Sheng-Xiang Ge

Xiamen University, Amoy, Fujian, China

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Publications (25)68.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) is an important biomarker used in the diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, but false-negative results are still reported in the detection of HBsAg using commercial assays. In this study, we evaluated the qualitative properties of a novel HBsAg chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) assay - WTultra. WHO standard sample dilution series and samples from low-level HBsAg carriers (<1 ng/mL) were used to evaluate the sensitivity of the WTultra assay. Boston Biomedica, Inc. (BBI) hepatitis B seroconversion panels were used to assess the ability of the WTultra assay to detect the window period. In addition, dilution series of 22 serum samples with different genotypes, serotypes and HBsAg mutations were used to assess the WTultra assay, and these were compared with other commercial assays. The lower detection limit of the WTultra assay was 0.012 IU/ml, and it showed a high sensitivity (97.52%, 95%CI, 94.95∼99.00) in the detection of 282 low-level HBsAg carriers (<1 ng/mL). In samples with various HBV genotypes, serotypes and HBsAg mutations, the WTultra assay yielded 117 positive results in 132 samples, which was significantly higher than the results with the other four commercial assays (89, 83, 65 and 45, respectively, p<0.01). In the assays of mutant strains, the WTultra assay detected 82 positive results in 90 samples, which was significantly better than the results for the Hepanostika HBsAg Ultra (58 positive) and Architect (55 positive) (p<0.01) assays, which in turn were significantly better than the Murex V.3 (41 positive, p=0.026) and AxSYM V2 (29 positive, p<0.01) assays. However, in the detection of 42 samples of wild-type strains with various genotypes and serotypes, no significant differences were observed among the WTultra (35 positive), Architect (28 positive) and Hepanostika HBsAg Ultra (31 positive) assays. However, the WTultra assay detected significantly more samples than the Murex V.3 (24 positive, p<0.01) and AxSYM V2 (16 positive, p<0.01) assays. In conclusion, the WTultra HBsAg assay has a high detection sensitivity and presents excellent results for the detection of mutants.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of virological methods
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    ABSTRACT: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has become very common in children, with widespread occurrence across China. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic and etiologic characteristics of HFMD, including etiologic variations in Chongqing, China. An epidemiologic investigation was based on 3,472 patients who presented with HFMD manifestations and were admitted at the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between 2010 and 2013. Fecal specimens from 830 patients were analyzed by nested RT-PCR to identify the enterovirus pathogens, and the molecular characterization of HFMD was illustrated by phylogenetic tree analysis. The results of this study indicate that the peak of the HFMD epidemic in Chongqing between 2010 and 2013 occurred between April and July each year. The median age of onset was 2.24 years old, and children under the age of five accounted for 96.4% of all the HFMD cases; the male-to-female ratio was 1.89:1. Enterovirus 71 accounted for a major proportion of the isolated strains every year, including the majority (74%) of severe cases. However, the proportion of Coxsackie A (CV-A)6 infections increased from 2.11% in 2010 to 16.36% in 2013, while the proportion of CV-A16 infections decreased from 31.23% in 2010 to 4.67% in 2013. Molecular epidemiologic study showed that all enterovirus 71 strains belonged to subgenotype C4a, whereas all CV-A16 strains belonged to genotype B1, including subgenotype B1a and subgenotype B1b. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Medical Virology
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    ABSTRACT: A recent study revealed that quantitative hepatitis B core antibody (qAnti-HBc) level could serve as a novel marker for predicting treatment response. In the present study, we further investigated the predictive value of qAnti-HBc level in HBeAg-positive patients undergoing PEG-IFN therapy. A total of 140 HBeAg-positive patients who underwent PEG-IFN therapy for 48 weeks and follow-up for 24 weeks were enrolled in this study. Serum samples were taken every 12 weeks post-treatment. The predictive value of the baseline qAnti-HBc level for treatment response was evaluated. Patients were further divided into 2 groups according to the baseline qAnti-HBc level, and the response rate was compared. Additionally, the kinetics of the virological and biochemical parameters were analyzed. Patients who achieved response had a significantly higher baseline qAnti-HBc level (serological response [SR], 4.52±0.36 vs. 4.19±0.58, p=0.001; virological response [VR], 4.53±0.35 vs. 4.22±0.57, p=0.005; combined response [CR], 4.50±0.36 vs. 4.22±0.58, p=0.009)). Baseline qAnti-HBc was the only parameter that was independently correlated with SR (p=0.008), VR (p=0.010) and CR(p=0.019). Patients with baseline qAnti-HBc levels ≥30,000 IU/mL had significantly higher response rates, more HBV DNA suppression, and better hepatitis control in PEG-IFN treatment. In conclusion, qAnti-HBc level may be a novel biomarker for predicting treatment response in HBeAg-positive patients receiving PEG-IFN therapy.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Theranostics
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) quantification has garnered attention because of its high predictive value in determining treatment responses. The HBsAg quantification assays, such as Architect and Elecsys, are commercially available, and more assays are in development. We aimed to compare the results of the Architect and Elecsys assays with those of a new assay, WTultra. The WTultra HBsAg assay is a sandwich chemiluminescent microplate enzyme immunoassay and provides an alternative choice which is more cost-effective and potentially applicable in developing or resource-constrained countries and areas. A total of 411 serum samples were collected from patients during various phases of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. The samples were assessed using the three assays, and the results were compared and analyzed. The results for the Architect, Elecsys, and WTultra assays were well correlated according to the overall results for the samples (correlation coefficients, rArchitect versus WTultra = 0.936, rArchitect versus Elecsys = 0.952, and rWTultra versus Elecsys = 0.981) and the various infection phases (rArchitect versus WTultra ranging from 0.67 to 0.975, rArchitect versus Elecsys ranging from 0.695 to 0.982, and rWTultra versus Elecsys ranging from 0.877 to 0.99). Additionally, consistent results were observed according to genotype (genotype B: rArchitect versus WTultra = 0.976, rArchitect versus Elecsys = 0.978, and rWTultra versus Elecsys = 0.979; genotype C: rArchitect versus WTultra = 0.950, rArchitect versus Elecsys = 0.963, and rWTultra versus Elecsys = 0.981) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels (rArchitect = 0.540, rWTultra = 0.553, and rElecsys = 0.580). In conclusion, the Elecsys and WTultra assays were well correlated with the Architect assay, irrespective of the CHB infection phase or genotype. All of these assays are reliable for HBsAg quantification.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Clinical and vaccine Immunology: CVI
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    ABSTRACT: It is unclear whether a mother who is negative for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) but positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV) is at potential risk for mother-to-child transmission of HBV. This study, using a paired mother-teenager population, aimed to assess whether maternal HBsAg-negative HBV infection (hnHBI) is a significant source of child HBV infection (HBI). A follow-up study with blood collection has been conducted on the 93 mother-teenager pairs from the initial 135 pregnant woman-newborn pairs 13 years after neonatal HBV vaccination. Serological and viral markers of HBV have been tested, and phylogenetic analysis of HBV isolates has been done. The HBI prevalence was 1.9% (1 hnHBI/53) for teenage children of non-HBI mothers, compared with 16.7% (1 hnHBI/6) for those of hnHBI mothers and 2.9% (1 HBsAg-positive HBV infection [hpHBI]/34) for those of hpHBI mothers. Similar viral sequences have been found in one pair of whom both the mother and teenager have had hnHBI. In comparison with the hpHBI cases, those with hnHBI had a lower level of HBV load and a higher proportion of genotype-C strains, which were accompanied by differentiated mutations (Q129R, K141E, and Y161N) of the “a” determinant of the HBV surface gene. Our findings suggest that mother-to-teenager transmission of hnHBI can occur among those in the neonatal HBV vaccination program.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Clinical and vaccine Immunology: CVI
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    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Gut
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed at investigating mutations in the hepatitis B surface protein (HBsAg) in occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) and their influence on viral antigenicity and phenotype. The characteristics of 61 carriers with OBI (OBI group), 153 HBsAg(+) carriers with serum HBsAg ⩽100IU/ml (HBsAg-L group) and 54 carriers with serum HBsAg >100IU/ml (HBsAg-H group) from 38,499 blood donors were investigated. Mutations in the major hydrophilic region (MHR) of the viral sequences were determined. Thirteen representative MHR mutations observed in OBI sequences were antigenically characterized with a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and commercial HBsAg immunoassays and functionally characterized in HuH7 cells and hydrodynamically injected mice. Of 61 OBI sequences, 34 (55.7%) harbored MHR mutations, which was significantly higher than the frequency in either the HBsAg-L (34.0%, p=0.003) or the HBsAg-H group (17.1%, p<0.001). Alterations in antigenicity induced by the 13 representative MHR mutations identified in the OBI group were assessed by reacting recombinant HBV mutants with 30 different MAbs targeting various epitopes. Four out of the 13 mutations (C124R, C124Y, K141E, and D144A) strongly decreased the analytical sensitivity of seven commercial HBsAg immunoassays, and 10 (G119R, C124Y, I126S, Q129R, S136P, C139R, T140I, K141E, D144A, and G145R) significantly impaired virion and/or S protein secretion in both HuH7 cells and mice. MHR mutations alter antigenicity and impair virion secretion, both of which may contribute to HBsAg detection failure in individuals with OBI.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is caused mainly by the human enterovirus type 71 (HEV71) and the Coxsackievirus A group type 16 (CVA16). Large outbreaks of disease have occurred frequently in the Asia-Pacific region. Reliable methods are needed for diagnosis of HFMD in children. IgM-capture ELISA, with its notable advantages of convenience and low cost, provides a potentially frontline assay. We aimed to evaluate the newly developed IgM-capture ELISAs for HEV71 and CVA16 in the diagnosis of HFMD, and to measure the kinetics of IgM over the course of HEV71 or CVA16 infections. We mapped, for the first time, the kinetics of IgM in HEV71 and CVA16 infection. HEV71- and CVA16-IgM were both detectable in some patients on day 1 of illness, and in 100% of patients by day 5 (HEV71) and day 8 (CVA16) respectively; both IgMs persisted for several weeks. The IgM detection rates were 90.2% (138 of 153 sera) and 68.0% (66 of 97 sera) for HEV71 and CVA16 infections, respectively, during the first 7 days of diseases. During the first 90 days after onset these values were 93.6% (233 of 249 sera) and 72.8% (91 of 125 sera) for HEV71 and CVA16 infections, respectively. Some cross-reactivity was observed between HEV71- and CVA16-IgM ELISAs. HEV71-IgM was positive in 38 of 122 (31.1%) CVA16 infections, 14 of 49 (28.6%) other enteroviral infections and 2 of 105 (1.9%) for other respiratory virus infected sera. Similarly, CVA16-IgM was apparently positive in 58 of 211 (27.5%) HEV71 infections, 16 of 48 (33.3%) other enterovirus infections and 3 of 105 (2.9%) other respiratory virus infected sera. Nevertheless, the ELISA yielded the higher OD450 value of main antibody than that of cross-reaction antibody, successfully identifying the enteroviral infection in 96.6% (HEV71) and 91.7% (CVA16) cases. When blood and rectal swabs were collected on the same day, the data showed that the agreement between IgM-capture ELISA and real-time RT-PCR in HEV71 was high (Kappa value = 0.729) while CVA16 somewhat lower (Kappa value = 0.300). HEV71- and CVA16-IgM ELISAs can be deployed successfully as a convenient and cost-effective diagnostic tool for HFMD in clinical laboratories.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Virology Journal
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    ABSTRACT: A novel hepatitis B virus (HBV) strain (W29) was isolated from serum samples in the northwest of China. Phylogenetic and distance analyses indicate that this strain is grouped with a series of distinct strains discovered in Vietnam and Laos that have been proposed to be a new genotype I. TreeOrderScan and GroupScan methods were used to study the intergenotype recombination of this special group. Recombination plots and tree maps of W29 and these putative genotype I strains exhibit distinct characteristics that are unexpected in typical genotype C strains of HBV. The amino acids of P gene, S gene, X gene, and C gene of all genotypes (including subtypes) were compared, and eight unique sites were found in genotype I. In vitro and in vivo experiments were also conducted to determine phenotypic characteristics between W29 and other representative strains of different genotypes obtained from China. Secretion of HBsAg in Huh7 cells is uniformly abundant among genotypes A, B, C, and I (W29), but not genotype D. HBeAg secretion is low in genotype I (W29), whose level is close to genotype A and much lower than genotypes B, C, and D. Results from the acute hydrodynamic injection mouse model also exhibit a similar pattern. From an overview of the results, the viral markers of W29 (I1) in Huh7 cells and mice had a more similar level to genotype A than genotype C, although the latter was closer to W29 in distance analysis. All evidence suggests that W29, together with other related strains found in Vietnam and Laos, should be classified into a new genotype.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: A point prevalence study of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Chinese blood donors was conducted, and the prevalences of antibodies against HEV immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM among Chinese blood donors were 32.60% and 0.94%, respectively. HEV viremia was 0.07%.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of clinical microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: The characteristics of 30 carriers with occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) were compared with those of 30 individuals diagnosed as being HBV carriers at the time of blood donation, 60 asymptomatic carriers, and 60 chronic hepatitis patients. The prevalence of genotype C was significantly higher in carriers with OBIs than in any other HBsAg-positive (HBsAg+) group (P < 0.001). Specific amino acid substitutions in the regions from amino acids 117 to 121 and amino acids 144 to 147 located in the major hydrophilic region of the S gene were associated with carriers with OBIs (P < 0.01 for carriers with OBIs versus HBsAg+ donors, carriers with OBIs versus HBsAg+ asymptomatic carriers, and carriers with OBIs versus HBsAg+ chronic hepatitis patients). G145R was the major variation in the HBV isolates responsible for local occult HBV infections.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of clinical microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: A quantitative real-time PCR assay was developed to measure the proviral load of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) in peripheral blood. The technology utilizes special primers and Taqman MGB fluorescence probe to measure amplification products from the gag-pro-pol polyprotein gene of HTLV-I. HTLV-I copy number was normalized to the amount of cellular DNA by quantitation of the beta-actin gene, The amplification system was sensitive to detect 5 copy/microL. The standard curve had a good linearity when the quantity for the gene was between 10(3) and 10(7) copy/microL (R2 = 0.999). Good reproducibility was observed in each intra- and inter-assay. We also measured proviral load in peripheral blood in 12 HTLV-I seropositive former blood donors. Proviral load for HTLV-I infected donors ranged from 0.015 to 12.819 copy/cell in WBC with the mean of 3.116 copy/cell.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui]
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    ABSTRACT: Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection status of blood donors in a southern city in China was investigated by immunological assays and nucleic acid testing. Overall, 17 (0.19%, 95% CI: 0.11%-0.30%) of the 9023 HBsAg negative samples were found to be positive for the presence of HBV DNA. "A" epitope sequences were obtained from 14 among them. Mutation(s) in aa124-aa147 existed in 6 (42.9%, 6/14) samples and 4 (66.7%, 4/6)were G145R mutation. Ratio of genotype C in occult donors (10/17) was statistically higher than HBs-positive donors (0/15, P<0.01), which implied that HBV genotype C leaded to occult infection more easily.
    Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui]
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    ABSTRACT: The candidate recombinant hepatitis E vaccine, HEV 239, protect monkeys against infection by hepatitis E virus (HEV). The safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine for humans was assessed in a randomized controlled phase II clinical trial. The study was conducted in an endemic area of southern China and consisted of a dose scheduling, involving 457 adults and a dose escalation component involving 155 high school students. The results showed that the vaccine is safe and immunogenic for humans and suggest that it could prevent new HEV infection.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Vaccine
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    ABSTRACT: Western blot, capture-PCR, blocking ELISA and synthetic polypeptides were used to systematically study the recognition epitopes on HEV ORF2 of 23 anti-HEV monoclonal antibodies(McAbs) which were previously generated in our laboratory directed against HEV ORF2. Results showed that seven McAbs recognized linear epitopes that located at aa408-458 of HEV ORF2 and 16 conformation-dependent McAbs, most of which recognized the surface epitopes of native HEV, located at aa459-606 of HEV ORF2. The systematical study of the recognition epitopes of anti-HEV McAbs on HEV ORF2 provides important information for the investigation of virus receptor and HEV infection mechanism, as well as its vaccine and diagnostics development.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui]
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate two commercial anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) IgM kits used for differential diagnosis of acute enteric viral hepatitis. The kit for IgM capture assay, was produced with a recombinant HEV structural protein protecting primates against experimental infection by different HEV genotypes, while the other kit for indirect ELISA was produced with recombinant structural proteins from different HEV genotypes. The serum specimens were taken from 241 cases with a confirmed or presumptive diagnosis of hepatitis A and 74 cases with a confirmed or presumptive diagnosis of hepatitis E. The sensitivity and specificity of the IgM capture assay kit were 97% and 100%, respectively, and the corresponding values for the other kit were 70% and 78%, respectively. The IgM capture assay kit has higher sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing acute enteric viral hepatitis E.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Biomedical and Environmental Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: HEV is classified into H (human) group and Z (zoonosis) group according to its compatible host. H group contains genotype 1 and genotype 2 HEV isolates which infect human only; Z group contains genotype 3 and genotype 4 HEV isolates which infect both human and animals. After analysis of amino acid sequences between ORF2 aa368 and aa606, four group-conserved sites that were all located in the neutralization region of ORF2 were identified. They are aa483, aa492, aa497 and aa599. Mutation analysis and capture PCR were then performed on these sites with a group of monoclonal antibodies. Results showed that the difference of the aa497 between H and Z groups was responsible for the maintenance of their group-specific immunodominant epitopes, probably through confirmation-dependent epitope changes. Thus, aa497 and its related change on the surface structure of HEV may play important roles in host selection by H and Z groups of HEV.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui]
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    Quan Yuan · Sheng-xiang Ge · Qiang Yan · Yu Zhao · Jun-hui Xiong · Jun Zhang · Ning-shao Xia
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a new combined enzyme immunoassay(NRAg ELISA) for detection of HBV PreS1 and core antigens which was highly consistent with serum HBV DNA test was established. The serial serum dilution test indicated that the average sensitivity of the assay was 10(3.2) genome copies/mL (95% CI: 10(2.2-4.2) genome copies/mL), which was notably higher than the test performed on Pre S1 or core antigen alone. The test with sera from 994 blood donors whose HBsAg were negative demonstrated that the specificity of this assay was 99.7% (95% CI: 99.1%-99.9%). 271 serum samples from chronic hepatitis patients were also examined and the result showed that the total consistent rate between NRAg ELISA and HBV DNA was 96.3% (95% CI: 93.3%-98.2%). The NRAg ELISA S/CO(signal/cutoff) was closely correlated with HBV genome copies (R = 0.9158, n=231). Furthermore,by using this assay,we found a patient whose HBsAg was negative but HBV DNA was positive. Sequencing result showed that HBV genome from this patient had a point mutation in the "a"epitope of S gene. Our results indicate that HBV NRAg ELISA has a high relativity with HBV DNA test, and can effectively detect the mutation of HBsAg,it is expected to be a potent tool for screening HBsAg mutant and is a convenient method for substituting HBV DNA test.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2007 · Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui]
  • Lie-yong Sang · Pei-fen Zhuang · Li-qiang Fu · Yi Liu · Sheng-xiang Ge · Jun Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the incidence of HEV infection in population of non-remunerate blood donors in Shaoxing. Blood specimens from 3701 non-remunerate blood donors were collected, ELISA were used to study anti-HEV IgG and IgM antibodies, RT-PCR were further used to study HEV RNA in samples from donors whose anti-HEV IgM was positive. Anti-HEV IgG positive rate was 29.19% (1107/3701), anti-HEV IgM positive rate was 1.35% (50/3701) among non-remunerate blood donors in Shaoxin. Six cases were positive for HEV RNA. The positive rate was 0.16% (6/3701), and all the 6 cases belonged to HEV genotype 1. Different seasons showed no interference on the positive rate of IgG and IgM. The detecting and studying of HEV infection among donors was important to ensure the safety of blood products and blood transfusion.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology
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    ABSTRACT: Genotype 4 hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the dominant cause of hepatitis E in the People's Republic of China; swine are the principal reservoir. Our study was conducted in 8 rural communities of southern China, where families keep pigs near their homes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that 23 of 24 concurrent virus isolates from this region are genotype 4 strains. Among the study populations, immunoglobulin G anti-HEV seroprevalence accumulated with age at approximately equal to 1% per year for persons < or =60 years of age. After age 30 years, seroprevalence increased at higher rates for male than for female study participants. The overall seroprevalence was 43% (range 25%-66%) among the communities. Infection rates were higher for participants between 25 and 29 years of age. The results suggest that HEV infection probably has been endemic in southern China for at least 60 years, with swine being the principal reservoir of human HEV infection in recent years.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2006 · Emerging infectious diseases

Publication Stats

353 Citations
68.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002-2015
    • Xiamen University
      • • School of Public Health
      • • National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases
      • • Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education For Cell Biology and Tumor Cell Engineering
      Amoy, Fujian, China