Michela Ress

University of Verona, Verona, Veneto, Italy

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Publications (6)34.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Precise relationship between breastfeeding and infant allergy is poorly understood. Objective Aim was to quantify TGF-beta(1) and IL-10 in colostrum and mature milk from allergic and non-allergic mothers and to verify relationship with allergic disease development. Mothers (13 allergics, nine controls) of 22 newborns participated to prospective study on development of children atopy. Colostrum and mature milk were assayed for TGF-beta(1) and IL-10 by ELISA. Children underwent paediatrician evaluation at 6 months of life. Data are presented as median values and range. A significant difference in concentration of TGF-beta(1) between colostrum (330, range 0-3400 pg/mL) and mature milk (215, range 0-2400 pg/mL) was observed in samples from allergic mothers (P=0.015). In mature milk TGF-beta(1) was significantly lower in allergic (215, range 0-2400 pg/mL) than in non-allergic mothers (1059, range 0-6250 pg/mL) (P=0.015). IL-10 was weakly expressed without significant differences between allergic (4.8, range 0-42 and 9.5, range 0-42 pg/mL in colostrum and in mature milk) and non-allergic mothers (0, range 0-42 pg/mL in colostrum and 0, range 0-42 pg/mL in mature milk). After 6 months 46% infants from allergic mothers, but none from controls, presented atopic dermatitis. TGF-beta(1) was significantly less secreted in mature milk of allergic mothers, while no difference in IL-10 was found. Particular cytokine patterns in milk could influence development of atopic diseases. Further immunological studies in this field are necessary.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Clinical & Experimental Allergy
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    ABSTRACT: Different types of textile are used for the preparation of covers for bed encasement. The aim of the present study was to evaluate different fabrics employed for mattress covers regarding their efficacy in blocking Der p 1 and Fel d 1 as well as their air permeability. Eleven different commercially available fabrics manufactured for allergen avoidance have been tested and compared with regular cotton. Dust samples titered for Der p 1 and Fel d 1 were pulled through the different fabrics using a modified Fussnecker dust trap and collected by a filter located downstream. Airflow through the dust trap was controlled by a vacuum pump operating for 5 min and measured at the beginning (T0) and at the end (T1) of the test. All the tightly woven and laminated materials were able to control mite allergen permeability allowing air passage but they significantly differed in Fel d 1 permeability. Laminated tissues and laminated tissue not tissued were effective in controlling both the allergens but they did not allow air permeability. Detailed knowledge about the actual properties of the products for bed encasement needs to be considered in order to optimize allergen avoidance, disease control and sleep comfort.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Allergy

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2004 · Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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    Preview · Article · Jul 2003 · Allergy
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the timing of onset and the duration of action of a single oral-dose treatment with montelukast in comparison to placebo on exercise-induced asthma (EIA) in asthmatic children. Nineteen children (7-13 years) with stable asthma were evaluated. Patients undertook three consecutive treadmill exercise tests, respectively, 2, 12 and 24 h after a single-dose administration. A double-blind randomized, single-dose, placebo-controlled, crossover design was used. To assess bronchoconstriction after the exercise challenge, the maximal percentage fall in FEV1 (DeltaFEV1) from the baseline value was considered. Two hours after dosing, DeltaFEV1 was -15.33 +/- 2.93 for placebo and -13.33 +/- 2.03 for montelukast. At 12 h, DeltaFEV1 was -18.69 +/- 2.83 for placebo, -9.78 +/- 1.85 for montelukast (p < 0.005). No difference was observed between placebo (DeltaFEV1-10.21 +/- 2.07) and montelukast (DeltaFEV1-9.10 +/- 2.02) at 24 h. Analysis of the degree of protection showed a significant efficacy of montelukast (p = 0.02) in comparison with placebo only at 12 h. Montelukast showed a significant protective effect 12 h after dosing, but no effect after 2 and 24 h. In mild asthmatics, the timing of administration of single dosage before exercise should be strictly considered in order to obtain the drug protective effects.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2002 · Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: In sensitive asthmatic children, the exposure to relevant allergens causes a deterioration of lung function and symptoms associated with an increase of inflammatory indices. The aim of this single-blind randomized add-on study was to compare the effects of montelukast or formoterol added to low-dose budesonide in asthmatic allergic children exposed to relevant allergens. Twenty children (5 female subjects and 15 male subjects, aged 6-12 years) were enrolled. Lung function and airway inflammatory indices (exhaled nitric oxide [eNO] and sputum eosinophils) were evaluated at T0 when children were not exposed to relevant allergens and at T1 after 15 days of natural effective allergen exposure. At T1, pulmonary function tests and sputum eosinophils remained stable in both of the groups, without significant differences in comparison with T0 at baseline. Furthermore, formoterol plus budesonide was effective in preventing the expected increase in eNO from 26.46 +/- 2.62 ppb at T0 to 29.33 +/- 9.28 ppb at T1 (not significant). However, in the group receiving montelukast plus budesonide, there was a significant decrease of eNO from baseline (30.78 +/- 6.87 ppb) to T1 (18.17 +/- 6.60 ppb) (p < .05). In allergic asthmatic children, the use of montelukast or formoterol combined with budesonide could offer a durable protective effect on symptoms, lung function, and inflammatory indices.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Allergy and Asthma Proceedings