[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The current study was conducted to determine the long-term outcomes of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and pharynx who were treated with platin-based exclusive chemotherapy (EC) after they achieved a complete clinical response (CCR) to induction chemotherapy.
One hundred forty-two who achieved a CCR after platin-based induction chemotherapy were treated exclusively with additional chemotherapy, and 98.6% were followed for a minimum of 3 years or until death. Thirty-five patients had >10 years of follow-up.
The survival rates at 1 year and 5 years were 95.8% and 61.2%, respectively. The main causes of death were metachronous second primary tumors (n = 27) and intercurrent disease (n = 21). Death related to EC was not encountered, and only 2 patients (1.4%) had grade 4 toxicity. In multivariate analysis, primary tumor arising outside the glottic larynx (P = .0001) and a Charlson comorbidity index >1 (P = .0001) were associated with a statistically significant reduction in survival. The 1-year and 5-year Kaplan-Meier local control estimates were 76.1% and 50.7%, respectively. Salvage treatment resulted in an observed final local control rate of 93% that varied from 97.2% in patients who had glottic cancer to 88.7% in patients who had tumor originating from other sites (P = .097). Combined chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (PF) allowed for the successful modulation of local therapy in 54.9% of patients.
For selected patients, EC may provide long-term, durable disease control. For patients who developed recurrent disease after EC, this approach did not diminish survival and maintained function in the majority of patients. Future work should be directed toward select markers of response to PF chemotherapy with which to identify those patients who are suited optimally for this approach.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the results of chemotherapy alone in patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx who have achieved a complete clinical response after an induction chemotherapy protocol.
A comparison of results in a group of complete responders managed with a chemotherapy alone protocol, matched with those of an incomplete responder group managed with conventional modalities.
The survival rate of the complete responder group was significantly higher than that of the incomplete responder group. No statistically significant difference was noted between the two groups in terms of local failure and nodal recurrence.
Our results confirm the fact that chemotherapy alone is a viable option in selected patients with carcinoma of the larynx who have achieved a complete clinical response after an induction chemotherapy protocol. This therapeutic approach allows surgery and/or radiation therapy to be reserved for the management of metachronous second primary tumours.
No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Based on an inception cohort of 35 patients with T1-3N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the true vocal cord who had a complete clinical response after a platinum-based induction chemotherapy regimen and a minimum of 3 years of follow-up, the current retrospective study documented the long-term results and consequences of local recurrence following the use of a platinum-based chemotherapy-alone regimen for cure. During the years 1985 to 1996, 231 patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the true vocal cord classified as T1-3N0M0 were managed at our department with a platinum-based induction chemotherapy regimen. A complete clinical response was achieved in 77 patients. Thirty-five of the 77 patients with complete clinical response were managed at our institution with a platinum-based chemotherapy-alone regimen. The statistical analysis of data on survival, local control, nodal control, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor incidence was based on the Kaplan-Meier product limit method. Univariate analysis was performed for potential statistical relation between local recurrence and various variables. The 3- and 5-year actuarial survival estimates were 91.4% and 88.6%, respectively. Overall, the causes of death were intercurrent disease in 6 patients and metachronous second primary tumor in 4 patients. The 3- and 5-year actuarial local control estimate was 64.8%. No significant statistical relation could be demonstrated between the incidence for local recurrence and the variables under analysis. Salvage treatment in patients with local recurrence yielded a 100% local control rate and laryngeal preservation rate. The 3- and 5-year actuarial lymph node control estimate was 97.1%. The 3- and 5-year actuarial estimate for patients with distant metastasis was 0%. The 5- and 10-year actuarial estimates for patients with metachronous second primary tumor were 9.7% and 28.1%, respectively. Although local recurrence was noted in almost a third of patients with complete clinical response who were managed with a platinum-based chemotherapy-alone regimen, it did not appear to be detrimental, as none of the patients who had local recurrence ultimately died from their disease or lost their larynx.
No preview · Article · May 2002 · The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This prospective study extending for more than 3 years had two objectives: (a) to use Doppler ultrasonography (US) to estimate the incidence of asymptomatic catheter-related upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in a large population and (b) to study the effect of the catheter position as an individual risk factor for catheter-related DVT.
Between October 1995 and June 1998, a total of 145 patients who had oropharyngeal tract cancer and who were fitted with the same totally implantable central venous catheters (CVCs) were included in the study. Follow-up included (a) estimation of the position of each catheter tip on a chest radiograph obtained immediately after surgery and (b) regular monthly Doppler US screening for catheter-related DVT.
Seventeen patients developed catheter-related DVT; 13 of them were asymptomatic. The mean interval between CVC implantation and detection of thrombosis was 42.2 days. Correct positioning of the distal catheter tip was associated with a significantly lower rate of catheter-related DVT. Only five of 87 patients with a correctly positioned distal catheter tip (ie, either in the superior vena cava or at the junction between the right atrium and the superior vena cava) developed thrombosis, compared with 12 of 26 patients with a misplaced catheter (P <.001). The side on which the CVC was implanted did not influence the catheter-related DVT rate.
The rate of asymptomatic catheter-related DVT is high and could be lowered with correct initial CVC positioning.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This phase I-II study was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose and optimal schedule of a combination of irinotecan (CPT 11) and mitomycin C (MMC) in a population of previously treated patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. Four cohorts of patients were recruited with MMC given at 8 mg/m2 for the first 3 levels together with irinotecan at 300 mg/m2, 325 mg/m2, and 350 mg/m2; the fourth dose level was given with MMC at 10 mg/m2 and irinotecan at 325 mg/m2. All treatment was repeated at 21-day intervals. The dose-limiting toxicity was hematologic (thrombocytopenia at level 4), and the recommended doses for subsequent phase II studies are MMC 8 mg/m2 with irinotecan 325 mg/m2. Evidence of efficacy was seen at all dose levels examined and justifies further exploration of this combination in a less heavily pretreated patient population.
No preview · Article · Jul 2001 · American Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the past 20 years, strategies based on the use of platinum-based induction chemotherapy regimens have been developed in an attempt to preserve the larynx, increase local control, and improve survival in patients with advanced laryngeal cancer. In patients with early-stage laryngeal cancer, it is commonly thought that there is no role for induction chemotherapy. In this review, we support the notion that there is growing evidence available in the literature documenting the need and the role for induction chemotherapy as well as the need and the role for the use of conservation laryngeal surgery after induction chemotherapy in early-stage laryngeal cancer (T1-2N0).
No preview · Article · Jun 1999 · Current Opinion in Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The current conservative standard of care for T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis is either partial laryngectomy or radiation therapy.
Based on an inception cohort of 100 patients with T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis and a minimum of 3 years of follow-up, the present study documented the results achieved with a multimodal strategy using platinum-based induction chemotherapy and partial laryngeal surgery. Statistical analysis of survival and local control was based on the Kaplan-Meier actuarial life table method. Univariate analysis was performed to determine whether there was a correlation among various factors and toxicity, clinical response, histologic regression, local control, and survival.
A complete clinical response and a partial response after induction chemotherapy was achieved in 24% and 58% of patients, respectively. Complete histologic regression was noted in 31%. A significant statistical relation (P < 0.0001) was noted between a complete clinical response after induction chemotherapy and a complete histologic regression. The 5-year actuarial survival estimate was 85.8%. The 5-year actuarial local control estimate was 95.7% (97.7% if the vocal cord was mobile and 93.8% if the motion of the vocal cord was impaired). Salvage treatment resulted in an overall 99% rate of local control and a 95% rate of laryngeal preservation.
Because this represents a nonrandomized retrospective study, no definitive conclusions can be derived. However, when compared with the data reported in a large series using radiation therapy or partial laryngectomy alone, this 10-year experience suggests that, in patients with "early" invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis, the use of platinum-based induction chemotherapy prior to a conventional conservative treatment modality should be investigated further.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate cisplatin-fluorouracil exclusive chemotherapy (EC) for T1-T3N0 glottic squamous cell carcinoma complete clinical responders (CCR) after cisplatin-fluorouracil induction chemotherapy (IC).
A retrospective analysis was performed of 58 patients with T1-T3N0 glottic squamous cell carcinoma CCR after IC consecutively managed at our department between 1985 and 1992. Twenty-one CCR were managed with EC. Thirty-seven CCR were managed with IC and a conventional laryngeal-preservation modality. Analyses of survival, local control, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor were performed using the Kaplan-Meier actuarial life-table method. In CCR managed with EC, the independent factors of age, tumor classification, exact tumor location, true vocal cord motion, arytenoid cartilage motion, total dosage of drugs delivered, and number of courses received were tested for potential correlation with survival, local recurrence, nodal recurence, and distant metastasis.
The 5-year survival, local control, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor rates in CCR managed with EC were 95.2%, 70.7%, 0%, 0%, and 14.3%, respectively. The 5-year rates of survival, local control, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor in CCR managed with IC and a conventional laryngeal-preservation modality were 86.1%, 97%, 2.7%, 6%, and 14.5%, respectively. Local recurrence was statistically more likely in CCR managed with EC (P = .002). Local recurrence in CCR managed with EC was always salvaged with partial laryngectomy or radiation therapy, which resulted in an overall 100% local control and laryngeal-preservation rate within this group. In CCR managed with EC, none of the variables analyzed was statistically related to survival, local recurrence, nodal recurrence, or distant metastasis.
The present retrospective studies demonstrated that within T1-T3N0 glottic squamous cell carcinoma CCR, there is clearly a significant subset of patients with chemocurable tumors who achieved both perfect preservation of structure-supporting voice and long-term survival after EC. Careful monthly follow-up evaluation allowed for timely successful salvage of local recurrence after EC without the need for total laryngectomy. Such management did not appear to increase the risk for subsequent nodal failure, subsequent distant metastasis, or reduced survival.
No preview · Article · Sep 1996 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To review our experience with cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy before en bloc resection via a combined neurosurgical and transfacial approach for ethmoid sinus adenocarcinoma reaching and/or invading the skull base.
A tertiary care center and university teaching hospital.
Twenty-two patients with primary untreated ethmoid sinus adenocarcinoma reaching and/or invading the skull base consecutively treated between 1984 and 1992 with cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy and combined neurosurgical and transfacial approach.
Statistical analysis of survival, local control, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor incidence based on the Kaplan-Meier actuarial method. Univariate analysis was performed to analyze the relationships between various factors, survival, and local recurrence. Clinical response, histological response, toxic effects of chemotherapy, and postoperative course were also reported.
The Kaplan-Meier 3-year survival, local control, nodal recurrence, and distant metastasis estimates were 68.1%, 65.7%, 5.3%, and 10%, respectively. Metachronous second primary tumor was not encountered in our series. Survival was statistically more likely to be reduced in patients with intrasphenoidal tumor extent (P = .04) and local recurrence (P = .01). Local recurrence was statistically more likely in patients with intrasphenoidal tumor extent (P = .002) and no response to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P = .03).
The results achieved suggest that cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy before combined neurosurgical and transfacial approach should be further investigated for the treatment of ethmoid sinus adenocarcinoma reaching and/or invading the skull base.
No preview · Article · Aug 1996 · Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seventy-eight consecutive patients treated by chemotherapy for ENT cancers and having a subclavian catheter for venous access were studied prospectively to assess the prevalence of venous thrombosis. Thrombosis of the subclavian vein was demonstrated clinically in 4 patients and by ultrasonography in 7 patients. The prevalence of thrombosis was 14.1%. No clinical or biological predisposition factor could be identified. Subclavian thrombosis mostly occurred during the second month after implantation (91% of cases). Ultrasonography seems the most useful non-invasive technique for the diagnosis of subclavian thrombosis.
No preview · Article · Feb 1996 · Annales d Otolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evaluation of cisplatin-fluorouracil exclusive chemotherapy for invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis staged as T1-T3N0 with a complete response after cisplatin-fluorouracil neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.
A retrospective analysis of the files of 69 patients with a well-differentiated untreated invasive squamous cell carcinoma, staged as T1-T3N0 with a complete response after cisplatin-fluorouracil neo-adjuvant chemotherapy is presented. Actuarial analysis (Kaplan Meier method) of survival and local failure is presented among the group of 25 patients treated with exclusive chemotherapy and the group of 44 patients in whom the local treatment (partial laryngeal surgery or radiation therapy) initially planned was maintained.
Three-year survival and local control estimate was 91.8% and 69.3%, respectively after exclusive chemotherapy and 92.5% and 97.2% if the local treatment was performed as initially planned. Patients with local recurrence after exclusive chemotherapy were always salvaged with partial laryngeal surgery or radiation therapy resulting in an overall 100% local control and laryngeal preservation rate.
Exclusive chemotherapy for T1-T3N0 glottic carcinomas with a complete response after cisplatin-fluorouracil neo-adjuvant chemotherapy should be considered especially in patients in whom preservation of voice is of utmost importance.
No preview · Article · Nov 1995 · La Presse Médicale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vertical partial laryngectomy (VPL) and radiation therapy (RT) are the recommended conventional conservative options for glottic carcinoma classified as T2. In series presenting more than 100 patients with a minimum 3-year follow-up, however, local recurrence rates were reported as 22-43.5%. The authors' experience with a new strategy based on continuous cisplatin-fluorouracil induction chemotherapy (IC) and supracricoid partial laryngectomy with cricohyoepiglottopexy (CHEP) is presented.
A retrospective analysis of 67 patients who presented with untreated moderately to well differentiated invasive glottic carcinoma classified as T2, managed from 1983 to 1991 with IC and CHEP, was conducted. Statistical analysis of survival, local control, nodal control, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor incidence was based on the Kaplan-Meier actuarial method. Univariate analysis was performed to analyze the relationships between various factors and survival, local recurrence, and nodal recurrence. Clinical response, histologic response, IC toxicity and postoperative course were reported.
The Kaplan-Meier 5-year survival, local recurrence, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and metachronous second primary tumor estimate were 92.3%, 5.6%, 1.5%, 1.8%, and 5.6%, respectively. Overall laryngeal preservation was achieved in 65 patients (97%). Ultimate local control was achieved in all patients but one. Nodal recurrence was statistically more likely in patients presenting with a local recurrence. Analysis of the specimens demonstrated complete histologic response to IC in 25 (37.3%) patients. A strong statistical relation (P < 0.0001) was noted between complete clinical response after IC and complete histologic response.
The change from the prevailing treatment modalities of RT and VPL to a new multimodal strategy (IC+CHEP) did not decrease survival and allowed for an increase in laryngeal preservation rate. The high rate (37.3%) of complete histologic response suggests that IC deserves further consideration in the management of patients with glottic carcinoma classified as T2. The favorable results achieved in this series, when compared with historic controls, should stimulate prospective clinical trials comparing the two surgical procedures (CHEP vs. VPL with or without IC) for resection of Stage II glottic carcinoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Implantable systems for venous access are widely used in cervicofacial cancer. We prospectively evaluated complications related to this type of venous access in our cancer patients.
From September 1991 to September 1993, an implantable system for venous access was installed in 164 patients with epidermoid carcinoma of the upper respiratory and digestive tracts. The systems were implanted in the subclavian vein by 20 different operators (mean number of implants per operator = 8.2). All catheters were tunnelized. Chemotherapy was a combination of 5 fluorouracil and cisplatinum.
Immediate complications included impossible implantation (n = 12, 7.3%), pneumothorax (n = 5), false passage (n = 4), haematoma (n = 3), arterial puncture (n = 2) and abscess of the thoracic wall (n = 1). During use, complications included extravasation (n = 4), catheter thrombosis (n = 2), venous thrombosis (n = 2) and infection at the site of implantation, desinsertion of the catheter from the chamber, haematoma at the site of implantation and septicaemia (n = 1 each). The rate of complications was related to implantation (17% of the implantations) or to use (8%).
The rate of complications due to implantable venous access systems is relatively low, suggesting that these systems are acceptable for ambulatory chemotherapy.
No preview · Article · May 1994 · La Presse Médicale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A retrospective analysis of 94 patients presenting well-differentiated untreated invasive glottic squamous cell carcinomas, staged as T2 according to the 1987 Union Internationale contre le Cancer staging classification system, managed at our institution from March 1982 to April 1991 with cisplatin-fluorouracil neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, was conducted. Following neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, partial laryngeal surgery, and radiation therapy were performed in 85.1% (80/94) and 4.2% (3/94) of cases, respectively. Perioperative chemotherapy (fluorouracil) and postoperative chemotherapy (cisplatin-fluorouracil) was performed in 68.7% (55/80) and 63.7% (51/80) of patients who underwent surgery, respectively. Following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, one patient (1.1%) refused any form of treatment, and "exclusive" chemotherapy was performed in 9.6% (9/94) of cases. A 3-year follow-up was always achieved and 66 patients (70.2%) presented with a 5-year follow-up. A complete clinical response was achieved in 32.9% of cases following neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. A complete histological response was noted in 31.2% (25/80) of patients treated with partial laryngeal surgery following neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. A strong statistical relation was noted between complete clinical response and complete histological response (p < .0001). Chemotherapy related death never occurred in our series however chemotherapy related toxicity lead to reduction in the drug dosages and chemotherapy arrest in 14.3% and 3.6% of cases, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier 5-year survival, local recurrence, nodal recurrence, distant metastasis, and second primary estimate was 84.9%, 8.4%, 1.1%, 2.2%, and 10%, respectively. The overall local recurrence rate varied from 25% following neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy, to 33.3% following "exclusive" chemotherapy, and 3.7% following neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and partial laryngeal surgery. Overall local control and laryngeal preservation was achieved in 98.9% and 97.8% of patients respectively. Our data suggests that the use of neo-adjuvant cisplatin-fluorouracil induction chemotherapy deserves further consideration in the management of glottic carcinomas staged as T2.
No preview · Article · Feb 1994 · Annales d Otolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two non-metallic vascular access port systems, the Multipurpose Access Port (MPAP) and Miniport, developed by CORDIS S.A., France, have been evaluated clinically in 78 cancer patients. During the investigational period covering a total experience of 369 treatment cycles and 1,370 infusion days, no cases of infection or septicemia were observed. Serious complications such as drug extravasation and catheter occlusion occurred, although the incidence was relatively low (+/- 1%) when compared with the number of treatment courses (cycles), but in relation to the number of patients included in this study, the procedure-related complication rate was 17.5% for the MPAP and 15.8% for the Miniport. Procedure-related complications can be avoided by proper handling and use of suitable drug combinations to minimize crystallization reactions within the port-catheter systems. The final complication rate (total minus procedure-related) in terms of termination of treatment, i.e. explantation of the port-catheter system was 12.1% for the MPAP and 12.5% for the MINIPORT, which generally confirms the results of other groups. More than 87% of both port-catheter systems were still functional at the end of evaluation.
No preview · Article · Feb 1993 · Medical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A retrospective study of 149 squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx and epilarynx in whom a total laryngectomy was initially planned is reported. All the patients were treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy. After completion of chemotherapy, the initially planned therapeutic protocol was modified in 56 patients (37.6%) in order to preserve the laryngeal physiologic functions. A total laryngectomy was performed in 23 patients (41%), radiation therapy was administered to 14 (25%) patients chemotherapy was prolonged in 15 patients (26.8%) and four deaths were related to chemotherapy toxicity (7.2%). Actuarial survival of patients treated by partial laryngectomy was statistically higher than survivals of patients treated either by radiation therapy or prolonged chemotherapy. After completion of neoadjuvant therapy patients who refused a total laryngectomy had the worst survival of the series. These results suggest that surgery of the residual tumor (partial laryngectomy) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy could be indicated for selected laryngeal carcinoma in whom a total laryngectomy was initially planned.
No preview · Article · Feb 1993 · Annales d Otolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 92 squamous cell carcinomas of the supraglottic larynx classified as T3 were treated from 1977 through 1987 and retrospectively analyzed. All the patients of this series received chemotherapy as initial treatment (2 cycles). From 1977 through 1981 the combination of Vincristine-Methotrexate-Bleomycin (VMB) was employed; after 1981, the protocol: Cisplatinum-5 FU with or without Bleomycin (CF) was administered instead of VMB. All the patients were then surgically treated on the tumoral site and cervical lymph chains. At 5-year, there was no significative difference between the two chemotherapeutic regimen in term of locoregional recurrences and second primaries. 5-year actuarial survival rate was higher for patients treated with the CF protocol (71%) versus (54%) with the VMB regimen. Systemic metastases occurred less frequently after CF (4.5%) than after VMB (22.4%). These findings suggest that chemotherapy has substantially some activity against microscopic distant metastases.
No preview · Article · Feb 1992 · Annales d Otolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prognosis of malignant tumours of the olfactory epithelium of the nasal vault stays very poor. In the literature, the 5-year actuarial survival rate ranges between 50% and 65%; the 5-year recovery rate is 15% due to the high frequency of locoregional reoccurrences (60%) and metastasis (35-40%). Up to now chemotherapy was suggested as palliative treatment; but as Esthesioneuroblastomas (ETNB) appear to be sensitive to several chemotherapeutic agents (such as CDDP and 5-FU), we have decided to administer, from now on, to all patients harbouring an ETNB, an inductive chemotherapy whatever the staging and eventual diffusion of the tumour. The present paper presents our recent experience, dealing with such lesions: since 1984, 60 tumours of the ethmoid were treated in our department among which 7 ETNB (11.5%). We discuss our results concerning ETNB.