[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New nanocomposites, poly(diphenylamine-co-3-aminobenzonitrile)/palladium(P(DPA-co-3ABN)/Pd) and poly(diphenylamine)/palladium (PDPA/Pd), have been prepared by pulse potentiostatic method and used as electrocatalysts for borohydride oxidation. Linear sweep voltammogram of P(DPA-co-3ABN)/Pd-ME exhibited the oxidation wave between –0.8 V and 0.4 V that corresponds to the direct, potentially four-electron, oxidation of borohydride ions. The peak current for borohydride oxidation is much higher at P(DPA-co-3ABN)/Pd-ME electrode as compared to PDPA/Pd-ME. The incorporation of 3ABN units augments electrocatalytic behavior and thermal stability for the P(DPA-co-3ABN)/Pd catalyst.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this investigation, a facile one step synthesis was utilized to prepare gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) dispersed poly(2-aminophenyl boronic acid) (PAPBA) nanocomposite (PAPBA/Au-NC). PAPBA/Au-NC was characterized by field effect scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The synergistic properties of the boronic groups, conducting polyaniline matrix and Au NPs in the new PAPBA/Au-NC were effectively utilized for the fabrication of a high sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensor electrode. The sensor electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. We demonstrated that the new non-enzymatic sensor electrode exhibited good electrocatalytic activity for the oxidation of glucose. The Au NPs, PANI and boronic groups synergistically influence electrochemical detection of glucose. PAPBA/Au-NC exhibited excellent selectivity for glucose, good electron transduction to the electrode and high electrochemical sensitivity. The greater progress achieved in this investigation will pave the way for the potential development of a practical non-enzymatic glucose sensor.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Science of Advanced Materials
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This is the first report on the synthesis of a new functional nanocomposite gel containing amidoxime functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (AO-MWNT-FNC GEL). The surface morphology of AO-MWNT-FNC GEL was investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy. The modification of gel with amidoxine groups was confirmed by Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy. The AO-MWNT-FNC GEL provides effective binding with uranium ions as was ascertained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The AO-MWNT-FNC GEL was utilized as the new adsorbent for the recovery of uranium ions from aqueous solution. UV-visible spectroscopy was used to monitor the adsorption capacity of the AO-MWNT-FNC GEL toward uranium ions. The influence of initial uranium ion concentration and solution pH on the adsorption capacity of the AO-MWNT-FNC GEL were studied in batch experiments. The new FNC-GEL designed in this study is distinguished by higher adsorption capacity for uranium ions due to the synergistic contributions from high surface area of MWNT and the functional AO groups in FNC-GEL and exhibits potential for efficient recovery of uranium ions.
No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this letter, we report a simple and rapid (∼ 60 s) method to fabricate a new organic-inorganic hybrid film based on poly (di phenyl amine-co–4 amino thiophenol) (designated as PDPAAT) and gold nanoflowers (Au NFs). The fabrication involves a fast facile and pulse potentiostatic approach for the electrodeposition of Au NFs onto PDPAAT. The electrochemical, interfacial, and optical properties of the PDPAAT/Au NF hybrid film electrode are investigated. The superior electroactivity, electrochemical, and interfacial characteristics of the PDPAAT/Au NF electrode suggests its suitability for sensor, electrocatalysis, and diode applications.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · IEEE Electron Device Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The course of the reaction between copper sulfate (CuSO4) and 4-aminodiphenylamine (4ADPA) was monitored by UV-visible spectroscopy in p-toluene sulfonic acid (p-TSA). Formation of poly(4-aminodiphenylamine)/copper nanoparticle composite (P4ADPA/CuNC) was witnessed through the steady increase in absorbance at 410, 580 and >700nm. The absorbance at 410nm as well as >700nm are correlated to the amount of P4ADPA/CuNC formation and was subsequently used to determine the rate of formation of P4ADPA/CuNC (RP4ADPA/CuNC) at any time during the course of the reaction. RP4ADPA/CuNC shows a first-order dependence on [4ADPA] and a half-order dependence on [CuSO4]. A kinetic rate expression was established between RP4ADPA/CuNC and experimental parameters such as [4ADPA] and [CuSO4]. The rate constant for the formation of P4ADPA/CuNC was 8.98×10(-3)mol(-0.5)l(0.5)s(-1). Field emission scanning electron and transmission electron micrographs revealed that the morphology of the P4ADPA/CuNC was influenced by the reaction conditions.
No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this report, the chains of poly (aminophenylbornoic acid) (PAPBA) were grafted onto the surface of silica nanoparticles to obtain Si-g-PAPBA. Si-g-PAPBA was characterized through field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Grafting of PAPBA chains onto silica surface was confirmed by TGA and FTIR spectroscopy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this investigation, we established a new sensitive, selective and label free optical method for the detection of mercury ions (Hg2+) by utilizing cyano (–CN) ligand functionalized gold nanorods (GNRs) based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the GNRs. The functionalization of the GNRs was specifically done with a –CN group containing polymer, poly(2-aminobenzonitrile) (P2ABN), to preconcentrate the Hg2+ ions on the surface of the GNRs prior to detection. The functionalization of the GNRs was carried out by two approaches. In the first approach, the GNR surface was modified with a porous silica network containing P2ABN (designated as GNR@silica-CN). In the second approach, GNR was modified with P2ABN (designated as GNR@P2ABN). The Hg2+ ion detection strategy involves the preconcentration of Hg ions on the surface of GNR@silica-CN or GNR@P2ABN through the interaction of the –CN groups in P2ABN with Hg2+ ions, reduction to Hg0 atoms by ascorbic acid (AA), and monitoring the SPR of GNRs. The porous network in GNR@silica-CN allows efficient migration of Hg0 to reach the GNR surface and causes effective amalgamation compared to GNR@P2ABN. As a result, GNR@silica-CN exhibits a significant change in the SPR of GNRs over a wide dynamic concentration range (from 50 nM to 5 μM) for Hg2+ ions. The very low detection limit of 1 ppb with GNR@silica-CN for Hg2+ ions suggests its excellent potential for the monitoring and detection of ultra low levels of Hg. In addition, the GNR@silica-CN shows no sensitivity for other environmentally relevant metal ions which confirms the high specificity for Hg2+ ion detection in practical samples. We demonstrated the effectiveness of the present method by detecting Hg2+ ions in spiked water (pond and water) samples. We envisage that this simple, fast and sensitive method will be suitable for environmental monitoring in the future.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a simple and one-pot procedure for the simultaneous immobilization of poly(N-[3-(trimethoxy silyl)propyl]aniline (PTMSPA) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on gold nanorods (GNRs) to yield HRP/PTMSPA@GNRs. HRP/PTMSPA@GNR was well characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and UV–visible spectroscopy. High resolution image of HRP/PTMSPA@GNR attributes GNRs are welded/connected to one another through the surface coated PTMSPA. Direct electron transfer was achieved at HRP/PTMSPA@GNR with an electron transfer rate constant (ks) of 3.2 ± 0.1 s−1. Cyclic voltammograms of H2O2 at HRP/PTMSPA@GNR modified electrode exhibited a stable reduction peak at approximately −0.25 V. Amperometric response of HRP/PTMSPA@GNR modified electrode showed quick response (<5 s) for the reduction of H2O2. HRP/PTMSPA@GNR showed wide linear range from 1 × 10−5 to 1 × 10−3 M with detection limit (0.06 μM) (S/N = 3). HRP/PTMSPA@GNR modified electrode exhibited high selectivity with sensitivity (0.021 μA/μM) toward H2O2.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Electrochimica Acta
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A "modular approach" has been demonstrated for the preparation of nanodiamond (ND) based sponges (NS) with entrapped enzyme (horseradish peroxidase, HRP) (ND-NS(HRP)) and utilization as an electrochemical probe for detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). ND-NS comprises ND, porous poly(aniline)-poly(2-acrylamido 2-methyl propane sulfonic acid) (PANI-PAMPSA) network and entrapped HRP. Field emission scanning electron microscope image of ND-NS(HRP) reveals sponge like suprastructure comprising interconnected nanospheres with numerous openings/pinholes/cavities. The entrapped HRP in ND-NS exhibits effective direct electron transfer with an electron transfer rate constant of 1.85s(-1). ND-NS(HRP) exhibited excellent bioelectrocatalytic reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with a wide linear concentration range (1-45mM), quick response (5s), high sensitivity (129.6μAM(-1)) and low detection limit 59μM (S/N=3).
Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Biosensors & Bioelectronics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have demonstrated a new, simple and effective technique for the synthesis of Pt, Sn or Pt-Sn nanoparticles supported on thiol-functionalized, multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT(SH)) catalysts using γ-irradiation. The use of γ-irradiation minimizes the preparation time
and produces a clean catalyst, as no additional reducing agents are involved in the preparation. The morphology of the MWNT(SH)/Pt, MWNT(SH)/Sn and MWNT(SH)/Pt-Sn catalysts was examined by field emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM). The Pt-Sn catalyst particles exhibited a core–shell
morphology with Pt as the core (15 nm) and Sn as the shell (10 nm). The catalysts showed electroactive behavior towards methanol oxidation, due to the synergistic contribution of MWNT(SH) and the metal or alloy particles.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors describe the preparation of a novel electrocatalyst, composed of palladium particles dispersed in poly(diphenylamino-3-aminobenzomine) (P(DPA-co-3ABN)/PdNP). P(DPA-co-3ABN)/Pd was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, and by energy dispersive X-ray
and X-ray diffraction analysis. The electrocatalytic activity of P(DPA-co-3ABN)/PdNP with respect to oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry. The cyano groups in P(DPA-co-3ABN)/PdNP were found to enhance ORR electrocatalysis. The
authors believe that the new catalyst could be used to explore platinum free catalysts for fuel cell applications.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Poly(diphenylamine-co-2-aminobenzonitrile) (P(DPA-co-2ABN)), a cyano group containing conducting polyaniline derivative, has been electrodeposited developed as the new material and utilized for the simultaneous electrochemical determination of trace levels of cadmium (Cd(2+)) and lead (Pb(2+)). P(DPA-co-2ABN) film preconcentrates effectively through cyano chelation and electrochemically strips the heavy metal ions with well separated potentials, which are beneficially utilized for ppb level simultaneous detection of Cd(2+) and Pb(2+). Differential pulse voltammetry studies revealed that Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) ions were simultaneously stripped with well-defined, separated and sharp peaks for Cd(2+) and Pb(2+). The influence of various operational parameters such as pulse amplitude, pulse time, scan rate, initial potential, end potential, accumulation potential and accumulation time on the electrochemical stripping of heavy metals were investigated in details. Under the optimal conditions, good linear correlations were obtained from 1.26 to 907.8ppm for Cd(2+) and 0.26 to 58.73ppm for Pb(2+), respectively. Low detection limits for Cd(2+) and Pb(2+), 0.255ppm and 0.165ppm, respectively, were observed. The practical utility of the new procedure was demonstrated in real samples.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of hazardous materials
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this work, we have demonstrated that 4-carboxy phenyl groups based modification could be performed on different electrodes, such as indium tin oxide (ITO), gold (Au), and glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The electrode modification has been performed through cyclic voltammetry by sweeping the potential between +1.0 V and −1.0 V for ‘n’ number of potential cycles. The 4-carboxyphenyl modification at different electrode surfaces was confirmed by cyclic voltammetry, contact angle measurements, atomic force microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. Subsequently, the electrochemical DNA sensor (E-DNA sensor) based on the 4-carboxy phenyl modified GCE was fabricated by the immobilization of probe DNA. The fabricated E-DNA sensor can detect the influenza virus (type A). The current density of the E-DNA sensor was also evaluated by cyclicvoltammetry when the probe DNA and target DNA were hybridized.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Electrochimica Acta
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A simple and efficient approach was developed to uniformly decorate graphene nanosheets with zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles. A single source precursor, zinc benzoate dihydrazinate complex, has been used for the in situ generation of ZnO nanoparticles onto graphene at a relatively low temperature, 200 °C. Physico chemical analyses such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that ZnO nanoparticles were finely dispersed on the surface of graphene. ZnO–graphene hybrids were further characterized by Raman spectroscopy and ultraviolet visible spectroscopy and room-temperature photoluminescence. The materials exhibited excellent photocatalytic activity as evident from the degradation of methylene blue in ethanol under UV irradiation. An electrochemical glucose biosensor was fabricated by immobilization of glucose oxidase on the ZnO–graphene hybrids. This biosensor showed improved sensitivity towards glucose as compared to graphene. Also, the hybrids showed significant antibacterial activity against E. coli, gram negative bacteria. This simple and economical preparation strategy may be extended for the preparation of other graphene-based hybrids.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Herein, we report the facile synthesis of a new nanocomposite, poly(4-aminodiphenylamine) (P4ADPA) supported silver nanoparticles
(AgNPs) nanocomposite (NC) (P4ADPA/AgNC) in p-toluene sulfonic acid (p-TSA) medium. Field emission transmission electron microscopy
reveals the existence of uniformly distributed AgNPs in the rod shaped P4ADPA matrix. P4ADPA/AgNC has been employed as the
catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4NP) and the rate of reduction of 4NP was monitored by UV–Visible spectroscopy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Materials Science Materials in Electronics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hollow spherical PANI nanocapsules (HSPNs) were prepared via γ-irradiation and were subsequently loaded with gold (Au) nanoparticles to obtain an HSPN/Au catalyst. The morphology of the HSPN/Au catalyst was examined via field emission scanning electron microscopy while
the electronic property was investigated via ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The electroactivity of the HSPN/Au catalyst modified electrode towards the oxidation of methanol was evaluated to ascertain the utility of the catalyst in direct methanol fuel cell application.
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were anchored onto thiol-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT(-SH)) as the stabilizing linker (SL), and a MWNT(-SH)-SL-AuNP catalyst support was successfully prepared via the γ-irradiation of a solution consisting of MWNT(-SH) and
gold chloride in 2-propanol. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis were used to characterize the catalysts. The electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst towards methanol oxidation was evaluated via cyclic voltammetry. A membrane electrode
assembly (MEA) was fabricated using Nafion 117 as the membrane and MWNT(-SH)-SL-AuNP as the cathode catalyst. The simplicity of preparation and excellent performance of the MWNT(-SH)-SL-AuNP catalyst suggest its potential application in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC).
No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics