[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined expression patterns of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP), and reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) in colorectal cancer tissues to assess their prognostic significance.
mRNA expressions of 17 MMPs, 4 TIMPs, and RECK were measured in 112 colorectal cancerous tissues, 20 normal mucosa tissues, and 11 metastatic liver lesions by real-time reverse-transcriptional-polymerase chain reaction. The protein level expressions were confirmed with immunohistochemistry.
Cancers and normal mucosa displayed highly significant differences (P < 0.01) in expression of nine genes (MMP-1, -3, -7, -9, -10, -11, -12, -14, and RECK). Primary cancers and metastatic lesions showed highly significant differences (P < 0.01) in MMP-1, -10, -11, and TIMP-1. MMP-12 expression was higher in the primary tumors that were associated without hepatic metastasis than those with metastasis (P < 0.01). High expression of MMP-15 was related to longer disease-free survival (generalized Wilcoxon test, P < 0.0062; Cox hazard model, P < 0.028, hazard ratio, 0.099).
MMP, TIMP, RECK expression patterns may provide an insight into extracellular matrix degrading (which is characteristic of colorectal cancers) and its role in metastasis.
No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Journal of Surgical Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) degrades extracellular matrix and thereby promotes tumor invasion and progression. In this study we examined the prognostic significance of tissue expression levels of MMP-1 mRNA in patients with invasive breast carcinoma.
We assessed the prognostic value of MMP-1 mRNA expression in tumor tissue specimens from 85 breast carcinoma patients with a median follow-up time of 38 months (range, 2-48 months). MMP-1 mRNA levels were measured by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (real time RT-PCR). The results were correlated with various clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcomes.
mRNA expression levels of MMP-1 were higher in tumor tissue specimens than in adjacent normal breast tissue specimens from 15 patients (P < 0.023). MMP-1 mRNA levels showed no significant relationship with either tumor size or axillary node status but correlated inversely with estrogen receptor levels (P < 0.0043). High MMP-1 mRNA expression as determined by real-time RT-PCR correlated significantly with a high frequency of recurrence and fatal outcome (P < 0.025 and P < 0.020). Multivariate analysis using the Cox regression model indicated that high MMP-1 mRNA expression was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor (risk ratio, 6.37; P < 0.019).
We have demonstrated for the first time the high mRNA expression of MMP-1 in patients whose carcinomas lack estrogen receptor expression. Our results suggest that MMP-1 is an important gene implicated in the progression of human breast cancer.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · Journal of Surgical Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been reported that an endogenous matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor, reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK), is able to inhibit tumour angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis through inhibition of MMP-2, MMP-9, and membrane type-1 (MT1)-MMP (MMP-14) secretion and activity. In this study, using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we have analysed RECK expression levels in resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissue and compared these data with the clinicopathological features of these patients to investigate the role of RECK in NSCLC. We have also analysed the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and MMP-14 and compared the data with those for RECK expression. Tissue samples of primary lung cancers were obtained from a total of 83 patients [46 with adenocarcinomas (ADC) and 37 with squamous cell carcinomas (SCC)] who underwent curative resection. The samples were taken from 83 tumours and 20 matched normal lung tissue samples as controls. Expressions of RECK in ADC and SCC were significantly lower than in the control. In ADC tissue, the expression of RECK was higher in stage IA than in stage IB-IIIA. There was no such a correlation in SCC. In ADC, univariate analysis for relapse-free survival using Cox regression analysis identified low RECK expression (p=0.036), low MMP-14 expression (p=0.038), and tumour T2 (p=0.034) as significant negative prognostic predictors. However, in SCC, none of the clinicopathological factors assessed, including RECK expression, had prognostic value. In conclusion, our study suggests that suppression of RECK expression is involved in the progression of ADC of the lung and that RECK expression in resected ADC of the lung is a favorable predictor of patients' prognosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of multiple sequential celiacsplenic aneurysms which we removed completely without arterial reconstruction. The patient was a 67-year-old man. During work-up for hypertension and diabetes, a splenic artery aneurysm was identified on abdominal ultrasonography. Follow-up examination 1 year and 3 months later showed enlargement of the aneurysm. The patient was referred to our Radiology Department for treatment. Abdominal computed tomography and angiography of the celiac trunk showed that the celiac artery was narrowed and then dilated to form a fusiform aneurysm. Splenic artery aneurysms were identified immediately distal to the bifurcation with the common hepatic artery, measuring about 5 cm and 3 cm. These findings ruled out treatment by interventional radiology, and surgery was performed. At laparotomy, a white, 5-cm aneurysm was densely adherent to the pancreas, and separation was impossible. We performed en bloc resection of the pancreatic body and tail, spleen, celiac artery, and common hepatic artery. Since pulsation in the replaced right hepatic artery and the color of the stomach were good, we did not perform an arterial reconstruction. Although the surgical treatment of aneurysms generally consists of resection and arterial reconstruction, we resected the lesion safely and completely without arterial reconstruction.
No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Hepato-gastroenterology