantly reduced the SHP-1 that bound to Fas-R. The SHP-1 siRNA vector increased phospho-Akt and reduced DNA fragmentation and caspase activity compared with the scramble siRNA vector. Finally, the area of myocardial infarction was significantly smaller with the SHP-1 siRNA vector than with the scramble siRNA vector at 2 days after LCA ligation. In conclusion, SHP-1 in the heart increased from the early stage of AMI, and this increase was thought to contribute to the increased area of myocardial infarction. Suppression of SHP-1 with the SHP-1 siRNA vector markedly reduced the infarct size in AMI.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2006 · The FASEB Journal
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    ABSTRACT: A high dose of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha induces endothelial dysfunction and enhances apoptosis in vitro. The present study was conducted to examine whether incubating human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with serum from Type 2 diabetic patients complicated with retinopathy and/or microalbuminemia demonstrate endothelial dysfunction. Serum levels of TNF-alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were elevated in diabetic patients. Plasma levels of TNF-alpha, two soluble TNF-alpha receptors (sTNFR), and VEGF were assessed in diabetic patients (CD, n=21) complicated with retinopathy and/or nephropathy, uncomplicated diabetic patients (UD, n=18), and in healthy normal participants (NS, n=16). In HUVECs incubated with patient's serum, endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein expressions were measured by Western blot analysis. Apoptosis in HUVECs was determined by optical microscopy, DNA fragmentation, and CPP32-like protease activity. Serum TNF-alpha, sTNFR-I, and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of NOS, in CD were significantly higher than in UD or NS. While, serum sTNFR-I and VEGF levels were significantly increased in the both diabetic patients, compared with those of NS, no difference was observed in the serum TNF-alpha, sTNFR-II, and ADMA levels between UD and NS. eNOS down-regulation and apoptosis were seen in HUVECs incubated with serum from CD for 24 h, but those observations were completely counteracted in the incubation by the addition of the antihuman TNF-alpha antibody. These results imply that eNOS down-regulation in CD is associated with high serum TNF-alpha levels despite of high serum of VEGF levels. Therefore, endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients complicated with microangiopathy may, in part, be attributed to high serum TNF-alpha levels.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2005 · Journal of Diabetes and its Complications

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis in the myocardium is linked to ischemia/reperfusion injury, and TNF-alpha induces apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. A significant amount of TNF-alpha is detected after ischemia and reperfusion. Soluble TNF-alpha receptor 1 (sTNFR1) is an extracellular domain of TNF-alpha receptor 1 and is an antagonist to TNF-alpha. In the present study, we examined the effects of sTNFR1 on infarct size in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following ischemia/reperfusion. Male Wistar rats were subjected to left coronary artery (LCA) ligation. After 30 min of LCA occlusion, the temporary ligature on the LCA was released and blood flow was restored. Immediately after reperfusion, a total of 200 microg of sTNFR1 or LacZ plasmid was injected into three different sites of the left ventricular wall. At 6 h, 1 and 2 days after reperfusion, the TNF-alpha bioactivity in the myocardium was significantly higher in rats receiving LacZ plasmid than in sham-operated rats, whereas sTNFR1 plasmid significantly suppressed the increase in the TNF-alpha bioactivity. The sTNFR1 plasmid significantly reduced DNA fragmentation and caspase activity compared to the LacZ plasmid. Finally, the sTNFR1 expression-plasmid treatment significantly reduced the area of myocardial infarction at 2 days after ischemia/reperfusion compared to LacZ plasmid. In conclusion, the TNF-alpha bioactivity in the heart increased from the early stage of ischemia/reperfusion, and this increase was thought to contribute in part to the increased area of myocardial infarction. Suppression of TNF-alpha bioactivity with the sTNFR1 plasmid reduced the infarct size in AMI following ischemia and reperfusion.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
  • Masahiro Sugano · Keiko Tsuchida · Naoki Makino
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 (KDR/flk-1) has a tyrosine kinase domain and, once activated, induces the autophosphorylation of the tyrosine residues. The phosphorylated KDR/flk-1 can be a substrate for intracellular protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). In the present study, we have examined whether the PTP inhibitor sodium orthovanadate (SOV) activates KDR/flk-1 and accelerates angiogenesis in a rat model of hindlimb ischemia. The left femoral artery was exposed and excised to induce limb ischemia. The PTP activity in ischemic adductors increased, whereas SOV significantly suppressed the increase in the activity. Tyrosine phosphorylation of KDR/flk-1 and Akt phosphorylation significantly increased in the muscles injected with SOV compared with those injected with saline. The amount of VEGF increased in both the muscles injected with SOV and those injected with the saline but did not differ significantly. At 21 days after the induction of ischemia, immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that muscles injected with SOV showed significantly increased capillary density compared with those injected with saline. In a rat model of hindlimb ischemia, not only VEGF but also PTP, which might impair angiogenesis, increased. SOV activated KDR/flk-1 and accelerated angiogenesis. Thus, a PTP inhibitor can be a new drug for therapeutic angiogenesis in peripheral ischemic diseases.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology

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1k Citations
205.61 Total Impact Points

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  • 1996-2010
    • Kyushu University
      • • Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology
      • • Department of Molecular Biology
      • • Medical Institute of Bioregulation - MIB Hospital
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2008
    • Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences
      Ōita, Ōita, Japan