[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of dexketoprofen as an adjunct to lidocaine in intravenous regional anaesthesia (IVRA) or as a supplemental intravenous (i.v.) analgesic. Patients scheduled for elective hand or forearm soft-tissue surgery were randomly divided into three groups. All 45 patients received 0.5% lidocaine as IVRA. Dexketoprofen was given either i.v. or added into the IVRA solution and the control group received an equal volume of saline both i.v. and as part of the IVRA. The times of sensory and motor block onset, recovery time and postoperative analgesic consumption were recorded. Compared with controls, the addition of dexketoprofen to the IVRA solution resulted in more rapid onset of sensory and motor block, longer recovery time, decreased intra- and postoperative pain scores and decreased paracetamol use. It is concluded that coadministration of dexketoprofen with lidocaine in IVRA improves anaesthetic block and decreases postoperative analgesic requirements.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · The Journal of international medical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify the prognostic factors and the new parameters that might predict a worse outcome in nonsurvivors compared with survivors of Fournier's gangrene (FG) and evaluated the validity of the Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index (FGSI) in patients with FG.
The medical records of 18 patients with FG who were treated and followed up in our clinic were reviewed. Data were collected in terms of medical history, symptoms, and physical examination findings. The biochemical, hematologic, and bacteriologic study (aerobic and anaeorobic wound cultures) results at admission and at the final evaluation, the physical examination findings, the timing and extent of surgical debridement, and the antibiotic therapy were also recorded. The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and FGSI were evaluated stratified by survival.
The results were evaluated for 2 groups: those who survived (n = 14) and those who did not (n = 4). The admission FGSI score was 5.00 +/- 2.91 (range 0-10) for survivors compared with 13.5 +/- 2.62 (range 9-15) for nonsurvivors (P = .001). The CCI score was 3 +/- 1.5 in survivors and 7 +/- 2.2 in nonsurvivors (P = .008). Individual laboratory parameters such as hypomagnesemia, hemoglobin, hematocrit, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine, and the heart and respiratory rates were associated with a worse prognosis. In addition, a FGSI >9, rectal involvement, colostomy diversion, and a high CCI were associated with high mortality.
Low magnesium levels might be a new parameter for a worse prognosis. High CCI and FGSI scores might be associated with a worse prognosis in patients with FG. A FGSI threshold of 9 was a predictor of mortality during the initial assessment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the local anesthetic effects of tramadol hydrochloride with prilocaine for circumcision procedure.
This study included 40 patients with American Surgical Association-I scores. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either 5% tramadol (2 mg/kg) plus adrenaline (0.0125/mL) (group 1, n = 20) or 2% prilocaine plus adrenaline (0.0125/mL) (group 2, n = 20). The degree of burning sensation and pain at the injection site were documented. Sensory block was assessed 1 minute after injection and the patients were asked to grade touch and pinprick sensation. Five minutes after drug administration, incision was performed and intensity of pain, felt by the patient was evaluated on a 4-point scale (0-3). Pain at the injection site and local skin reactions were also recorded.
Mean ages were 9.7 and 10.3 years for groups 1 and 2, respectively. Mean duration of surgery was 19.6 minutes. In control visit, 2 of 20 (10%) in group 1 and 10 of 20 (50%) children in group 2 reported extra need for oral ibuprofen (P <.05). First analgesic medication time was 9.5 (+/- 2.1) hours in group 1 and 8.7 (+/- 3.1) hours in group 2 (P >.05). Total postoperative ibuprofen consumptions were 10 and 50 mg for groups 1 and 2, respectively (P <.05).
A combination of tramadol 5% plus adrenaline can provide a safe and effective local anesthesia during circumcision procedure and postoperative period in children.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This double-blind pilot study compared the local anaesthetic effects of tramadol plus adrenaline with lidocaine plus adrenaline during surgery to repair hand tendons. Twenty patients were randomly allocated to receive either 5% tramadol plus adrenaline (n = 10) or 2% lidocaine plus adrenaline (n = 10). Injection site pain and local skin reactions were recorded. At 1-min intervals after injection of the anaesthetic agent, the degree of sensory blockade was assessed by the patient reporting the extent to which they felt a pinprick, light touch and a cold sensation. Pain felt during surgical incision was also recorded. There was no difference in the quality of sensory blockade or the incidence of side effects between the two groups. Only patients treated with tramadol did not require additional post-operative analgesia. A combination of tramadol plus adrenaline provided a local anaesthetic effect similar to that of lidocaine plus adrenaline.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2008 · The Journal of international medical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is a disagreement in the experimental design of random skin flaps owing to their vascular inconsistency. The definition of a reliable axial-pattern skin flap model is needed. The purpose of this study was to describe a new skin flap model to deal with entire drawbacks of existing random and axial pattern skin flap designs. This was accomplished by creating paired skin flaps including both skin and vascular pedicle on the dorsum of the same rat. This design was suitably termed as rando-axial flap. The present study offers a simple and reliable skin flap model with following advantages: (1) it has a predictable necrosis area, (2) it reveals a larger survival area (75 +/- 5%) when compared to other flaps in this study (Mann-Whitney U-test, p<0.001), (3) the vascular pedicle is consistent, (4) control and study flaps are placed on the same animal (5) it can be converted to a random, an axial or a free flap.
No preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Journal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the average diameter of the radial, thoracodorsal, and dorsalis pedis arteries in a pediatric population and to evaluate the relationship of these measurements to the subject's age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI). The internal diameters of the radial, thoracodorsal, and dorsalis pedis arteries were non-invasively studied in 45 normotensive, presumed normal children of various ages (4 to 14 years) with the use of a Doppler system. The average diameters of the radial, thoracodorsal, and dorsalis pedis arteries in females and males were as follows: radial artery 1.39 (SD +/- 0.18) mm and 1.57 (SD +/- 0.18) mm; thoracodorsal artery 1.27 (SD +/- 0.11) mm and 1.36 (SD +/- 0.2) mm; and dorsalis pedis artery 1.22 (SD +/- 0.08) mm and 1.34 (SD +/- 0.12) mm. These were correlated with the age, height, weight, and BMI. Gender had a strong influence on the diameter of these arteries. In a linear regression model, weight was found to be statistically the best independent variable for predicting radial and dorsalis pedis diameters, whereas age was the best predictor for the diameter of the thoracodorsal artery. The diameters of these three arteries in an age group of 4 to 14 years ranged between 1 to 2 mm. The age and weight of the children predicted the diameters of the peripheral arteries.
No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Currently, a reverse T-shaped scar remains in the infraareolar area after most of the frequently used techniques for reduction mammoplasty. A two-center study was performed for an understanding of the effects from the amount of scars on the aesthetic satisfaction of patients. Long-term follow-up results for 24 patients who underwent the McKissock (inverted T-scar) technique (group 1) in a university hospital were compared with the results for 29 patients who underwent a "no-vertical-scar technique" (group 2) at another hospital in terms of aesthetic results. With this aim, a questionnaire was designed to assess the patients' degree of aesthetic satisfaction with different aspects. Additionally, the most current photos of each patient were evaluated for aesthetic results by four physicians and four medical students. Areola-fold and nipple-notch distances were measured as an objective evaluation. The significance of the results was tested using dependent or independent sample t tests. Notch-nipple and areola-fold distances both were greater in group 2 than in group 1, both preoperatively and postoperatively (p < 0.001). The personal satisfaction questionnaire showed that the group 2 patients rated scar satisfaction and postoperative activity levels higher (p < 0.001) than the group 1 patients (p < 0.05), but that group 1 rated nipple position higher (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of general aesthetic satisfaction. Physicians who evaluated patient photos ranked the scars of group 2 as significantly superior to those of group 1 (p < 0.01), whereas they did not rate other features as significantly different. However students could not determine any superiority of any feature between the two groups. The no-vertical-scar technique gives the impression of a breast that has not undergone surgery because it leaves no scars in the infraareolar area and invisible scars in other areas. This situation improves the degree of satisfaction for patients in the postoperative period. When the general aesthetic success and the ratio of complications were evaluated, the no-vertical-scar technique was found to be just as successful as the T- scar technique, which is practiced widely.
No preview · Article · Dec 2005 · Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dorsal reverse adipofascial flap (DRAF) is one of the most reliable choices for reconstruction of fingertip amputations. A drawback of this method is matrixectomy, which is routinely performed in distal phalangeal amputations, even when the germinal matrix and some nail bed is intact. However, the nail is important for both functional and esthetic reasons and should not be killed. We described a new approach to DRAF, in selected cases, for preserving the nail. As a result, we obtained useful and esthetic fingertip with a nail unit.
No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Annals of Plastic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the number of cases of calciphylaxis is increasing, it is often not diagnosed until a late stage, increasing the risk of mortality. A characteristic is purple, mottled and painful lesions, which have a tendency to become necrotic.
No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Journal of Wound Care
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many studies have been carried out to investigate the individual effects of vitamin C, vitamin E, and ibuprofen on flap viability, with favorable results. This study aimed to determine the effect of combined use of these agents on flap viability.
Sixty Wistar rats weighing 250-300 grams were divided into six groups, equal in number, to receive saline solution (group 1, control), vitamin C (group 2), vitamin E (group 3), vitamin C and E (group 4), ibuprofen (group 5), and vitamin C, vitamin E, and ibuprofen (group 6). Following ketamine anesthesia, a caudally based reverse McFarlane flap on the back of the rats, 3x10 cm in size, was elevated and sutured back. The agents were administered intraperitoneally once daily for seven days, after which viable flap areas were estimated.
The percentages of the viable area of the flaps in groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 were 58.0%, 68.1%, 61.4%, 73.4%, 69.1%, and 80.5%, respectively. The use of vitamin C, vitamin E, and ibuprofen in combination resulted in a significantly greater flap viability compared to individual uses.
Administering vitamin E and vitamin C together has a greater effect on flap viability than used alone; however, the benefit is the greatest with the addition of ibuprofen.
No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Kulak burun bogaz ihtisas dergisi: KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemangiomas of the bone account for 0.7% of all bone tumors. The craniofacial region is a rare site of involvement, with the mandible, zygoma, and maxilla being the most frequently affected areas. Hemangioma of the nasal bone is very rare. A 60-year-old male patient presented with complaints of difficult breathing through the nasal airway and a slowly growing hard mass at the nasion with a history of 10 years. Computed tomography demonstrated a round mass involving the left nasal bone with submucosal extension. An en bloc excision of the mass and its extension was performed. Histopathological examination showed two neighboring tumors, cavernous hemangioma of the bone and arteriovenous malformation of the nasal mucosa. During a-year follow-up, the patient had no complaints and the functional and cosmetic results were excellent.
No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Kulak burun bogaz ihtisas dergisi: KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a 52-year-old man with widespread cutaneous metastases (CMs) of unknown primary origin. Although we performed many of the investigations, we could not find out a primary origin of malignancy. There are no practical algorithms to identify the primary of cutaneous metastatic tumors of unknown origin. An algorithm in cancer patients with CMs seems to be needed to manipulate such cases. We believe that more reports related with this issue must be published to form an algorithm in such cases.
No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Dermatology online journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, it has been shown that tramadol was an effective local anesthetic in minor surgery. In this study, its efficacy for relieving postoperative pain was evaluated. Forty patients undergoing minor surgery (lipoma excision and scar revision) under local anesthesia were included. The patients were randomly allocated into two groups: In group T (n = 20), 2 mg/kg tramadol, and in group L (n = 20), 1 mg/kg lidocaine were given subcutaneously. In both groups, the injection volume was 5 mL containing 1/200,000 adrenalin. The degree of the erythema, burning sensation, and pain at the injection site were recorded. Incision response, which is a degree of the pain sensation during incision, was recorded and graded with the visual analog scale (VAS) 0-10. After incision, VAS values were recorded at 15-min intervals. When the VAS score of the pain during surgery exceeded 4, an additional 0.5 mg/kg of the study drug was injected and this dosage was added to the total amount. Patients were discharged on the same day. Subjects with VAS > or =4 were advised to take paracetamol as needed. No side effects were recorded in either group except for 1 patient complaining of nausea in group T at the 30th min of operation. After 24 h, patients were called and the time of first analgesic use and total analgesic dose taken during the postoperative period were recorded. During the 24 postoperative hours, 18 of 20 (90%) subjects did not need any type of analgesia in group T, whereas this number was 10 (50%) in group L (P < 0.05). The time span before taking first analgesic medication was longer (4.9 +/- 0.3 h) in group T than that of group L (4.4 +/- 0.7 h) (P < 0.05). We propose that tramadol can be used as an alternative drug to lidocaine for minor surgeries because of its ability to decrease the demand for postoperative analgesia.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2004 · Anesthesia & Analgesia